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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(von Wachenfeldt Anna) srt2:(2007-2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(von Wachenfeldt Anna) > (2007-2009)

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  • Persdotter, Sofia, et al. (författare)
  • Cooperative inhibitory effects of budesonide and formoterol on eosinophil superoxide production stimulated by bronchial epithelial cell conditioned medium
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology. - Karger. - 1423-0097. ; 143:3, s. 201-210
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Improved asthma control by combinations of inhaled glucocorticosteroids (GCs) and long-acting beta(2)-agonists (LABAs) includes a reduced frequency and severity of exacerbations. In view of the association of exacerbations with increased airway inflammation, the question has arisen as to whether LABAs are able to complement the known anti- inflammatory activity of GCs. To address this, we studied the effects of a LABA, formoterol (FORM), and a GC, budesonide (BUD), alone and in combination, on bronchial epithelial cell-mediated eosinophil superoxide production in vitro. Methods: We employed 2 experimental approaches. First, superoxide production by human eosinophils incubated with conditioned medium (CM) from human bronchial epithelial cells cultured for 24 h with vehicle, BUD, FORM or BUD + FORM was measured (Epi/Eos assay). Second, eosinophils were stimulated with vehicle-CM to which the drugs were added (Eos assay). Superoxide production was determined as the superoxide dismutase-inhibitable reduction of ferricytochrome C. Results: CM increased eosinophil superoxide generation (p < 0.01) and epithelial-derived granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor was the mediator responsible. In both assays, FORM dose-dependently inhibited eosinophil superoxide similarly and in the same concentration range as BUD. The BUD + FORM combination was more effective than BUD alone, and it completely inhibited CM-induced superoxide production in the Epi/Eos assay, suggesting complementary effects of both drugs on bronchial epithelial cells and eosinophils. Conclusions: The cooperative, inhibitory effects of BUD and FORM on eosinophils and bronchial epithelial cells, in terms of their effects on eosinophil superoxide production, may represent a possible mechanism for the enhanced anti-inflammatory efficacy of BUD and FORM combination therapy of asthma. Copyright (c) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel
  • von Wachenfeldt, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • A hypothesis-generating search for new genetic breast cancer syndromes - a national study in 803 Swedish families
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice. - Termedia Publishing House. - 1897-4287. ; 5:1, s. 17-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Among Swedish families with an inherited predisposition for breast cancer, less than one third segregate mutations in genes known to be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in combination with other types of tumours. In a search for new putative familial breast cancer syndromes we studied Swedish families undergoing genetic counselling during 1992-2000. Four thousand families from counselling clinics in Sweden were eligible for study. Families with breast cancer only were excluded, as were families with mutations in genes already known to be associated with malignant diseases. We identified 803 families with two or more cases of breast cancer and at least one other type of cancer. The observed proportion of different types of non-breast cancer was compared with the percentage distribution of non-breast cancer tumours in Sweden in 1958 and 1999. We found tumours in the colon, ovary, endometrium, pancreas and liver, as well as leukaemia in a significantly larger proportion of the study population than in the general population in both years. These tumours were also seen among families where several members had one additional tumour, suggesting that malignancies at these sites, in combination with breast tumours, could constitute genetic syndromes. Endometrial carcinoma has not previously been described in the context of breast cancer syndromes and the excess of malignancies at this site could not be explained by secondary tumours. Thus, we suggest that endometrial carcinoma and breast cancer constitute a new breast cancer syndrome. Further investigation is warranted to categorize phenotypes of both breast and endometrial tumours in this subgroup.
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