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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Yamada Yuchiro) srt2:(2019)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Yamada Yuchiro) > (2019)

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1.
  • Ahrén, Bo, et al. (författare)
  • Islet adaptation in GIP receptor knockout mice
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Peptides. - : Elsevier. - 0196-9781.
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) receptor knockout (KO) mice are tools for studying GIP physiology. Previous results have demonstrated that these mice have impaired insulin response to oral glucose. In this study, we examined the insulin response to intravenous glucose by measuring glucose, insulin and C-peptide after intravenous glucose (0.35 g/kg) in 5-h fasted female GIP receptor KO mice and their wild-type (WT) littermates. The 1 min insulin and C-peptide responses to intravenous glucose were significantly enhanced in GIP receptor KO mice (n = 26) compared to WT mice (n = 30) as was beta cell function (area under the 50 min C-peptide curve divided by area under the 50 min curve for glucose) (P = 0.001). Beta cell function after intravenous glucose was also enhanced in GIP receptor KO mice in the presence of the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor antagonist exendin 9 (30 nmol/kg; P = 0.007), the muscarinic antagonist atropine (5 mg/kg; P = 0.007) and the combination of the alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine (1.4 mg/kg) and the beta-adrenoceptor antagonist propranolol (2.5 mg/kg; P = 0.042). Analysis of the regression between fasting glucose (6.8 ± 0.1 mmol/l in GIP receptor KO mice and 7.5 ± 0.2 mmol/l in WT mice, P = 0.003) and the 1 min C-peptide response to intravenous glucose showed a negative linear regression between these variables in both WT (n = 60; r = −0.425, P = 0.001) and GIP receptor KO mice (n = 56; r = −0.474, P < 0.001). We conclude that there is a beta cell adaptation in GIP receptor KO mice resulting in enhanced insulin secretion after intravenous glucose to which slight long-term reduction in circulating glucose in these mice may contribute.
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2.
  • Tura, Andrea, et al. (författare)
  • Glucagon and insulin secretion, insulin clearance, and fasting glucose in GIP receptor and GLP-1 receptor knockout mice
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology. - : American Physiological Society. - 0363-6119. ; 316:1, s. 27-37
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • It is not known whether GIP receptor and GLP-1 receptor knockout (KO) mice have perturbations in glucagon secretion or insulin clearance, and studies on impact on fasting glycemia have previously been inconsistent in these mice. We therefore studied glucagon secretion after oral whey protein (60 mg) and intravenous arginine (6.25 mg), insulin clearance after intravenous glucose (0.35 g/kg) and fasting glucose, insulin, and glucagon levels after standardized 5-h fasting in female GIP receptor and GLP-1 receptor KO mice and their wild-type (WT) littermates. Compared with WT controls, GIP receptor KO mice had normal glucagon responses to oral protein and intravenous arginine, except for an enhanced 1-min response to arginine, whereas glucagon levels after oral protein and intravenous arginine were enhanced in GLP-1 receptor KO mice. Furthermore, the intravenous glucose test revealed normal insulin clearance in both GIP receptor and GLP-1 receptor KO mice, whereas β-cell glucose sensitivity was enhanced in GIP receptor KO mice and reduced in GLP-1 receptor KO mice. Finally, GIP receptor KO mice had reduced fasting glucose (6.7 ± 0.1, n = 56, vs. 7.4 ± 0.1 mmol/l, n = 59, P = 0.001), whereas GLP-1 receptor KO mice had increased fasting glucose (9.1 ± 0.2, n = 44, vs. 7.7 ± 0.1 mmol/l, n = 41, P < 0.001). We therefore suggest that GIP has a limited role for glucagon secretion in mice, whereas GLP-1 is of importance for glucagon regulation, that GIP and GLP-1 are of importance for the regulation of β-cell function beyond their role as incretin hormones, and that they are both of importance for fasting glucose.
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  • Resultat 1-2 av 2
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (1)
forskningsöversikt (1)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (2)
Författare/redaktör
Ahrén, Bo (2)
Yamada, Yuchiro (2)
Seino, Yutaka (2)
Pacini, Giovanni (1)
Tura, Andrea (1)
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Lunds universitet (2)
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Engelska (2)
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Medicin och hälsovetenskap (2)
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