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Sökning: WFRF:(Toth Ervin) > (2015-2019)

  • Resultat 41-49 av 49
  • Föregående 1234[5]
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41.
  • Tziatzios, Georgios, et al. (författare)
  • Meta-analysis shows similar re-bleeding rates among Western and Eastern populations after index video capsule endoscopy
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Digestive and Liver Disease. - Elsevier. - 1590-8658. ; 50:3, s. 226-239
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background & aims: Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is the first-line diagnostic procedure for investigating obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). Different re-bleeding rates following index VCE have been reported among Western and Eastern studies. Methods: We conducted a comprehensive literature search to identify studies examining re-bleeding rates after VCE for OGIB. Meta-analysis assessed the pooled proportion of re-bleeding events after VCE for OGIB according to study's origin (Western vs. Eastern) and according to the length of follow-up (≥24 months vs. <24 months). We also calculated the re-bleeding odds ratios (OR; 95% CI) after positive vs. negative index VCE, overt vs. occult initial presentation of bleeding and after interventional treatment for positive index cases, according to the study's origin. Results: We included 46 (30 Western and 16 Eastern) studies with 5796 patients. Significant heterogeneity was detected among meta-analyzed studies. Overall, the pooled re-bleeding rate was similar between Western (29%; 95% CI: 23-34) and Eastern (21%; 95% CI: 15-27) populations, irrespective of the length of follow-up. The odds of re-bleeding was significantly higher after positive as compared to negative index VCE in Eastern studies (OR: 1.77; 95% CI: 1.07-2.94). Application of specific treatment after positive index VCE was associated with lower re-bleeding odds in both Western (OR: 0.37; 95% CI: 0.16-0.87) and Eastern (OR: 0.39; 95% CI: 0.21-0.72) populations. Conclusions: Patients undergoing VCE for OGIB have similar re-bleeding rates in the East and the West, regardless of the length of follow-up. However, increased re-bleeding odds after positive index VCE is observed in Eastern studies.
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42.
  • Uedo, Noriya, et al. (författare)
  • Underwater endoscopic mucosal resection of large colorectal lesions.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Endoscopy. - Georg Thieme Verlag. - 1438-8812. ; 47:2, s. 172-174
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this prospective study, 11 consecutive patients with neoplastic colorectal lesions (median size 20 mm, range 15 - 25 mm) underwent endoscopic polyp removal by underwater endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). Six lesions were removed en bloc and five lesions were removed by piecemeal resection. Pathological examination revealed seven R0 resections, and in four cases the pathology could not be determined. Two cases of procedure-related bleeding occurred but these were easily managed using hemostatic forceps and clip application. No perforations or delayed bleedings were observed. Underwater EMR is a relatively simple, safe, and useful method for the removal of large colorectal lesions.
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43.
  • Vasilakakis, Michael, et al. (författare)
  • Follow-up on: optimizing lesion detection in small bowel capsule endoscopy and beyond: from present problems to future solutions
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. - Expert Reviews Ltd.. - 1747-4124. ; 13:2, s. 129-141
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: This review presents noteworthy advances in clinical and experimental Capsule Endoscopy (CE), focusing on the progress that has been reported over the last 5 years since our previous review on the subject. Areas covered: This study presents the commercially available CE platforms, as well as the advances made in optimizing the diagnostic capabilities of CE. The latter includes recent concept and prototype capsule endoscopes, medical approaches to improve diagnostic yield, and progress in software for enhancing visualization, abnormality detection, and lesion localization. Expert commentary: Currently, moving through the second decade of CE evolution, there are still several open issues and remarkable challenges to overcome.
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44.
  • Vilhjalmsson, Dadi, et al. (författare)
  • Compression anastomotic ring-locking procedure (CARP) is a safe and effective method for intestinal anastomoses following left-sided colonic resection.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - Springer. - 1432-1262. ; 30:7, s. 969-975
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Compression anastomotic ring-locking procedure (CARP) is a novel procedure for creating colonic anastomoses. The surgical procedure allows perioperative quantification of the compression pressure between the intestinal ends within the anastomosis and postoperative monitoring of the anastomotic integrity. We have recently shown that CARP is a safe and effective method for colonic anastomoses in pigs, and the purpose of the present study was to evaluate CARP for colonic anastomoses in humans.
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45.
  • Wagner, Michael, et al. (författare)
  • Elevated fecal levels of eosinophil granule proteins predict collagenous colitis in patients referred to colonoscopy due to chronic non-bloody diarrhea
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. - 0036-5521 .- 1502-7708. ; 51:7, s. 835-841
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objective: Colonoscopy with biopsy sampling is often performed to detect collagenous colitis (CC) and lymphocytic colitis (LC) in patients with chronic non-bloody diarrhea. However, the diagnostic yield is low and incurs high costs. Fecal calprotectin (FC) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) indicate intestinal inflammation in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). In CC, elevated fecal levels of eosinophil protein X (EPX) and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) have been reported. We aimed to evaluate if F-EPX, F-ECP, FC, and F-MPO could predict the diagnostic outcome in patients with chronic non-bloody diarrhea referred to colonoscopy. We also evaluated serum (S) EPX and ECP in this regard. Methods: Of 67 included patients, 63 (94%) underwent colonoscopy with biopsy sampling. Fecal EPX, F-ECP, FC, F-MPO, S-EPX, and S-ECP were analyzed. Results: Diagnostic outcome: normal: n = 46 (73%), CC: n = 9 (14%), LC: n = 4 (6%), UC: n = 2 (3%), CD: n = 2 (3%). Higher levels of F-EPX and F-ECP were found in CC compared to a normal diagnostic outcome (p = 0.01). No change was noted in any of the fecal markers in LC. When all of the fecal markers were normal the probability of a normal diagnostic outcome was 92%. We found no differences in S-EPX and S-ECP between the groups. Conclusion: Elevated F-EPX and F-ECP could predict CC. None of the fecal markers predicted LC. Serum-EPX and S-ECP are not useful for the diagnosis of CC, LC, UC, or CD. With normal levels in all of the analyzed fecal markers, there is a low probability of a pathologic diagnostic outcome.</p>
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46.
  • Wagner, Michael, et al. (författare)
  • Elevated fecal levels of eosinophil granule proteins predict collagenous colitis in patients referred to colonoscopy due to chronic non-bloody diarrhea.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. - Taylor & Francis. - 1502-7708. ; :Feb 7, s. 1-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective Colonoscopy with biopsy sampling is often performed to detect collagenous colitis (CC) and lymphocytic colitis (LC) in patients with chronic non-bloody diarrhea. However, the diagnostic yield is low and incurs high costs. Fecal calprotectin (FC) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) indicate intestinal inflammation in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). In CC, elevated fecal levels of eosinophil protein X (EPX) and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) have been reported. We aimed to evaluate if F-EPX, F-ECP, FC, and F-MPO could predict the diagnostic outcome in patients with chronic non-bloody diarrhea referred to colonoscopy. We also evaluated serum (S) EPX and ECP in this regard. Methods Of 67 included patients, 63 (94%) underwent colonoscopy with biopsy sampling. Fecal EPX, F-ECP, FC, F-MPO, S-EPX, and S-ECP were analyzed. Results Diagnostic outcome: normal: n = 46 (73%), CC: n = 9 (14%), LC: n = 4 (6%), UC: n = 2 (3%), CD: n = 2 (3%). Higher levels of F-EPX and F-ECP were found in CC compared to a normal diagnostic outcome (p = 0.01). No change was noted in any of the fecal markers in LC. When all of the fecal markers were normal the probability of a normal diagnostic outcome was 92%. We found no differences in S-EPX and S-ECP between the groups. Conclusion Elevated F-EPX and F-ECP could predict CC. None of the fecal markers predicted LC. Serum-EPX and S-ECP are not useful for the diagnosis of CC, LC, UC, or CD. With normal levels in all of the analyzed fecal markers, there is a low probability of a pathologic diagnostic outcome.
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47.
  • Yung, Diana E., et al. (författare)
  • Capsule endoscopy in young patients with iron deficiency anaemia and negative bidirectional gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: United European Gastroenterology Journal. - SAGE Publications. - 2050-6406. ; 5:7, s. 974-981
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Recent data imply young patients (age ≤50 years) undergoing small-bowel (SB) capsule endoscopy (CE) for iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) show higher diagnostic yield (DY) for sinister pathology. We aimed to investigate DY of CE in a large cohort of young IDA patients, and evaluate factors predicting significant SB pathology. Materials and methods: This was a retrospective, multicentre study (2010–2015) in consecutive, young patients (≤50 years) from 18 centres/12 countries, with negative bidirectional gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy undergoing SBCE for IDA. Exclusion criteria: previous/ongoing obscure-overt GI bleeding; age <19 or >50 years; comorbidities associated with IDA. Data retrieved: SBCE indications; prior investigations; medications; SBCE findings; final diagnosis. Clinical and laboratory data were analysed by multivariate logistic regression. Results: Data on 389 young IDA patients were retrieved. In total, 169 (43.4%) were excluded due to incomplete clinical data; data from 220 (122F/98M; mean age 40.5 ± 8.6 years) patients were analysed. Some 71 patients had at least one clinically significant SBCE finding (DY: 32.3%). They were divided into two groups: neoplastic pathology (10/220; 4.5%), and non-neoplastic but clinically significant pathology (61/220; 27.7%). The most common significant but non-neoplastic pathologies were angioectasias (22/61) and Crohn’s disease (15/61). On multivariate analysis, weight loss and lower mean corpuscular volume(MCV) were associated with significant SB pathology (OR: 3.87; 95%CI: 1.3–11.3; p = 0.01; and OR: 0.96; 95%CI: 0.92–0.99; p = 0.03; respectively). Our model also demonstrates association between use of antiplatelets and significant SB pathology, although due to the small number of patients, definitive conclusions cannot be drawn. Conclusion: In IDA patients ≤50 years with negative bidirectional GI endoscopy, overall DY of SBCE for clinically significant findings was 32.3%. Some 5% of our cohort was diagnosed with SB neoplasia; lower MCV or weight loss were associated with higher DY for SB pathology.
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48.
  • Yung, Diana E., et al. (författare)
  • Clinical outcomes of negative small-bowel capsule endoscopy for small-bowel bleeding : A systematic review and meta-analysis
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. - Mosby. - 0016-5107. ; 85:2, s. 2-317
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and Aims: Small-bowel bleeding is the primary indication for capsule endoscopy (CE). Many experts advocate a "watch-and-wait" policy in negative CE. This meta-analysis examines the odds of rebleeding after negative index CE and the impact on long-term follow-up. Methods: A comprehensive literature search identified articles examining the rebleeding rate after negative CE. Demographic and clinical information with emphasis on outcomes was retrieved, pooled, and analyzed. Heterogeneity among studies was assessed using the I2 statistic. A random effects model was used as the pooling method because of high heterogeneity. Risk of bias was assessed using the quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS-2) tool. The primary outcome evaluated was the pooled odds ratios (ORs) for rebleeding after a negative CE for obscure GI bleeding (OGIB). Results: Twenty-six studies with 3657 patients were included. The pooled rate of rebleeding after negative CE was .19 (95% CI, .14-.25; . P < .0001). The pooled OR of rebleeding was .59 (95% CI, .37-.95; . P < .001). The effect was more pronounced in studies with a short follow-up (OR, .47; 95% CI, .24-.94; . P < .001). There was no statistically significant difference in rebleeding after CE for occult and overt OGIB. Prospective studies showed a lower OR of rebleeding of .24 (95% CI, .08-.73; . P = .01). Most studies were high quality. Conclusions: Our analysis shows that negative CE provides adequate evidence of a subsequently low risk of rebleeding. Such patients can therefore be safely managed with watchful waiting. However, patients who rebleed after 2 years may need to be investigated for a new source of blood loss.
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49.
  • Yung, Diana E, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical validity of flexible spectral imaging color enhancement (FICE) in small-bowel capsule endoscopy : a systematic review and meta-analysis
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Endoscopy. - Georg Thieme Verlag KG. - 0013-726X. ; 49:3, s. 258-269
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients and methods A comprehensive literature search was conducted. We measured pooled rate of lesion visualization improvement and improvement in lesion detection comparing FICE settings 1 – 3 and WLE, for angioectasias and ulcers/erosions. Pooled results were derived using the random-effects model because of high heterogeneity as measured by I 2. Repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to measure differences in lesion detection between WLE and the three FICE modes. Results 13 studies were analyzed. All studies used the PillCam SB 1 and/or SB 2 devices. Most used experienced readers. Improvement in delineation had been investigated in 4 studies; in the 3 studies entered into the meta-analysis, using FICE setting 1, 89 % of angioectasias and 45 % of ulcer/erosions were considered to show improved delineation. For FICE settings 2 and 3, small proportions of images showed improved delineation. Heterogeneity of studies was high with I 2 > 90 % in 4/6 analyses. Lesion detection had been investigated in 10 studies; meta-analysis included 5 studies. Lesion detection did not differ significantly between any of the FICE modes and WLE. Conclusions Overall, the use of the three FICE modes did not significantly improve delineation or detection rate in SBCE. In pigmented lesions, FICE setting 1 performed better in lesion delineation and detection.
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