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1.
  • Aktas, A., et al. (författare)
  • Inclusive D*(+/-) meson and associated dijet production in deep-inelastic scattering at HERA
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 51:2, s. 271-287
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Inclusive D*(+/-) production is measured in deep-inelastic ep scattering at HERA with the H1 detector. In addition, the production of dijets in events with a D*(+/-) meson is investigated. The analysis covers values of photon virtuality 2 <= Q(2) <= 100 GeV2 and of inelasticity 0.05 <= y <= 0.7. Differential cross sections are measured as a function of Q(2) and x and of various D*(+/-) meson and jet observables. Within the experimental and theoretical uncertainties all measured cross sections are found to be adequately described by next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD calculations, based on the photon - gluon fusion process and DGLAP evolution, without the need for an additional resolved component of the photon beyond what is included at NLO. A reasonable description of the data is also achieved by a prediction based on the CCFM evolution of partons involving the kT- unintegrated gluon distribution of the proton.
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2.
  • Aktas, A., et al. (författare)
  • Tests of QCD factorisation in the diffractive production of dijets in deep-inelastic scattering and photoproduction at HERA
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 51:3, s. 549-568
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Measurements are presented of differential dijet cross sections in diffractive photoproduction (Q(2) < 0.01 GeV2) and deep-inelastic scattering processes (DIS, 4 < Q2 < 80 GeV2). The event topology is given by ep -> eXY, in which the system X, containing at least two jets, is separated from a leading low-mass baryonic system Y by a large rapidity gap. The dijet cross sections are compared with NLO QCD predictions based on diffractive parton densities previously obtained from a QCD analysis of inclusive diffractive DIS cross sections by H1. In DIS, the dijet data are well described, supporting the validity of QCD factorisation. The diffractive DIS dijet data are more sensitive to the diffractive gluon density at high fractional parton momentum than the measurements of inclusive diffractive DIS. In photoproduction, the predicted dijet cross section has to be multiplied by a factor of approximately 0.5 for both direct and resolved photon interactions to describe the measurements. The ratio of measured dijet cross section to NLO prediction in photoproduction is a factor 0.5 +/- 0.1 smaller than the same ratio in DIS. This suppression is the first clear observation of QCD hard scattering factorisation breaking at HERA. The measurements are also compared to the two soft colour neutralisation models SCI and GAL. The SCI model describes diffractive dijet production in DIS but not in photoproduction. The GAL model fails in both kinematic regions.
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3.
  • Aaron, F. D., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of diffractive scattering of photons with large momentum transfer at HERA
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - Elsevier Science Bv. - 0370-2693. ; 672:3, s. 219-226
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The first measurement of diffractive scattering of quasi-real photons with large momentum transfer gamma p -> gamma Y, where Y is the proton dissociative system, is made using the H1 detector at HERA. The measurement is performed for initial photon virtualities Q(2) < 0.01 GeV2. Single differential cross sections are Measured as a function of W, the incident photon-proton centre of mass energy, and t, the square of the four-momentum transferred at the proton vertex, in the range 175 < W < 247 GeV and 4 < |t| < 36 GeV2. The W dependence is well described by a model based on perturbative QCD using a leading logarithmic approximation of the BFKL evolution. The measured |t| dependence is harder than that predicted by the model and those observed in exclusive vector meson production. (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier B.V.
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4.
  • Aaron, F. D., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the proton structure function F-L(x, Q(2)) at low x
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: PHYSICS LETTERS B. - ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. - 0370-2693. ; 665:4, s. 139-146
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A first measurement is reported of the longitudinal proton structure function FL(X, Q(2)) at the ep collider HERA. It is based on inclusive deep inelastic e(+)p scattering cross section measurements with a positron beam energy of 27.5 GeV and proton beam energies of 920, 575 and 460 GeV. Employing the energy dependence of the cross section, FL is measured in a range of squared four-momentum transfers 12 <= Q2 <=, 90 GeV2 and low Bjorken x 0.00024 <= x <= 0.0036. The F-L values agree with higher order QCD calculations based on parton densities obtained using cross section data previously measured at HERA. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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5.
  • Aaron, F. D., et al. (författare)
  • Multi-lepton production at high transverse momenta in ep collisions at HERA
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: PHYSICS LETTERS B. - ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. - 0370-2693. ; 668:4, s. 268-276
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Processes leading to a final state with at least two high transverse momentum leptons (electrons or muons) are studied using the full e(+/-) p data sample collected by the H1 experiment at HERA. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 463 pb(-1). Di-lepton and tri-lepton event classes are investigated. Cross sections of the production of e(+)e(-) and mu(+)mu(-) pairs are derived in a restricted phase space dominated by photon-photon collisions. In general, good agreement is found with Standard Model predictions. Events are observed with a total scalar sum of lepton transverse momenta above 100 GeV where the Standard Model expectation is low. In this region, combining di-lepton and tri-lepton classes, five events are observed in e(+) p collisions, compared to a Standard Model expectation of 0.96 +/- 0.12, while no such event is observed in e(-) p data for 0.64 +/- 0.09 expected. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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6.
  • Aaron, F. D., et al. (författare)
  • Strangeness production at low Q(2) in deep-inelastic ep scattering at HERA
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - Springer Berlin / Heidelberg. - 1434-6044. ; 61:2, s. 185-205
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The production of neutral strange hadrons is investigated using deep-inelastic scattering events measured with the H1 detector at HERA. The measurements are made in the phase space defined by the negative four-momentum transfer squared of the photon 2 < Q(2) < 100 GeV2 and the inelasticity 0.1 < y < 0.6. The K-s(0) s and Lambda((Lambda) over bar) production cross sections and their ratios are determined. K-s(0) s production is compared to the production of charged particles in the same region of phase space. The Lambda-(Lambda) over bar asymmetry is also measured and found to be consistent with zero. Predictions of leading order Monte Carlo programs are compared to the data.
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7.
  • Aaron, F. D., et al. (författare)
  • Study of charm fragmentation into D (* +/-) mesons in deep-inelastic scattering at HERA
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 59:3, s. 589-606
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The process of charm quark fragmentation is studied using D (* +/-) meson production in deep-inelastic scattering as measured by the H1 detector at HERA. The parameters of fragmentation functions are extracted for QCD models based on leading order matrix elements and DGLAP or CCFM evolution of partons together with string fragmentation and particle decays. Additionally, they are determined for a next-to-leading order QCD calculation in the fixed flavour number scheme using the independent fragmentation of charm quarks to D (* +/-) mesons. Two different regions of phase space are investigated defined by the presence or absence of a jet containing the D (* +/-) meson in the event. The fragmentation parameters extracted for the two phase space regions are found to be different.
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8.
  • Aaron, F. D., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of isolated photon production in deep-inelastic scattering at HERA
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - Springer Berlin / Heidelberg. - 1434-6044. ; 54:3, s. 371-387
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The production of isolated photons in deep-inelastic scattering ep -> e gamma X is measured with the H1 detector at HERA. The measurement is performed in the kinematic range of negative four-momentum transfer squared 4 < Q(2)< 150 GeV2 and a mass of the hadronic system W-X > 50 GeV. The analysis is based on a total integrated luminosity of 227 pb(-1). The production cross section of isolated photons with a transverse energy in the range 3 < E-T(gamma)< 10 GeV and pseudorapidity range -1.2 <eta(gamma)< 1.8 is measured as a function of E-T(gamma), eta(gamma) and Q(2). Isolated photon cross sections are also measured for events with no jets or at least one hadronic jet. The measurements are compared with predictions from Monte Carlo generators modelling the photon radiation from the quark and the electron lines, as well as with calculations at leading and next to leading order in the strong coupling. The predictions significantly underestimate the measured cross sections.
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9.
  • Aaron, F. D., et al. (författare)
  • Search for excited electrons in ep collisions at HERA
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: PHYSICS LETTERS B. - ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. - 0370-2693. ; 666:2, s. 131-139
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A search for excited electrons is performed using the full e(+/-) p data sample collected by the HI experiment at HERA, corresponding to a total luminosity of 475 pb(-1). The electroweak decays of excited electrons e* -> e gamma, e* -> eZ and e* -> vW with subsequent hadronic or leptonic decays of the W and Z bosons are considered. No evidence for excited electron production is found. Mass dependent exclusion limits on e* production cross sections and on the ratio f/Lambda of the coupling to the compositeness scale are derived within gauge mediated models. These limits extend the excluded region compared to previous excited electron searches. The e* production via contact interactions is also addressed for the first time in ep collisions. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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10.
  • Aaron, F. D., et al. (författare)
  • Three- and four-jet production at low x at HERA
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - Springer Berlin / Heidelberg. - 1434-6044. ; 54:3, s. 389-409
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Three- and four-jet production is measured in deep-inelastic ep scattering at low x and Q(2) with the H1 detector using an integrated luminosity of 44.2 pb(-1). Several phase space regions are selected for the three-jet analysis in order to study the underlying parton dynamics from global topologies to the more restrictive regions of forward jets close to the proton direction. The measurements of cross sections for events with at least three jets are compared to fixed order QCD predictions of O(alpha(2)(s)) and O(alpha(3)(s)) and with Monte Carlo simulation programs where higher order effects are approximated by parton showers. A good overall description is provided by the O(alpha(3)(s)) calculation. Too few events are predicted at the lowest x similar to 10(-4), especially for topologies with two forward jets. This hints to large contributions at low x from initial state radiation of gluons close to the proton direction and unordered in transverse momentum. The Monte Carlo program in which gluon radiation is generated by the colour dipole model gives a good description of both the three- and the four-jet data in absolute normalisation and shape.
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