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Sökning: WFRF:(Schwarcz Erik) > (2015)

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1.
  • Carlsson, Per-Ola, et al. (författare)
  • Preserved Beta-Cell Function in Type 1 Diabetes by Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Diabetes. - 0012-1797 .- 1939-327X. ; 64:2, s. 587-592
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The retention of endogenous insulin secretion in type 1 diabetes is an attractive clinical goal, which opens possibilities for long-term restoration of glucose metabolism. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) constitute, based on animal studies, a promising interventional strategy for the disease. This prospective clinical study describes the translation of this cellular intervention strategy to patients with recent onset type 1 diabetes. Twenty adult patients with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes were enrolled and randomized to MSC treatment or to the control group. Residual beta-cell function was analyzed as C-peptide concentrations in blood in response to a mixed meal tolerance test (MMTT) at one-year follow-up. In contrast to the patients in the control arm, who showed loss in both C-peptide peak values and C-peptide when calculated as area under the curve during the first year, these responses were preserved or even increased in the MSC-treated patients. Importantly, no side effects of MSC treatment were observed. We conclude that autologous MSC treatment in new onset type 1 diabetes constitute a safe and promising strategy to intervene in disease progression and preserve beta-cell function.
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2.
  • Fadl, Helena E., 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • Randomized controlled study in pregnancy on treatment of marked hyperglycemia that is short of overt diabetes
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: ; 94:11, s. 1181-1187
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: A randomized multicenter study was conducted in the Stockholm-orebro areas in Sweden to evaluate how treatment aiming at normoglycemia affects fetal growth, pregnancy and neonatal outcome in pregnant women with severe hyperglycemia.Material and methods: Pregnant women with hyperglycemia defined as fasting capillary plasma glucose <7.0 mmol/L and a two-hour plasma glucose value 10.0 and <12.2 mmol/L following a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) diagnosed before 34 weeks of gestation were randomized to treatment (n=33) or controls (n=36). Women assigned to the control group were blinded for the OGTT results and received routine care. The therapeutic goal was fasting plasma glucose 4-5 mmol/L, and <6.5 mmol/L after a meal. Primary outcomes were size at birth and number of large-for-gestational age (>90th percentile) neonates. Secondary outcomes were pregnancy complications, neonatal morbidity and glycemic control.Results: The planned number of participating women was not reached. There was a significantly reduced rate of large-for-gestational age neonates, 21 vs. 47%, P<0.05. Group differences in pregnancy complications and neonatal morbidity were not detected because of limited statistical power. In total, 66.7% of the women in the intervention group received insulin. Of all measured plasma glucose values, 64.1% were in the target range, 7.2% in the hypoglycemic range and 28.7% above target values. There were no cases of severe hypoglycemia.Conclusions: Aiming for normalized glycemia in a pregnancy complicated by severe hyperglycemia reduces fetal growth but is associated with an increased rate of mild hypoglycemia.
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