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Sökning: WFRF:(Wennerberg Ann 1955 ) > Göteborgs universitet > Andersson Martin 1974

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1.
  • Meirelles, Luiz, 1974-, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of hydroxyapatite and titania nanostructures on early in vivo bone response
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. - 1708-8208. ; 10:4, s. 245-254
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: Hydroxyapatite (HA) or titania nanostructures were applied on smooth titanium implant cylinders. The aim was to investigate whether nano-HA may result in enhanced osseointegration compared to nano-titania structures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surface topography evaluation included detailed characterization of nano-size structures present at the implant surface combined with surface roughness parameters at the micro- and nanometer level of resolution. Microstructures were removed from the surface to ensure that bone response observed was dependent only on the nanotopography and/or chemistry of the surface. Early in vivo histological analyses of the bone response (4 weeks) were investigated in a rabbit model. RESULTS: In the present study, nano-titania-coated implants showed an increased coverage area and feature density, forming a homogenous layer compared to nano-HA implants. Bone contact values of the nano-titania implants showed a tendency to have a higher percentage as compared to the nano-HA implants (p = .1). CONCLUSION: Thus, no evidence of enhanced bone formation to nano-HA-modified implants was observed compared to nano-titania-modified implants. The presence of specific nanostructures dependent on the surface modification exhibiting different size and distribution did modulate in vivo bone response.
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2.
  • Meirelles, Luiz, 1974-, et al. (författare)
  • Nano hydroxyapatite structures influence early bone formation
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal Biomedical Materials Research - A. - 1549-3296. ; 87:2, s. 299-307
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In a study model that aims to evaluate the effect of nanotopography on bone formation, micrometer structures known to alter bone formation, should be removed. Electropolished titanium implants were prepared to obtain a surface topography in the absence of micro structures, thereafter the implants were divided in two groups. The test group was modified with nanosize hydroxyapatite particles; the other group was left uncoated and served as control for the experiment. Topographical evaluation demonstrated increased nanoroughness parameters for the nano-HA implant and higher surface porosity compared to the control implant. The detected features had increased size and diameter equivalent to the nano-HA crystals present in the solution and the relative frequency of the feature size and diameter was very similar. Furthermore, feature density per microm(2) showed a decrease of 13.5% on the nano-HA implant. Chemical characterization revealed calcium and phosphorous ions on the modified implants, whereas the control implants consisted of pure titanium oxide. Histological evaluation demonstrated significantly increased bone formation to the coated (p < 0.05) compared to uncoated implants after 4 weeks of healing. These findings indicate for the first time that early bone formation is dependent on the nanosize hydroxyapatite features, but we are unaware if we see an isolated effect of the chemistry or of the nanotopography or a combination of both.
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3.
  • Svanborg, Lory Melin, et al. (författare)
  • Surface characterization of commercial oral implants on the nanometer level.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials. - 1552-4981. ; 92B:2, s. 462-469
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Lately, there has been a growing interest in how the presence of nanometer structures on a bone integrated implant surface influences the healing process. Recent in vitro studies have revealed an increased osteoblast response to different nanophase surfaces. Some commercial implant brands claim their implants have nanometer structures. However, at present, there are no studies where the nano topography of today's commercially available oral implants has been investigated. The aim of this study was to characterize commercial oral implants on the nanometer level and to investigate whether or not the nanometer surface roughness was correlated to the more well-known micrometer roughness on the implants. Twelve different commercial screw-shaped oral implants with various surface modifications were examined using scanning electron microscopy and a white light interferometer. The interferometer is suitable for detection of nanoscale roughness in the vertical dimension; however, limitation exists on the horizontal due to the wavelength of the light. A 1 x 1 microm Gaussian filter was found to be useful for identifying nm roughness with respect to height deviation. The results demonstrated that an implant that was smooth on the micrometer level was not necessarily smooth on the nanometer level. Different structures in the nanometer scale was found on some of the implants, indicating that to fully understand the relationship between the properties of an implant surface and its osseointegration behavior, a characterization at the nanometer scale might be relevant.
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4.
  • Wennerberg, Ann, 1955-, et al. (författare)
  • In vivo stability of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles coated on titanium implant surfaces.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants. - 1942-4434. ; 26:6, s. 1161-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: Nanotechnology has been employed in attempts to enhance bone incorporation of dental implants. Often, nanoparticles are applied to the implant surface as particle coatings. However, the same properties that may increase the functionality may also lead to undiscovered negative effects, such as instability of the nanocoating. The aim of this study was to investigate the stability÷instability of the nanoparticles using a radiolabeling technique. Materials and Methods: Twenty threaded and turned titanium microimplants were inserted in 10 rats. All 20 implants were coated with nanometer-sized hydroxyapatite (HA) particles. In order to trace the HA nanoparticles, the particles for 16 implants were labeled with calcium 45 (45Ca). After 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks, the implants and surrounding bone were retrieved and analyzed using autoradiography with respect to particle migration from the implant surface. Samples from the brain, liver, thymus, kidney, and blood, as well as wooden shavings from the rats' cages, were also retrieved and analyzed using liquid scintillation counting. Results: The radioactivity representing the localization of 45Ca decreased over time from the vicinity of the implant. The amounts of 45Ca found in the blood and in the rats' excretions decreased with time and corresponded well to each other. After 8 weeks, the only trace of 45Ca was found in the liver. Conclusion: The results indicated that released particles leave the body through the natural cleaning system, and the probability that the nanocoating will assemble in vital organs and thus become a potential biologic risk factor is unlikely. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2011;26:1161-1166.
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