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Sökning: WFRF:(Peolsson A.) > (2015-2019) > (2016)

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1.
  • Falla, D., et al. (författare)
  • Perceived pain extent is associated with disability, depression and self-efficacy in individuals with whiplash-associated disorders
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Pain. - 1090-3801 .- 1532-2149. ; 20:9, s. 1490-1501
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BackgroundCompletion of a pain drawing is a familiar task in those presenting with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). Some people report pain almost over their entire body. Yet the reasons for larger pain extent have not been fully explored. MethodsA novel method was applied to quantify pain extent from the pain drawings of 205 individuals with chronic WAD. Pain extent was evaluated in relation to sex, age, educational level, insurance status and financial status. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to verify whether pain extent was associated with other health indicators including perceived pain and disability, health-related quality of life, pain catastrophizing, anxiety, depression and self-efficacy. ResultsPain extent was influenced by sex ((2):10.392, p&lt;0.001) with larger pain extent in women compared to men (7.887.66% vs. 5.406.44%). People with unsettled insurance claims ((2): 7.500, p&lt;0.05) and those with a worse financial situation ((2):12.223, p&lt;0.01) also had larger pain extent. Multiple linear regression models revealed that, when accounting for age, sex, education, insurance status, financial status and neck pain intensity, pain extent remained associated with perceived disability (p&lt;0.01), depression (p&lt;0.05) and self-efficacy (p&lt;0.001). ConclusionBy utilizing a novel method for pain extent quantification, this study shows that widespread pain is associated with a number of factors including perceived disability, depression and self-efficacy in individuals with chronic WAD. Widespread pain should alert the clinician to consider more specific psychological screening, particularly for depression and self-efficacy, in patients with WAD. What does this study add?Women with chronic WAD, those with unsettled insurance claims and those with poorer financial status perceive more widespread pain. When controlling for these factors, larger pain areas remain associated with perceived pain and disability, depression and self-efficacy. The pain drawing is useful to support psychological screening in people with chronic WAD.</p>
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  • Falla, D., et al. (författare)
  • Perceived pain extent is associated with disability, depression and self-efficacy in individuals with whiplash-associated disorders
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Pain. - WILEY-BLACKWELL. - 1090-3801 .- 1532-2149. ; 20:9, s. 1490-1501
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BackgroundCompletion of a pain drawing is a familiar task in those presenting with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). Some people report pain almost over their entire body. Yet the reasons for larger pain extent have not been fully explored. MethodsA novel method was applied to quantify pain extent from the pain drawings of 205 individuals with chronic WAD. Pain extent was evaluated in relation to sex, age, educational level, insurance status and financial status. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to verify whether pain extent was associated with other health indicators including perceived pain and disability, health-related quality of life, pain catastrophizing, anxiety, depression and self-efficacy. ResultsPain extent was influenced by sex ((2):10.392, pamp;lt;0.001) with larger pain extent in women compared to men (7.887.66% vs. 5.406.44%). People with unsettled insurance claims ((2): 7.500, pamp;lt;0.05) and those with a worse financial situation ((2):12.223, pamp;lt;0.01) also had larger pain extent. Multiple linear regression models revealed that, when accounting for age, sex, education, insurance status, financial status and neck pain intensity, pain extent remained associated with perceived disability (pamp;lt;0.01), depression (pamp;lt;0.05) and self-efficacy (pamp;lt;0.001). ConclusionBy utilizing a novel method for pain extent quantification, this study shows that widespread pain is associated with a number of factors including perceived disability, depression and self-efficacy in individuals with chronic WAD. Widespread pain should alert the clinician to consider more specific psychological screening, particularly for depression and self-efficacy, in patients with WAD. What does this study add?Women with chronic WAD, those with unsettled insurance claims and those with poorer financial status perceive more widespread pain. When controlling for these factors, larger pain areas remain associated with perceived pain and disability, depression and self-efficacy. The pain drawing is useful to support psychological screening in people with chronic WAD.</p>
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8.
  • Landén Ludvigsson, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Factors associated with pain and disability reduction following exercise interventions in chronic whiplash
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Pain. - WILEY-BLACKWELL. - 1090-3801 .- 1532-2149. ; 20:2, s. 307-315
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BackgroundSome studies support the prescription of exercise for people with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD); however, the response is highly variable. Further research is necessary to identify factors which predict response. MethodsThis is a secondary analysis of a randomized, multicentre controlled clinical trial of 202 volunteers with chronic WAD (grades 2 and 3). They received either neck-specific exercise with, or without a behavioural approach, or prescription of physical activity for 12weeks. Treatment response, defined as a clinical important reduction in pain or disability, was registered after 3 and 12months, and factors associated with treatment response were explored using logistic regression. ResultsParticipation in the neck-specific exercise group was the only significant factor associated with both neck pain and neck disability reduction both at 3 and 12months. Patients in this group had up to 5.3 times higher odds of disability reduction and 3.9 times higher odds of pain reduction compared to those in the physical activity group. Different baseline features were identified as predictors of response depending on the time point examined and the outcome measure selected (pain vs. disability). ConclusionFactors associated with treatment response after exercise interventions differ in the short and long term and differ depending on whether neck pain or disability is considered as the primary outcome. Participation in a neck-specific exercise intervention, in contrast to general physical activity, was the only factor that consistently indicated higher odds of treatment success. These results support the prescription of neck-specific exercise for individuals with chronic WAD.</p>
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  • Overmeer, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • The effect of neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioral approach on psychological factors in chronic whiplash-Associated disorders A randomized controlled trial with a 2-year follow-up
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Medicine (Baltimore, Md.). - 0025-7974 .- 1536-5964. ; 95:34
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: To investigate the effect of neck-specific exercise with (NSEB) or without (NSE) a behavioural approach and prescribed physical activity (PPA) on general pain disability and psychological factors in chronic whiplash-Associated disorders (WAD), grade 2 and 3, with a 2-year follow-up. Methods:A randomized controlled multi-centre study of 3 exercise interventions (NSE, NSEB or PPA) including a 2-year follow-up. A total of 216 volunteers with chronic WAD were recruited and 194 were analyzed, mean age 40.4 (Standard Deviation [SD] 11.4). Measures of general pain disability, pain catastrophizing, anxiety and depression, and kinesiophobia were evaluated at baseline, and 3, 6, 12 and 24 months with linear mixed models. Results: General pain disability decreased by 28% in the NSEB group from baseline to 3 months (P&lt;0.001) and the improvements in disability were maintained over time (6, 12 and 24 months P&lt;0.01) compared to the NSE (P&gt;0.42) and PPA groups (P&gt;0.43). Pain catastrophizing decreased in the NSE group from baseline to 6 and 12 months (P&lt;0.01) and in the NSEB group from baseline to 3 and 24 months (P&lt;0.01) compared to the PPA group (P&gt;0.82) that showed no change over time. The NSE group improved in kinesiophobia over time from baseline to12 months (P&lt;0.01) compared to the NSEB (P=0.052) and the PPA groups (P&gt;0.74). Anxiety decreased over time from baseline to 12 and 24 months in the NSE group (P&gt;0.02), but not in the NSEB (P&gt;0.25) or the PPA (P&gt;0.50) groups. The PPA had no effect on general disability or any of the measured psychological factors. Conclusion: This randomised controlled trial with a 2-year follow-up shows that physiotherapist-led neck-specific exercise with or without the addition of a behavioural approach had superior outcome on general disability and most psychological factors compared to the mere prescription of physical activity.</p>
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10.
  • Peolsson, A., et al. (författare)
  • Altered mechanical deformation of the trapezius and multifidus muscles registered with ultrasonography in women with chronic whiplash-associated disorders
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Manual Therapy. - 1356-689X .- 1532-2769. ; 25, s. e58
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>Background</strong>: The deformation and deformation rate of the dorsal neck muscle layers in individuals with chronic whiplash associated disorders (WAD) is rarely evaluated, and the mechanical behaviour during dynamic neck extension remains to be investigated.</p><p><strong>Purpose</strong>: To compare the deformation and deformation rate of dorsal neck muscles (trapezius, splenius capitis, semispinalis capitis and cervicis, and multifidus) in women with chronic WAD compared with healthy controls during a dynamic resisted neck extension.</p><p><strong>Methods</strong>: Nine women with chronic grade 2 and 3 WAD (mean age 38 years, standard deviation [SD] 11.3) and nine age- and gender-matched healthy controls (mean age 38 years, SD 11.6) participated in this cross-sectional, controlled study. Ultrasonography movies and post-process speckle tracking were used to investigate real-time mechanical dorsal neck muscle behaviour at the C4 segmental level during a low-loaded dynamic standardized neck extension. Deformation (longitudinal shortening and elongation) and deformation rate (speed of deformation) were calculated during the entire exercise sequence.</p><p><strong>Results</strong>: There were significant differences between the WAD and control groups in total deformation for the trapezius (p &lt; 0.04) and multifidus (p &lt; 0.03). The WAD group showed more shortening in the deformation pattern during the concentric contraction phase in the trapezius muscle, and during both the concentric and eccentric phase in the multifidus muscle compared to healthy controls. There were no other significant differences between groups either in deformation or deformation rate.</p><p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: There were altered mechanical deformations of the trapezius and multifidus muscles, with preliminary evidence for overuse in individuals with WAD compared to healthy controls. The findings must be interpreted with caution due to the small sample size.</p><p><strong>Implications</strong>: An ultrasound investigation made it possible to non-invasively capture multi-layered muscles in real time, adding new information of value for clinical practice of patients with WAD, which may impact future rehabilitation.</p>
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