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Sökning: WFRF:(Soderkvist K) > (2020-2021)

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  • Gebre-Medhin, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • ARTSCAN III : A randomized phase III study comparing chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin versus cetuximab in patients with locoregionally advanced head and neck squamous cell cancer
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - : American Society of Clinical Oncology. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 39:1, s. 38-47
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE We performed an open-label randomized controlled phase III study comparing treatment outcome and toxicity between radiotherapy (RT) with concomitant cisplatin versus concomitant cetuximab in patients with locoregionally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC; stage III-IV according to the Union for International Cancer Control TNM classification, 7th edition). MATERIALS AND METHODS Eligible patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive either intravenous cetuximab 400 mg/m2 1 week before start of RT followed by 250 mg/m2/wk, or weekly intravenous cisplatin 40 mg/m2, during RT. RT was conventionally fractionated. Patients with T3-T4 tumors underwent a second random assignment 1:1 between standard RT dose 68.0 Gy to the primary tumor or dose escalation to 73.1 Gy. Primary end point was overall survival (OS) evaluated using adjusted Cox regression analysis. Secondary end points were locoregional control, local control with dose-escalated RT, pattern of failure, and adverse effects. RESULTS Study inclusion was prematurely closed after an unplanned interim analysis when 298 patients had been randomly assigned. At 3 years, OS was 88% (95% CI, 83% to 94%) and 78% (95% CI, 71% to 85%) in the cisplatin and cetuximab groups, respectively (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.63; 95% CI, 0.93 to 2.86; P 5 .086). The cumulative incidence of locoregional failures at 3 years was 23% (95% CI, 16% to 31%) compared with 9% (95% CI, 4% to 14%) in the cetuximab versus the cisplatin group (Gray’s test P 5 .0036). The cumulative incidence of distant failures did not differ between the treatment groups. Dose escalation in T3-T4 tumors did not increase local control. CONCLUSION Cetuximab is inferior to cisplatin regarding locoregional control for concomitant treatment with RT in patients with locoregionally advanced HNSCC. Additional studies are needed to identify possible subgroups that still may benefit from concomitant cetuximab treatment.
  • Rossitti, Hugo, et al. (författare)
  • Activation of RAS Signalling is Associated with Altered Cell Adhesion in Phaeochromocytoma
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Molecular Sciences. - : MDPI. - 1422-0067 .- 1422-0067. ; 21:21
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Phaeochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are neuroendocrine catecholamine-producing tumours that may progress into inoperable metastatic disease. Treatment options for metastatic disease are limited, indicating a need for functional studies to identify pharmacologically targetable pathophysiological mechanisms, which require biologically relevant experimental models. Recently, a human progenitor phaeochromocytoma cell line named "hPheo1" was established, but its genotype has not been characterised. Performing exome sequencing analysis, we identified a KIF1B T827I mutation, and the oncogenic NRAS Q61K mutation. While KIF1B mutations are recurring somatic events in PPGLs, NRAS mutations have hitherto not been detected in PPGLs. Therefore, we aimed to assess its implications for the hPheo1 cell line, and possible relevance for the pathophysiology of PPGLs. We found that transient downregulation of NRAS in hPheo1 led to elevated expression of genes associated with cell adhesion, and enhanced adhesion to hPheo1 cells extracellular matrix. Analyses of previously published mRNA data from two independent PPGL patient cohorts (212 tissue samples) revealed a subcluster of PPGLs featuring hyperactivated RAS pathway-signalling and under-expression of cell adhesion-related gene expression programs. Thus, we conclude that NRAS activity in hPheo1 decreases adhesion to their own extracellular matrix and mirrors a transcriptomic RAS-signalling-related phenomenon in PPGLs.
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