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Sökning: WFRF:(Sun Xiao Feng) > (2000-2004)

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1.
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2.
  • Zhou, Xiao-Lei, et al. (författare)
  • Definition of candidate low risk APC alleles in a Swedish population.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer. - 0020-7136. ; 110:4, s. 550-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Many families experience an apparently inherited increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) similar to the known syndromes familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). Besides these high-risk syndromes, approximately 10% of all CRC cases come from families with 2 affected 1st-degree relatives, and even 1st-degree relatives to a single case of CRC are at increased risk. Risk subjects from these families frequently show polyps at colonoscopy, which suggests the APC gene as a good candidate susceptibility gene for these attenuated polypotic syndromes. We used the sensitive DHPLC technique to search for possible predisposing germline mutations in the entire APC gene in 91 risk subjects from these high- and low-risk syndromes with unknown predisposing genes. Most exons were also screened for mutations in 96 normal controls and 96 colorectal cancer cases. In our study we probably have identified the most common APC variants in a Swedish population. Among 30 germline variants identified, 1 clearly pathogenic nonsense mutation and 11 putative pathogenic variants (10 missense and one 3′ UTR) were found in 20 index patients (22%). Twelve silent as well as 5 intronic variants were considered nonpathogenic. Two of the missense variants found here, E1317Q and D1822V, have previously been related to a difference in risk of colorectal cancer. One variant, 8636C>A, located within the 3′ UTR region of the APC gene, was suggested to constitute an additional low risk allele with a similar relative risk as the Jewish 11307K mutation (OR = 1.8, 9S% CI, 0.96-3.40). The question of whether all the other variants confer an increased colorectal cancer risk warrants future large association studies. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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3.
  • Adell, Gunnar C. E., 1953-, et al. (författare)
  • Apoptosis in rectal carcinoma : Prognosis and recurrence after preoperative radiotherapy
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Cancer. - 0008-543X. ; 91:10, s. 1870-1875
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Rectal carcinoma is common, with considerable local recurrence and death rates. Preoperative radiotherapy and refined surgical techniques can improve local control. The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between apoptosis and the outcome of rectal carcinoma, with and without short-term preoperative radiotherapy.METHODS: Specimens were from 162 patients from the Southeast Swedish Health Care region included in the Swedish Rectal Cancer Trial between 1987-1990. New sections from the paraffin blocks of the preoperative biopsies and the surgical specimens were examined for apoptosis using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated digoxigenin nick end labeling (TUNEL) method.RESULTS: The mean percentage of apoptotic cells was 0.3% (0-4%) and 1.1% (0-14.5%) for the preoperative biopsy and the surgical specimen, respectively. The authors analyzed the surgical specimens from nonirradiated patients and divided them into three groups by apoptotic index (AI) as follows: 0%, 0-1%, and > 1%. A high AI was associated with a decreased local recurrence rate compared with an intermediate or a low AI (P = 0.024). There was no significant relation between AI and survival. There was a significant reduction in the local recurrence rate for irradiated patients compared with the nonirradiated in the low (P = 0.015) and intermediate (P = 0.038) AI groups. In the high AI group, there were few recurrences and no significant difference was observed between irradiated and nonirradiated patients. The relative risk of death from rectal carcinoma in Dukes A-C patients was not significantly decreased by radiotherapy, but, in the intermediate AI group, there was a trend (P = 0.08) in favor of the irradiated patients.CONCLUSION: A high AI in rectal carcinoma indicated a decreased local recurrence rate.
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4.
  • Adell, Gunnar, 1953-, et al. (författare)
  • Decreased tumor cell proliferation as an indicator of the effect of preoperative radiotherapy of rectal cancer
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics. - 0360-3016. ; 50:3, s. 659-663
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Rectal cancer is a common malignancy, with significant local recurrence and death rates. Preoperative radiotherapy and refined surgical technique can improve local control rates and disease-free survival.PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between the tumor growth fraction in rectal cancer measured with Ki-67 and the outcome, with and without short-term preoperative radiotherapy.Method: Ki-67 (MIB-1) immunohistochemistry was used to measure tumor cell proliferation in the preoperative biopsy and the surgical specimen.MATERIALS: Specimens from 152 patients from the Southeast Swedish Health Care region were included in the Swedish rectal cancer trial 1987-1990.RESULTS: Tumors with low proliferation treated with preoperative radiotherapy had a significantly reduced recurrence rate. The influence on death from rectal cancer was shown only in the univariate analysis. Preoperative radiotherapy of tumors with high proliferation did not significantly improve local control and disease-free survival. The interaction between Ki-67 status and the benefit of radiotherapy was significant for the reduced recurrence rate (p = 0.03), with a trend toward improved disease-free survival (p = 0.08). In the surgery-alone group, Ki-67 staining did not significantly correlate with local recurrence or survival rates.CONCLUSION: Many Ki-67 stained tumor cells in the preoperative biopsy predicts an increased treatment failure rate after preoperative radiotherapy of rectal cancer.
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5.
  • Andreyev, HJN, et al. (författare)
  • Kirsten ras mutations in patients with colorectal cancer : The 'RASCAL II' study
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920. ; 85:5, s. 692-696
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Researchers worldwide with information about the Kirsten ras (Ki-ras) tumour genotype and outcome of patients with colorectal cancer were invited to provide that data in a schematized format for inclusion in a collaborative database called RASCAL (The Kirsten ras incolorectal-cancer collaborative group). Our results from 2721 such patients have been presented previously and for the first time in any common cancer, showed conclusively that different gene mutations have different impacts on outcome, even when the mutations occur at the same site on the genome. To explore the effect of Ki-ras mutations at different stages of colorectal cancer, more patients were recruited to the database, which was reanalysed when information on 4268 patients from 42 centres in 21 countries had been entered. After predetermined exclusion criteria were applied, data on 3439 patients were entered into a multivariate analysis. This found that of the 12 possible mutations on codons 12 and 13 of Kirsten ras, only one mutation on codon 12, glycine to valine, found in 8.6% of all patients, had a statistically significant impact on failure-free survival (P=0.004, HR 1.3) and overall survival (P=0.008, HR 1.29). This mutation appeared to have a greater impact on outcome in Dukes' C cancers (failure-free survival, P=0.008, HR 1.5, overall survival P=0.02, HR 1.45) than in Dukes' B tumours (failure-free survival, P=0.46, HR 1.12, overall survival P=0.36, HR 1.15). Ki-ras mutations may occur early in the development of pre-cancerous adenomas in the colon and rectum. However, this collaborative study suggests that not only is the presence of a codon 12 glycine to valine mutation important for cancer progression but also that it may predispose to more aggressive biological behaviour in patients with advanced colorectal cancer. ⌐ 2001 Cancer Research Campaign.
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6.
  • Chen, Yun, et al. (författare)
  • Neonatal losartan treatment suppresses renal expression of molecules involved in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. - 1046-6673 (Print). ; 15:5, s. 1232-43
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Lack of neonatal angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1) stimulation produces renal abnormalities characterized by papillary atrophy and impaired urinary concentrating ability, but the mechanisms involved are still unclear. DNA microarray was used to identify genes that are differentially expressed in renal medulla in response to neonatal treatment with AT 1 receptor antagonist losartan (30 mg/kg per d), which commenced within 24 h after birth. The data showed that losartan treatment for 48 h downregulated 68 genes, ~30% of which encode various components of cytoskeleton and cytoskeleton-associated proteins, extracellular matrix, and enzymes involved in extracellular matrix maturation or turnover. With the use of immunohistochemistry and Western immunoblot, the microarray data were confirmed and it was demonstrated that losartan suppressed renal expression of syndecan 2, a-smooth muscle actin, MHC class II, and leukocyte type 12-lipoxygenase by day 4. In addition, losartan inhibited medullary expression of integrin a6 and caused relocalization of integrins a6 and a3. Moreover, losartan inhibited cell proliferation in medullary tubules by day 9, as detected by Ki-67 immunostaining. This study provides new data supporting the contention that a lack of AT1 receptor stimulation results in abnormal matrix assembly, disturbed cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, and subsequent abnormal tubular maturation. Moreover, regulation of the expression of leukocyte type 12-lipoxygenase and a-smooth muscle actin by the renin-angiotensin system in the immature kidney adds new knowledge toward the understanding of renal vascular development.
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7.
  • Emterling, A, et al. (författare)
  • Clinicopathological significance of microsatellite instability and mutated RIZ in colorectal cancer
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - 0923-7534. ; 15:2, s. 242-246
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Several studies have shown that microsatellite instability (MSI) is related to favourable survival in colorectal cancer patients but there are controversial results. Tumour suppressor gene RIZ is a susceptible mutational target of MSI. However, its clinicopathological significance has not been investigated. We investigated the prognostic significance of MSI in Swedish colorectal cancer patients and the clinicopathological significance of RIZ mutations. Patients and methods: We analysed 438 colorectal adenocarcinomas for MSI by microsatellite analysis. Among them, 29 MSI and 28 microsatellite stable (MSS) tumours were examined for RIZ mutations by DNA sequencing. Results: MSI (13% of 438 cases) was not associated with survival (rate ratio=0.97, 95% confidence interval =0.57-1.64, P=0.90), although it was related to proximal tumour (P <0.001), poor differentiation and mucinous carcinomas (P <0.001), multiple tumours (P=0.01) and negative/weak expression of hMLH1 (P=0.03). RIZ mutations were detected in 31% of 29 MSI tumours but in none of the 28 MSS tumours. The mutations were related to female (P=0.01), proximal tumour (P=0.01), stage B (P=0.01) and poor differentiation (P=0.047). Conclusions: MSI was not a prognostic factor in the Swedish patients included in this study. Clinicopathological variables associated with RIZ mutations might be a consequence of the MSI characteristics.
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8.
  • Emterling, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Clinicopathological significance of Nup88 expression in patients with colorectal cancer
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Oncology. - 0890-9091. ; 64:4, s. 361-369
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The nucleoporin Nup88 is overexpressed in a series of human malignancies, however, its clinicopathological significance has not been studied. Our aims were to analyze Nup88 expression in normal mucosa, primary tumors and metastases from colorectal cancer patients and further to identify relationships of Nup88 expression with clinicopathological and other factors.Materials and Methods: Using immunohistochemistry, we investigated Nup88 expression in 198 primary colorectal tumors, 96 normal mucosa samples and 35 lymph node metastases.Results: The results showed that the intensity of Nup88 expression increased from the normal mucosa to the primary tumors (p &lt; 0.0001) and tended to increase from the primary tumors to the metastases (p = 0.15). Both primary tumors and metastases presented stronger expression in the invasive margin and vascular-invaded areas. Nup88 expression was positively related to distal tumor location (p = 0.01), infiltrative growth pattern (p = 0.04) and higher proliferative activity (p = 0.04) and reversely to the grade of differentiation (p = 0.02) and apoptosis (p = 0.049). Strong expression of Nup88 predicted a worse outcome in the patients with distal tumors during the follow-up period of up to 3 years (p = 0.02).Conclusions: It seems that overexpression of Nup88 was involved in the tumorigenesis and aggressiveness of colorectal cancers, and Nup88 may be used as a prognostic factor in patients with distal tumors.
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9.
  • Evertsson, Sofia, 1972-, et al. (författare)
  • APC I1307K and E1317Q variants are rare or do not occur in Swedish colorectal cancer patients
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - 0959-8049. ; 37:4, s. 499-502
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recently, a germ line mutation of the APC gene, I1307K, was discovered in a subset of Ashkenazi jews. The mutation involves an amino acid exchange and creates a tract consisting of eight contiguous adenosine residues believed to cause hypermutability in this region. Another germ line missense variant, E1317Q, not restricted to a certain ethnic population, could functionally alter the protein. These APC variants have been linked with increased colorectal cancer risk in several studies. However, they have not yet been investigated in Swedish colorectal cancer patients. Thus, our aim was to investigate the prevalence of I1307K and E1317Q in Swedish colorectal cancer patients in order to determine if these genetic variants are important predisposing factors to colorectal cancer in this population. To this end, sequence analysis was carried out of the APC gene in order to identify any I1307K and E1317Q variants in 106 unselected cases and 88 hereditary/familial colorectal cancer cases including 22 cases of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) fulfilling the Amsterdam criteria. Out of a total of 194 cases examined, we did not find any variants. It seems that these alterations are rare or absent in the Swedish population.
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10.
  • Evertsson, Sofia, 1972-, et al. (författare)
  • Microsatellite instability and MBD4 mutation in unselected colorectal cancer
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005. ; 23:4, s. 3569-3574
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: We investigated the prognostic significance of microsatellite instability (MSI) and the association with clinicopathological factors in colorectal cancer, and further identified MBD4 mutations and their clinicopathological significance.PATIENTS AND METHODS: MSI was analyzed in 201 colorectal cancers. Sequencing analysis of MBD4 was performed in 26 MSI and 28 microsatellite stable (MSS) tumors.RESULTS: Twenty-seven tumors (13.4%) were MSI but did not correlate with improved survival. MSI was significantly correlated with proximal colon tumors (p &lt; 0.001), poor differentiation or mucinous type (p = 0.005) and multiple tumors (p = 0.04). MBD4 mutations were found in 15% MSI but not in MSS tumors. The mutated cases showed female overrepresentation, proximal site and poorly-differentiated/mucinous type.CONCLUSION: MSI was not correlated with survival, but shared other features associated with MSI in colorectal cancer as demonstrated by others. The clinicopathological variables associated with the MBD4 mutations were probably the reflection of MSI features.
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