- Rubboli, Andrea, et al.
Esperienza iniziale sulluso di abciximab nel trattamento di salvataggio della trombosi coronarica acuta nel Laboratorio di Emodinamica [Initial experience with the use of abciximab in the salvage treatment of acute coronary thrombosis in the Hemodynamics Laboratory]
Ingår i: Cardiologia (Rome, Italy). - 0393-1978. ; 43:11, s. 1221-1229
Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
- The optimal treatment of acute thrombotic complications in the Catheterization Laboratory has not been defined yet, due to the limited efficacy shown by various pharmacological regimens, even when associated to coronary angioplasty (PTCA). The aim of our study was therefore to evaluate the effects of abciximab (ReoPro), a new potent inhibitor of the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa, when administered as a rescue treatment for acute thrombotic coronary occlusion during diagnostic or interventional procedures. Sixteen patients (12 males, 4 females, mean age 59.3 +/- 9.2 years, range 43-77 years), with unstable angina and consecutively treated with abciximab due to clinical instability attributable to coronary thrombosis angiographically proven during PTCA (9 cases) or diagnostic angiography (7 cases), were identified. The individual angiographic films and medical records were then reviewed in order to evaluate the effects of treatment on coronary flow, thrombus size and occurrence of in-hospital adverse events: death, non-fatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI), need for urgent myocardial revascularization and hemorrhage. The administration of abciximab, in association with PTCA (associated in turn with stent implantation in 8 cases), induced a significant increase of coronary TIMI flow grade (0.3 +/- 0.6 vs 2.4 +/- 0.9; p less than 0.05) and a significant decrease of thrombus score (size) 2.4 +/- 0.9 vs 1.3 +/- 0.6; p less than 0.01). No deaths nor need for urgent myocardial revascularization were observed; in 31% of cases (5 patients) evolution towards AMI occurred, while however 94% of cases (15 patients) had a coronary occlusion before treatment. No major hemorrhagic complications were observed, while in 12% of cases (2 patients) a groin hematoma associated with moderate hemoglobin drop, developed. In conclusion, the administration of abciximab, associated with the common rescue interventional procedures, in patients with acute thrombotic coronary occlusion in the Catheterization Laboratory, appears to be effective in restoring adequate coronary flow and reducing the thrombus size (limiting therefore the evolution towards AMI), and safe, not having been associated with significant hemorrhagic complications.