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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Wanders Alkwin) srt2:(2005-2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Wanders Alkwin) > (2005-2009)

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1.
  • Dreilich, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • HER-2 overexpression (3+) in patients with squamous cell carcinoma correlates with poorer survival
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Diseases of the esophagus. - 1120-8694 .- 1442-2050. ; 19:4, s. 224-231
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The incidence of esophageal carcinoma is increasing worldwide. In Sweden, approximately 400 patients are diagnosed each year. The present study retrospectively investigates survival in 97 patients with esophageal carcinoma in regard to their HER-2 status as examined by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and chromogen in situ hybridization (CISH). Sixty-eight patients had localised disease and 29 patients had advanced disease. Seventy patients had squamous cell carcinoma, and nine of these patients (13%) had HER-2 overexpression (3+). Eight (30%) of 27 adenocarcinoma patients overexpressed (3+) HER-2. In patients overexpressing (3+) HER-2 a statistical trend towards poorer survival was observed (P = 0.057). In squamous cell carcinoma patients, HER-2 overexpression (3+) correlated with poorer survival (P = 0.035), whereas in adenocarcinoma patients, HER-2 status (3+) did not. HER-2 amplification according to CISH was present in five (two squamous cell carcinomas and three adenocarcinomas) out of 17 HER-2 overexpressing (3+) tumours. In conclusion, HER-2 overexpression (3+) seems to be associated with poorer survival in esophageal carcinomas, especially in patients with squamous cell esophageal carcinoma.
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2.
  • Dreilich, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • High-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) and survival in patients with esophageal carcinoma a pilot study
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: BMC Cancer. - 1471-2407 .- 1471-2407. ; 6, s. 94
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND:Human papilloma virus (HPV) in patients with esophageal carcinoma has previously been studied with an average detection rate of 15%, but the role of HPV in relation to survival is less clear. In cervical cancer, lung cancer and tonsil cancer HPV viral load is a predictive factor for survival and outcome of treatment. The primary aim was to study the spectrum of high-risk HPV types in esophageal tumors. Secondary, as a pilot study we investigated the association between HPV status and the survival rates.METHODS:We compared both the presence and the viral load of high-risk HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 39, 45, 52, 58, and 67 in relation to clinical data from patients with esophageal carcinoma. Survival data and tumor samples were retrieved from 100 patients receiving treatment at the Department of Oncology, Uppsala Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden. The tumor samples were investigated for HPV viral load using real-time PCR.RESULTS:HPV 16 was detected in 16% of the patients; no other HPV type was detected. HPV 16 infection had no significant effect on survival (p = 0.72). Also, HPV 16 did not improve survival after treatment (radiotherapy or chemotherapy).CONCLUSION:Only HPV 16 was detected among the patients. HPV 16 in esophageal carcinoma patients did not influence survival or improve therapy response. However, given the size of the study there is a need to examine a larger cohort in order to understand in more detail the effect of high risk HPV types in esophageal carcinoma.
3.
  • Lampinen, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Eosinophil granulocytes are activated during the remission phase of ulcerative colitis.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Gut. - 0017-5749.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: The aim of this study was to establish a method of investigating intestinal eosinophil and neutrophil granulocytes by flow cytometry, and to compare the distribution and activity of these cells in different stages of ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: Biopsy samples were taken from six locations of the entire colon and from the terminal ileum in 10 patients with active total UC, 10 patients with inactive total UC, eight patients with active distal UC, and 11 control subjects. Cell suspensions from biopsies and from peripheral blood were incubated with fluorophore conjugated monoclonal antibodies. The use of scatter plot-gating and specific antibodies was established in a flow cytometry assay. RESULTS: Eosinophils were more numerous and more active in patients with active UC than in controls. Interestingly, during inactive UC, the number of activated eosinophils was even larger. Eosinophil activity was high in the rectum of patients with distal colitis but was also slightly elevated in the proximal colon. Neutrophils were increased in number and activity during active but not inactive UC. In patients with distal colitis, activated neutrophils were only found in the sigmoid colon and rectum. CONCLUSION: With this method, we confirm that neutrophils participate in the inflammatory process during active UC, and that they express a resting phenotype during remission. The finding of activated eosinophils in inflamed intestine strengthens the view of these cells as proinflammatory and tissue damaging. Nevertheless, our new finding of high eosinophil activation during inactive UC suggests that eosinophils play a role in repair of injured epithelium.
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4.
  • Marthinsen, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • Kolonspiroketos - behandlingsbart och värt att uppmärksamma : Erfarenheter från pediatrisk praktik
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Läkartidningen. - 0023-7205 .- 1652-7518. ; 103:46, s. 3600-3602
  • Forskningsöversikt (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This article is written to raise awareness among clinicians and pathologists regarding the existence of colonic spirochetosis. Whether this is of clinical significance is still a matter of debate. We report a series of sixteen randomly selected patients, all of paediatric age; eight of them have been reported in a previous publication (10). In one patient, spirochetes were found both in the colon and in the liver. The colon organisms were Brachyspira aalborgi, documented by antigen test; however, due to lack of material, the spirochetes in the liver could not be typed. As 10 of 13 patients recovered or improved after antibiotic treatment with clarythromycin or metronidazole, our conclusion is that Brachyspira may be pathogenic. We suggest that when a rectosigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy is performed, colonic spirochetosis should be considered, especially in the differential diagnosis to microscopic colitis.
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5.
  • Siilin, Helene, et al. (författare)
  • The proximal gastric pouch invariably contains acid-producing parietal cells in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Obes Surg. - 0960-8923. ; 15:6, s. 771-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is well tolerated and effective in ameliorating diseases common to morbidly obese patients. A potential drawback, however, is the risk for stomal ulcers, probably due to acid and peptic digestion of the mucosa in the proximal Roux limb. METHODS: In 23 RYGBP patients (mean BMI 45 kg/m(2), age 39 years), the gastro-jejunostomy was performed by circular stapler and the gastric suture ring retrieved for histological examination. 13 consecutive patients received our standard totally transected 4 x 3 cm proximal gastric pouch. The anvil was passed transgastricly and reference biopsies were taken from the gastrotomy in the corpus of the stomach. In the last 10 patients, the pouch size was reduced to 2 x 3 cm by a modified surgical technique. RESULTS: All suture rings from the standard pouches consisted of corpus-fundus mucosa with a large amount of parietal cells, histologically identical to the reference biopsies from the gastrotomy. Also, the 10 suture rings from the modified small pouches contained corpus-fundus mucosa. In 5 of these samples, cardiac mucosa was found, but only in a small segment (6 mm). In addition, 3 patients had esophageal epithelium in the suture ring. CONCLUSION: The proximal pouch invariably contains acid-producing parietal cells. In order to reduce acid production and, hence, the risk of stomal ulcers, the pouch has to be made as small as possible.
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6.
  • Wanders, Alkwin, et al. (författare)
  • Association between radiographic damage of the spine and spinal mobility for individual patients with ankylosing spondylitis : can assessment of spinal mobility be a proxy for radiographic evaluation?
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. - 0003-4967 .- 1468-2060. ; 64:7, s. 988-994
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE:To demonstrate the association between various measures of spinal mobility and radiographic damage of the spine in individual patients with ankylosing spondylitis, and to determine whether the assessment of spinal mobility can be a proxy for the assessment of radiographic damage.METHODS:Radiographic damage was assessed by the mSASSS. Cumulative probability plots combined the radiographic damage score of an individual patient with the corresponding score for nine spinal mobility measures. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to determine the cut off level of every spinal mobility measure that discriminates best between the presence and absence of radiographic damage. Three arbitrary cut off levels for radiographic damage were investigated. Likelihood ratios were calculated to explore further the diagnostic properties of the spinal mobility measures.RESULTS:Cumulative probability plots showed an association between spinal mobility measures and radiographic damage for the individual patient. Irrespective of the chosen cut off level for radiographic progression, lateral spinal flexion and BASMI discriminated best between patients with and those without structural damage. Even the best discriminatory spinal mobility assessments misclassified a considerable proportion of patients (up to 20%). Intermalleolar distance performed worst (up to 30% misclassifications). Lateral spinal flexion best predicted the absence of radiographic damage, and a modified Schober test best predicted the presence of radiographic damage.CONCLUSION:This study unequivocally demonstrated a relationship between spinal mobility and radiographic damage. However, spinal mobility cannot be used as a proxy for radiographic evaluation in an individual patient.
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7.
  • Willen, R, et al. (författare)
  • Intestinal spirochaetosis
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Histopathology. - 0309-0167 .- 1365-2559. ; 49:6, s. 658-659
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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8.
  • Wu, Xuping, et al. (författare)
  • Hsp90 is expressed and represents a therapeutic target in human oesophageal cancer using the inhibitor 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 100:2, s. 334-343
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has been demonstrated to protect oncogenic variants of signalling molecules from degradation and may consequently serve as a therapeutic target for the treatment of oesophageal cancer for which adequate therapy is often lacking. We studied the expression of Hsp90 in tumour tissues of human oesophageal cancer and the impact of Hsp90 inhibition on oesophageal cancer cell lines using the drug 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG). Quantitative immunohistochemistry was performed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues from patients with oesophageal cancer. In squamous cell carcinoma, a marked upregulation of Hsp90 could be noted in dysplastic epithelium and invasive cancer compared with normal epithelium. In adenocarcinoma, Hsp90 was expressed in neoplastic epithelium and also in normal non-neoplastic glands weakly. The inhibition of Hsp90 using 17-AAG led to a significant decrease in cell proliferation and viability in human oesophageal cancer cell lines. Using a clonogenic cell survival assay, Hsp90 inhibition significantly sensitised the cells for gamma-photon irradiation. Heat shock protein 90 was found to be critical for proper signalling induced by both epidermal growth factor and insulin-like growthfactor -1, in which the inhibition of signalling by 17-AAG correlated with the observed reduction in cell proliferation and viability. These results showed that Hsp90 was selectively expressed in oesophageal cancer tissue compared with the corresponding normal tissue, and the inhibition of Hsp90 resulted in decreased proliferation and viability as well as radiosensitisation of oesophageal cancer cells. Heat shock protein 90 represents a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of patients with oesophageal cancer, alone or in combination with radiotherapy.
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9.
  • Zainuddin, Norafiza, 1978-, et al. (författare)
  • TP53 mutations predict for poor survival in de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of germinal center subtype
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Leukemia research : a Forum for Studies on Leukemia and Normal Hemopoiesis. - 0145-2126 .- 1873-5835. ; 33:1, s. 60-66
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Presence of TP53 mutations has been associated with poor prognosis in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), although this has remained controversial. The TP53 codon 72 polymorphism has shown negative impact on cancer survival, but this has not been analyzed in DLBCL. Furthermore, the MDM2 SNP309 has been associated with earlier age of onset in DLBCL. Here, we investigated the clinical impact of TP53 mutations, MDM2 SNP309 and TP53 codon 72 polymorphisms on survival in DLBCL of germinal center (GC) and non-GC subtypes. Thirteen of the 102 (12.7%) patients displayed TP53 mutations. Overall, TP53 mutations had a significant effect on lymphoma-specific survival (LSS, P=0.009) and progression-free survival (PFS, P=0.028). In particular, inferior survival was observed in TP53-mutated DLBCLs of GC subtype (LSS, P=0.002 and PFS, P=0.006). Neither MDM2 SNP309 nor the TP53 codon 72 polymorphism had an impact on age of onset or survival. Altogether, our data suggests that TP53 mutations are associated with poor outcome in GC-DLBCL patients.
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