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Sökning: WFRF:(Tufvesson Fredrik)

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  • Almers, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Exercises
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Wireless Communications. - John Wiley & Sons. - 10 0-470-84887-1 .- 10 0-470-84888-X .- 13 978-0-470-84888-3. - 13-978-0-470-84887-6 ; s. 561-593
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Gao, Xiang, et al. (författare)
  • Channel behavior for very-large MIMO systems - initial characterization
  • 2012
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Wireless communication using very-large multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antennas is a new research field, where base stations are equipped with a very large number of antennas as compared to previously considered systems. Unlike the conventional small and compact antenna arrays, the very-large arrays may span many wavelengths in space, thus they can experience large-scale fading over the array. This power variation over the antenna array may be critical to algorithm design and performance evaluations for very-large MIMO systems, and it is thus important that it is included in channel models. Based on channel measurements using a 128-antenna linear array in a semi-urban area, we characterize and model the large-scale fading properties. We focus on cluster-based modeling which can be seen as an extension of the current COST 2100 channel model. In the paper, we report our latest channel behavior modeling progress for very-large MIMO systems.
  • Gao, Xiang, et al. (författare)
  • Extension of the COST 2100 channel model for massive MIMO
  • 2015
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Massive MIMO has been shown, both in theory and through experiments, to offer very promising properties. These include the possibility to decrease output power by at least an order of magnitude while still achieving large gains in spectral efficiency, as compared to today’s access schemes. To efficiently design communication algorithms and evaluate massive MIMO schemes, channel models that capture important massive MIMO channel characteristics are needed. We pursue this by extending a well-known cluster-based MIMO channel model - the COST 2100 model. In the paper, we suggest a model extension for massive MIMO, and we discuss main concepts, parameters and implementation issues. The modeling work is based on measurement data from a measurement campaign in the 2.6 GHz frequency range using a physically-large array with 128 elements.
  • Gao, Xiang, et al. (författare)
  • Large antenna array and propagation environment interaction
  • 2014
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In conventional MIMO, propagation conditions are often considered wide-sense stationary over the entire antenna array. In massive MIMO systems, where arrays can span over large physical dimensions, the situation is quite different. For instance, significant variations in signal strength, due to shadowing, can be experienced across a large array. These effects vary with propagation environment in which the array is placed, and influence achievable sum-rates. We characterize these variations for several measured propagation scenarios in the 2.6 GHz frequency range and illustrate how power variations and correlation properties change along the array.
  • Gao, Xiang, et al. (författare)
  • Linear pre-coding performance in measured very-large MIMO channels
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Proc. of the 74th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference. - IEEE.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Wireless communication using very-large multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antennas is a new research field, where base stations are equipped with a very large number of antennas as compared to previously considered systems. In theory, as the number of antennas increases, propagation properties that were random before start to become deterministic. Theoretical investigations with independent identically distributed (i.i.d.)\ complex Gaussian (Rayleigh fading) channels and unlimited number of antennas have been done, but in practice we need to know what benefits we can get from very large, but limited, number of antenna elements in realistic propagation environments. In this study we evaluate properties of measured residential-area channels, where the base station is equipped with 128 antenna ports. An important property to consider is the orthogonality between channels to different users, since this property tells us how advanced multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) pre-coding schemes we need in the downlink. We show that orthogonality improves with increasing number of antennas, but for two single-antenna users there is very little improvement beyond 20 antennas. We also evaluate sum-rate performance for two linear pre-coding schemes, zero-forcing (ZF) and minimum mean squared-error (MMSE), as a function of the number of base station antennas. Already at 20 base station antennas these linear pre-coding schemes reach 98\% of the optimal dirty-paper coding (DPC) capacity for the measured channels.
  • Harrysson, Fredrik, et al. (författare)
  • Efficient experimental evaluation of a MIMO handset with user influence
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communication. - IEEE. - 1536-1276. ; 9:2, s. 853-863
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The immediate environment of handset antennas, including the casings and the users holding the handsets, has a strong impact on the radio channel in mobile communication. In this paper we investigate a composite channel method that synthetically combines double-directional measurements of the userless propagation channel with measured super-antenna patterns, i.e., patterns of the combined antenna-casing-user arrangement. We experimentally evaluate the method by comparing results (power, capacity, and eigenvalue distribution) obtained from this composite method with direct measurements in the same environment. The measurements were done in two static 8 × 4 MIMO scenarios at 2.6 GHz, with the user indoors and the base station located outdoors and indoors, respectively. A realistic user phantom together with a “smart-phone” handset mock-up with four antenna elements was used, and different configurations and orientations were tested. The method gives statistical distributions of the MIMO eigenvalues, that are close to the measured. By using the composite method, we found that the user, apart from introducing hand and body loss that mainly decreases the SNR of the channel, slightly increases the correlation between the fading at the antenna elements.
  • Harrysson, Fredrik, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of an Outdoor-to-In-Car Radio Channel with a Four-Antenna Handset and a User Phantom
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Vehicular Technology Conference VTC 2011-Fall. - IEEE.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Based on static outdoor channel measurements we evaluate the influence of a vehicle on the MIMO radio channel, from a base station antenna array, to a multiple antenna handset in the hand of a user placed inside a test car. The measurement scenario is chosen to mimic a 2.6 GHz (LTE) macro-cell urban or rural scenario with two locations and orientations of the car, one at an open parking lot with a strong line-of-sight component, and one between buildings with no line-of-sight. The measurements are repeated several times with the user phantom plus handset positioned at the same spot within the car and with the car absent. Figures of the penetration loss, impact on fading statistics, mean delay, delay spread, terminal antenna correlation, eigenvalue distributions, as well as the performance of various hybrid diversity combining and spatial multiplexing schemes, are evaluated and compared with and without the vehicle present. It is found that the car make the channel statistics become more Rayleigh like and increases multipath channel richness, improving the potential of diversity gain and, to some extent, spatial multiplexing.
  • Harrysson, Fredrik, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of user hand and body impact on multiple antenna handset
  • 2010
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • From our experimental investigation of multiple-antenna performance and user impact of a realistic mobile terminal setup, we find that apart from the important loss of efficiency due to the user hand, the impact on the individual antennna elements and the directional impact of the user body shadowing have quite small influence on the diversity and capacity performance. It is found that the top and bottom placement of antennas within the handset case are the most efficient to be used with up to two antenna elements. There are, however, significant diversity and capacity gain that can be explored by using four distributed antennas even if only two radio chains are available through hybrid selection and combining schemes. It was also found that the practical method of choosing antennas based on signal power for 2 branch MIMO with 4 available handset antennas, performs well compared to the optimal solution.
  • Harrysson, Fredrik, et al. (författare)
  • Experimental Investigation of the Directional Outdoor-to-In-Car Propagation Channel
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology. - IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC. - 0018-9545. ; 62:6, s. 2532-2543
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The demand for wireless channel models including realistic user environments is increasing. This motivates work on more detailed models that are reasonably simple and tractable but with adequate statistical performance. In this paper, we present an investigation of the spatial outdoor-to-in-car radio channel at 2.6 GHz. Specifically, we investigate the performance of a multiple antenna smartphone mockup in the hand of a user. We evaluate and utilize a composite channel approach to combine measured antenna radiation patterns with an estimated spectral representation of the multipath channel outside and inside the car in two different scenarios. The performance of the method is investigated and comparisons with direct channel measurements are performed. Statistical and directional properties of the outdoorto-in-car channel are presented and analyzed. It is found that the composite method, despite nearfield problems when estimating plane-wave channel parameters in a very narrow environment, constitutes a tool that provides reasonably viable statistical results. In addition, we have found that the introduction of the car in the propagation environment increases scattering and eigenvalue dispersion while it decreases pairwise antenna signal correlation. These statistical properties are found to slightly increase the possible diversity and the spatial multiplexing gains of multiple antenna terminals when located inside cars. This positive effect, however, is small compared to the negative effect of car penetration loss.
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