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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Rudolph Anja) srt2:(2005-2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Rudolph Anja) > (2005-2009)

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1.
  • Gallo, Valentina, et al. (författare)
  • Smoking and risk for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis : analysis of the EPIC cohort
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Annals of Neurology. - New York : J. Wiley & Sons. - 0364-5134. ; 65:4, s. 378-385
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Cigarette smoking has been reported as "probable" risk factor for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), a poorly understood disease in terms of aetiology. The extensive longitudinal data of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) were used to evaluate age-specific mortality rates from ALS and the role of cigarette smoking on the risk of dying from ALS. Methods: A total of 517,890 healthy subjects were included, resulting in 4,591,325 person-years. ALS cases were ascertained through death certificates. Cox hazard models were built to investigate the role of smoking on the risk of ALS, using packs/years and smoking duration to study dose-response. Results: A total of 118 subjects died from ALS, resulting in a crude mortality rate of 2.69 per 100,000/year. Current smokers at recruitment had an almost two-fold increased risk of dying from ALS compared to never smokers (HR = 1.89, 95% C.I. 1.14-3.14), while former smokers at the time of enrollment had a 50% increased risk (HR = 1.48, 95% C.I. 0.94-2.32). The number of years spent smoking increased the risk of ALS (p for trend = 0.002). Those who smoked more than 33 years had more than a two-fold increased risk of ALS compared with never smokers (HR = 2.16, 95% C.I. 1.33-3.53). Conversely, the number of years since quitting smoking was associated with a decreased risk of ALS compared with continuing smoking. Interpretation: These results strongly support the hypothesis of a role of cigarette smoking in aetiology of ALS. We hypothesize that this could occur through lipid peroxidation via formaldehyde exposure.
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2.
  • Perren, Aurel, et al. (författare)
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) : loss of one MEN1 allele in tumors and monohormonal endocrine cell clusters but not in islet hyperplasia of the pancreas.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - 0021-972X. ; 92:3, s. 1118-28
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CONTEXT: The occurrence of multiple small pancreatic endocrine tumors in patients suffering from multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) represents a unique possibility to study early neoplasms and their potential precursor lesions. To date, it is unknown whether small islet-like endocrine cell clusters found in MEN1 patients are neoplastic or rather hyperplastic. It is also unclear whether microadenomas develop from islets.DESIGN: We hypothesized that monohormonal endocrine cell clusters observed in MEN1 patients are small neoplasms with loss of heterozygosity of the MEN1 locus. Using a technique combining fluorescence in situ hybridization of the MEN1 locus and the centromeric region of chromosome 11q with hormone immunostaining, we examined resection specimens from four MEN1 patients. We focused our investigations on the following: 1) typical microadenomas; 2) monohormonal endocrine cell clusters; 3) endocrine and exocrine structures entrapped in microadenomas; and 4) morphologically normal islets.RESULTS: Loss of one MEN1 allele was found in all 27 microadenomas and 19 of 20 (95%) monohormonal endocrine cell clusters. By contrast, it was absent in islets and ductal or acinar structures. Our results indicate that monohormonal endocrine cell clusters represent a minute form of microadenomas.CONCLUSION: The frequent presence of single nonneoplastic insulin cells in microadenomas and the occurrence of microadenomas in islets suggest an islet origin of microadenomas. Islet hyperplasia does not seem to be an obligatory stage in pancreatic MEN1-associated tumor development.
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3.
  • Schulz, Mandy, et al. (författare)
  • Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention. - 1055-9965. ; 14:11 Pt 1, s. 2531-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The association between consumption of fruit and vegetables and risk of ovarian cancer is still unclear from a prospective point of view. Methods: Female participants (n = 325,640) of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study, free of any cancer at baseline, were followed on average for 6.3 years to develop ovarian cancer. During 2,049,346 person-years, 581 verified cases of primary, invasive epithelial ovarian cancer were accrued. Consumption of fruits and vegetables as well as subgroups of vegetables, estimated from validated dietary questionnaires and calibrated thereafter, was related to ovarian cancer incidence in multivariable hazard regression models. Histologic subtype specific analyses were done. Results: Total intake of fruit and vegetables, separately or combined, as well as subgroups of vegetables (fruiting, root, leafy vegetables, cabbages) was unrelated to risk of ovarian cancer. A high intake of garlic/onion vegetables was associated with a borderline significant reduced risk of this cancer. The examination by histologic subtype indicated some differential effects of fruit and vegetable intake on ovarian cancer risk. Conclusion: Overall, a high intake of fruits and vegetables did not seem to protect from ovarian cancer. Garlic/onion vegetables may exert a beneficial effect. The study of the histologic subtype of the tumor warrants further investigation.
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