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  • Resultat 1-10 av 38
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1.
  • Ammert, Niklas, et al. (författare)
  • Bridging historical consciousness and moral consciousness promises and Challenges
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Historical Encounters : A journal of historical consciousness, historical cultures and history education. ; 4:1, s. 1-13
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This special issue is the result of the workshop, Towards an integrated theory ofhistorical and moral consciousness, supported by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond (The SwedishFoundation for Humanities and Social Sciences) and Suomen kasvatuksen ja koulutuksen historianseura (The Finnish Society for the History of Education) and held at the University of Helsinki, in2015. History teaching and social studies education are increasingly expected to develop, amongother things, students’ historical consciousness. This goal is highly relevant for students’ ability todeal constructively with controversial issues of history which is an important civic competence inthe situation where in many societies’ political arguments concerning, for example, citizenshiprights, ethnic and cultural diversity, and democracy are only too often fuelled by simplistic narrativesof historical change and continuity. However, there is a blank spot in the existing research onhistorical consciousness in that intersections between historical and moral consciousness remainvery much unexplored. This special issue seeks to identify promising theoretical and conceptualpoints of convergence for future interdisciplinary studies of historical and moral consciousness.Contributors are from the fields of history, educational research, social psychology, and philosophy.
2.
  • Betzholtz, Per-Eric, et al. (författare)
  • With that diet, you will go far: trait-based analysis reveals a link between rapid range expansion and a nitrogen-favoured diet
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences. - Royal Society. - 1471-2954. ; 280:1750
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent global change has had a substantial influence on the distribution of organisms, and many species are currently expanding their ranges. To evaluate the underlying processes, long-term data with good geographic resolution are essential. One important but generally overlooked data source is offered by the taxon-specific national catalogues of first provincial records that are kept in many countries. Here, we use such data to quantify trait-based influences on range expansion in Swedish butterflies and moths between 1973 and 2010. Of 282 species meeting pre-defined quality criteria, 170 expanded their northern range margin, with a mean expansion rate of 2.7 km per year. The analyses demonstrate that habitat and diet generalists, forest species and species active during warm conditions have expanded their ranges more rapidly than other species. Notably, range expansion in diet specialists was positively related to a nitrogen-favoured larval diet, an effect not found among oligo- or polyphagous species. In contrast to the general view, this shows that specialist species can undergo rapid range expansion. We suggest that increased areas of nitrogen-rich habitat, and increased availability of a nitrogen-favoured diet, are among the most important drivers of range expansions, potentially having far-reaching consequences for a wide variety of organisms.
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3.
  • Fahlström, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Positive short-term subjective effect of sports drink supplementation during recovery.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: J Sports Med Phys Fitness. - 0022-4707. ; 46:4, s. 578-84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a naturally composed sports drink containing proteins and carbohydrates used during recovery in competitive badminton players. The hypothesis was that the use of a recovery drink would lead to positive subjective effects, enhanced physical performance and less signs of overtraining. Methods. During an in-door season 18 badminton players were instructed to drink at least 250 mL of a given sports drink immediately after each training or playing session. The study design was prospective double blind crossover with one active drink and one placebo. The active drink was based on natural products containing whey and orange juice, and the placebo was made of diluted apple juice. Evaluation of effects was done with laboratory tests, self-registered values and field tests. Results. The players perceived statistically significant short-term subjective positive effects after using the active drink, compared with after using placebo. The blood hemoglobin concentration was also higher after the period with active drink. There were no other differences concerning other laboratory tests (leg strength, endurance, body fat percent, lean arm and leg masses), self-registered values (body weight, pulse, training amount and intensity) or field tests (speed, explosive effort, grip strength, endurance and POMS) between the periods with the different sports drinks. Conclusions. Supplementation with a sports drink during recovery showed a significant short-term subjective positive effect compared with placebo. However, no effects were seen on physical performance or signs of overtraining.
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4.
  • Fen Tang, Ping, et al. (författare)
  • Chinese nurses' ethical concerns in a neurological ward.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 14:6, s. 810-824
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Our aim was to describe Chinese nurses' experiences of workplace distress and ethical dilemmas on a neurological ward. Qualitative interviews were performed with 20 nurses. On using latent content analysis, themes emerged in four content areas: ethical dilemmas, workplace distress, quality of nursing and managing distress. The ethical dilemmas were: (1) conflicting views on optimal treatment and nursing; (2) treatment choice meeting with financial constraints; and (3) misalignment of nursing responsibilities, competence and available resources. The patients' relatives lacked respect for the nurses' skills. Other dilemmas could be traced to the transition from a planned to a market economy, resulting in an excessive workload and treatment withdrawal for financial reasons. Lack of resources was perceived as an obstacle to proper patient care in addition to hospital organization, decreasing the quality of nursing, and increasing moral and workplace distress. The nurses managed mainly by striving for competence, which gave them hope for the future.
5.
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6.
  • Israelsson, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Health status and psychological distress among in-hospital cardiac arrest survivors in relation to gender
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Resuscitation. - Elsevier. - 0300-9572. ; 114, s. 27-33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim To describe health status and psychological distress among in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) survivors in relation to gender. Methods This national register study consists of data from follow-up registration of IHCA survivors 3–6 months post cardiac arrest (CA) in Sweden. A questionnaire was sent to the survivors, including measurements of health status (EQ-5D-5L) and psychological distress (HADS). Results Between 2013 and 2015, 594 IHCA survivors were included in the study. The median values for EQ-5D-5L index and EQ VAS among survivors were 0.78 (q1–q3 = 0.67–0.86) and 70 (q1–q3 = 50–80) respectively. The values were significantly lower (p < 0.001) in women compared to men. In addition, women reported more problems than men in all dimensions of EQ-5D-5L, except self-care. A majority of the respondents reported no problems with anxiety (85.4%) and/or symptoms of depression (87.0%). Women reported significantly more problems with anxiety (p < 0.001) and symptoms of depression (p < 0.001) compared to men. Gender was significantly associated with poorer health status and more psychological distress. No interaction effects for gender and age were found. Conclusions Although the majority of survivors reported acceptable health status and no psychological distress, a substantial proportion reported severe problems. Women reported worse health status and more psychological distress compared to men. Therefore, a higher proportion of women may be in need of support. Health care professionals should make efforts to identify health problems among survivors and offer individualised support when needed.
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7.
  • Israelsson, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Neurologic outcome, health-related quality of life, anxiety and symptoms of depression among in-hospital cardiac arrest survivors
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Resuscitation. - Elsevier. - 0300-9572. ; 96:S1, s. 101-101
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: Most cardiac arrest research has focused on survival in an out-of-hospital context. The knowledge of health and quality of life is sparse, especially regarding in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) survivors. The aim of the current study was therefore to describe neurologic outcome, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), anxiety and symptoms of depression among IHCA survivors.Materials and methods: This study has a cross-sectional design. Data from the Swedish Register of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation was used. In the register, data is collected 3–6 months after resuscitation by using a questionnaire including two questions about activities in daily life and mental/intellectual recovery, the EQ-5D-5L and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). In addition, Cerebral Performance Category (CPC)-scoring is performed.Results: Between the 11th of June 2013 and the 7th of May 2015, 488 IHCA survivors with a mean age of 69 ± 13 were included. A majority were men (62%), had a cerebral function of CPC 1 (87%) and no need of assistance from other people in daily life (71%). A large proportion had not made a complete mental/intellectual recovery (27%). Pain/discomfort was the dimension in EQ-5D-5L where most survivors reported problems (64%), while least problems were reported in the dimension self-care (24%). The individual variations of present health state (EQ-VAS) were substantial (range 0–100), with a mean value of 66 ± 22. Anxiety and symptoms of depression were reported by 16% and 15% respectively.Conclusions: Although the majority of the IHCA survivors reported good neurologic outcome, satisfactory HRQoL, no anxiety or symptoms of depression, the results indicate major individual differences, with a substantial group reporting serious problems. Our findings stress the importance of structured post resuscitation care and follow-up, in order to identify and support those in need.
8.
  • Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena, 1950-, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of a Swedish version of the Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ) in persons with heart disease : a pilot study
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. - 1474-5151. ; 9:3, s. 168-174
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: As part of preparation for a Swedish multicentre study, exploring sexual and married life in patients with myocardial infarction and their partners, a Swedish validated instrument was required.Aims: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of a Swedish version of the Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ) among persons with a heart disease.Methods: A convenience sample of 79 persons (47 men and 32 women) living with a heart disease was recruited from the members of the National Association of Heart and Lung Patients. They completed a Swedish version of the WSFQ on two occasions.Results: Two separate factor analyses each revealed a two-factor structure on both occasions: “Sexual appetite” and “Sexual expectations” with gender-neutral questions and “Sexual sensitiveness” and “Sexual ability” with gender-specific questions. Cronbach's alpha coefficients ranged from 0.48 to 0.86 and test–retest values for all but one question exceeded 0.70.Conclusions: The Swedish version of the WSFQ showed good validity and stability and acceptable internal homogeneity. Extended evaluations of the questionnaire are recommended.
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9.
  • Nordhall, Ola, et al. (författare)
  • Future-oriented people show stronger moral concerns
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Current Research in Social Psychology. - 1088-7423. ; 19, s. 52-63
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous research has shown that moral concerns weigh more heavily when people areexperimentally induced to think about the distant vs. near future. The current researchdemonstrates that this also applies to people whose thinking is intrinsically and generallyoriented toward the future rather than the present. More specifically, we show that people with afuture time perspective are more condemning of others who transgress ethical rules and that theyare more committed to follow ethical rules themselves. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
10.
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