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Sökning: WFRF:(Svensson Olof) > (2020)

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  • Hendrikse, Natalie M., et al. (författare)
  • Exploring the therapeutic potential of modern and ancestral phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyases as supplementary treatment of hereditary tyrosinemia
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - Nature Research. - 2045-2322 .- 2045-2322. ; 10:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyases (PAL/TALs) have been approved by the FDA for treatment of phenylketonuria and may harbour potential for complementary treatment of hereditary tyrosinemia Type I. Herein, we explore ancestral sequence reconstruction as an enzyme engineering tool to enhance the therapeutic potential of PAL/TALs. We reconstructed putative ancestors from fungi and compared their catalytic activity and stability to two modern fungal PAL/TALs. Surprisingly, most putative ancestors could be expressed as functional tetramers in Escherichia coli and thus retained their ability to oligomerize. All ancestral enzymes displayed increased thermostability compared to both modern enzymes, however, the increase in thermostability was accompanied by a loss in catalytic turnover. One reconstructed ancestral enzyme in particular could be interesting for further drug development, as its ratio of specific activities is more favourable towards tyrosine and it is more thermostable than both modern enzymes. Moreover, long-term stability assessment showed that this variant retained substantially more activity after prolonged incubation at 25 °C and 37 °C, as well as an increased resistance to incubation at 60 °C. Both of these factors are indicative of an extended shelf-life of biopharmaceuticals. We believe that ancestral sequence reconstruction has potential for enhancing the properties of enzyme therapeutics, especially with respect to stability. This work further illustrates that resurrection of putative ancestral oligomeric proteins is feasible and provides insight into the extent of conservation of a functional oligomerization surface area from ancestor to modern enzyme.
  • Åberg, N David, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • Circulating levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and post-stroke long-term functional outcome
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. - 0001-6314.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) acts in angiogenesis and neuroprotection, although the beneficial effects on experimental ischemic stroke (IS) have not been replicated in clinical studies. We investigated serum VEGF (s-VEGF) in the acute stage (baseline) and 3 months post-stroke in relation to stroke severity and functional outcome. Methods The s-VEGF and serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) concentrations were measured in patients enrolled in the Sahlgrenska Academy Study on Ischemic Stroke (SAHLSIS) at the acute time-point (median 4 days, N = 492, 36% female; mean age, 57 years) and at 3 months post-stroke (N = 469). Baseline stroke severity was classified according to the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), and functional outcomes (3 months and 2 years) were evaluated using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS), dichotomized into good (mRS 0-2), and poor (mRS 3-6) outcomes. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were adjusted for covariates. Results The baseline s-VEGF did not correlate with stroke severity but correlated moderately with hs-CRP (r = .17, P < .001). The baseline s-VEGF was 39.8% higher in total anterior cerebral infarctions than in lacunar cerebral infarctions. In binary logistic regression analysis, associations with 3-month functional outcome were non-significant. However, an association between the 3-month s-VEGF and poor 2-year outcome withstood adjustments for age, sex, cardiovascular covariates, and stroke severity (per 10-fold increase in s-VEGF, odds ratio [OR], 2.56, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12-5.82) or hs-CRP (OR 2.53, CI 1.15-5.55). Conclusions High 3-month s-VEGF is independently associated with poor 2-year functional outcome but not with 3-month outcome.
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