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Sökning: WFRF:(Sans Susana) > (2005-2009) > (2006)

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1.
  • Kornitzer, M., et al. (författare)
  • Job stress and major coronary events: results from the Job Stress, Absenteeism and Coronary Heart Disease in Europe study
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1741-8267. ; 13:5, s. 695-704
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: The intention of this study is to investigate the relationship of the demands/control/strain model with hard coronary events in an epidemiological, prospective, multicenter, European study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six cohorts (Brussels, Ghent, Lille, Barcelona, Goteborg and Malmo) from four European countries (Belgium, France, Spain and Sweden) consisting of 21 111 middle-aged male subjects participated between 1993 and 1996 in the baseline survey of the Job Stress, Absenteeism and Coronary Heart Disease in Europe (JACE) study. The Karasek strain model of psychological demands (five items)/control (nine items) was used. During a mean follow-up of 40 months 185 acute coronary events or coronary deaths were observed. Age-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for developing an acute coronary event were 1.46 [CI 95% confidence interval (1.08-1.97)] for high against low psychological demands and 1.53 (95% CI 1.0-2.35) for strained (high demands plus low control) against relaxed (low demands plus high control) groups. After adjustment for standard cardiovascular risk factors the HR for developing a coronary event for those above or equal to the median against those below the median of psychological demands was 1.46 (95% CI 1.08-1.97) whereas the HR for strained against relaxed groups is 1.46 (95% CI 0.96-2.25). Sensitivity analyses confirmed the robustness of the results. CONCLUSION: In this European, multicenter, prospective, epidemiological study the Karasek job strain model was an independent predictor of acute coronary events, with the psychological demands scale emerging as the important component.
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2.
  • Antikainen, Riitta L., et al. (författare)
  • Trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension: the WHO MONICA Project
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovasclar Prevention & Rehabilitation. - 1741-8267. ; 13:1, s. 13-29
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To describe the secular changes in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension. DESIGN: Two independent cross-sectional population surveys using standardized methods conducted between the early 1980s and mid-1990s. SETTING: Twenty-four geographically defined populations of the WHO MONICA Project. PARTICIPANTS: Randomly selected men and women aged 35-64 years. The total number of participants was 69 907. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Two definitions of hypertension were used: 160/95 mmHg or above and 140/90 mmHg or above for systolic or diastolic blood pressure. Subjects on antihypertensive drug treatment were considered to be hypertensive regardless of their blood pressure. Treated subjects whose measured blood pressure level was less than 160/95 or 140/90 mmHg according to the two definitions, respectively, were considered to be adequately treated. RESULTS: The age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension decreased in most and increased in only a few populations. For both definitions of hypertension, the proportion of hypertensive subjects who were aware of their condition increased in three-quarters of the male populations and in two-thirds of the female populations. Furthermore, the proportion of hypertensive individuals on antihypertensive drug treatment increased in three-quarters of the populations. In the final survey, hypertension tended to be better treated and controlled in women than in men. Nevertheless, a large proportion of patients receiving antihypertensive drug therapy still had inadequately controlled blood pressure levels. CONCLUSION: Although awareness and treatment of hypertension according to the data obtained during the late 1980s to the mid-1990s increased in several populations, the effectiveness of antihypertensive treatment showed the continuing need for improvements.
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