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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Sund Malin 1972 ) srt2:(2011)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Sund Malin 1972 ) > (2011)

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1.
  • Campa, Daniele, et al. (författare)
  • Variation in genes coding for AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and breast cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation on Cancer (EPIC).
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. - Springer. - 0167-6806 .- 1573-7217. ; 127:3, s. 761-767
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an energy sensing/signalling intracellular protein which is activated by an increase in the cellular AMP:ATP ratio after ATP depletion. Once activated, AMPK inhibits fatty acid synthesis and the Akt-mTOR pathway, and activates the p53-p21 axis. All these molecular mechanisms are thought to play a key role in breast carcinogenesis. We investigated the genetic variability of four genes encoding AMPK (PRKAA1, PRKAA2, PRKAB1 and PRKAB2). Using a tagging approach and selecting SNPs we covered all the common genetic variation of these genes. We tested association of tagging SNPs in our four candidate genes with breast cancer (BC) risk in a study of 1340 BC cases and 2536 controls nested into the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Given the relevance of AMPK on fatty acid synthesis and the importance of body fatness as a BC risk factor, we tested association of SNPs and body-mass index as well. We observed no statistically significant association between the SNPs in the PRKAs genes and BC risk and BMI after correction for multiple testing.</p>
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2.
  • Chuang, Shu-Chun, et al. (författare)
  • A U-shaped relationship between plasma folate and pancreatic cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - Oxford : Pergamon. - 0959-8049 .- 1879-0852. ; 47:12, s. 1808-1816
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Folate intake has shown an inverse association with pancreatic cancer; nevertheless, results from plasma measurements were inconsistent. The aim of this study is to examine the association between plasma total homocysteine, methionine, folate, cobalamin, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, riboflavin, flavin mononucleotide and pancreatic cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). We conducted a nested case-control study in the EPIC cohort, which has an average of 9.6 years of follow-up (1992-2006), using 463 incident pancreatic cancer cases. Controls were matched to each case by center, sex, age (+/- 1 year), date (+/- 1 year) and time (+/- 3 h) at blood collection and fasting status. Conditional logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusting for education, smoking status, plasma cotinine concentration, alcohol drinking, body mass index and diabetes status. We observed a U-shaped association between plasma folate and pancreatic cancer risk. The ORs for plasma folate &lt;= 5, 5-10, 10-15 (reference), 15-20, and &gt; 20 nmol/L were 1.58 (95% CI = 0.72-3.46), 1.39 (0.93-2.08), 1.0 (reference), 0.79 (0.52-1.21), and 1.34 (0.89-2.02), respectively. Methionine was associated with an increased risk in men (per quintile increment: OR = 1.17, 95% CI = 1.00-1.38) but not in women (OR = 0.91, 95% CI = 0.78-1.07; p for heterogeneity &lt; 0.01). Our results suggest a U-shaped association between plasma folate and pancreatic cancer risk in both men and women. The positive association that we observed between methionine and pancreatic cancer may be sex dependent and may differ by time of follow-up. However, the mechanisms behind the observed associations warrant further investigation.</p>
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3.
  • Grote, V. A., et al. (författare)
  • Diabetes mellitus, glycated haemoglobin and C-peptide levels in relation to pancreatic cancer risk : a study within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Diabetologia. - New York : Springer-Verlag New York. - 0012-186X .- 1432-0428. ; 54:12, s. 3037-3046
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Aims/hypothesis: There has been long-standing debate about whether diabetes is a causal risk factor for pancreatic cancer or a consequence of tumour development. Prospective epidemiological studies have shown variable relationships between pancreatic cancer risk and blood markers of glucose and insulin metabolism, overall and as a function of lag times between marker measurements (blood donation) and date of tumour diagnosis.</p><p>Methods: Pre-diagnostic levels of HbA(1c) and C-peptide were measured for 466 participants with pancreatic cancer and 466 individually matched controls within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate ORs for pancreatic cancer.</p><p>Results: Pancreatic cancer risk gradually increased with increasing pre-diagnostic HbA(1c) levels up to an OR of 2.42 (95% CI 1.33, 4.39 highest [&gt;= 6.5%, 48 mmol/mol] vs lowest [&lt;= 5.4%, 36 mmol/mol] category), even for individuals with HbA(1c) levels within the non-diabetic range. C-peptide levels showed no significant relationship with pancreatic cancer risk, irrespective of fasting status. Analyses showed no clear trends towards increasing hyperglycaemia (as marked by HbA(1c) levels) or reduced pancreatic beta cell responsiveness (as marked by C-peptide levels) with decreasing time intervals from blood donation to cancer diagnosis.</p><p>Conclusions/interpretation: Our data on HbA(1c) show that individuals who develop exocrine pancreatic cancer tend to have moderate increases in HbA(1c) levels, relatively independently of obesity and insulin resistance-the classic and major risk factors for type 2 diabetes. While there is no strong difference by lag time, more data are needed on this in order to reach a firm conclusion.</p>
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4.
  • Nyström, Hanna, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • Type IV collagen as a tumour marker for colorectal liver metastases
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Surgical Oncology. - Elsevier. - 0748-7983 .- 1532-2157. ; 37:7, s. 611-617
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>BACKGROUND:</strong> About 50% of patients with primary colorectal cancer (CRC) will develop liver metastases (CLM). Currently, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is the most common tumour marker for CRC and CLM. However, the sensitivity and specificity of this marker is not optimal, as almost 50% of patients have tumours that do not produce CEA. Therefore there is a need for better markers for CRC and CLM.</p><p><strong>METHODS:</strong> The circulating levels of type IV collagen were measured in patients with CLM, primary CRC and in healthy controls. The expression pattern of type IV collagen was studied by immunofluorescence in CLM and normal liver tissue. The metastatic volume of CLM in the liver was estimated from CT.</p><p><strong>RESULTS:</strong> In CLM tissue type IV collagen is highly expressed in the areas of desmoplasia. Patients with primary CRC (Dukes' A-C) did not show any increase in circulating type IV collagen compared to healthy controls. However, patients with CLM have significantly elevated levels of circulating type IV collagen when compared to patients with primary CRC and healthy controls. The levels of type IV collagen decreased during chemotherapy and increased at the time of disease progression. The circulating levels of type IV collagen seem to reflect the tumour burden in the liver.</p><p><strong>CONCLUSIONS:</strong> Type IV collagen has the potential to be used as tumour associated biomarker for CLM. These results indicate the importance of interaction between cancer cells and the stroma in the tumour microenvironment.</p>
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5.
  • Ramazani, Mari, 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • Increased circulating levels of basement-membrane components in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms : A Pilot Study
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery. - London : Grune & Stratton. - 1078-5884 .- 1532-2165. ; 42:4, s. 484-487
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Aim: The decision for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AM) repair is based on aneurysm size. However, smaller aneurysms can rupture, while larger ones can remain stable. New variables and markers are needed to better select patients at high rupture risk. The study was done to analyse if AAA patients have increased levels of circulating basement-membrane (BM) fragments.</p><p>Design: Circulating levels of BM components type IV and XVIII collagen were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 10 patients with AAA, nine patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and 10 healthy controls (CON).</p><p>Results: AAA patients had significantly increased levels of type IV and XVIII collagen compared with CON (134.0 +/- 24.8 ng ml(-1) vs. 104.5 +/- 16.4 ng ml(-1); p = 0.005 and 149.0 +/- 56.9 ng ml(-1) vs. 59.6 +/- 8.7 ng ml(-1); p &lt; 0.001, respectively). The PAD patients did not have significantly increased levels of these fragments when compared with CON. In addition, the AAA patients had significantly increased level of type XVIII collagen (149.0 +/- 56.9 ng ml(-1) vs. 58.3 +/- 25.4 ng/ml(-1); p &lt; 0.01) when compared with the PAD group.</p><p>Conclusion: Based on this preliminary analysis of a small number of subjects, patients with AAA had significantly increased levels of circulating BM components. BM fragments should be studied further to establish their potential role as biomarkers for AAA.</p>
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