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1.
  • He, Youjun, et al. (författare)
  • Poly(4,8-bis(2-ethylhexyloxy)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b ]dithiophene vinylene): Synthesis, Optical and Photovoltaic Properties
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART A-POLYMER CHEMISTRY. - John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. - 0887-624X. ; 48:8, s. 1822-1829
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A new benzodithiophene (BDT)-based polymer, poly(4,8-bis(2-ethylhexyloxy)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b]dithiophene vinylene) (PBDTV), was synthesized by Pd-catalyzed Stille-coupling method. The polymer is soluble in common organic solvents and possesses high thermal stability. PBDTV film shows a broad absorption band covering from 350 nm to 618 nm, strong photoluminescence peaked at 545 nm and high hole mobility of 4.84 x 10(-3) cm(2)/Vs. Photovoltaic properties of PBDTV were studied by fabricating the polymer solar cells based on PBDTV as donor and PC70BM as acceptor. With the weight ratio of PBDTV: PC70BM of 1:4 and the active layer thickness of 65 nm, the power conversion efficiency of the device reached 2.63% with V-oc = 0.71 V, I-sc = 6.46 mA/cm(2), and FF = 0.57 under the illumination of AM1.5, 100 mW/cm(2).
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2.
  • Li, Weiwei, et al. (författare)
  • Tailoring side chains of low band gap polymers for high efficiency polymer solar cells
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Polymer. - Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.. - 0032-3861. ; 51:14, s. 3031-3038
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • High efficiency organic solar cells (OSCs) require conjugated polymers with a low band gap, broad absorption in visible and IR region, high carrier mobility, and relatively high molecular weight as p-type donor materials. Flexible side chains on the rigid polymer backbone are crucial for the solubility of conjugated polymers. In this work, four polymers with the main chain structure of fluorene-thiophene-benzothiadiazole-thiophene and flexible side chains located on fluorene, thiophene, and benzothiadiazole moiety, respectively, have been synthesized by Suzuki-Miyaura-Schluter polycondensation. Photovoltaic device measurements with a device configuration of ITO/polymer:PC71BM blends/LiF/Al show that P1 carrying octyloxy chains on benzothiadiazole rings gives the best performance, with a power conversion efficiency of 3.1%.
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3.
  • Yang, Yi, et al. (författare)
  • Solution-Processable Organic Molecule with Triphenylamine Core and Two Benzothiadiazole-Thiophene Arms for Photovoltaic Application
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C. - 1932-7447. ; 114:8, s. 3701-3706
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A new solution-processable biarmed organic molecule With triphenylamine (TPA) core and benzothiadiazole-hexylthiophene (BT-HT) arms, B(TPA-BT-HT), has been synthesized by a Heck reaction, and characterized by UV-vis absorption, cyclic voltammetry, and theoretical calculation. Photovoltaic properties of B(TPA-BT-HT) as light-harvesting and electron-donating material in organic solar cells (OSCs), with [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC60BM) or [6,6]-phenyl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC70BM) as acceptors, were systematically investigated. The performance of the OSCs varied significantly with B(TPA-BT-HT)/fullerene weight ratio, active layer thickness, and solvents Used For spin-coating the active layer. The optimized device with the B(TPA-BT-HT)/PC70BM weight ratio of 1:2 and a thickness of 55 nm with the active layer spin-coated from DCB solution Shows a power conversion efficiency of 1.96% with a short-circuit current density of 5.50 mA/cm(2) and in open-circuit voltage of 0.96 V under (lie illumination of AM 1.5, 100 mw/cm(2).
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4.
  • Admassie, Shimelis, et al. (författare)
  • A polymer photodiode using vapour-phase polymerized PEDOT as an anode
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. - 0927-0248. ; 90, s. 133-141
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report the photovoltaic properties of devices made using a highly conducting polymer electrode, from vapor-phase polymd. poly (3,4-ethylenedioxy) thiophene (VPP PEDOT) on glass substrate as an anode and a polyfluorene copolymer poly[2,7-(9,9-dioctyl-fluorene)-alt-5,5-(4',7'-di-2thienyl-2',1'3'-benzothiadiazole)] (APFO-3) mixed with [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methylester (PCBM) in the ratio of 1:4 as the active layer. The device performance was compared with that of devices made with PEDOT-PSS on glass substrates. The surfaces of VPP PEDOT were imaged using at. force microscopy (AFM). [on SciFinder (R)]
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5.
  • Admassie, Shimelis, et al. (författare)
  • Synthesis, optical and electrochemical characterization of anthrancene and benzothiadiazole-containing polyfluorene copolymers
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia. - 1011-3924. ; 20:2, s. 309-317
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • New solution-processable, anthrancene- and benzothiadiazole-containing polyfluorene copolymers (P1-P3) have been synthesized and characterized. The preparation and characterization of the corresponding blue light-emitting devices are also reported. Polymers P2 and P3 show high photoluminescence efficiency while polymer P2 does not show any significant light emission up to 8.0 V. The results show the need for balance of electron and hole transport in polymer light emitting diodes.
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6.
  • Andersson, Lars Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Bipolar transport observed through extraction currents on organic photovoltaic blend materials
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics Letters. - 0003-6951. ; 89, s. 142111
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Both electron and hole mobilities have been simultaneously measured through charge extraction by linearly increasing voltage on polymer heterojunction solar cells with varying stoichiometry of polymer and acceptor. The polymer is a low band gap copolymer of fluorene, thiophene, and electron accepting groups named APFO-Green 5, and the acceptor is [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methylester. Results are correlated to field effect transistor measurements on the same material system. A monotonous increase in mobility for both carrier types is observed with increased acceptor loading.
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7.
  • Andersson, Lars Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Stoichiometry, mobility, and performance in bulk heterojunction solar cells
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics Letters. - 0003-6951. ; 91:7, s. 071108
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bipolar transport in blends of a copolymer of fluorene, thiophene and electron accepting groups, and the substituted fullerene [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methylester have been studied through charge extraction by linearly increasing voltage on solar cells and with field effect transistors. Between 10% and 90% polymer has been used and the results show a clear correlation to solar cell performance. Optimal solar cells comprise 20% polymer and have a power conversion efficiency of 3.5%. The electron mobility is increasing strongly with fullerene content, but is always lower than the hole mobility, thus explaining the low amount of polymer in optimized devices.
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8.
  • Andersson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Mobility and fill factor correlation in geminate recombination limited solar cells
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Applied Physics. - American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 0021-8979. ; 110:2, s. 024509
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Empirical data for the fill factor as a function of charge carrier mobility for two different polymer: fullerene systems is presented and analyzed. The results indicate that charge extraction depth limitations and space charge effects are inconsistent with the observed behavior, and the decrease in the fill factor is, instead, attributed to the field-dependent charge separation and geminate recombination. A solar cell photocurrent limited by the Onsager-Braun charge transfer exciton dissociation is shown to be able to accommodate the experimental observations. Charge dissociation limited solar cells always benefit from increased mobilities, and the negative contribution from the reduced charge separation is shown to be much more important for the fill factor in these material systems than any adverse effects from charge carrier extraction depth limitations or space charge effects due to unbalanced mobilities. The logarithmic dependence of the fill factor on the mobility for such a process is also shown to imply that simply increasing the mobilities is an impractical way to reach very high fill factors under these conditions since unrealistically high mobilities are required. A more controlled morphology is, instead, argued to be necessary for high performance.
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10.
  • Barrau, Sophie, et al. (författare)
  • Nanomorphology of Bulk Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells in 2D and 3D Correlated to Photovoltaic Performance
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Macromolecules. - 0024-9297. ; 42:13, s. 4646-4650
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Control of the nanoscale morphology of the donor-acceptor material blends inorganic solar Cells is critical for optimizing the photovoltaic performances. The influence of intrinsic (acceptor materials) and extrinsic (donor:acceptor weight ratio, substrate, solvent) parameters was investigated, by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and electron tomography (ET), on the nanoscale phase separation of blends of a low-band-gap alternating polyfluorene copolymers (APFO-Green9) with [6,6]-phenyl-C-71-butyric acid methyl ester ([70]PCBM). The photovoltaic performances display an optimal efficiency for the device elaborated with a 1:3 APFO-Green polymer:[70][PCBM weight ratio and spin-coated from chloroform solution. The associated active layer morphology presents small phase-separated domains which is a good balance between as a large interfacial donor-acceptor area and Continuous paths of the donor and acceptor phases to the electrodes.
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