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Sökning: WFRF:(Svensson Erik) > (2020-2021)

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  • Amombo Noa, Francoise Mystere, 1988, et al. (författare)
  • Metal-Organic Frameworks with Hexakis(4-carboxyphenyl)benzene: Extensions to Reticular Chemistry and Introducing Foldable Nets
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society. - 1520-5126 .- 0002-7863. ; 142:20, s. 9471-9481
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nine metal-organic frameworks have been prepared with the hexagon-shaped linker 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexakis(4-carboxyphenyl)-benzene (H(6)cpb) by solvothermal reactions in dimethylformamide (dmf) or dimethylacetamide (dmac) with acetic acid or formic acid as modulators: [Bi-2(cpb)(acetato)(2)(dmf)(2)]center dot 2dmf CTH-6 forms a rtl-net; 2(H2NMe2)[Cu-2(cpb)] CTH-7 forms a kgd-net; [Fe-4(cpb)-(acetato)(2)(dmf)(4)] CTH-8 and [Co-4(cpb)(acetato)(2)(dmf)(4)] CTH-9 are isostructural and form yav-nets; 2(HNEt3)[Fe-2(cpb)] CTH-10 and the two polymorphs of 2(H2NMe2)[Zn-2(cpb)]center dot 1.5dmac, Zn-MOF-888 and CTH-11, show kgd-nets; [Cu-2(cpb)-(acetato)(2)(dmf)(2)]center dot 2dmf, CTH-12, forms a mixed coordination and hydrogen-bonded sql-net; and 2(H2NMe2)[Zn-2(cpb)] CTH-13, a similarly mixed yav-net. Surface area values (Brunauer-Emmett-Teller, BET) range from 34 m(2) g(-1) for CTH-12 to 303 m(2) g(-1) for CTH-9 for samples activated at 120 degrees C in dynamic vacuum. All compounds show normal (10-fold higher) molar CO2 versus N-2 uptake at 298 K, except the 19-fold CO2 uptake for CTH-12 containing Cu(II) dinuclear paddle-wheels. We also show how perfect hexagons and triangles can combine to a new 3D topology laf, a model of which gave us the idea of foldable network topologies, as the laf-net can fold into a 2D form while retaining the local geometry around each vertex. Other foldable nets identified are cds, cds-a, ths, sqc163, clh, jem, and tfc covering the basic polygons and their combinations. The impact of this concept on "breathing" MOFs is discussed. I-2 sorption, both from gas phase and from MeOH solution, into CTH-7 were studied by time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) on dried crystals. I-2 was shown to have penetrated the crystals, as layers were consecutively peeled off by the ion beam. We suggest ToF-SIMS to be a method for studying sorption depth profiles of MOFs.
  • Grape, Erik Svensson, et al. (författare)
  • A Robust and Biocompatible Bismuth Ellagate MOF Synthesized Under Green Ambient Conditions
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society. - 1520-5126 .- 0002-7863. ; 142:39, s. 16795-16804
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The first bioinspired microporous metal-organic framework (MOF) synthesized using ellagic acid, a common natural antioxidant and polyphenol building unit, is presented. Bi2O(H2O)2(C14H2O8)·nH2O (SU-101) was inspired by bismuth phenolate metallodrugs, and could be synthesized entirely from nonhazardous or edible reagents under ambient aqueous conditions, enabling simple scale-up. Reagent-grade and affordable dietary supplement-grade ellagic acid was sourced from tree bark and pomegranate hulls, respectively. Biocompatibility and colloidal stability were confirmed by in vitro assays. The material exhibits remarkable chemical stability for a bioinspired MOF (pH = 2-14, hydrothermal conditions, heated organic solvents, biological media, SO2 and H2S), attributed to the strongly chelating phenolates. A total H2S uptake of 15.95 mmol g-1 was recorded, representing one of the highest H2S capacities for a MOF, where polysulfides are formed inside the pores of the material. Phenolic phytochemicals remain largely unexplored as linkers for MOF synthesis, opening new avenues to design stable, eco-friendly, scalable, and low-cost MOFs for diverse applications, including drug delivery.
  • Grape, Erik Svensson, et al. (författare)
  • Breathing Metal-Organic Framework Based on Flexible Inorganic Building Units
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Crystal Growth & Design. - 1528-7483 .- 1528-7505. ; 20:1, s. 320-329
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Five novel bismuth carboxylate coordination polymers were synthesized from biphenyl-3,4′,5-tricarboxylic acid (H3BPT) and [1,1′:4′,1′′]terphenyl-3,3′′,5,5′′-tetracarboxylic acid (H4TPTC). One of the phases, [Bi(BPT)]·2MeOH (denoted SU-100, as synthesized), is the first example, to the best of our knowledge, of a reversibly flexible bismuth-based metal–organic framework. The material exhibits continuous changes to its unit cell parameters and pore shape depending on the solvent it is immersed in and the dryness of the sample. Typically, in breathing carboxylate-based MOFs, flexibility occurs through tilting of the organic linkers without significantly altering the coordination environment around the cation. In contrast to this, the continuous breathing mechanism in SU-100 involves significant changes to bond angles within the Bi2O12 inorganic building unit (IBU). The flexibility of the IBU of SU-100 reflects the nondiscrete coordination geometry of the bismuth cation. A disproportionate increase in the solvent accessible void volume was observed when compared to the expansion of the unit cell volume of SU-100. Additionally, activated SU-100 (SU-100-HT) exhibits a large increase in unit cell volume, yet has the smallest void volume of all the studied samples.
  • Li, Man-Bo, et al. (författare)
  • Silver-Triggered Activity of a Heterogeneous Palladium Catalyst in Oxidative Carbonylation Reactions
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Angewandte Chemie International Edition. - 1433-7851 .- 1521-3773. ; 59:26, s. 10391-10395
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A silver-triggered heterogeneous Pd-catalyzed oxidative carbonylation has been developed. This heterogeneous process exhibits high efficiency and good recyclability, and was utilized for the one-pot construction of polycyclic compounds with multiple chiral centers. AgOTf was used to remove chloride ions in the heterogeneous catalyst Pd-AmP-CNC, thereby generating highly active Pd-II, which results in high efficiency of the heterogeneous catalytic system.
  • Kilpi, Olli Pekka, et al. (författare)
  • High-Performance Vertical III-V Nanowire MOSFETs on Si with gm> 3 mS/μm
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: IEEE Electron Device Letters. - : IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. - 0741-3106. ; 41:8, s. 1161-1164
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Vertical III-V nanowire MOSFETs have demonstrated excellent performance including high transconductance and high Ion. One main bottleneck for the vertical MOSFETs is the large access resistance arising from the contacts and ungated regions. We demonstrate a process to reduce the access resistance by combining a gate-last process with ALD gate-metal deposition. The devices demonstrate fully scalable gm down to Lg = 25 nm. These vertical core/shell InAs/InGaAs MOSFETs demonstrate gm = 3.1 mS/μm and Ron = 190 Ωμm. This is the highest gm demonstrated on Si. Transmission line measurement verifies a low contact resistance with RC = 115 Ωμm, demonstrating that most of the MOSFET access resistance is located in the contact regions.
  • Kothari, Simple Futarmal, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on altered perception of One's own face
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Brain Stimulation. - : Elsevier. - 1935-861X .- 1876-4754. ; 13:3, s. 554-561
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Chronic orofacial pain (COP) patients often perceive the painful face area as "swollen" without clinical signs; such self-reported illusions of the face are termed perceptual distortion (PD). The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying PD remain elusive.OBJECTIVE: To test the neuromodulatory effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on PD in healthy individuals, to gain insight into the cortical mechanisms underlying PD.METHODS: PD was induced experimentally by injections of local anesthetic (LA) around the infraorbital nerve and measured as perceived size changes of the affected area. Participants were randomly allocated to inhibitory rTMS (n = 26) or sham rTMS (n = 26) group. The participants rated PD at baseline, 6 min after LA, immediately, 20 and 40 min after rTMS. The rTMS (inhibitory and sham) was applied to face (lip) representation area of primary somatosensory cortex (SI) as an intervention at 10 min after the LA, when the magnitude of PD is large. As inhibitory rTMS, continuous theta-burst stimulation paradigm (50 Hz) for 40s was employed to inhibit cortical activity.RESULTS: We demonstrated a significant decrease in the magnitude of PD immediately and 20 min after the application of inhibitory rTMS compared with sham rTMS (P < 0.006). In two control experiments, we also showed that peripheral muscle stimulation and stimulation of a cortical region other than the lip representation area had no effect on the magnitude of the PD.CONCLUSIONS: Inhibitory rTMS applied to a somatotopical-relevant cortical region modulates PD of the face in healthy individuals and could potentially have therapeutic implications for COP patients.
  • Krishnaraja, Abinaya, et al. (författare)
  • Tuning of Source Material for InAs/InGaAsSb/GaSb Application-Specific Vertical Nanowire Tunnel FETs
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: ACS Applied Electronic Materials. - : The American Chemical Society (ACS). - 2637-6113. ; 2:9, s. 2882-2887
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Tunnel field-effect transistors (TFETs) are promising candidates that have demonstrated potential for and beyond the 3 nm technology node. One major challenge for the TFETs is to optimize the heterojunction for high drive currents while achieving steep switching. Thus far, such optimization has mainly been addressed theoretically. Here, we experimentally investigate the influence of the source segment composition on the performance for vertical nanowire InAs/InGaAsSb/GaSb TFETs. Compositional analysis using transmission electron microscopy is combined with simulations to interpret the results from electrical characterization data. The results show that subthreshold swing (S) and transconductance (gm) decrease with increasing arsenic composition until the strain due to lattice mismatch increases them both. The role of indium concentration at the junction is also examined. This systematic optimization has rendered sub-40 mV/dec operating TFETs with a record transconductance efficiency gm/ID = 100 V-1, and it shows that different source materials are preferred for various applications.
  • Lagedal, Rickard, et al. (författare)
  • Coronary angiographic findings after cardiac arrest in relation to ECG and comorbidity
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Resuscitation. - : ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD. - 0300-9572 .- 1873-1570. ; 146, s. 213-219
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: The relations between specific ECG patterns and coronary angiographic findings in cardiac arrest patients with different comorbidities are not properly assessed. More evidence is needed to identify patients with the highest risk for acute coronary artery disease as a cause of the cardiac arrest. This study aims to describe the coronary artery findings after cardiac arrest in relation to ECG and comorbidity.Method: A retrospective study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients, with coronary angiography performed within 28 days. ECG on admission, comorbidity, PCI attempts and angiographic findings are described. Data were retrieved from national registries in Sweden.Results: Among 1133 patients with available ECG and angiography information the mean age was 64 years. The rate of shockable rhythm was 79 degrees 0. The total incidence of any significant stenosis in cardiac arrest patients without ST-elevation who underwent coronary angiography within 28 days was 71 degrees 0. The incidence of any stenosis in patients with normal ECG was 62.1 degrees 0 and in patients with LBBB, 59.3 degrees 0. In patients with ST-depression or RBBB, PCI attempts were made in 47.1 degrees 0 and 42.4 degrees 0 respectively, compared with 33.3 degrees 0 in patients with normal ECG. Among patients without ST-elevation, those with diabetes mellitus and those with initial shockable rhythm respectively, 84.8 degrees 0 and 71.5 had at least one significant stenosis.Conclusion: Our study suggests, that evaluation of ECG patterns and comorbidities in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients without ST-segment elevation may be important to identify those with a high risk of coronary artery lesions that could benefit from early revascularization.
  • Larsson, Erik, 1983, et al. (författare)
  • The Influence of KCl and HCl on the High-Temperature Oxidation of a Fe-2.25Cr-1Mo Steel at 400 °C
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Oxidation of Metals. - 1573-4889 .- 0030-770X. ; 93:1-2, s. 29-52
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The influence of alkali- and chlorine-containing compounds on the corrosion of superheater alloys has been studied extensively. The current paper instead investigates the corrosive effects of KCl and HCl under conditions relevant to waterwall conditions. A low-alloy (Fe-2.25Cr-1Mo) steel was exposed to KCl(s), 500 vppm HCl(g) and (KCl + HCl) in the presence of 5%O2 and 20% H2O at 400 °C. The results indicate that alloy chlorination by KCl occurs by an electrochemical process, involving cathodic formation of chemisorbed KOH on the scale surface and anodic formation of solid FeCl2 at the bottom of the scale. The process is accompanied by extensive cracking and delamination of the iron oxide scale, resulting in a complex, convoluted scale morphology. Adding 500 vppm HCl to the experimental environment (KCl + HCl) initially greatly accelerated the formation of FeCl2 at the scale/alloy interface. The accelerated alloy chlorination is attributed to HCl reacting with KOH at the scale surface, causing the cathodic process to be depolarized. A rapid slowing down of the rate of chlorination and corrosion in KCl + HCl environment was observed which was attributed to the electronically insulating nature of the FeCl2 layer which forms at the bottom of the scale, disconnecting the anodic and cathodic regions.
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