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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Riboli Elio) srt2:(2001)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Riboli Elio) > (2001)

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1.
  • Bianchini, Franca, et al. (författare)
  • Inverse correlation between alcohol consumption and lymphocyte levels of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine in humans
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Carcinogenesis. - Oxford Univ Press. - 0143-3334. ; 22:6, s. 885-890
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In a cross-sectional study of 115 premenopausal non-smoking women, we examined the relationship between lymphocyte levels of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodGuo) and habitual alcohol consumption. The study was conducted in four different regions of Europe, including Potsdam (Germany), Turin (Italy), Malmo (Sweden) and Granada (Spain). Mean 8-oxodGuo levels differed significantly across study centres (P = 0.001), with the highest levels in Granada 2.17 8-oxodGuox10(-6) 2'-deoxyguanosine (95% confidence interval 1.27-4.40) and lowest levels in Turin 1.19 (0.36-4.29). Mean levels of total alcohol intake and of types of alcoholic beverages consumed (wine, fortified wines, beer and cider) also differed across the study centres (P < 0.05), with the highest total alcohol consumption in Turin, and the lowest intake in GRANADA: When combining all the data, but adjusting for study centre, individual 8-oxodGuo level correlated inversely with alcohol intake. This inverse association remained unaltered after further adjustment for Quetelet Index, fruit and vegetable consumption, and plasma carotenoid levels. Furthermore, the inverse association was also observed for each of the study centres separately, and for different beverage types, with the exception of Granada, where the majority of women were non-drinkers and where alcohol intakes were also very low for the consumers. Finally, on a group level, mean levels of 8-oxodGuo and alcohol intake were also inversely associated between the four study centres. The finding of a relationship between alcohol consumption and 8-oxodGuo in lymphocytes was unexpected and not based on a prior hypothesis. This finding consequently requires confirmation from a randomized intervention study.
2.
  • van Kappel, Anne Linda, et al. (författare)
  • Plasma carotenoids in relation to food consumption in Granada (southern Spain) and Malmo (southern Sweden)
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. - Verlag Hans Huber. - 0300-9831. ; 71:2, s. 97-102
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We conducted a cross-sectional pilot study on healthy pre-menopausal women (aged 45-50 years) living in Granada, in the south of Spain (n = 39) and Malmo, in the south of Sweden (n = 38) in order to compare their plasma carotenoid levels and to investigate the relationship between the differences in food consumption. Plasma concentrations of six carotenoids were measured using high performance liquid chromatography, habitual diet (at individual level) was estimated by food frequency questionnaires and 24-hour diet recalls were used for standardised measurement of diet at group-level. We found that women in Granada consumed more fruit and vegetables than women in Malmo. Plasma concentrations of beta-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, zeaxanthin, total carotenoids and alpha-tocopherol were higher in Granada than in Malmo, although plasma concentrations of alpha-carotene and retinol were higher in Malmo. Both within and between study centres, consumption of fruit and vegetables correlated positively with plasma concentrations of different carotenoids. The study showed that differences in consumption of fruit and vegetables between the two European centres were reflected in plasma carotenoid concentrations.
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