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Sökning: WFRF:(Rolstad Sindre 1976) > (2005-2009)

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  • Bjerke, Maria, 1977, et al. (författare)
  • Subcortical vascular dementia biomarker pattern in mild cognitive impairment.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders. - 1421-9824. ; 28:4, s. 348-56
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an etiologically unclear disorder. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers are potentially useful for the differentiation between various MCI etiologies. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess whether baseline CSF hyperphosphorylated tau (P-tau), total tau (T-tau), amyloid beta 1-42 (Abeta(42)) and neurofilament light (NF-L) in patients with MCI could predict subcortical vascular dementia (SVD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) at follow-up. METHODS: Biomarker levels were assessed by Luminex xMAP technology and ELISA. RESULTS: Increased baseline concentrations of NF-L significantly separated MCI-SVD from stable MCI. The MCI-SVD patients were inseparable from stable MCI but separable from patients developing AD (MCI-AD) on the basis of Abeta(42,) T-tau and P-tau(181) levels. CONCLUSION: A combination of the biomarkers Abeta(42), T-tau, P-tau(181) and NF-L has the potential to improve the clinical separation of MCI-SVD patients from stable MCI and MCI-AD patients.
  • Brys, Miroslaw, et al. (författare)
  • Prediction and longitudinal study of CSF biomarkers in mild cognitive impairment.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of aging. - 1558-1497. ; 30:5, s. 682-90
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: To longitudinally evaluate five cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers in the transition from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: A baseline and 2-year follow-up clinical and CSF study of 86 subjects, including 22 MCI patients that declined to AD (MCI-AD), 43 MCI that did not deteriorate (MCI-MCI) and 21 controls (NL-NL). All subjects were studied for total and phosphorylated tau (T-tau, P-tau(231)), amyloid beta (Abeta) Abeta(42)/Abeta(40) ratio, isoprostane (IP) as well as P-tau(231)/Abeta(42/40) and T-tau/Abeta(42/40) ratios. RESULTS: At baseline and at follow-up MCI-AD showed higher levels P-tau(231), T-tau, IP, P-tau(231)/Abeta(42/40) and T-tau/Abeta(42/40) ratios and lower Abeta(42)/Abeta(40) than MCI-MCI or NL-NL. Baseline P-tau(231) best predicted MCI-AD (80%, p<0.001) followed in accuracy by P-tau(231)/Abeta(42/40) and T-tau/Abeta(42/40) ratios (both 75%, p's<0.001), T-tau (74%, p<0.001), Abeta(42)/Abeta(40) (69%, p<0.01), and IP (68%, p<0.01). Only IP showed longitudinal effects (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: P-tau(231) is the strongest predictor of the decline from MCI to AD. IP levels uniquely show longitudinal progression effects. These results suggest the use of CSF biomarkers in secondary prevention trials.
  • Eckerström, Carl, et al. (författare)
  • Small baseline volume of left hippocampus is associated with subsequent conversion of MCI into dementia. The Göteborg MCI study.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of the Neurological Sciences. - 0022-510X. ; 272:1-2, s. 48-59
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Earlier studies have reported that hippocampal atrophy can to some extent predict which patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) will subsequently convert to dementia, and that converters have an enhanced rate of hippocampal volume loss. Objective: To further validate the hypothesis that hippocampal atrophy predicts conversion from MCI to dementia, to relate baseline hippocampal volume to different forms of dementia, and to investigate the role of hippocampal side differences and rate of volume loss over time. Patients: The subjects (N = 68) include patients with MCI at baseline and progression to dementia at the two-year follow-up (N = 21), stable MCI patients (N = 21), and controls (N = 26). Among the progressing patients, 13 were diagnosed as having AD. Methods: The Göteborg MCI study is a clinically based longitudinal study with biannual clinical assessments. Hippocampal volumetry was performed manually on the MRI investigations at baseline and at the two-year follow-up. Results: Hippocampal volumetry could predict conversion to dementia in both the AD and the non-AD subgroup of converters. Left hippocampal volume in particular discriminated between converting and stable MCI. Cut off points for individual discrimination were shown to be potentially useful. The converting MCI group had a significantly higher rate of hippocampal volume loss as compared to the stable MCI group. Conclusions: In MCI patients, hippocampal volumetry at baseline gives prognostic information about possible development of AD and non-AD dementia. Contrary to earlier studies, we found that left hippocampal volume has the best predictive power. Reliable predictions appear to be possible in many individual cases.
  • Eckerström, Carl, et al. (författare)
  • The Göteborg MCI study – absolute and normalized hippocampal volumes in the prediction of dementia
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: The Annual General Meeting of the Swedish Society of Medicine, Nov. 28-30, 2007.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a state where the cognitive functions are more impaired than what would be expected from aging alone but not enough to be described as dementia. In our material, there was an overrepresentation of men in the stable MCI group and an overrepre-sentation of women in the two other groups. Normalization of the data removed the gender-related differences in hippocampal volume and allowed for better utilization of the data. Hippocampal volumetry predicts conversion to dementia in MCI patients.
  • Nordlund, Arto, 1962, et al. (författare)
  • Episodic memory and speed/attention deficits are associated with Alzheimer-typical CSF abnormalities in MCI
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. - 1355-6177. ; 14:4, s. 582-590
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is regarded as the prodromal stage of dementia disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Objective: To compare the neuropsychological profiles of MCI subjects with normal concentrations of total tau (T-τ) and Aβ42 in CSF (MCI-norm) to MCI subjects with deviating concentrations of the biomarkers (MCI-dev). MCI-norm (N = 73) and MCI-dev (N = 73) subjects were compared to normal controls (N = 50) on tests of speed/attention, memory, visuospatial function, language and executive function. Results: MCI-norm performed overall better than MCI-dev, specifically on tests of speed and attention and episodic memory. When MCI-dev subjects were subclassified into those with only high T-tau (MCI-tau), only low Aβ42 (MCI-Aβ) and both high T-tau and low Aβ42 (MCI-tauAβ), MCI-tauAβ tended to perform slightly worse. MCI-tau and MCI-Aβ performed quite similarly. Conclusions: Considering the neuropsychological differences, many MCI-norm probably had more benign forms of MCI, or early non-AD forms of neurodegenerative disorders. Although most MCI-dev performed clearly worse than MCI-norm on the neuropsychological battery, some did not show any deficits when compared to age norms. A combination of CSF analyses and neuropsychology could be a step toward a more exact diagnosis of MCI as prodromal AD.
  • Rolstad, Sindre, 1976, et al. (författare)
  • Biomarkers in relation to cognitive reserve in patients with mild cognitive impairment--proof of concept.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders. - 1421-9824. ; 27:2, s. 194-200
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The concept of the cognitive reserve (CR) posits that factors such as education enable compensation for the effect of brain pathology. Consequently, pathology should be more pronounced in individuals with higher CR before becoming clinically apparent. Biomarkers such as total tau (t-tau) and beta-amyloid 42 (Abeta42) may be surrogates for pathology in relation to CR in patients with neurodegenerative disease. OBJECTIVE: To examine the applicability of biomarkers as surrogates for pathology in relation to the CR in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) either converting to dementia or remaining stable at follow-up. METHOD: Comparisons of baseline t-tau, Abeta42, educational years and global cognition for MCI patients either converting to dementia (n = 57) or remaining stable (n = 91) were made. Patients converting to dementia were grouped on the basis of educational level and compared considering biomarkers and neuropsychological tests. RESULTS: Stable MCI patients were better educated, performed better cognitively, had higher Abeta42 levels and lower levels of t-tau. Converting MCI patients with higher education had lower levels of Abeta42 and performed equally in neuropsychological tests compared to those with lower education. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that highly educated MCI patients subsequently converting to dementia display more amyloid pathology.
  • Rolstad, Sindre, 1976, et al. (författare)
  • Cognitive reserve in relation to abeta42 in patients converting from MCI to dementia - a follow-up report.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders. - 1421-9824. ; 28:2, s. 110-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The concept of the cognitive reserve (CR) hypothesizes that premorbid factors such as education enable compensation for the manifestation of brain pathology. Accordingly, pathology should be more prominent in individuals with higher CR before becoming clinically apparent. Previously, we found that patients subsequently converting to dementia with higher CR had lower concentrations of amyloid beta 42 (abeta42) as compared to patients with lower CR. However, the interaction between time, biomarkers, neuropsychological performance and CR is yet to be established. OBJECTIVE: To study the relation between biomarkers, neuropsychological performance and CR longitudinally. METHOD: A mixed between-within subject analysis of variance was performed for longitudinal analysis. Paired t tests were used for within group comparisons. RESULTS: Patients with higher CR (n = 15) had significantly lower concentrations of abeta42 at both time points compared to those with medium (n = 23) and lower CR (n = 28). Also, abeta42 concentrations decreased significantly from baseline to follow-up in patients with higher and medium CR. Groups performed comparably on neuropsychological tests. CONCLUSION: This study provides further support for the applicability of abeta42 as a substitute for pathology in relation to CR. Also, abeta42 reflects the disease progression in patients with higher and medium CR.
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