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Sökning: WFRF:(Wennerberg Ann 1955 ) > Göteborgs universitet > Tidskriftsartikel > (2015-2018)

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1.
  • Albrektsson, Tomas, 1945-, et al. (författare)
  • ON INFLAMMATION-IMMUNOLOGICAL (I-I) BALANCE THEORY -A CRITICAL APPREHENSION OF DISEASE CONCEPTS AROUND IMPLANTS: Mucositis and marginal bone loss may represent normal conditions and not necessarily a state of disease
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. - 1523-0899. ; s. 1-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Oral implants have displayed clinical survival results at the 95%-99% level for over 10 years of follow up. Nevertheless, some clinical researchers see implant disease as a most common phenomenon. Oral implants are regarded to display disease in the form of mucositis or peri-implantitis. One purpose of the present article is to investigate whether a state of disease is necessarily occurring when implants display soft tissue inflammation or partially lose their bony attachment. Another purpose of this article is to analyze the mode of defense for implants that are placed in a bacteria rich environment and to analyze when an obtained steady state between tissue and the foreign materials is disturbed. Materials and Methods: The present article is authored as a narrative review contribution. Results: Evidence is presented that further documents the fact that implants are but foreign bodies that elicit a foreign body response when placed in bone tissue. The foreign body response is characterized by a bony demarcation of implants in combination with a chronic inflammation in soft tissues. Oral implants survive in the bacteria-rich environments where they are placed due to a dual defense system in form of chronic inflammation coupled to immunological cellular actions. Clear evidence is presented that questions the automatic diagnostics of an oral implant disease based on the finding of so called mucositis that in many instances represents but a normal tissue response to foreign body implants instead of disease. Furthermore, neither is marginal bone loss around implants necessarily indicative of a disease; the challenge to the implant represented by bone resorption may be successfully counteracted by local defense mechanisms and a new tissue-implant steady state may evolve. Similar reactions including chronic inflammation occur in the interface of orthopedic implants that display similarly good long-term results as do oral implants, if mainly evaluated based on revision surgery in orthopedic cases. The most common mode of failure of orthopedic implants is aseptic loosening which has been found coupled to a reactivation of the inflammatory- immune system. Conclusions: Implants survive in the body due to balanced defense reactions in form of chronic inflammation and activation of the innate immune system. Ten year results of oral and hip /knee implants are hence in the 90+ percentage region. Clinical problems may occur with bone resorption that in most cases is successfully counterbalanced by the defense/healing systems. However, in certain instances implant failure will ensue characterized by bacterial attacks and/or by reactivation of the immune system that now will act to remove the foreign bodies from the tissues.
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2.
  • Chrcanovic, Bruno Ramos, et al. (författare)
  • Bisphosphonates and dental implants : A meta-analysis
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Quintessence International. - Quintessence. - 0033-6572. ; 47:4, s. 329-342
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To test the null hypothesis of no difference in the implant failure rates, marginal bone loss, and postoperative infection for patients receiving or not receiving bisphosphonates, against the alternative hypothesis of a difference. METHOD AND MATERIALS: An electronic search was undertaken in October 2015 in PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, and Embase, plus hand-searching and databases of clinical trials. Eligibility criteria included clinical human studies, either randomized or not. RESULTS: A total of 18 publications were included in the review. Concerning implant failure, the meta-analysis found a risk ratio of 1.73 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.21-2.48, P = .003) for patients taking bisphosphonates, when compared to patients not taking the medicament. The probability of an implant failure in patients taking bisphosphonates was estimated to be 1.5% (0.015, 95% CI 0.006- 0.023, standard error [SE] 0.004, P < .001). It cannot be suggested that bisphosphonates may affect the marginal bone loss of dental implants, due to a limited number of studies reporting this outcome. Due to a lack of sufficient information, meta-analysis for the outcome "postoperative infection" was not performed. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study cannot suggest that the insertion of dental implants in patients taking BPs affects the implant failure rates, due to a limited number of published studies, all characterized by a low level of specificity, and most of them dealing with a limited number of cases without a proper control group. Therefore, the real effect of BPs on the osseointegration and survival of dental implants is still not well established.
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3.
  • Chrcanovic, Bruno Ramos, et al. (författare)
  • Bruxism and dental implant treatment complications: a retrospective comparative study of 98 bruxer patients and a matched group.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Clinical oral implants research. - 1600-0501. ; 28:7, s. e1-e9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives. To analyze the complications of dental implant treatment in a group of patients with bruxism in comparison with a matched group of non-bruxers. Material and methods. Patients being diagnosed as bruxers were identified within a group of patients consecutively treated with implant-supported prostheses at one specialist clinic, based on the most recent listed sign and symptoms of bruxism according to the International Classification of Sleep Disorders. A diagnostic grading system of “possible,” “probable,” and “definite” sleep or awake bruxism was used, according to a recent published international consensus. A case–control matching model was used to match the bruxers with a group of non-bruxers, based on five variables. Implant-, prosthetic-, and patient-related data were collected, as well as 14 mechanical complications, and compared between groups. Results. Ninety-eight of 2670 patients were identified as bruxers. The odds ratio of implant failure in bruxers in relation to non-bruxers was 2.71 (95% CI 1.25, 5.88). Considering the same number of patients with the same total number of implants equally distributed between groups, the bruxers group had a higher prevalence of mechanical complications in comparison with the non-bruxers group. Conclusions. This study suggests that bruxism may significantly increase both the implant failure rate and the rate of mechanical and technical complications of implant-supported restorations. Other risk factors may also have influenced the results.
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4.
  • Chrcanovic, Bruno Ramos, et al. (författare)
  • Bruxism and Dental Implants: A Meta-Analysis.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Implant dentistry. - 1538-2982. ; 24:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: To test the null hypothesis of no difference in the implant failure rates, postoperative infection, and marginal bone loss after the insertion of dental implants in bruxers compared with the insertion in non-bruxers against the alternative hypothesis of a difference. METHODS: An electronic search was undertaken in June 2014. Eligibility criteria included clinical studies, either randomized or not. RESULTS: Ten publications were included with a total of 760 implants inserted in bruxers (49 failures; 6.45%) and 2989 in non-bruxers (109 failures; 3.65%). Due to lack of information, meta-analyses for the outcomes "postoperative infection" and "marginal bone loss" were not possible. A risk ratio of 2.93 was found (95% confidence interval, 1.48-5.81; P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: These results cannot suggest that the insertion of dental implants in bruxers affects the implant failure rates due to a limited number of published studies, all characterized by a low level of specificity, and most of them deal with a limited number of cases without a control group. Therefore, the real effect of bruxing habits on the osseointegration and survival of endosteal dental implants is still not well established.
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5.
  • Chrcanovic, Bruno Ramos, et al. (författare)
  • Dental Implants in Patients Receiving Chemotherapy : A Meta-Analysis
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Implant Dentistry. - Lippincott. - 1056-6163. ; 25:2, s. 261-271
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: To test the null hypothesis of no difference in the implant failure rates, postoperative infection, and marginal bone loss for patients being rehabilitated by dental implants and being versus not being submitted to chemotherapy, against the alternative hypothesis of a difference. Methods: An electronic search without time or language restrictions was undertaken in May 2014 in PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register plus hand-searching. Eligibility criteria included clinical human studies, either randomized or not. Results: Nine publications were included. The results suggested that the insertion of dental implants in patients submitted or not submitted to chemotherapy did not affect the implant failure rates (risk ratio 1.02, 95% confidence interval 0.56-1.85; P = 0.95). Because of lack of enough information, meta-analyses for the outcomes "postoperative infection" and "marginal bone loss" were not performed. Conclusion: These results cannot suggest that the insertion of dental implants in patients submitted to chemotherapy may or may not affect the implant failure rates, because of a limited number of published studies, most of them characterized by a low level of specificity and dealing with a limited number of cases without a control group. The reliability and validity of the data collected and the potential for biases and confounding factors are some of the shortcomings of the present study.
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6.
  • Chrcanovic, B R, et al. (författare)
  • Dental implants inserted in male versus female patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of oral rehabilitation. - 1365-2842. ; 42:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this meta-analysis was to test the null hypothesis of no difference in the failure rates, marginal bone loss (MBL) and post-operative infection for implants inserted in male or female patients, against the alternative hypothesis of a difference. An electronic search without time or language restrictions was undertaken in December 2014. Eligibility criteria included clinical human studies, either randomized or not. Ninety-one publications were included, with a total of 27,203 implants inserted in men (1185 failures), and 25,154 implants inserted in women (1039 failures). The results suggest that the insertion of dental implants in male patients statistically affected the implant failure rates (RR 1.21, 95% CI 1.07-1.37, P = 0.002). Due to the limited number of studies reporting results on MBL, it is difficult to estimate the real effect of the insertion of implants in different sexes on the marginal bone level. Due to lack of satisfactory information, meta-analysis for the outcome 'post-operative infection' was not performed. The results have to be interpreted with caution due to the presence of several confounding factors in the included studies.
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7.
  • Chrcanovic, B. R., et al. (författare)
  • Factors Influencing Early Dental Implant Failures
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Dental Research. - 0022-0345. ; 95:9, s. 995-1002
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of the present study was to assess the influence of local and systemic factors on the occurrence of dental implant failures up to the second-stage surgery (abutment connection). This retrospective study is based on 2,670 patients who received 10,096 implants and were consecutively treated with implant-supported prostheses between 1980 and 2014 at 1 specialist clinic. Several anatomic-, patient-, health-, and implant-related factors were collected. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the patients and implants. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used at the patient level as well as the implant level to evaluate the effect of explanatory variables on the failure of implants up to abutment connection. A generalized estimating equation method was used for the implant-level analysis to account for the fact that repeated observations (several implants) were available for a single patient. Overall, 642 implants (6.36%) failed, of which 176 (1.74%) in 139 patients were lost up to second-stage surgery. The distribution of implants in sites of different bone quantities and qualities was quite similar between implants lost up to and after abutment connection. Smoking and the intake of antidepressants were the statistically significant predictors in the multivariate model (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02369562).
8.
  • Chrcanovic, B R, et al. (författare)
  • Immediately loaded non-submerged versus delayed loaded submerged dental implants: A meta-analysis.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery. - 0901-5027. ; 44:4, s. 493-506
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to test the null hypothesis of no difference in the implant failure rate, postoperative infection, and marginal bone loss for patients being rehabilitated with immediately loaded non-submerged dental implants or delayed loaded submerged implants, against the alternative hypothesis of a difference. An electronic search without time or language restrictions was undertaken in March 2014. Eligibility criteria included clinical human studies, either randomized or not. The search strategy resulted in 28 publications. The inverse variance method was used for a random- or fixed-effects model, depending on the heterogeneity. The estimates of an intervention were expressed as the risk ratio (RR) and mean difference (MD) in millimetres. Twenty-three studies were judged to be at high risk of bias, one at moderate risk of bias, and four studies were considered at low risk of bias. The difference between procedures (submerged vs. non-submerged implants) significantly affected the implant failure rate (P = 0.02), with a RR of 1.78 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12-2.83). There was no apparent significant effect of non-submerged dental implants on the occurrence of postoperative infection (P = 0.29; RR 2.13, CI 0.52-8.65) or on marginal bone loss (P = 0.77; MD -0.03, 95% CI -0.23 to 0.17).
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9.
  • Chrcanovic, Bruno Ramos, et al. (författare)
  • Platform switch and dental implants: A meta-analysis.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of dentistry. - 1879-176X. ; 43:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: To test the null hypothesis of no difference in the implant failure rates, marginal bone loss (MBL) and postoperative infection in patients who received platform-switched implants or platform-matched implants, against the alternative hypothesis of a difference. DATA: Main search terms used in combination: dental implant, oral implant, platform switch, switched platform, platform mismatch, and dental implant-abutment design. SOURCES: An electronic search without time or language restrictions was undertaken in December/2014 in PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register plus hand-searching. STUDY SELECTION: Eligibility criteria included clinical human studies, either randomized or not. CONCLUSIONS: Twenty-eight publications were included, with a total of 1216 platform-switched implants (16 failures; 1.32%) and 1157 platform-matched implants (13 failures; 1.12%). There was less MBL loss at implants with platform-switching than at implants with platform-matching (mean difference -0.29, 95% CI -0.38 to -0.19; P<0.00001). An increase of the mean difference of MBL between the procedures was observed with the increase in the follow-up time (P=0.001) and with the increase of the mismatch between the implant platform and the abutment (P=0.001). Due to lack of satisfactory information, meta-analyses for the outcomes 'implant failure' and 'postoperative infection' were not performed. The results of the present review should be interpreted with caution due to the presence of uncontrolled confounding factors in the included studies, most of them with short follow-up periods. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The question whether platform-matched implants are more at risk for failure and loose more marginal bone than platform-switched implants has received increasing attention in the last years. As the philosophies of treatment alter over time, a periodic review of the different concepts is necessary to refine techniques and eliminate unnecessary procedures, forming a basis for optimum treatment.
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10.
  • Chrcanovic, Bruno Ramos, et al. (författare)
  • Survival and complications of zygomatic implants : : an updated systematic review
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. - Elsevier. - 0278-2391. ; 74:10, s. 1949-1964
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose. To assess the survival rate of zygomatic implants (ZIs) and the prevalence of complications based on previously published studies. Methods. An electronic search was performed in December/2015 in three databases and was supplemented by hand-searching. Clinical series of ZIs were included. Interval survival rate (ISR) and cumulative survival rate (CSR) were calculated. The untransformed proportion of complications (sinusitis, soft tissue infection, paresthesia, oroantral fistulas) was calculated, considering the prevalence reported in the studies. Results. Sixty-eight studies were included, comprising 4556 ZIs in 2161 patients, with 103 failures. The 12-year CSR was 95.21%. Most failures were detected within the six-month postsurgical period. Studies (n=26) that exclusively evaluated immediate loading showed a statistically lower ZI failure rate than studies (n=34) evaluating delayed loading protocols (P=0.003). Studies (n=5) evaluating ZIs for the rehabilitation of patients after maxillary resections presented lower survival rates. The probability of presenting postoperative complications with ZIs was as follows: sinusitis 2.4% (95%CI 1.8-3.0), soft tissue infection 2.0% (95%CI 1.2-2.8), paresthesia 1.0% (95%CI 0.5-1.4), oroantral fistulas 0.4% (95%CI 0.1-0.6). However, these numbers may be underestimated, as many studies failed to mention the prevalence of these complications. Conclusion. ZIs present a high 12-year CSR, with most failures occurring at the early stages postoperatively. The main observed complication related to ZIs was sinusitis, which may appear several years after ZI installation surgery.
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