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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Willen Roger) srt2:(2000-2004)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Willen Roger) > (2000-2004)

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1.
  • Papadogiannakis, Nikos, et al. (författare)
  • Modes of adherence of Helicobacter pylori to gastric surface epithelium in gastroduodenal disease: A possible sequence of events leading to internalisation
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1600-0463. ; 108:6, s. 439-447
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have investigated various modes of adherence of Helicobacter pylori to the human gastric epithelium, using transmission electron microscopy, in biopsies from nine patients with peptic ulcer disease and from four patients with chronic active gastritis. H. pylori was demonstrated in abundance in all cases within the surface mucous layer. In all ulcer- and in one out of four gastritis patients H. pylori was shown in close proximity to the gastric epithelium, with concurrent alterations in the configuration of microvilli and the apical cytoplasmic region of gastric cells. Previously described modes of H. pylori adherence were confirmed, such as loose attachment with fibrillar-like strands, firm attachment with pedestal formation, invasion in the intercellular spaces, and invagination with cup formation. Moreover, in many cases a fusion between the bacterial outer layer and gastric cell membranes was evident. In four cases (31; three with active and one with past ulcer disease) viable H. pylori was found in the cytoplasm of gastric mucous cells. Our results support the hypothesis that the different modes of adherence of H. pylori represent a stepwise, possibly sequential, process which in a significant number of cases leads to internalisation of the organism. The invariable occurrence of adhesion and more frequent internalisation of H. pylori in ulcer patients may suggest a link with the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer disease.
2.
  • Brun, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic value of histopathological response to radiotherapy and microvessel density in oral squamous cell carcinomas
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - Taylor & Francis. - 1651-226X. ; 40:4, s. 491-496
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The prognostic value of histopathological response to preoperative radiotherapy (50 Gy) in radically resected oral carcinomas was studied in 39 consecutive patients. Microvessel density (MVD) was evaluated for relation to radioresponse and outcome. Resected tumour tissue was examined histopathologically and response to radiotherapy was scored according to induced morphological changes. Pretreatment biopsies were stained with antibodies to von Willebrand factor to evaluate MVD in hot-spot regions, in stromal tissue and in tumour epithelial tissue. Histopathological response to radiotherapy was highly prognostic of local failures and survival (p = 0.002), though microscopic surgical radicality was obtained. In good responders to preoperative radiotherapy, the 5-year survival rate was 68% compared with 24% in poor responders. In 12 patients with local recurrence after radical surgery, 11 had poor histopathological radiotherapy responses. In univariate analysis, a high MVD score in tumour epithelium was associated with poor clinical outcome but MVD did not correlate with histopathological radiotherapy response.
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3.
  • Nordengren, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • High tumor tissue concentration of plasminogen activator inhibitor 2 (PAI-2) is an independent marker for shorter progression-free survival in patients with early stage endometrial cancer.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 0020-7136. ; 97:3, s. 379-385
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous studies including various tumor types have shown different associations between tumor tissue levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor 2 (PAI-2) and patient survival. High tumor tissue concentrations of PAI-2 have been associated with good prognosis in patients with breast cancer, small cell lung cancer and ovarian cancer, but with poor histologic differentiation and poor prognosis in patients with colorectal cancer. On the other hand, high tumor tissue concentrations of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), uPA receptor (R) and PAI-1 have more consistently been associated with poor histologic differentiation and poor prognosis. Our study quantified PAI-2 and uPAR using specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in homogenates of 274 samples of endometrial cancer tissue. The prognostic power of each factor was analyzed in the subgroup of patients with early stage disease, i.e., International Federation of Gynecology and Oncology (FIGO) surgical stage I-II (n = 188). This group had a median follow-up time of 6.8 years (range 0.7-9.9), and 23 progressions were observed. The 80(th) percentile for PAI-2 and uPAR was used to dichotomize the material, and the results were analyzed for associations with clinical data including progression-free survival. The results were also compared with DNA ploidy status, S-phase fraction, uPA and PAI-1, which we reported in a previous study (Fredstorp Lidebring et al., Eur J Cancer 2001; in press). A high PAI-2 level was associated with shorter progression-free survival in univariate analysis and was an independent prognostic factor in bivariate analyses, which included PAI-1, uPA and DNA ploidy status. In contrast, a high level of uPAR had no association with prognosis in early stage endometrial cancer. The combination of high PAI-2 and PAI-1 levels in tumors revealed a small group of stage I-II patients with an accumulative progression rate of 50%.
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4.
  • Odin, Elisabeth, 1955-, et al. (författare)
  • Altered gene expression of folate enzymes in adjacent mucosa is associated with outcome of colorectal cancer patients.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. - 1078-0432. ; 9:16 Pt 1, s. 6012-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze whether gene expression levels of folate enzymes in adjacent mucosa were associated with outcome of colorectal cancer patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Real-time PCR was used to quantify expression levels of folate-associated genes including the reduced folate carrier (RFC-1), folylpolyglutamate synthase (FPGS), gamma-glutamyl hydrolase (GGH),and thymidylate synthase (TS) in tumor tissue and adjacent mucosa of patients with primary colorectal cancer (n=102). Furthermore, reduced folates in the tissues were measured with a binding-assay method. RESULTS: Mean gene expression levels of RFC-1, FPGS, GGH, and TS were significantly higher in tumor biopsies compared with mucosa. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that the FPGS gene expression level in mucosa, but not in tumor, was a prognostic parameter independent of the clinicopathological factors with regard to survival. Patients with high FPGS levels (>0.92) in mucosa also showed significantly higher total folate concentrations (P=0.03) and gene expression levels of RFC-1 (P<0.01), GGH (P<0.01), and TS (P=0.04) compared with patients with low FPGS levels. The total reduced folate concentration correlated with the gene expression levels of RFC-1 and FPGS but not with TS or GGH. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that normal-appearing colonic mucosa adjacent to primary colon cancer can show altered gene expression levels of FPGS that may have bearing on the development of aggressive metastatic behavior of the tumor and on tumor-specific survival.
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6.
  • Sjunnesson, Håkan, et al. (författare)
  • Comparative study of Helicobacter pylori infection in guinea pigs and mice - elevation of acute-phase protein C3 in infected guinea pigs
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Pathogens and Disease. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 2049-632X. ; 30:2, s. 167-172
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Eighteen Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs and 50 NMRI mice were inoculated with Helicobacter pylori and the infection followed by culture, histopathology, antibody response, and plasma levels of the acute-phase proteins albumin, C3, and transferrin for up to 7 weeks. The immune response to H. pylori surface proteins was studied by an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and Western immunoblot and the plasma levels of albumin, C3, and transferrin were analyzed by single radial immunodiffusion. Guinea pigs had a more severe gastritis and a higher EIA immune response than NMRI mice. Serum C3 levels were elevated in infected guinea pigs after 3 and 7 weeks indicating a systemic inflammatory response and a possible link between H. pylori infection and extragastric manifestations such as vasculitis associated with atherosclerosis. Serum cholesterol levels were analyzed in guinea pigs at 7 weeks and indicated a higher level in H. pylori-infected than in control animals, but this difference was not statistically significant.
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7.
  • Wang, Xin, et al. (författare)
  • Astaxanthin-rich algal meal and vitamin C inhibit Helicobacter pylori infection in BALB/cA mice
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. - American Society for Microbiology. - 1098-6596. ; 44:9, s. 2452-2457
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Helicobacter pylori infection in humans is associated with chronic type B gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, and gastric carcinoma. A high intake of carotenoids and vitamin C has been proposed to prevent development of gastric malignancies. The aim of this study was to explore if the microalga Haematococcus pluvialis rich in the carotenoid astaxanthin and vitamin C can inhibit experimental H. pylori infection in a BALB/cA mouse model. Six-week-old BALB/cA mice were infected with the mouse-passaged H. pylori strain 119/95. At 2 weeks postinoculation mice were treated orally once daily for 10 days (i) with different doses of algal meal rich in astaxanthin (0.4, 2, and 4 g/kg of body weight, with the astaxanthin content at 10, 50, and 100 mg/kg, respectively), (ii) with a control meal (algal meal without astaxanthin, 4 g/kg), or (iii) with vitamin C (400 mg/kg). Five mice from each group were sacrificed 1 day after the cessation of treatment, and the other five animals were sacrificed 10 days after the cessation of treatment. Culture of H. pylori and determination of the inflammation score of the gastric mucosae were used to determine the outcome of the treatment. Mice treated with astaxanthin-rich algal meal or vitamin C showed significantly lower colonization levels and lower inflammation scores than those of untreated or control-meal-treated animals at 1 day and 10 days after the cessation of treatment. Lipid peroxidation was significantly decreased in mice treated with the astaxanthin-rich algal meal and vitamin C compared with that of animals not treated or treated with the control meal. Both astaxanthin-rich algal meal and vitamin C showed an inhibitory effect on H. pylori growth in vitro. In conclusion, antioxidants may be a new strategy for treating H. pylori infection in humans.
8.
  • Wang, Xin, et al. (författare)
  • Development of high-grade lymphoma in Helicobacter pylori-infected C57BL/6mice
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1600-0463. ; 108:7-8, s. 503-508
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, gastric adenocarcinoma and MALT lymphoma. Mice with H. pylori infection develop severe gastritis and atrophic changes in their stomachs after 6 months. We followed H. pylori -infected animals for 13 months to find out whether dysplasia, carcinoma or lymphoma developed. Six-week-old C57BL/6 mice were infected with the CagA-positive and VacA-positive H. pylori mouse-passaged strain 119/95, fed a low antioxidant diet, and kept in microisolated cages. Histopathological changes were examined after 13 months' infection. All H. pylori -inoculated mice (n=5) developed a gastric squamous papilloma with nagging of the lamina muscularis after 13 months. Three out of five animals developed high-grade B-cell lymphoma derived from a MALT lymphoma at the squamous-corpus border with manifestations also in the liver, spleen and kidney. There was a suspicion of local gastric lymphoma in the two remaining mice but with no significant changes in the liver, spleen or kidney. The normal control mice showed no pathological changes in any of these organs. It is concluded that this mouse model with infection by the CagA-positive, vac-toxin-producing H. pylori strain 119/95 is suitable for use in the study of lymphoma development and also development of squamous cell papilloma with proliferative features.
9.
  • Wang, Xin, et al. (författare)
  • Two-year follow-up of Helicobacter pylori infection in C57BL/6 and Balb/cA mice.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1600-0463. ; 111:4, s. 514-522
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, gastric adenocarcinoma and MALT lymphoma. We previously found high-grade lymphoma after 13 months' H. pylori infection in C57BL/6 mice. In this study we followed H. pylori infection by three different isolates in C57BL/6 and Balb/cA mice for 23 months. Six-week-old C57BL/6 and Balb/cA mice were infected with H. pylori strains 119p (CagA+, VacA+), SS1 (CagA+, VacA+) and G50 (CagA-, VacA-). Mice were followed at 2 weeks, 10 weeks and 23 months post-inoculation (p.i.) by culture, histopathology and serology. Strain G50 was only reisolated from mice 2 weeks p.i. There was no difference in colonization between strain 119p and SS1 at 10 weeks p.i., whereas SS1 gave 100% colonization versus 119p gave 50% 23 months p.i.. Interestingly, the inflammation score was higher in mice infected with strain 119p than with SS1 10-week p.i., and there were lymphoepithelial lesions in mice infected with strain 119p and G50 but not with SS1 at 23 months post-infection. Eight mice infected with strains 119p and G50 developed gastric lymphoma (grade 5 and 4). One C57BL/6 mouse infected with strain 119p developed hepatocellular carcinoma after 23 months. Immunoblot showed specific bands of 2633 kDa against H. pylori in infected mice, and two mice infected with strain SSI reacted with antibodies to the 120 kDa CagA toxin. Conclusion: A reproducible animal model for H. pylori-induced lymphoma and possibly hepatocellular carcinoma is described. Strain diversity may lead to different outcomes of H. pylori infection.
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