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Sökning: WFRF:(Wahlberg Topp Jeanette) > (2005-2009)

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  • Gullstrand, Camilla, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Progression to type 1 diabetes and autoantibody positivity in relation to HLA-risk genotypes in children participating in the ABIS study
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Pediatric Diabetes. - 1399-543X .- 1399-5448. ; 9:3 PART 1, s. 182-190
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Autoantibodies against beta-cell antigens together with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-risk genotypes are used as predictive markers for type 1 diabetes (T1D). In this study, we have investigated the role of HLA-risk and -protective genotypes for development of beta-cell autoantibodies and progression to T1D in healthy children. Methods: T1D-related HLA genotypes and autoantibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase [glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GADA)] and islet antigen-2 (IA-2A) were studied at 1, 2.5 and 5 yr of age in unselected healthy children and children with T1D participating in the All Babies In Southeast Sweden (ABIS) study. Results: GADA or IA-2A positivity at 5 yr of age was associated with DR4-DQ8 haplotype and DR3-DQ2/DR4-DQ8 genotype. By the age of 6-7 yr, we identified 32 children with T1D among the 17 055 participants in the ABIS study. Eight of 2329 (0.3%) non-diabetic children had permanent autoantibodies, and 143 of 2329 (6%) children had transient autoantibodies. HLA-risk genotypes associated with T1D, whereas protective genotypes were seldom found in children with T1D. Children with permanent autoantibodies had more often risk-associated DR4-DQ8 haplotype than autoantibody-negative children. No associations with HLA-risk or -protective genotypes were found for transient autoantibodies. Conclusions: The strong relation between HLA-risk alleles and T1D once again confirmed that HLA-risk genotypes play an important role for development of T1D. However, HLA genotypes seem not to explain induction of autoantibodies, especially transient autoantibodies, in the general population, emphasizing the role of environmental factors in the initiation of autoimmunity. It seems that HLA-risk genotypes are responsible for maturation of the permanent autoantibody response. © 2008 The Authors Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Munksgaard.
  • Holmberg, Hanna, et al. (författare)
  • Short duration of breast-feeding as a risk-factor for β-cell autoantibodies in 5-year-old children from the general population
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Nutrition. - 0007-1145 .- 1475-2662. ; 97:1, s. 111-116
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Breast-feeding has been suggested to have a protective effect against the development of type 1 diabetes. In the present study, we investigated the relation between duration of breast-feeding and β-cell autoantibodies in 5-year-old non-diabetic children who participated in a prospective population-based follow-up study (the All Babies in Southeast Sweden study). Autoantibodies to insulin (IAA), glutamic acid decarboxylase (GADA) and the protein tyrosine phosphatase-like IA-2 (IA-2A) were measured by radiobinding assays. A short duration of total breast-feeding was associated with an increased risk of GADA and/or IAA above the ninety-fifth percentile at 5 years of age (OR 2-09, 95% CI 1-45, 3-02; P<0-000) as well as with an increased risk of IAA above the ninety-fifth percentile at this age (OR 2-89, 95% CI 1-81, 4-62; P<0-000). A short duration of exclusive breast-feeding was associated with an increased risk of GADA, IAA and/or IA-2A above the ninety-ninth percentile (OR 2-01, 95% CI 1-08, 3-73; P = 0-028) as well as with an increased risk of IA-2A above the ninety-ninth percentile (OR 3-50, 95% CI 1-38, 8-92; P = 0-009) at 5 years of age. An early introduction of formula was associated with an increased risk of GADA, IAA and/or IA-2A above the ninety-ninth percentile (OR 1-84, 95% CI 1-01, 3-37; P = 0-047) at 5 years of age. The positive association between a short duration of both total and exclusive breast-feeding, as well as an early introduction of formula, and positivity for β-cell autoantibodies in children from the general population suggests that breast-feeding modifies the risk of β-cell autoimmunity, even years after finishing breast-feeding.
  • Landberg, Eva, 1966-, et al. (författare)
  • Detection of molecular variants of prolactin in human serum, evaluation of a method based on ultrafiltration
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Clinica Chimica Acta. - 0009-8981 .- 1873-3492. ; 376:1-2, s. 220-225
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundIn human blood, there are several molecular variants of prolactin with different biological effects. There is a need for new methods to detect and quantify these variants in order to fully understand the pathophysiological role of prolactin.MethodsA method based on ultrafiltration was optimized, validated and compared to PEG precipitation. Serum samples from 84 patients were analyzed before and after pre treatment on two immunoassays, Elecsys (Roche) and Access (Beckman). Protein G precipitation was used to confirm presence of macroprolactin.ResultsThe recovery of prolactin after ultrafiltration was lower than after PEG precipitation. A limit of 40% recovery after PEG precipitation corresponded to 27% recovery after ultrafiltration. Using these limits there were total agreement regarding detection of macroprolactin (rs = 0.96). In contrast, recovery of prolactin in samples without macroprolactin showed a considerable disagreement between ultrafiltration and PEG precipitation (rs = 0.48). Within-run CV was 4% for the ultrafiltration method. The correlation coefficient (r) between the immunoassays was 0.96 after ultrafiltration.ConclusionsUltrafiltration can be used to compare different prolactin immunoassays and to detect macroprolactin in assays with interference from PEG. For samples without macroprolactin ultrafiltration may give additional information reflecting individual variations of other molecular variants of prolactin.
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