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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Wang Molin) srt2:(2000-2004)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Wang Molin) > (2000-2004)

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1.
  • Liu, Q, et al. (författare)
  • Administration of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v reduces side-effects of external radiation on colon anastomotic healing in an experimental model
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Colorectal Disease. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1462-8910. ; 3:4, s. 245-252
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Preoperative radiotherapy of patients with rectal carcinoma is frequently used to reduce the incidence of local recurrence. However, the radiation therapy is associated with several complications, including diarrhea, retarded anastomotic healing and mucosal atrophy. Exogenous administration of lactobacilli has been demonstrated to be effective in stimulating intestinal mucosal growth and reduce mucosal inflammation. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v administration on external radiation injury in colon anastomotic healing at different time points. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with Lb. plantarum 299v or saline as control and received external radiation of the lower abdomen (10 Gy/day) on day 3 and 7 of the experiment. After 4 days, a colonic resection with anastomosis was performed. Animals were sacrificed on 4th, 7th and 11th day postoperatively. Body weight, white blood cell (WBC) count, mucosal myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, hydroxyproline, nucleotide, DNA and RNA content, colonic bacterial microflora, bacterial translocation and histology were evaluated. RESULTS: On the 4th postoperative day body weight, WBC and MPO decreased significantly after radiation. On the 7th postoperative day MPO decreased after radiation. In the two irradiated groups it decreased significantly in the Lb. plantarum group compared to the radiated group without treatment. Collagen concentration on the 7th postoperative day was significantly higher in Lb. plantarum group without radiation compared to the group with radiation without Lb. plantarum. On the 11th postoperative day MPO was significantly higher in irradiated rats without treatment compared to Lb. plantarum treatment. The collagen concentration increased significantly in the irradiated Lb. plantarum group compared to the other two groups. CONCLUSION: The collagen content decreased and MPO activity increased significantly of the colonic anastomosis in irradiated rats without treatment compared to those treated with Lb. plantarum. It therefore seems that administration of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v reduces the intestinal injury and inflammation following external radiation and improves the colonic anastomotic healing.
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2.
  • Pettersson, B., et al. (författare)
  • Phylogenetic evidence for novel and genetically different intestinal spirochetes resembling Brachyspira aalborgi in the mucosa of the human colon as revealed by 165 rDNA analysis
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Systematic and Applied Microbiology. - 0723-2020 .- 1618-0984. ; 23:3, s. 355-363
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • intestinal spirochetes (Brachyspira spp.) are causative agents of intestinal disorders in animals and humans. Phylogenetic analysis of cloned 16S rRNA genes from biopsies of the intestinal mucosa of the colon from two Swedish 60-years old adults without clinical symptoms revealed the presence of intestinal spirochetes. Seventeen clones from two individuals and 11 reference strains were analyzed and the intestinal spirochetes could be divided into two lineages, the Brachyspira aalborgi and the Brachyspira hyodysenteriae lineages. All of the clones grouped in the B. aalborgi lineage. Moreover, the B. aalborgi lineage could be divided into three distinct phylogenetic clusters as confirmed by bootstrap and signature nucleotide analysis. The first cluster comprised 6 clones and the type strain B. aalborgi NCTC 11492(T). The cluster 1 showed a 16S rRNA gene similarity of 99.4-99.9%. This cluster also harbored che only other strain of B. aalborgi isolated so far, namely strain W1, which was subjected to phylogenetic analysis in this work. The second cluster harbored 9 clones with a 98.7 to 99.5% range of 16S rDNA similarity ro the B. aalborgi cluster 1. Two clones branched distinct and early of the B. aalborgi, line forming the third cluster and was found to be 98.7% similar to cluster 1 and 98.3-99.1% to cluster 2. Interestingly, this shows that considerable variation of intestinal spirochetes can be found as constituents of the colonic microbiota in humans, genetically resembling B. aalborgi. The presented data aid significantly to the diagnostic and taxonomic work on these organisms.
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3.
  • Pettersson, B, et al. (författare)
  • Phylogenetic evidence for novel and genetically different intestinal spirochetes resembling Brachyspira aalborgi in the mucosa of the human colon as revealed by 16S rDNA analysis
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Systematic and Applied Microbiology. - : Elsevier. - 0723-2020. ; 23:3, s. 355-363
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Intestinal spirochetes (Brachyspira spp.) are causative agents of intestinal disorders in animals and humans. Phylogenetic analysis of cloned 16S rRNA genes from biopsies of the intestinal mucosa of the colon from two Swedish 60-years old adults without clinical symptoms revealed the presence of intestinal spirochetes. Seventeen clones from two individuals and 11 reference strains were analyzed and the intestinal spirochetes could be divided into two lineages, the Brachyspira aalborgi and the Brachyspira hyodysenteriae lineages. All of the clones grouped in the B. aalborgi lineage. Moreover, the B. aalborgi lineage could be divided into three distinct phylogenetic clusters as confirmed by bootstrap and signature nucleotide analysis. The first cluster comprised 6 clones and the type strain B. aalborgi NCTC 11492T. The cluster 1 showed a 16S rRNA gene similarity of 99.4-99.9%. This cluster also harbored the only other strain of B. aalborgi isolated so far, namely strain W1, which was subjected to phylogenetic analysis in this work. The second cluster harbored 9 clones with a 98.7 to 99.5% range of 16S rDNA similarity to the B. aalborgi cluster 1. Two clones branched distinct and early of the B. aalborgi line forming the third cluster and was found to be 98.7% similar to cluster 1 and 98.3-99.1% to cluster 2. Interestingly, this shows that considerable variation of intestinal spirochetes can be found as constituents of the colonic microbiota in humans, genetically resembling B. aalborgi. The presented data aid significantly to the diagnostic and taxonomic work on these organisms.
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4.
  • Thorlacius, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Lactobacilli attenuate bacteremia and endotoxemia associated with severe intra-abdominal infection
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Surgery. - : Elsevier. - 1532-7361. ; 134:3, s. 467-473
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Systemic administration of antibiotics or selective decontamination is frequently used in the prophylaxis and treatment of infections originating from the gastrointestinal flora. In this study, we wanted to compare. the protective effect of enteral administration of lactobacilli to gentamicin against severe intra-abdominal infection. Methods. Male Sprague Dawley rats underwent cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Rats were pretreated with saline, Lactobacillus R2LC, and gentamicin. Bacterial growth and endotoxin levels in the blood, reticuloendothelial system (RES) function, and intestinal transit were determined up to 24 hours after CLP. Results. CLP-provoked bacteremia was significantly reduced by 48% and 55% in lactobacilli- and gentamicin-treated rats, respectively. Notably, CLP-induced endotoxemia was abolished at 12 hours, and reduced by 47% at 24 hours, in rats pretreated with lactobacilli., Gentamicin reduced endotoxin levels provoked by CLP by 86% at 12 hours, but had no effect at 24 hours. Lactobacilli had no effect on the clearance of Escherichia coli (E coli) from the blood, whereas intestinal transit was increased in lactobacilli-treated animals, suggesting that the beneficial effect of Lactobacillus R2LC is not related to an increase of phagocytic capacity but may rather be partly attributable to an enhanced intestinal motility. Conclusion. Enteral administration of Lactobacillus R2LC attenuates bacteremia and endotoxemia associated with intra-abdominal infection in rats.
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5.
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6.
  • Wang, Mei, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of the translocating bacteria in rats with acute liver injury and their relation to the bacterial flora of the intestinal mucosa
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica. - : John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1600-0463. ; 109:7-8, s. 551-558
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The bacterial flora of the intestine and the bacteria found in liver, mesenteric lymph nodes, portal and arterial blood after D-galactosamine-induced liver injury, with and without pretreatment with Lactobacillus plantarum DSM 9843, were studied in the rat. Dominating representatives were identified to species level by 16S rDNA sequencing and typed by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and by restriction endonuclease analysis (REA) for strain definition. It was proven that bacterial strains from the intestine occur at extraintestinal sites after liver injury. Lactobacillus spp. dominated the intestinal flora and were also the most frequently found genus in the liver and the mesenteric lymph nodes. Some of the blood isolates, identified as Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus vulgaris and Bacteroides merdae, were not found as a dominating part of the mucosal flora. Treatment with L. plantarum before liver injury decreased translocation and made the intestinal flora increasingly dominated by lactobacilli.
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7.
  • Wang, Mei, et al. (författare)
  • T-RFLP combined with principal component analysis and 16S rRNA gene sequencing: an effective strategy for comparison of fecal microbiota in infants of different ages
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Journal of Microbiological Methods. - : Elsevier. - 1872-8359. ; 59:1, s. 53-69
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The fecal microbiota of two healthy Swedish infants was monitored over time by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis of amplified 16S rRNA genes. Principal component analysis (PCA) of the T-RFLP profiles revealed that the fecal flora in both infants was quite stable during breast-feeding and a major change occurred after weaning. The two infants had different sets of microbiota at all sampling time points. 16S rDNA clone libraries were constructed and the predominant terminal restriction fragments (T-RFs) were identified by comparing T-RFLP patterns in the fecal community with that of corresponding 16S rDNA clones. Sequence analysis indicated that the infants were initially colonized mostly by members of Enterobacteriaceae, Veillonella, Enterococcus, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus and Bacteroides. The members of Enterobacteriaceae and Bacteroides were predominant during breast-feeding in both infants. However, Enterobacteriaceae decreased while members of clostridia increased after weaning. T-RFLP in combination with PCA and 16S rRNA gene sequencing was shown to be an effective strategy for comparing fecal microbiota in infants and pointing out the major changes. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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