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Sökning: WFRF:(Zou Guangtian)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 28
  • [1]23Nästa
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1.
  • Hou, Yuanyuan, et al. (författare)
  • Comparative study of pressure-induced polymerization of C60 nanorods and single crystals
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physics Condensed Matter. - Bristol : Institute of Physics. - 0953-8984. ; 19:42, s. 425207
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this paper, we report a comparative study of pressure-induced polymerization in C60 nanorods and bulk single crystals, treated simultaneously under various pressures and temperatures in the same experiment. For both materials, orthorhombic, tetragonal and rhombohedral phases have been produced under high pressure and high temperature. The structures have been identified and compared between the two sample types by Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopy. There are differences between the Raman and photoluminescence spectra from the two types of materials for all polymeric phases, but especially for the tetragonal phase. From the comparison between nanorods and bulk samples, we tentatively assign photoluminescence peaks for various polymeric phases.
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2.
  • Yao, Mingguang, et al. (författare)
  • Raman signature to identify the structural transition of single-wall carbon nanotubes under high pressure
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. - 1098-0121. ; 78:20, s. 205411
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Raman spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) with diameters of 0.6–1.3 nm have been studied under high pressure. A “plateau” in the pressure dependence of the G-band frequencies was observed in all experiments, both with and without pressure transmission medium. Near the onset of the G-band plateau, the corresponding radial breathing mode (RBM) lines become very weak. A strong broadening of the full width at half maximum of the RBMs just before the onset of the G-band plateau suggests that a structural transition starts in the SWNTs. Raman spectra from SWNTs released from different pressures also indicate that a significant structural transition occurs during the G-band plateau process. Simulations of the structural changes and the corresponding Raman modes of a nanotube under compression show a behavior similar to the experimental observations. Based on the experimental results and the theoretical simulation, a detailed model is suggested for the structural transition of SWNTs, corresponding to the experimentally obtained Raman results in the high-pressure domain.
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3.
  • Zou, Yonggang, et al. (författare)
  • Raman spectroscopy study of carbon nanotube peapods excited by near-IR laser under high pressure
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B. - 0163-1829. ; 76:19, s. 195417
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A resonant Raman spectroscopy study has been carried out under high pressure, using a diamond anvil cell,on carbon nanotube peapods (C60@SWNT) synthesized in high yield in our laboratory. The Raman signal wasexcited by a near IR laser (830 nm) to avoid photopolymerization of C60 and thus obtain the intrinsic vibrationalinformation on the C60 molecules in the nanotubes. It is found that the surrounding tubes create aneffective pressure on the encapsulated C60 due to tube-fullerene interactions, resulting in a shift of the intrinsicAg(2) vibrational mode to 1474 cm−1 at ambient pressure. High pressure Raman spectroscopy indicates that(C60)2 dimers form near 1 GPa, and that a further polymerization of C60 occurs near 23 GPa, creating linearchains of covalently linked C60 molecules in the tubes.
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4.
  • Zou, Yonggang, et al. (författare)
  • Rotational dynamics of confined C60 from near-infrared Raman studies under high pressure
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. - 0027-8424. ; 106:52, s. 22135-22138
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Peapods present a model system for studying the properties of dimensionally constrained crystal structures, whose dynamical properties are very important. We have recently studied the rotational dynamics of C60 molecules confined inside single walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) by analyzing the intermediate frequency mode lattice vibrations using near-infrared Raman spectroscopy. The rotation of C60 was tuned to a known state by applying high pressure, at which condition C60 first forms dimers at low pressure and then forms a single-chain, nonrotating, polymer structure at high pressure. In the latter state the molecules form chains with a 2-fold symmetry. We propose that the C60 molecules in SWNT exhibit an unusual type of ratcheted rotation due to the interaction between C60 and SWNT in the “hexagon orientation,” and the characteristic vibrations of ratcheted rotation becomes more obvious with decreasing temperature.
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5.
  • Liu, Bingbing, et al. (författare)
  • High pressure and high temperature induced polymeric C60 nanocrystal
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Diamond and related materials, vol. 17, issue 4-5 : Proceedings of the International Conference on New Diamond and Nano Carbons 2007 (NDNC2007). - Amsterdam : Elsevier B.V.. ; s. 620-623
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this paper, C60 nanosheets with polymeric phases have been obtained under various high pressures and high temperatures, including orthorhombic and tetragonal polymeric phases. The structures have been identified and compared with those of nanorods by photoluminescence and Raman spectroscopies. The main fluorescence band shifted from 1.70 eV in the monomeric phase to near infrared in the polymeric phase when pressure and temperature were increased. The difference of photoluminescence and Raman spectra between nanosheets and nanorods samples treated under the same conditions is probably caused by different polymerization degree in these samples because of different shapes.
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6.
  • Ma, Honglei, et al. (författare)
  • Synchrotron X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy studies of C60H18 under high pressure
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. - American Chemical Society. - 1948-7185. ; 1:4, s. 714-719
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In situ high-pressure angle-dispersive synchrotron X-ray diffraction and high-pressure mid-infrared (IR) spectrum measurements of C60H18 were carried out up to 32 and 10.2 GPa, respectively. Our diffraction data indicated that the fcc structure of C60H18 was stable up to 32 GPa. The bulk modulus B0 was determined to be 21 ± 1.16 GPa, about 40% higher than that of C60. The C−H vibrations still existed up to 10.2 GPa, and the vibrational frequencies decreased with increasing pressure. IR-active vibrational frequencies and their corresponding eigenvectors of C60H18 were simulated by DMOL3. The effects of the hydrogen atoms attached to the fullerene molecular cage on the stability of the structure under high pressure are discussed.
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7.
  • Wang, Lin, et al. (författare)
  • Synthesis and high pressure induced amorphization of C60 nanosheets
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics Letters. - 0003-6951. ; 91:10, s. 103112
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • C-60 nanosheets with thicknesses in the nanometer range were synthesized by a simple method. Compared to bulk C-60, the lattice of the nanosheets is expanded by about 0.4%. In situ Raman spectroscopy and energy-dispersive x-ray diffraction under high pressures have been employed to study the structure of the nanosheets. The studies indicate that the bulk modulus of the C-60 nanosheets is significantly larger than that of bulk C-60. The C-60 cages in nanosheets can persist at pressures over 30 GPa, 3 GPa higher than for bulk C-60. These results suggest that C-60 crystals in even small size will be a potential candidate of superhard materials.
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8.
  • Yao, Mingguang, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of rare-earth component of the RE/Ni catalyst on the formation and nanostructure of single-walled carbon nanotubes
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry B. - 1520-6106. ; 110:31, s. 15284-15290
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A systematic experimental study has been carried out on the efficiency of bimetallic catalysts based on Ni and the rare-earth elements Y, La, Ce, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and Lu ( group A) and Eu, Sm, Yb, and Tm ( group B) in the synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). The two groups give quite different results when analyzed by a combination of SEM/TEM and Raman and UV-NIR spectroscopies. The elements in group A have an obvious catalytic effect and increase the yield of SWNTs dramatically, whereas those in group B are not efficient catalysts. The diameter distribution of the synthesized SWNTs was also affected by the rare-earth element used. For group A metals, there is a tendency that the fraction of small-diameter tubes decreases with decreasing ionic radius of the rare-earth element used. EDX and X-ray analyses indicate that group A metals deposit on the cathode deposits and form rare-earth carbides, whereas no group B metals are found in cathode deposits, except for a small amount of Tm present in the form of thulium carbide. Further analysis indicates that there is a very strong correlation between the ability to form rare-earth carbides and the catalytic efficiency for the formation of SWNTs.
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9.
  • Yao, Mingguang, et al. (författare)
  • Synthesis and characterization of SWCNTs with Ho/Ni as catalyst
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: New Carbon Materials. - 1007-8827. ; 21:1, s. 70-74
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • SWCNTs were synthesized with high yield by DC arc discharge using Ho/Ni as catalysts. The morphologies, diameter distribution and the content of SWCNTs in the products were characterized by SEM, Raman scattering and TGA. Results indicate that SWCNTs can be efficiently synthesized with Ho/Ni as catalysts. The volume content of SWCNTs in a "web-like" form is as high as 80% in the product. Furthermore, the diameter distribution of SWCNTs, estimated by analyzing the resonance Raman scattering using excitation wavelengths of 632 and 488nm, varies from 1.35 to 1.69nm with a dominant diameter of 1.5nm, which is different from that of the SWCNTs synthesized with Ce/Ni as catalyst, proving that the diameter distribution of SWCNTs is dependent on the properties of the metal catalysts.
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10.
  • Yao, Mingguang, et al. (författare)
  • Synthesis of single-wall carbon nanotubes and long nanotube ribbons with Ho/Ni as catalyst by arc discharge
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Carbon. - 0008-6223. ; 43:14, s. 2894-2901
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The effect of a new bimetallic catalyst Ho/Ni for synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) by arc discharge has been studied. Long ribbons consisting of roughly-aligned SWNT bundles were obtained by a modified arc discharge apparatus. Ribbon lengths can reach as much as 20 cm. Both elements Ho and Ni play important roles in the synthesis of SWNTs with high yield and purity. Changes in the Ho and Ni concentration in the catalyst hardly affect the diameter distribution of SWNTs, but the yield and purity of SWNTs are very sensitive to the concentration. An optimal range of Ho/Ni compositions for synthesis of SWNTs with relatively high purity and yield is given.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 28
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