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Sökning: WFRF:(Wennerberg Ann 1955 ) > Göteborgs universitet > Tidskriftsartikel > (2001-2004)

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  • Sul, Young-Taeg, 1960-, et al. (författare)
  • Oxidized implants and their influence on the bone response.
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine. - 0957-4530. ; 12:10-12, s. 1025-31
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Surface oxide properties are regarded to be of great importance in establishing successful osseointegration of titanium implants. Despite a large number of theoretical questions on the precise role of oxide properties of titanium implants, current knowledge obtained from in vivo studies is lacking. The present study is designed to address two aspects. The first is to verify whether oxide properties of titanium implants indeed influence the in vivo bone tissue responses. The second, is to investigate what oxide properties underline such bone tissue responses. For these purposes, screw-shaped/turned implants have been prepared by electrochemical oxidation methods, resulting in a wide range of oxide properties in terms of: (i) oxide thickness ranging from 200 to 1000 nm, (ii) the surface morphology of barrier and porous oxide film structures, (iii) micro pore configuration - pore sizes<8 microm by length, about 1.27 microm2 to 2.1 microm2 by area and porosity of about 12.7-24.4%, (iv) the crystal structures of amorphous, anatase and mixtures of anatase and rutile type, (v) the chemical compositions of TiO2 and finally, (vi) surface roughness of 0.96-1.03 microm (Sa). These implant oxide properties were divided into test implant samples of Group II, III, IV and V. Control samples (Group I) were turned commercially pure titanium implants. Quantitative bone tissue responses were evaluated biomechanically by resonance frequency analysis (RFA) and removal torque (RT) test. Quantitative histomorphometric analyses and qualitative enzyme histochemical detection of alkaline (ALP) and acidic phosphatase (ACP) activities were investigated on cut and ground sections after six weeks of implant insertion in rabbit tibia. In essence, from the biomechanical and quantitative histomorphometric measurements we concluded that oxide properties of titanium implants, i.e. the oxide thickness, the microporous structure, and the crystallinity significantly influence the bone tissue response. At this stage, however, it is not clear whether oxide properties influence the bone tissue response separately or synergistically. Copyright 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers
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  • Sul, Young-Taeg, 1960-, et al. (författare)
  • Resonance frequency and removal torque analysis of implants with turned and anodized surface oxides.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Clin Oral Implants Res. - 0905-7161. ; 13:3, s. 252-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The present experimental study was designed to address two issues. The first was to investigate whether oxide properties of titanium implants influenced bone tissue responses after an in vivo implantation time of six weeks. If such a result was found, the second aim was to investigate which oxide properties are involved in such bone tissue responses. Screw-shaped implants with a wide range of oxide properties were prepared by electrochemical oxidation methods, where the oxide thickness varied in the range of 200 nm to 1000 nm. The surface morphology was prepared in two substantially different ways, i.e. barrier and porous oxide film structures. The micropore structure revealed pore sizes of 8 microm in diameter, with a range in opening area from 1.27 microm 2 to 2.1 microm 2. Porosity ranged from 12.7% to 24.4%. The crystal structures of the titanium oxide were amorphous, anatase and a mixture of anatase and rutile type. The chemical compositions consisted mainly of TiO2. Surface roughness ranged from 0.96 microm to 1.03 microm (Sa). Each group of test samples showed its own, defined status with respect to these various parameters. The oxide properties of turned commercially pure titanium implants were used in the control group, which was characterized by an oxide thickness of 17.4 +/- 6.2 nm, amorphous type in crystallinity, TiO2 in chemical composition, and a surface roughness of 0.83 microm (Sa). Bone tissue responses were evaluated by resonance frequency measurements and removal torque tests that were undertaken six weeks after implant insertion in rabbit tibia. Implants that had an oxide thickness of approximately 600, 800 and 1000 nm demonstrated significantly stronger bone responses in the evaluation of removal torque values than did implants that had an oxide thickness of approximately 17 and 200 nm (P < 0.05). However, there were no difference between implants with oxide thicknesses of 17 and 200 nm (P = 0.99). It was concluded that oxide properties of titanium implants, which include oxide thickness, micropore configurations and crystal structures, greatly influence the bone tissue response in the evaluation of removal torque values. However, it is not fully understood whether these oxide properties influence the bone tissue response separately or synergistically.
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  • Albrektsson, Tomas, 1945-, et al. (författare)
  • Oral implant surfaces: Part 1--review focusing on topographic and chemical properties of different surfaces and in vivo responses to them
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Int J Prosthodont. ; 17:5, s. 536-43
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: This article reviews the topographic and chemical properties of different oral implant surfaces and in vivo responses to them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The article considers detailed mechanical, topographic, and physical characteristics of implant surfaces. Anchorage mechanisms such as biomechanical and biochemical bonding are examined. Osteoattraction and doped surfaces are discussed. RESULTS: Surface quality of an oral implant may be subdivided into mechanical, topographic, and physicochemical properties. Topographic properties are evaluated at the micrometer level of resolution. Moderately rough surfaces (Sa between 1.0 and 2.0 microm) show stronger bone responses than smoother or rougher surfaces. The majority of currently marketed implants are moderately rough. Oral implants permit bone ingrowth into minor surface irregularities-biomechanical bonding or osseointegration. Additional biochemical bonding seems possible with certain surfaces. Osteoattraction is a commercial term without precise biologic correspondence. Surfaces doped with biochemical agents such as bone growth factors have been developed. CONCLUSION: Moderately roughened surfaces seem to have some clinical advantages over smoother or rougher surfaces, but the differences are small and often not statistically significant. Bioactive implants may offer some promise.
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  • Albrektsson, Tomas, 1945-, et al. (författare)
  • Oral implant surfaces: Part 2--review focusing on clinical knowledge of different surfaces
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Int J Prosthodont. ; 17:5, s. 544-64
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: This article reviews clinical knowledge of selected oral implant surfaces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The surfaces most commonly used in clinical practice, marketed by the five largest oral implant companies, are identified; their clinical documentation was scrutinized following a strict protocol. Experimental knowledge of the surfaces is briefly summarized. Retrospective, prospective, and comparative clinical studies were analyzed separately, as were studies of implants in conjunction with bone grafts. RESULTS: TiUnite anodized surfaces are clinically documented in 1- to 2-year follow-up studies at best, with failures at about 3%. Sandblasted and acid-etched SLA surfaces are documented with good clinical results for up to 3 years. Osseotite dual acid-etched implants are documented with good clinical results for up to 5 years. Frialit-2 sandblasted and etched implants are positively documented for about 3 years in one study only. The Tioblast implant is the only design documented for survival over 10 years of follow-up and success over 7 years of follow-up. CONCLUSION: Generally, oral implants are introduced clinically without adequate clinical documentation. Implant companies initiate clinical documentation after product launch. The standards of clinical reporting have improved over the years. Proper long-term reports have been published for only one surface, Tioblast.
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  • Arvidsson, Anna, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Characterisation of structures in salivary secretion film formation. An experimental study with atomic force microscopy
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Biofouling. ; 20:3, s. 181-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of the present study was to characterise the structure dynamics of pure salivary secretions retained on controlled surfaces with different surface energies in the early stage of salivary film formation. Germanium prisms prepared to have either low surface energy of medium surface energy were incubated in fresh secretions of either human parotid saliva (HPS) or human submandibular/sublingual saliva (HSMSLS) for 15,90 and 180 min. After controlled rinsing with distilled water, the surfaces were air dried and thereafter imaged with atomic force microscopy (AFM). The amount of adsorbed material and the size of the structures detected increased with increased saliva exposure time. the film thicknesses varied from 10 to 160 nm, and both HPS and HSMSLS films contained structures with diameters varying from 40 nm to 2 microm. Some of these were clustered into special formations. The HPS films exhibited a more granular morphology than the HSMSLS films. Furthermore, branched lines were detected on the low surface energy germanium prisms incubated in saliva. the results indicate that exposure time, surface energy, and type of salivary secretion all are factors affecting the adsorption characteristics of salivary films.
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  • Arvidsson, Anna, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Influence of chemo-mechanical caries removal on the surface topography of dental composite resin and glass-ionomer materials: an in vitro study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. ; 62:3, s. 137-142
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of a chemo-mechanical caries removal system, Carisolv gel, on the surface topography of dental filling materials. Thirty specimens of a composite resin (Spectrum) and a compomer (Dyract AP) and 60 specimens of a glass-ionomer (Ketac-Fil Plus) were prepared. The surface topography was investigated with an optical interferometer before and after chemical exposure for 5, 10, or 20 min. Each specimen acted as its own control. The topographical part of the glass-ionomer materials was performed in two series with different drying procedures, since this material exhibits a higher sensitivity to dehydration than the other materials. The surface topographical investigations were complemented with contact angle measurements. After Carisolv gel exposure the density of summits and the developed surface area ratio (3D/2D) were slightly smaller for the composite resin and the compomer. For the minimally dried glass-ionomer material, the results indicated a reduction of the height of the surface structures, as well as a surface area enlargement, after Carisolv gel exposure. No statistically significant changes of contact angles due to Carisolv gel exposure could be detected for any material investigated. If dental filling materials of composite resin or glass-ionomer materials are exposed to Carisolv gel, no or only minor surface topographical changes can be expected.
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