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Sökning: db:Swepub > Högskolan i Gävle > Lunds universitet > (2009)

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  • Dahlgren, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Planning Rescue Services with Non-Stationary Rescue Units
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Fire Technology. - Kluwer. - 0015-2684. ; 45:3, s. 239-255
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Geographical accessibility is fundamental when planning rescue services. At present there are several programs for computing the accessibility of stationary rescue units. This study suggests a method for evaluating geographic accessibility in scenarios containing also non-stationary units. The method supports the planning process by matching the risk of an incident occurring with the rescue units’ capabilities and accessibility. The method is implemented in the computer program Rescue Unit Planner. The result of the analysis is presented in thematic maps and graphs as level of coverage, mean response time and concentration. The method and the computer program have been evaluated in two case studies: one urban area in southern Sweden and one rural area in northern Sweden. The case studies show that that this method can be useful in the rescue service planning process.
  • Larsson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Insektsferomoner i naturvårdens tjänst
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Fauna och Flora: populär tidskrift för biologi. - Artdatabanken. - 0014-8903. ; 104, s. 12-19
  • Tidskriftsartikel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)
  • Lidskog, Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Learning through participating on an interprofessional training ward
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Journal of Interprofessional Care. - 1356-1820. ; 23:5, s. 486-497
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Learning in clinical education can be understood as a process of becoming a legitimate participant in the relevant context. Interprofessional training wards (IPTWs) are designed to give students from educational programmes in health and social care a realistic experience of collaboration for the purpose of developing teamwork skills. IPTWs have been found to be appreciated by the students and to influence students' understanding of each other's professions. The aim of this study was to describe and analyse the students' learning on an interprofessional training ward in care for older persons through focusing on the students' ways of participating in the communities of practice on the ward. A case study design was chosen. Multiple data sources were used. The findings show that the students engaged as active participants in the care. At the same time there was sometimes a discrepancy between on the one hand expectations and goals, on the other hand actual participation. There were difficulties in making the training relevant for all the student groups involved. The findings indicate that in the planning of interprofessional education the choice of setting and learning situations is crucial with regard to the learning that will occur.
  • Lindberg, Magnus, et al. (författare)
  • Interdialytic weight gain and ultrafiltration rate in hemodialysis : lessons about fluid adherence from a national registry of clinical practice
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Hemodialysis International. - 1492-7535 .- 1542-4758. ; 13:2, s. 181-188
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Excessive interdialytic weight gain (IWG) and ultrafiltration rates (UFR) above 10 mL/h/kg body weight imply higher morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of high fluid consumers, describe UFR patterns, and describe patient characteristics associated with IWG and UFR. The Swedish Dialysis DataBase and The Swedish Renal Registry of Active Treatment of Uremia were used as data sources. Data were analyzed from patients aged >/=18 on regular treatment with hemodialysis (HD) and registered during 2002 to 2006. Interdialytic weight gain and dialytic UFR were examined in annual cohorts and the records were based on 9693 HD sessions in 4498 patients. Differences in proportions were analyzed with the chi-square test and differences in means were tested using the ANOVA or the t test. About 30% of the patients had IWG that exceed 3.5% of dry body weight and 5% had IWG >/=5.7%. The volume removed during HD was >10 mL/h/kg for 15% to 23% of the patients, and this rate increased during the first dialytic year. Patient characteristics associated with fluid overload were younger age, lower body mass index, longer dialytic vintage, and high blood pressure. By studying IWG and dialytic UFR as quality indicators, it is shown that there is a potential for continuing improvement in the care of patients in HD settings, i.e., to enhanced adherence to fluid restriction or alternatively to extend the frequency of dialysis for all patients, e.g., by providing daily treatment.
  • Reitalu, Triin, et al. (författare)
  • Small-scale plant species richness and evenness in semi-natural grasslands respond differently to habitat fragmentation
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Biological Conservation. - Elsevier. - 1873-2917. ; 142:4, s. 899-908
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The study explores whether small-scale species diversity, species evenness and species richness in semi-natural grassland communities are similarly associated with present management regime and/or present and historical landscape context (percentage of different land-cover types in the surroundings). Species diversity, evenness and richness were recorded within 44150 x 50 cm grassland plots in a 4.5 x 4.5 km agricultural landscape on bland, Sweden. Recent and historical land-cover maps (years 2004, 1959, 1938, 1835, and 1800) were used to characterize the present and past landscape context of the sampled vegetation plots. Partial regression and simultaneous autoregressive models were used to explore the relationships between species diversity measures (Shannon diversity, richness and evenness) and different explanatory variables while accounting for spatial autocorrelation in the data. The results indicated that species richness was relatively sensitive to grassland isolation, while the response of species evenness to isolation was characterized by a degree of inertia. Because the richness and evenness components of species diversity may respond differently to habitat fragmentation, we suggest that monitoring projects and empirical studies that focus on changes in biodiversity in semi-natural grasslands should include the assessment of species evenness - as a complement to the assessment of species richness. In addition, our results indicated that the development and persistence of a species-rich and even grassland vegetation was favoured in areas that have historically (in the 19th century) been surrounded by grasslands. Information on landscape history should, whenever possible, be incorporated into the planning of strategies for grassland conservation. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Silén, Marit, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Swedish and Chinese nurses' conceptions of ethical problems a comparative study
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - 0962-1067. ; 18:10, s. 1470-1479
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim was to investigate Swedish and Chinese nurses' conceptions of ethical problems and workplace stress and ascertain whether there are differences between the nurses in the two countries and between types of clinics. A comparative and quantitative research design was used. The study was carried out at one hospital in China and two hospitals in Sweden. One hundred and thirty-six Chinese nurses and 137 Swedish nurses participated by completing a questionnaire. There was a statistical difference between nurses working in the different countries regarding commonest stated ethical problem. The Swedish nurses indicated a greater number of ethical problems than the Chinese nurses. The latter felt irritated, dissatisfied or sad at work or after work more often than the Swedish nurses. Forty-one per cent of the nurses in both countries thought there was a modest or rather big difference between the current and the desired quality of nursing. The findings were partially the same in the two countries and this underlines the importance of looking at ethical problems from an organisational perspective.
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