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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Saemundsson Rögnvaldur J. 1968 ) srt2:(2020)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Saemundsson Rögnvaldur J. 1968 ) > (2020)

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1.
  • McKelvey, Maureen, 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • Negative Unintended Consequences as a Counterbalance to Innovation: The Macchiarini case as innovation governance at the interface between scientific research and clinical practice
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: GEOINNO2020 Conference Proceedings, 5th Annual Geography of Innovation Conference 29-31 Jan 2020 Stavanger. - Stavanger, Norway : University of Stavanger.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Innovation processes – as well as scientific research and technological development – rely upon a continuous process of generating new knowledge, arising from collaboration across a variety of private actors like firms, societal actors like universities, NGOs and professional societies, as well as public actors like government agencies (Fagerberg and Mowery, 2006). Developing new areas of scientific research will help society in the long run, but equally important are the uses of that knowledge in order to implement ideas, translate research into practise, and more generally, find ways of societal impact. Hence, the positive outcomes of these innovation processes benefit society in the long-run through new products, services, and organizational forms. Therefore, public policy to stimulate science, technology and innovation is usually designed to stimulate novelty, due to the potential future benefits for society (Edler and Fagerberg 2017). This view stresses the positive side of innovation. But in recent years, a number of studies have focused upon the negative consequences, risks or “dark side of innovation” (Nightingale 2004; Stirling 2017), whereby increasing public concerns about risks have led to demands for more inclusive and transparent innovation processes (Stilgoe et al 2013). Our three-year qualitative study analyses processes of innovation governance, within an empirical context of negative unintended consequences, namely scientific misconduct, in the specific setting at the interface between biomedical scientific research and clinical practice.
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2.
  • McKelvey, Maureen, 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • Organizational Routines and the Growth of Knowledge in Engineering: Evolving modes of academic engagement in biomedical engineering at Chalmers University of Technology 1948-2018
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: GEOINNO2020 Conference Proceedings, 5th Annual Geography of Innovation Conference 29-31 Jan 2020 Stavanger. - Stavanger, Norway : University of Stavanger.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper further develops the concept of organizational routines in the context of universities. We do so in order to propose an explicitly evolutionary economics approach to conceptualizing changes in academic engagement with industry and society over time. Within the extensive literature on university-industry interactions, the literature on academic engagement focuses upon the variety of knowledge networks between university and industry for societal impact, and contrasts that with the commercialization of university research results through patents and start-up companies. We have an empirical focus upon the changing micro-level of activities in the university, to further conceptualize what routines are, and how are related to the overall growth of knowledge. Biomedical engineering is relevant to study, because different fields of knowledge must be combined and re-combined to solve new problems and offer new solutions to existing problems. For medical innovation, hospitals are important as well as industrial firms. Drawing on a longitudinal study of biomedical engineering at one university over seven decades, we identify four distinct modes of academic engagement. We propose to conceptualize these modes of academic engagement as composed of sets of distinct routines. In particular, we have identified routines related to interactions with hospitals, both directly and through industrial firms, involving graduate students and their supervisors.
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