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Sökning: WFRF:(Rönmark E)

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  • Rönmark, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Incidence of asthma in adults report from the Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden Study
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Allergy. - Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.. - 0105-4538. ; 52:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Incidence studies offer a better opportunity to study risk factors for       asthma than do prevalence studies. However, regular prospective follow-ups       of large cohorts are difficult to perform, and that is why direct       measurement of the incidence rate of asthma is almost impossible. Thus,       cross-sectional follow-up studies of defined cohorts can be used to       provide data on incidence. In 1986, a postal questionnaire survey on       respiratory symptoms and diseases was performed in the northernmost       province of Sweden. The population sample comprised all subjects born in       1919-20, 1934-5, and 1949-50 in eight representative areas of the       province, which comprises 25% of the total area of Sweden. Completed       answers were given by 5698 subjects (86%) of the 6610 subjects invited to       the study. In 1992, the cohort was invited to a follow-up survey during       the same season as in 1986, and 6215 subjects were traced. Of the 5393       subjects who answered the questionnaire, 4932 had participated in the 1986       survey, or 87% of those who participated in 1986. For the period 1986-92,       the cumulative incidences of asthma were 4.9 and 5.0%, respectively, as       assessed by the questions, "Have you ever had asthma?" and "Have you been       diagnosed as having asthma by a physician?" Thus, the results indicate a       mean annual cumulative incidence of asthma of 0.8%. After correction of       the results for subjects who were diagnosed as having asthma in the       clinical part later in the 1986 study, the mean annual cumulative       incidence of asthma was found to be 0.5%. Risk factors were family history       of asthma (OR 3.46) and current and former smoking, while female sex was a       strong trend.
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  • Stallberg, B, et al. (författare)
  • Living with asthma in Sweden - The ALMA study
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Respiratory Medicine. - Elsevier. - 0954-6111. ; 97:7, s. 835-843
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Recently performed studies have found a number of limitations in the daily lives of asthmatics, and a large disparity between the perception of the sufferers and what health care professionals believe matters to asthmatics. Aim: What matters to Swedish asthma patients, what medicines do they use, and are they compliant with given prescriptions? A further aim was to compare perceptions about asthma and asthma management in asthmatics and among Swedish general practitioners (GP). Design: A structured telephone interview of a representative sample of Swedish asthmatics, and a mailed questionnaire survey among GPs from different parts of Sweden. Methods: Screening by telephone of a random sample of 10,350 subjects aged 18-45. Of those, 240 were subsequently selected for a detailed structured telephone interview about their asthma. A mailed structured questionnaire containing similar questions to those asked of the asthmatics was sent to 600 GPs, and 139 returned completed answers. Results: 16% of the asthmatics reported (asthma) symptoms occurring every day during the previous month. Nocturnal symptoms at least twice per week were reported by 19%. Both these were reported by considerably higher proportions of the asthmatics than the GPs had expected. A large majority classified their disease as mild or very mild, although great majority reported frequent symptoms. Activities or situations which caused symptoms of asthma often or "now and then" were physical exertion, 67%, bad weather, 59%, contact with animals/pets, 58%, and visits to cafés or restaurants, 36%, and several asthmatics avoided these activities due to their asthma. Conclusion: A great majority of asthmatics report a large number of symptoms and limitations in their daily living in proportions which were roughly expected by the GPs. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
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5.
  • Andersson, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Remission and Persistence of Asthma Followed From 7 to 19 Years of Age
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Pediatrics. - 0031-4005. ; 132:2, s. 435-442
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To date, a limited number of population-based studies have prospectively evaluated the remission of childhood asthma. This work was intended to study the remission and persistence of childhood asthma and related factors. METHODS: In 1996, a questionnaire was distributed to the parents of all children aged 7 to 8 years in 3 municipalities in northern Sweden, and 3430 (97%) participated. After a validation study, 248 children were identified as having asthma; these children were reassessed annually until age 19 years when 205 (83%) remained. During the follow-up period lung function, bronchial challenge testing, and skin prick tests were performed. Remission was defined as no use of asthma medication and no wheeze during the past 12 months as reported at endpoint and in the 2 annual surveys preceding endpoint (ie, for >= 3 years). RESULTS: At age 19 years, 21% were in remission, 38% had periodic asthma, and 41% persistent asthma. Remission was more common among boys. Sensitization to furred animals and a more severe asthma (asthma score >= 2) at age 7 to 8 years were both inversely associated with remission, odds ratio 0.14 (95% confidence interval 0.04-0.55) and 0.19 (0.07-0.54), respectively. Among children with these 2 characteristics, 82% had persistent asthma during adolescence. Asthma heredity, damp housing, rural living, and smoking were not associated with remission. CONCLUSIONS: The probability of remission of childhood asthma from age 7- to 8-years to age 19 years was largely determined by sensitization status, particularly sensitization to animals, asthma severity, and female gender, factors all inversely related to remission.
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6.
  • Bjerg, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Family history of asthma and atopy: in-depth analyses of the impact on asthma and wheeze in 7- to 8-year-old children.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Pediatrics. - 1098-4275. ; 120:4, s. 741-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: Development of asthma in children is influenced by interactions between genetic and environmental factors. It is unclear whether paternal or maternal histories of disease confer different risks. Previous population-based studies have not stratified analyses by child gender and sensitization status. Our aim was to study in detail the hereditary component of childhood asthma. METHODS: A population-based cohort of 3430 (97% of invited) 7- to 8-year-old school children participated in an expanded International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood survey, and two thirds were skin-prick tested. Heredity was defined as a family history of (1) asthma and (2) atopy (allergic rhinitis or eczema). Multivariate analyses corrected for known risk factors for asthma. RESULTS: At ages 7 to 8, prevalence of asthma was 5.3% among the children and 9.0% among the parents. In children without parental asthma or parental atopy, the prevalence of asthma was 2.8%. Corrected for parental asthma, parental atopy was a weak but significant risk factor. There were minor differences in the impact of parental disease between sensitized and nonsensitized children and between boys and girls. CONCLUSIONS: As risk factors for childhood asthma, there were major differences between parental asthma and parental atopy. Sibling asthma was only a marker of parental disease. Interactions between parental disease and the child's allergic sensitization or gender were not statistically significant. Asthma in both parents conferred a multiplicative risk, whereas the effect of parental atopy was additive, however limited. Asthma and atopy, despite their causal relationship, are separate entities and could be inherited differently. This large, population-based, and well-characterized cohort study does not confirm parent-of-origin effects found in previous studies.
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  • Commins, Scott P, et al. (författare)
  • Galactose-α-1,3-galactose-specific IgE is associated with anaphylaxis but not asthma.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine. - 1535-4970. ; 185:7, s. 723
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • IgE antibodies to the mammalian oligosaccharide galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-gal) are common in the southeastern United States. These antibodies, which are induced by ectoparasitic ticks, can give rise to positive skin tests or serum assays with cat extract.
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9.
  • Cornmins, Scott P., et al. (författare)
  • Galactose-alpha-1,3-Galactose-Specific IgE Is Associated with Anaphylaxis but Not Asthma
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. - 1073-449X. ; 185:7, s. 723-730
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Rationale: IgE antibodies to the mammalian oligosaccharide galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose (alpha-gal) are common in the southeastern United States. These antibodies, which are induced by ectoparasitic ticks, can give rise to positive skin tests or serum assays with cat extract. Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between IgE antibodies to alpha-gal and asthma, and compare this with the relationship between asthma and IgE antibodies to Fel d 1 and other protein allergens. Methods: Patients being investigated for recurrent anaphylaxis, angioedema, or acute urticaria underwent spirometry, exhaled nitric oxide, questionnaires, and serum IgE antibody assays. The results were compared with control subjects and cohorts from the emergency department in Virginia (n = 130), northern Sweden (n = 963), and rural Kenya (n = 131). Measurements and Main Results: Patients in Virginia with high-titer IgE antibodies to a-gal had normal lung function, low levels of exhaled nitric oxide, and low prevalence of asthma symptoms. Among patients in the emergency department and children in Kenya, there was no association between IgE antibodies to a-gal and asthma (odds ratios, 1.04 and 0.75, respectively). In Sweden, IgE antibodies to cat were closely correlated with IgE antibodies to Fel d 1 (r = 0.83) and to asthma (P < 0.001). Conclusions: These results provide a model of an ectoparasite-induced specific IgE response that can increase total serum IgE without creating a risk for asthma, and further evidence that the main allergens that are causally related to asthma are those that are inhaled.
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10.
  • Ekerljung, Linda, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Has the increase in the prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms reached a plateau in Stockholm, Sweden?
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. - 1027-3719. ; 14:6, s. 764-771
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • SETTING: An increase in the prevalence of asthma has previously been reported worldwide. However, the current trend is debatable.OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in the prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms in a defined study area in Stockholm, Sweden, using identical methods.DESIGN: A questionnaire was sent by mail in 1996 and 2007 to randomly selected subjects aged 20-69 years. On both occasions, 8000 subjects received the questionnaire, with response rates of 72% and 68%, respectively. Questions on asthma, respiratory symptoms, asthma medication and possible determinants were included. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess determinants.RESULTS: Ever asthma increased from 8.7% in 1996 to 11.0% in 2007 and physician-diagnosed asthma from 7.6% to 9.3%. The proportion of asthma patients reporting one to two symptoms increased by 14% during the study period. There were few significant changes in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms: wheeze in the previous 12 months (15.9-17.3%), wheezing with breathlessness apart from cold (3.2-4.1%) and recurrent wheeze (8.3-6.8%). There was no major difference in the risk factor pattern between the surveys.CONCLUSION: An increase in the prevalence of asthma with few symptoms as well as an unchanged prevalence of symptoms was demonstrated, which may indicate a change in diagnostic practices.
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