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Sökning: WFRF:(Wolff Sebastian) > (2013)

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1.
  • Wiesmaier, Sebastian, et al. (författare)
  • Magmatic Differentiation in the Teide–Pico Viejo Succession : Isotope Analysis as a Key to Deciphering the Origin of Phonolite Magma
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Teide Volcano. - : Springer Berlin/Heidelberg. - 9783642258923 - 9783642258930 ; , s. 173-190
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In Tenerife, lavas of the recent Teide–Pico Viejo central complex show a marked bimodality in composition from initially mafic lava (200–30 ka) to highly differentiated phonolite (30–0 ka). Groundmass Sr–Nd–Pb–O and feldspar 18O data demonstrate open system behaviour for the petrogenesis of Teide–Pico Viejo felsic lavas, but contamination by ocean sediment can be excluded due to the low 206Pb/204Pb ratios of North Atlantic sediment. Isotope mixing hyperbolae require an assimilant of predominantly felsic composition for the Teide–Pico Viejo succession. Unsystematic and heterogeneous variation of 18O in fresh and unaltered feldspars across the Teide–Pico Viejo succession indicates magmatic addition of diverse 18O assimilants, best matched by nepheline syenites that occur as fresh and altered lithic blocks in voluminous pre-Teide ignimbrite deposits. Rare earth element modelling indicates that nepheline syenite needs to be melted in bulk to form a suitable end-member composition. Energy-Constrained Assimilation Fractional Crystallisation (EC-AFC) modelling reproduces the bulk of the succession, which implies that the petrogenesis of Teide–Pico Viejo lavas is governed by the coupled assimilation of nepheline syenite during fractional crystallisation. The most differentiated (and most radiogenic) lava computes to >97.8 % assimilant, likely represented by a nepheline syenite bulk melt that formed by underplating with juvenile mafic material. These recent research developments therefore recognise a wider variability of magmatic differentiation processes at Teide–Pico Viejo than previously considered.
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2.
  • Wiesmaier, Sebastian, et al. (författare)
  • Open-system processes in the differentiation of mafic magma in the Teide-Pico Viejo succession, Tenerife
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of the Geological Society. - 0016-7649 .- 2041-479X. ; 170:3, s. 557-570
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Oceanic island basalts are commonly thought to differentiate by fractional crystallization, yet closed-system fractionation models have so far failed to reproduce major and trace element variations observed in mafic lavas from the Teide-Pico Viejo stratovolcano complex on Tenerife. Here, new high-precision plagioclase trace element data are fed into such a fractionation model. The results confirm that fractionation of phenocrysts found in the lavas does not reproduce trace element variations, in particular enrichment of Sr and Zr observed in the Teide-Pico Viejo mafic suite. This enrichment of Sr and Zr is tested by an energy-constrained recharge, assimilation and fractional crystallization (EC-RAFC) model at high T and low Lambda T intervals, consistent with previously determined magma storage beneath Tenerife at sub-Moho depths. Published mineral-melt equilibrium relations using the plagioclase anorthite content (0.4 < X-An < 0.8) constrain the temperature during differentiation. Gabbroic xenoliths found in Tenerife lavas are assumed as contaminant. Enrichment of Sr and Zr in the Teide mafic suite is reproduced by this combined assimilation and fractional crystallization model, as assimilation causes higher degrees of enrichment in incompatible trace elements than is possible by crystal fractionation alone. Recycling of plutonic roots may thus have significantly enriched trace elements in the primitive lavas of the Teide-Pico Viejo succession.
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