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Sökning: WFRF:(Xu Hui)

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  • An, Junghwa, et al. (författare)
  • Permanent Genetic Resources added to Molecular Ecology Resources Database 1 October 2009-30 November 2009
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Molecular Ecology Resources. - 1755-098X. ; 10:2, s. 404-408
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article documents the addition of 411 microsatellite marker loci and 15 pairs of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) sequencing primers to the Molecular Ecology Resources Database. Loci were developed for the following species: Acanthopagrus schlegeli, Anopheles lesteri, Aspergillus clavatus, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus oryzae, Aspergillus terreus, Branchiostoma japonicum, Branchiostoma belcheri, Colias behrii, Coryphopterus personatus, Cynogolssus semilaevis, Cynoglossus semilaevis, Dendrobium officinale, Dendrobium officinale, Dysoxylum malabaricum, Metrioptera roeselii, Myrmeciza exsul, Ochotona thibetana, Neosartorya fischeri, Nothofagus pumilio, Onychodactylus fischeri, Phoenicopterus roseus, Salvia officinalis L., Scylla paramamosain, Silene latifo, Sula sula, and Vulpes vulpes. These loci were cross-tested on the following species: Aspergillus giganteus, Colias pelidne, Colias interior, Colias meadii, Colias eurytheme, Coryphopterus lipernes, Coryphopterus glaucofrenum, Coryphopterus eidolon, Gnatholepis thompsoni, Elacatinus evelynae, Dendrobium loddigesii Dendrobium devonianum, Dysoxylum binectariferum, Nothofagus antarctica, Nothofagus dombeyii, Nothofagus nervosa, Nothofagus obliqua, Sula nebouxii, and Sula variegata. This article also documents the addition of 39 sequencing primer pairs and 15 allele specific primers or probes for Paralithodes camtschaticus.
  • Billade, Bhushan, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Performance of the first ALMA Band 5 production cartridge
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 22nd International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology, April 26-28th, 2011 - Tucson, Arizona, USA. ; s. 56
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present performance of the first ALMA Band 5 production cartridge, covering RF frequencies from 163 GHz to 211 GHz. ALMA Band 5 is a dual polarization, sideband separation (2SB) receiver based on all Niobium (Nb) SuperconductorInsulator-Superconductor (SIS) tunnel junction mixer, providing 16 GHz of instantaneous RF bandwidth for the astronomy observations. The 2SB mixer for each polarization employs a quadrature layout. The sideband separation occurs at the output of the IF hybrid that has integrated bias-T for biasing the mixers, and is produced using superconducting thin film technology. Experimental verification of the Band 5 cold cartridge performed together with warm cartridge assembly, confirms the system noise temperature below 45 K, less than five quantum noise (5 hf/k) over most of the RF band, which is to our knowledge, the best results at these frequencies. The measurement of the sideband rejection indicates that the sideband rejection better than 10 dB over 90% of the observational band.
  • Tian, Yu-Peng, et al. (författare)
  • Investigations and facile synthesis of a series of novel multi-functional two-photon absorption materials
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Materials Chemistry. - 0959-9428. ; 17:34, s. 3646-3654
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Six centrosymmetric D-(pi-A)(3) structural triphenylamine derivatives that can be used as two- photon photopolymerization and optical data storage chromophores, tris[ 4-( 4- pyridylethenyl) phenyl] amine ( 1), tris[ 4-( 2- pyridylethenyl) phenyl] amine ( 2), tris( 4- cyanoethenylphenyl) amine ( 3), tris[ 4- butylacrylatephenyl] amine ( 4), tris[ 4- methylacrylatephenyl] amine ( 5) and tris[ 4- acrylicethenylphenyl] amine ( 6), have been successfully synthesized via a triple palladium-catalyzed Heck coupling reaction, and the novel chromophores were fully characterized by elemental analysis, IR, (1)H-NMR and ESIMS. The structure for 3 was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction study. One- and two-photon absorption and fluorescence in various solvents were experimentally investigated. Two-photon initiated polymerization microfabrication and optical data recording experiments were carried out under 780 nm laser radiation, and the possible polymerization mechanism is discussed based on theoretical calculations. All the six chromophores have relatively large two-photon absorption crosssections, and exhibit optical memory and highly efficient two-photon initiated polymerization abilities.
  • Xu, Guangwei, et al. (författare)
  • Synthesis, properties, and top-gated metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors of p-type GaSb nanowires
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: RSC Advances. - Royal Society of Chemistry. - 2046-2069. ; 3:43, s. 19834-19839
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • High-quality GaSb nanowires (NWs) have been synthesized via chemical vapor deposition. The as-synthesized NWs have a zinc-blende structure with growth direction along a < 011 > direction. Raman spectrum of the GaSb NWs consists of two peaks, corresponding to the LO and TO phonon modes, respectively. The temperature dependence of the photoluminescence spectra shows a blue-shift as the temperature decreases from 300 to 13 K. The electrical properties of the GaSb NWs are investigated over a wide range of temperatures from 25 mK to 291 K. The results show that the GaSb NWs exhibit excellent p-type transistor performance at low temperatures (<40 K). The room-temperature hole density and mobility were found to be similar to 2.2 x 10(18) cm(-3) and similar to 14.2 cm(2) V-1 s(-1), respectively. The Schottky contact characteristics were observed and the barrier height was found to be similar to 14 meV. Our results show that the GaSb NWs could be used as building blocks for emerging p-type nanoelectronic devices in extremely low temperature environments.
  • Agde Tjernlund, Jessica, et al. (författare)
  • Influence of molecular weight on strain-gradient yielding in polystyrene
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Polymer Engineering and Science. - 0032-3888. ; 44:10, s. 1987-1997
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Experimental observations have indicated that the presence of strain gradients has an influence on the inelastic behavior of polymers as well as in other materials such as ceramics and metals. The present study has experimentally quantified length-scale effects in inelastic deformations of the polymer material polystyrene (PS) with respect to the molecular length. The experimental technique that has been used is nano-indentation to various depths with a Berkovich indenter. The hardness has been calculated with the method by Oliver and Pharr, and also by direct measurements of the area from atomic force microscopy. The experiments showed that the length-scale effects in inelastic deformations exist in polystyrene at ambient conditions. The direct method gave a smaller hardness than the Oliver-Pharr method. It was also shown that the length-scale parameter according to Nix and Gao increases with increasing molecular weight. For high molecular weights above a critical value of entanglement, there was no pertinent increase in the length-scale parameter. The length-scale parameter for strain-gradient plasticity has a size of around 0.1 μm for polystyrene.
  • Allen, Hana Lango, et al. (författare)
  • Hundreds of variants clustered in genomic loci and biological pathways affect human height.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nature. - 1476-4687. ; 467:7317, s. 832
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Most common human traits and diseases have a polygenic pattern of inheritance: DNA sequence variants at many genetic loci influence the phenotype. Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have identified more than 600 variants associated with human traits(1), but these typically explain small fractions of phenotypic variation, raising questions about the use of further studies. Here, using 183,727 individuals, we show that hundreds of genetic variants, in at least 180 loci, influence adult height, a highly heritable and classic polygenic trait(2,3). The large number of loci reveals patterns with important implications for genetic studies of common human diseases and traits. First, the 180 loci are not random, but instead are enriched for genes that are connected in biological pathways (P = 0.016) and that underlie skeletal growth defects (P<0.001). Second, the likely causal gene is often located near the most strongly associated variant: in 13 of 21 loci containing a known skeletal growth gene, that gene was closest to the associated variant. Third, at least 19 loci have multiple independently associated variants, suggesting that allelic heterogeneity is a frequent feature of polygenic traits, that comprehensive explorations of already-discovered loci should discover additional variants and that an appreciable fraction of associated loci may have been identified. Fourth, associated variants are enriched for likely functional effects on genes, being over-represented among variants that alter amino-acid structure of proteins and expression levels of nearby genes. Our data explain approximately 10% of the phenotypic variation in height, and we estimate that unidentified common variants of similar effect sizes would increase this figure to approximately 16% of phenotypic variation (approximately 20% of heritable variation). Although additional approaches are needed to dissect the genetic architecture of polygenic human traits fully, our findings indicate that GWA studies can identify large numbers of loci that implicate biologically relevant genes and pathways.
  • Botella, Carmen, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • On the performance of joint processing schemes over the cluster area.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference Spring, Taipei, Taiwan, May 2010. - 1550-2252. - 978-1-4244-2518-1 ; s. 1-5
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this paper, three joint processing schemes for the downlink are characterized and compared within a cluster of base stations. The motivation of this study is to analyze the performance of these schemes over the cluster area, as a first step towards designing an adaptive joint processing scheme supporting dynamic usage scenarios. Each one of the analyzed schemes, the centralized, partial and distributed joint processing approaches, requires a different amount of available channel knowledge at the transmitter side, inter-base information exchange and feedback from the users. In addition, these schemes show varying capabilities to serve the users depending on their location in the cluster area. Therefore, in a real scenario, an adaptive joint processing scheme encompassing the three schemes could be used by the cluster of base stations. Simulation results show that, assuming coherent transmission, the centralized joint processing scheme outperforms with 25% the partial joint processing scheme and with 50% the distributed joint processing approach in the cell edge when a backhaul-load weighted average sum-rate per cell metric is taken into account.
  • Chen, Xin, et al. (författare)
  • Optimal and Efficient Power Allocation for OFDM Non-Coherent Cooperative Transmission
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, WCNC 2012, Paris, 1-4 April 2012. - 1525-3511. - 978-146730437-5 ; s. 1584-1589
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this paper, we study the subchannel (SC) power allocation for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) multiple access points (APs) systems with non-coherent cooperative transmission. The objective is to maximize the total capacity under per-AP power constraints. It can be proved that the optimal solution can be obtained by the combination of an optimal SC partition search and the power allocation across SCs for each feasible partition. Existing work exhaustively searched the optimal SC partition and used Lagrange dual method to compute the power allocation across SCs. Since the entire complexity increases exponentially with the number of SCs, the existing method is unsuitable for practical implementation. In this paper, we propose a novel optimal power allocation algorithm for non-coherent cooperative transmission with a much lower complexity. Firstly, a concept of “cut-off SC” is proposed for searching the optimal SC partition. Then, an efficient optimal power allocation algorithm across SCs is proposed for any given cut-off SC. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm is optimal with a polynomial complexity, and ends within an acceptable number of iterations.
  • Clark, Andrew G., et al. (författare)
  • Evolution of genes and genomes on the Drosophila phylogeny.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Nature. - 0028-0836. ; 450:7167, s. 203-218
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Comparative analysis of multiple genomes in a phylogenetic framework dramatically improves the precision and sensitivity of evolutionary inference, producing more robust results than single-genome analyses can provide. The genomes of 12 Drosophila species, ten of which are presented here for the first time (sechellia, simulans, yakuba, erecta, ananassae, persimilis, willistoni, mojavensis, virilis and grimshawi), illustrate how rates and patterns of sequence divergence across taxa can illuminate evolutionary processes on a genomic scale. These genome sequences augment the formidable genetic tools that have made Drosophila melanogaster a pre-eminent model for animal genetics, and will further catalyse fundamental research on mechanisms of development, cell biology, genetics, disease, neurobiology, behaviour, physiology and evolution. Despite remarkable similarities among these Drosophila species, we identified many putatively non-neutral changes in protein-coding genes, non-coding RNA genes, and cis-regulatory regions. These may prove to underlie differences in the ecology and behaviour of these diverse species.
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