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Sökning: db:Swepub > Örebro universitet > Mälardalens högskola > (2010)

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  • Bastholm Rahmner, Pia, et al. (författare)
  • Whose job is it anyway? : Swedish general practitioners' perception of their responsibility for the patient's drug list.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Annals of Family Medicine. - 1544-1709. ; 8:1, s. 40-46
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSEInformation about the patient's current drug list is a prerequisite for safe drug prescribing. The aim of this study was to explore general practitioners' (GPs) understandings of who is responsible for the patient's drug list so that drugs prescribed by different physicians do not interact negatively or even cause harm. The study also sought to clarify how this responsibility was managed.METHODSWe conducted a descriptive qualitative study among 20 Swedish physicians. We recruited the informants purposively and captured their view on responsibility by semistructured interviews. Data were analyzed using a phenomenographic approach.RESULTSWe found variation in understandings about who is responsible for the patient's drug list and, in particular, how the GPs use different strategies to manage this responsibility. Five categories emerged: (1) imposed responsibility, (2) responsible for own prescriptions, (3) responsible for all drugs, (4) different but shared responsibility, and (5) patient responsible for transferring drug information. The relation between categories is illustrated in an outcome space, which displays how the GPs reason in relation to managing drug lists.CONCLUSIONSThe understanding of the GP's responsibility for the patient's drug list varied, which may be a threat to safe patient care. We propose that GPs are made aware of variations in understanding responsibility so that health care quality can be improved.
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3.
  • Blomberg, Helena (författare)
  • Mobbning, intriger, offerskap
  • 2010
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis is a study of bullying narratives, mainly co-produced in a process of ongoing interaction. The focus is on how narrators rhetorically organize their storytelling and identity work by using discursive resources. The empirical material consists of 12 interviews with, and 12 written stories by people who have been exposed to workplace bullying plus information from three websites about bullying, and previous research. The overarching aim of the study is to identify how a bullying discourse is produced, reproduced, challenged and negotiated in bullied persons’ narratives. Specific aims are to determine how bullying is portrayed publicly, how narrators with experience of being bullied build their stories, how the narratives stand in relation to victimization, what makes it possible to talk about vulnerability and what are its limits, and finally to develop a narrative approach.Theoretically and methodologically, the study has its basis in narrative analysis, discursive psychology, conversation analysis, and metaphor analysis. The study shows how the narrators categorize themselves as active, competent, and consensus seeking. They resist being victimized, but by their use of the interpretative repertoire and a standard story of bullying, they nevertheless become indirectly victimized. What’s at stake, in the narratives, is the question of guilt, which they rhetorically evade by the use of different metaphors. These metaphors depict bullying as a mystery, a lifelong source of suffering, a transformation, a learning experience, a battle, a contagious virus, and a trap. The narrators are constrained by the narrative conditions, the interpretative repertoire, standard story, and narrative form and content – a story of good and evil when creating their own story. The narrative conditions at the same time set the limit for expressing oneself in the identity work. This also means we are part of the production and reproduction of the bullying discourse when I, as a researcher, and the narrators use the repertoire and the standard story in mutual understanding.
4.
  • Dag, Munir, et al. (författare)
  • Can they work it out and do they get any satisfaction? : Young Swedish physically disabled men's and women's work involvement and job satisfaction
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research. - London : Routledge. - 1501-7419. ; 12:4, s. 287-303
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this article, results are reported from a study of what value young (20-35 years) disabled men and women ascribe to a job and the job satisfaction they have. Data for the study were collected via a survey questionnaire. The results show that both the men and the women attach great psychosocial value to work and that they have a high level of job satisfaction. The results also show that the men tend to ascribe higher economic value to paid work than the women do and that the women ascribe a higher psychosocial value to paid work than the men. Finally, there is a discussion of the conclusions that can be drawn from the results of the social policy measures taken for men and women in the group in question.
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5.
  • Ernesäter, Annica, et al. (författare)
  • Incident reporting within nurse-led national telephone triage in Sweden: : reported errors reveal a pattern that needs to be broken
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. - 1357-633X. ; 16:5, s. 243-247
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We conducted a retrospective study of incident reports concerning the national, nurse-led telephone triage system in Sweden. The Swedish Health Care Direct organization (SHD) is staffed by registered nurses who act as telenurses and triage the callers' need for care, using a computerized decision support system. Data were collected during 2007 from all county councils that participated in the SHD and were analysed using content analysis. Incident reports were then compared concerning differences in reported categories and who reported the errors. The 426 incident reports included 452 errors. Of the analysed incident reports, 41% concerned accessibility problems, 25% incorrect assessment, 15% routines/guidelines, 13% technical problems and 6% information and communication. The most frequent outgoing incident reports (i.e. sent from SHD to other health-care providers) concerned accessibility problems and the most frequently incoming reports (i.e. sent to SHD from other health-care providers) concerned incorrect assessment. There was a significant difference (P <  0.001) between outgoing and incoming reports regarding the main category. Telenurses have limited possibilities for referring the caller to their primary health-care provider or specialist, which may cause them to over-triage or under-triage the callers' need for care. This over-triage or under-triage may in turn cause other health-care providers to report incorrect assessment to SHD. The implications for practice are that poor accessibility is a matter that should be addressed and that the reasons for incorrect assessment should be explored.
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6.
  • Hjelmblink, Finn, et al. (författare)
  • Stroke patients' delay of emergency treatment
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - 0283-9318. ; 24:2, s. 307-311
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Treatment of stroke victims with fibrinolysis should take place within a time limit of 3 hours. In spite of comprehensive endeavours to reduce hospital arrival time, too many patients still delay arrival beyond this time limit. This qualitative case study explored the meaning of acute stroke and treatment to four patients with more than 24-hour delayed arrival. The setting of the study was the catchment area of a university hospital. Semi-structured interviews were analysed through the empirical psychological, phenomenological method. An essence was found which was constituted by four themes. The essence of stroke symptoms and treatment was: 'Threatened control of bodily function, autonomy and integrity'. When the patients fell ill they acted as if nothing had happened. They treated their body like a defective device. In encounters with physicians they demanded to be met as a person by a person; otherwise they rejected both the physician and her or his prescriptions. They did not involve their near ones in decision-making. The conclusions were the following: Health care information about how to act in cases of early stroke symptoms may need to imbue people with an understanding of how early treatment of neurological symptoms and preserved control of life are intimately connected. Furthermore emergency care of acute stroke patients might need to take place in an organisation where patients are sure to be met by physicians as a person by a person.
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7.
  • Holmström, Inger (författare)
  • Diabetes Telehealth and Computerized Decision Support Systems : A Sound System with a Human Touch Is Needed
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology. - 1932-2968. ; 4:4, s. 1012-1015
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Telehealth holds the promise of improved consistency and fast and equal access to care, and will have great impact on future care. To enhance its quality and safety, computerized decision support systems (CDSS) have been launched. This commentary focuses specifically on the impact of telehealth and CDSS on diabetes patient management. Ideally, clinical information should be linked to evidence based recommendations and guidelines in the CDSS to provide tailored recommendations at the moment of care. However, technical support such as CDSS is not enough. The human touch is essential. A named healthcare provider with access to telehealth and CDSS seems to promise a way of providing both patient-centered and evidence-based care.
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8.
  • Holmström, Inger, et al. (författare)
  • The relation between patient-centeredness and patient empowerment : a discussion on concepts
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Patient Education and Counseling. - 0738-3991. ; 79:2, s. 167-172
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The concepts of patient-centeredness and patient empowerment offer opportunities for patients to increase their autonomy and involvement in their care and treatment. However, these concepts appear to be understood in different ways by professional groups involved in healthcare and research. To optimize understanding there is a need to create a common language. To explore and compare the concepts of patient-centeredness and patient empowerment, and clarify a possible relationship between the two from the perspective of the encounter between patients and their healthcare providers. Methods: Concept analysis approach in which the concepts are compared based on literature review. Results: Patient-centeredness can be the goal of an encounter between patient and caregiver. As a process, it is of great value in the process of patient empowerment. Patient empowerment appears to be broader than patient-centeredness, and may place greater demands on caregivers and the organisation of healthcare. Conclusion: Patient-centeredness and patient empowerment are complementary concepts which do not oppose one-another. Patient empowerment can be achieved by patient-centeredness, but patients can also empower themselves. Practice implications: Clarification of patient-centeredness and patient empowerment can facilitate their use by those involved in healthcare, improve the quality of healthcare, and aid future research. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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9.
  • Johansson, Ann-Christin, et al. (författare)
  • A prospective study of cognitive behavioural factors as predictors of pain, disability and quality of life one year after lumbar disc surgery
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation. - 0963-8288. ; 32:7, s. 521-529
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PurposeThe primary aim of this study was to analyse the predictive value of cognitive and behavioural factors, in relation to pain, disability and quality of life (QoL) one year after lumbar disc surgery.MethodThe study design was prospective. Fifty-nine patients scheduled for first time lumbar disc surgery were included. Pain, disability, QoL, coping, fear avoidance beliefs, expected outcome and sick leave were assessed preoperatively and 12 months after surgery. Multiple backward stepwise logistic regression analyses were performed to study the contribution of the preoperatively measured independent behavioural/cognitive factors (coping, fear avoidance beliefs and assessed chance to return to work within 3 months) to the dependent variables pain, disability and quality of life at 12 months after surgery.ResultsLow expectations on work return within 3 months after surgery was significantly predictive for residual leg pain, odds ratio (OR) = 8.2, back pain, OR = 9.7, disability, OR = 13.8 and sick leave, OR = 19.5. Low QoL, was best predicted by preoperatively high scores on fear avoidance beliefs OR = 6.6 and being a woman OR = 6.0. The regression model explained 26-40% of the variance in pain, disability, QoL and sick leave.ConclusionsEliciting patients' expectations on work return after surgery could contribute to early identification of those who run the risk of developing long-term disability and sick-leave.
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10.
  • Kaminsky, Elenor, et al. (författare)
  • Paediatric health calls to Swedish telenurses : a descriptive study of content and outcome
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. - 1357-633X. ; 16:8, s. 454-457
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We collected data about telephone triage calls concerning children in Sweden. A sample of 110 paediatric calls were recorded. The transcribed data were analysed regarding word count, reasons for calling, results of calls, ages and gender of children, and gender of parents. The median call length was 4.4 min and the median child's age was 3.5 years. Mothers made 73% of calls, but mothers and fathers called to the same extent about daughters and sons, and regardless of age. The most common reasons for calls were ear problems, rash/wound or fever. In nearly half the calls, the telenurses provided self-care advice. Call length, word count or caller's part of word count did not differ according to gender of parents or children. However, mothers were more likely to receive self-care advice while fathers were more often referred to other health services by the telenurses. Telenurses might need to improve their gender competence, and more male telenurses in the service would potentially be beneficial to callers.
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