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Sökning: WFRF:(Thulin P)

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  • Braunerhjelm, P, et al. (författare)
  • The relationship between domestic and outward foreign direct investment: The role of industry-specific effects
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: International Business Review. - Elsevier. - 0969-5931. ; 14:6, s. 677-694
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous research has been inconclusive as regards the effect of outward foreign direct investment (FDI) on domestic investments. In this article, we show that this inconclusiveness can be explained at a disaggregated level as a function of the way industries are organized. Based on a simple theoretical framework including monitoring and trade costs, we argue that a complementary relationship can be expected to prevail in vertically integrated industries, whereas a substitutionary relationship can be expected in horizontally organized production. The empirical analysis confirms a significant difference between the two categories of industry as regards the impact of outward FDI on domestic investment. The results may thus have profound policy implications. JEL no. F12, F21, F23, G34.
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  • Aminoff, A, et al. (författare)
  • Allele-specific regulation of MTTP expression influences the risk of ischemic heart disease.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of lipid research. - 0022-2275. ; 51:1, s. 103-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Promoter polymorphisms in microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTTP) have been associated with decreased plasma lipids but an increased risk for ischemic heart disease (IHD), indicating that MTTP influences the susceptibility for IHD independent of plasma lipids. The objective of this study was to characterize the functional promoter polymorphism in MTTP predisposing to IHD and its underlying mechanism. Use of pyrosequencing technology revealed that presence of the minor alleles of the promoter polymorphisms -493G>T and -164T>C result in lower transcription of MTTP in vivo in the heart, liver, and macrophages. In vitro experiments indicated that the minor -164C allele mediates the lower gene expression and that C/EBP binds to the polymorphic region in an allele-specific manner. Furthermore, homozygous carriers of the -164C were found to have increased risk for IHD as shown in a case-control study including a total of 544 IHD patients and 544 healthy control subjects. We concluded that carriers of the minor -164C allele have lower expression of MTTP in the heart, mediated at least partly by the transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein, and that reduced concentration of MTTP in the myocardium may contribute to IHD upon ischemic damage.
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  • Boyce, SW, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of sodium-hydrogen exchange inhibition by cariporide on death or myocardial infarction in high-risk CABG surgery patients: Results of the CABG surgery cohort of the GUARDIAN study
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. - American Association for Thoracic Surgery. - 0022-5223. ; 126:2, s. 420-427
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: To evaluate the effects of cariporide on all-cause mortality or myocardial infarction at 36 days in patients at risk,of myocardial necrosis after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Methods: In the coronary artery bypass graft cohort of the GUARD During Ischemia Against Necrosis trial, patients greater than or equal to 18 years who required urgent coronary artery bypass graft, repeat coronary artery bypass graft, or had a history of unstable angina and 2 :2 risk factors (age >65 years, female gender, diabetes mellitus, ejection fraction <35%, or left main or 3-vessel disease) were randomized to placebo (n = 743) or cariporide 20 mg (n = 736), 80 mg (n = 705), or 120 mg (n = 734). A 1-hour intravenous infusion was initiated shortly before surgery and administered every 8 hours for 2 to 7 days. Patients were followed up for 6 months. A nonparametric covariance analysis was used to calculate the primary efficacy endpoint. Results: Baseline characteristics were similar between treatment groups. The cariporide 20- and 80-mg groups had event rates similar to placebo. The endpoint of all-cause mortality or myocardial infarction at day 36 was significant with cariporide 120 mg versus placebo (event rate 12.2% vs 16.2%; P = .027). The risk reduction was evident on postoperative day 1 (3.3% vs 6.5%; P = .005) and was maintained at 6 months (event rate 15.0% vs 18.6%; P = .033). Cariporide was well tolerated, and most adverse events were mild and transient in this high-risk population. Conclusions: Clinical benefit with cariporide 120 mg was observed early after treatment initiation and continued for 6 months postsurgery, suggesting that sodium-hydrogen exchange inhibition with cariporide is cardioprotective in patients undergoing high-risk coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
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