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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Wu Wen) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Wu Wen)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 33
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1.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of the decay psi(3686) -> Lambda(Sigma)over-bar(+/-) pi(-/+) + c.c
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 1550-7998. ; 88:11, s. 112007
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using a sample of 1:06 X 10(8) psi(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector, we present the first observation of the decays of psi(3686) -> Lambda(Sigma) over bar (+) pi(-) + c.c. and psi(3686) -> Lambda(Sigma) over bar (-) pi(+) + c.c. The branching fractions are measured to be B(psi(3686) -> Lambda(Sigma) over bar (+) pi(-) + c.c.) = (1.40 +/- 0.03 +/- 0.13) X 10(-4) and B(psi(3686) -> Lambda (Sigma) over bar (-) pi(+) + c.c.) = (1.54 +/- 0.04 +/- 0.13) X 10(-4) where the first errors are statistical and the second ones systematic.
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2.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for eta(c)(2S)h(c) -> p(p)over-bar decays and measurements of the chi(cJ) -> p(p)over-bar branching fractions
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 1550-7998. ; 88:11, s. 112001
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using a sample of 1.06 x 10(8)psi(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector at BEPCII, the decays eta(c)(2S) -> p (p) over bar and h(c) -> p (p) over bar are searched for, where eta(c)(2S) and h(c) are reconstructed in the decay chains psi(3686) -> gamma eta(c)(2S), eta(c)(2S) -> p (p) over bar and psi(3686) -> pi(0)h(c), h(c) -> p (p) over bar, respectively. No significant signals are observed. The upper limits of the product branching fractions are determined to be B(psi(3686) -> gamma eta(c)(2S)) x B(eta(c)(2S) -> p (p) over bar) < 1.4 x 10(-6) and B(psi(3686) -> pi(0)h(c)) x B(h(c) -> p<(p)over bar>) < 1.3 x 10(-7) at the 90% C.L.. The branching fractions for chi(cJ) -> p<(p)over bar> (J = 0, 1, 2) are also measured to be (24.5 +/- 0.8 +/- 1.3, 8.6 +/- 0.5 +/- 0.5, 8.4 +/- 0.5 +/- 0.5) x 10(-5), which are the world's most precise measurements.
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3.
  • Shi, Leming, et al. (författare)
  • The MicroArray Quality Control (MAQC)-II study of common practices for the development and validation of microarray-based predictive models
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nature Biotechnology. - 1087-0156. ; 28:8, s. 827-838
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Gene expression data from microarrays are being applied to predict preclinical and clinical endpoints, but the reliability of these predictions has not been established. In the MAQC-II project, 36 independent teams analyzed six microarray data sets to generate predictive models for classifying a sample with respect to one of 13 endpoints indicative of lung or liver toxicity in rodents, or of breast cancer, multiple myeloma or neuroblastoma in humans. In total, >30,000 models were built using many combinations of analytical methods. The teams generated predictive models without knowing the biological meaning of some of the endpoints and, to mimic clinical reality, tested the models on data that had not been used for training. We found that model performance depended largely on the endpoint and team proficiency and that different approaches generated models of similar performance. The conclusions and recommendations from MAQC-II should be useful for regulatory agencies, study committees and independent investigators that evaluate methods for global gene expression analysis.
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4.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of e(+)e(-) -> gamma X(3872) at BESIII
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 112:9, s. 092001
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • With data samples collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII storage ring at center-of-mass energies from 4.009 to 4.420 GeV, the process e(+)e(-) -> gamma X(3872) is observed for the first time with a statistical significance of 6.3 sigma. The measured mass of the X(3872) is (3871.9 +/- 0.7(stat) +/- 0.2(syst)) MeV/c(2), in agreement with previous measurements. Measurements of the product of the cross section sigma[e(+)e(-) -> gamma X(3872)] and the branching fraction B [X(3872) -> pi(+)pi(-)J/psi] at center-of-mass energies 4.009, 4.229, 4.260, and 4.360 GeV are reported. Our measurements are consistent with expectations for the radiative transition process Y(4260) -> gamma X(3872).
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5.
  • Chang, H. H., et al. (författare)
  • Growth and characterization of superconducting beta-FeSe type iron chalcogenide nanowires
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Superconductor Science & Technology. - IOP Publishing Ltd. - 0953-2048. ; 27:2, s. 025015
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have grown highly crystalline beta-FeSe type iron chalcogenide nanowires (NWs) by annealing thin film that is prepared by a pulsed laser deposition method. Three kinds of NWs with compositions of Fe0.8Se, Fe0.88Se0.32Te0.68 and Fe0.88Te0.91S0.09 have been prepared and carefully characterized by a high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM). The NWs reveal ideal tetragonal structure with crystal growth along the 100 direction. Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) studies and HRTEM images show the NWs to have good compositional uniformity, except for the existence of a thin layer of oxide on the surface. No superconducting transition was observed in the FeSex NWs, which is possibly caused by Fe deficiency. The other two types of NWs show relatively higher and sharper superconducting transitions than their bulk counterparts. Interestingly, a resistive transition tail is observed in the NWs with diameter smaller than 100 nm, which might originate from a phase slip process in the quasi-one-dimensional system. The success in producing these high quality NWs provides a new avenue for better understanding the origin of superconductivity in beta-FeSe type iron chalcogenides.
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6.
  • Liu, Jin-ming, et al. (författare)
  • Mid-term effects of lung volume reduction surgery on pulmonary function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Chinese Medical Journal. - Chinese Medical Association. - 0366-6999. ; 120:8, s. 658-662
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Now lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) has become one of the most effective methods for the management of some cases of severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We evaluated the mid-term effects of LVRS on pulmonary function in patients with severe COPD. Methods Ten male patients with severe COPD aged 38-70 years underwent LVRS and their pulmonary function was assessed before, 3 months and 3 years after surgery. The spirometric and gas exchange parameters included residual volume, total lung capacity, inspiratory capacity, forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in one second, diffusion capacity for CO, and arterial blood gas. A 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) test was performed. Results As to preoperative assessment, most spirometric parameters and 6MWD were significantly improved after 3 months and slightly 3 years after LVRS. Gas exchange parameters were significantly improved 3 months after surgery, but returned to the preoperative levels after 3 years. Conclusions LVRS may significantly improve pulmonary function in patients with severe COPD indicating for LVRS. Mid-term pulmonary function 3 years after surgery can be decreased to the level at 3 months after surgery. Three years after LVRS, lung volume and pulmonary ventilation function can be significantly improved, but the improvement in gas exchange function was not significant.
7.
  • Dastani, Zari, et al. (författare)
  • Novel loci for adiponectin levels and their influence on type 2 diabetes and metabolic traits : a multi-ethnic meta-analysis of 45,891 individuals.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: PLoS genetics. - 1553-7404. ; 8:3, s. e1002607
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Circulating levels of adiponectin, a hormone produced predominantly by adipocytes, are highly heritable and are inversely associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and other metabolic traits. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in 39,883 individuals of European ancestry to identify genes associated with metabolic disease. We identified 8 novel loci associated with adiponectin levels and confirmed 2 previously reported loci (P = 4.5×10(-8)-1.2×10(-43)). Using a novel method to combine data across ethnicities (N = 4,232 African Americans, N = 1,776 Asians, and N = 29,347 Europeans), we identified two additional novel loci. Expression analyses of 436 human adipocyte samples revealed that mRNA levels of 18 genes at candidate regions were associated with adiponectin concentrations after accounting for multiple testing (p<3×10(-4)). We next developed a multi-SNP genotypic risk score to test the association of adiponectin decreasing risk alleles on metabolic traits and diseases using consortia-level meta-analytic data. This risk score was associated with increased risk of T2D (p = 4.3×10(-3), n = 22,044), increased triglycerides (p = 2.6×10(-14), n = 93,440), increased waist-to-hip ratio (p = 1.8×10(-5), n = 77,167), increased glucose two hours post oral glucose tolerance testing (p = 4.4×10(-3), n = 15,234), increased fasting insulin (p = 0.015, n = 48,238), but with lower in HDL-cholesterol concentrations (p = 4.5×10(-13), n = 96,748) and decreased BMI (p = 1.4×10(-4), n = 121,335). These findings identify novel genetic determinants of adiponectin levels, which, taken together, influence risk of T2D and markers of insulin resistance.
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8.
  • Li, Wen, et al. (författare)
  • Understanding from First-Principles Why LiNH2BH3 · NH3BH3 Shows Improved Dehydrogenation over LiNH2BH3 and NH3BH3
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. - 1932-7447. ; 114:44, s. 19089-19095
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Lithium amidoborane-ammonia borane (LiNH2BH3 center dot NH3BH3, LiAB center dot AB for short) was synthesized recently. Compared with lithium amidoborane (LiNH2BH3, LiAB for short) and ammonia borane (NH3BH3, AB for short), this new ammonia borane derivative has better dehydrogenation kinetics and releases 14.8 wt % hydrogen with peak temperatures at ca. 80 and 140 degrees C, respectively. In this report, first-principles calculations were employed to reveal the differences in dehydrogenation properties of AB, LiAB, and LiAB center dot AB. Furthermore, we attempted to correlate the crystal structure and electronic properties with dehydrogenation performance. The results show that Li+ cations play similar roles in LiAB center dot AB as in LiAB in destabilizing the B-H and N-H bonds, and the mechanism of the first-step dehydrogenation of LiAB center dot AB is likely via the dissociation and combination of hydridic H delta-(B) from LiAB molecule and protonic H delta+(N) from the adjacent AB molecule, rather than from the [LiAB] or [AB] layer alone, resulting in the desorption of H-2 at lower temperatures.
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9.
  • Mahajan, Anubha, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide trans-ancestry meta-analysis provides insight into the genetic architecture of type 2 diabetes susceptibility
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1061-4036. ; 46:3, s. 234-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To further understanding of the genetic basis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) susceptibility, we aggregated published meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS), including 26,488 cases and 83,964 controls of European, east Asian, south Asian and Mexican and Mexican American ancestry. We observed a significant excess in the directional consistency of T2D risk alleles across ancestry groups, even at SNPs demonstrating only weak evidence of association. By following up the strongest signals of association from the trans-ethnic meta-analysis in an additional 21,491 cases and 55,647 controls of European ancestry, we identified seven new T2D susceptibility loci. Furthermore, we observed considerable improvements in the fine-mapping resolution of common variant association signals at several T2D susceptibility loci. These observations highlight the benefits of trans-ethnic GWAS for the discovery and characterization of complex trait loci and emphasize an exciting opportunity to extend insight into the genetic architecture and pathogenesis of human diseases across populations of diverse ancestry.
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10.
  • Wang, Guo-dong, et al. (författare)
  • The genomics of selection in dogs and the parallel evolution between dogs and humans
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - Nature Publishing Group. - 2041-1723. ; 4, s. 1860
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The genetic bases of demographic changes and artificial selection underlying domestication are of great interest in evolutionary biology. Here we perform whole-genome sequencing of multiple grey wolves, Chinese indigenous dogs and dogs of diverse breeds. Demographic analysis show that the split between wolves and Chinese indigenous dogs occurred 32,000 years ago and that the subsequent bottlenecks were mild. Therefore, dogs may have been under human selection over a much longer time than previously concluded, based on molecular data, perhaps by initially scavenging with humans. Population genetic analysis identifies a list of genes under positive selection during domestication, which overlaps extensively with the corresponding list of positively selected genes in humans. Parallel evolution is most apparent in genes for digestion and metabolism, neurological process and cancer. Our study, for the first time, draws together humans and dogs in their recent genomic evolution.
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