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Sökning: db:Swepub > Lunds universitet > Högskolan i Halmstad

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  • Afram, Basema, et al. (författare)
  • Predicting institutional long-term care admission in dementia: a mixed-methods study of informal caregivers' reports
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing. - Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. - 0309-2402 .- 1365-2648. ; 71:6, s. 1351-1362
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AimTo investigate agreement between: (1) expected reasons and actual reasons for admission of people with dementia according to informal caregivers; (2) scores on measurement instruments prior to admission and the actual reasons for admission according to informal caregivers. BackgroundTimely admission of people with dementia is a crucial issue. Information is highly warranted on whether informal caregivers are capable of prior identification of causes of admission and, can thus be considered a reliable prospective source on causes of admission. DesignA cohort study among informal caregivers of people with dementia who made a transition to institutional long-term care. MethodsQualitative data on the expected and actual reasons for admission were collected via open-ended questions at baseline and follow-up. Furthermore, at baseline, data were collected using measurement instruments to measure pre-admission characteristics. Interviews took place between November 2010-April 2012. After categorizing the answers, the agreement between the expected and actual reasons was calculated. Furthermore, bivariate associations were calculated between the actual reasons for admission and scores on corresponding measurement instruments. Results/FindingsFor most informal caregivers, there was agreement between their statements on the expected reason and the actual reason for admission. A third of the caregivers showed no conformity. Bivariate associations showed that there is also agreement between the actual reasons for admission and scores on corresponding measurement instruments. ConclusionInformal caregivers can be considered reliable sources of information regarding what causes the admission of a person with dementia. Professional care should anticipate informal caregivers' statements and collaborate with them to strive for timely and appropriate admission.
  • Ali, Lilas, 1981-, et al. (författare)
  • Caring Situation, Health, Self-efficacy, and Stress in Young Informal Carers of Family and Friends with Mental Illness in Sweden
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Issues in Mental Health Nursing. - 0161-2840. ; 36:6, s. 407-415
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study compared the caring situation, health, self-efficacy, and stress of young (16–25) informal carers (YICs) supporting a family member with mental illness with that of YICs supporting a friend. A sample of 225 carers, assigned to a family group (n = 97) or a friend group (n = 128) completed the questionnaire. It was found that the family group experiences a lower level of support and friends experienced a lower positive value of caring. No other differences in health, general self-efficacy and stress were found. YICs endure different social situations, which is why further study of the needs of YICs, especially those supporting friends, is urgently needed.
  • Ali, Lilas, et al. (författare)
  • Effectiveness of web-based versus folder support interventions for young informal carers of persons with mental illness : a randomized controlled trial
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Patient Education and Counseling. - Shannon, Irland : Elsevier. - 0738-3991. ; 94:3, s. 362-371
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Compare the impact of two interventions, a web-based support and a folder support, for young persons who care for people who suffer from mental illness. Methods: This study was a randomized control trial, following the CONSORT statements, which compared the impact of two interventions. Primary outcome variable was stress, and secondary outcome variables were caring situation, general self-efficacy, well-being, health, and quality of life of young informal carers (N = 241). Data were collected in June 2010 to April 2011, with self-assessment questionnaires, comparing the two interventions and also to detect changes. Results: The stress levels were high in both groups at baseline, but decreased in the folder group. The folder group had improvement in their caring situation (also different from the web group), general self-efficacy, well-being, and quality of life. The web group showed increase in well-being. Conclusion: Young informal carers who take on the responsibility for people close to them; suffer consequences on their own health. They live in a life-situation characterized by high stress and low wellbeing. This signals a need for support. Practice implications: The non-significant differences show that each intervention can be effective, and that it depends upon the individual's preferences. This highlights the importance of adopting person-centered approach, in which young persons can themselves choose support strategy. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Alinaitwe, Henry, et al. (författare)
  • Innovation Barriers and Enablers that Affect Productivity in Uganda Building Industry
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Construction in Developing Countries. ; 12:1, s. 59-75
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract: The construction industry has of recent been blamed for lack of innovation. Lack of innovation in the industry is believed to be responsible for the decreasing or stagnant levels of productivity in comparison with other industries. This paper reviews the major barriers and enables to innovation in general. Propositions were made about the factors that affect innovation in the construction industry which were then formulated into a questionnaire. A survey was made on building contractors in Uganda, a developing country, targeting those with financial strength, large in size, and with high capacity to carry out big projects. The identified factors were then ranked and correlated. The level of training in science, engineering and technical education, and the level of research and development at the industry level are looked at as the greatest innovation enablers in building that will drive forward labour productivity. The size of the domestic market and the level of security are the worst innovation barriers that lead to low productivity in the building industry in Uganda. Contractors, policy makers and the government should address the identified factors in order to improve productivity.
  • AlNasseri, Hammad Abdullah, et al. (författare)
  • Towards a Taxonomy of Planning and Scheduling Methods in the Context of Construction Management.
  • 2013
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Planning and scheduling are considered as one of the most difficult but most important processes from perspectives of project management. These processes involve implementation of a widerange of planning methods used by different organizations with various levels of planning knowledge. The planning methods for scheduling can be classified as traditional methods (e.g. line of balance, Gantt chart and critical path) and modern methods (e.g. last planner and critical chain). Over time these methods had advanced from paper based to computer based. However, some project planners still prefer using the traditional methods despite other new alternatives. Users of those methods have different perspectives about the efficiency and effectiveness of the different planning methods used to manage different projects. Evidences from the secondary data found from extensive literatures have been used to assess the planning and scheduling methods mentioned above. A taxonomy describing each of the method in terms of their theories, key features, application areas, benefits and limitations is presented. The preliminary outcome of this paper may provide a tool to aid organizations in selecting and prioritizing the most appropriate methods to be developed and implemented in planning and scheduling of their projects. It also initializes a theoretical base for more rapid taxonomy studies on the use of different planning and scheduling approaches. As an overall, the present paper reminds practitioners of common ground about its important insights on how such taxonomy studies have potential to make scope of those methods and tools clearer, especially when they compare among them within the same application contexts.
  • Andersson, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • The Effect of Snuff (Smokeless Tobacco) on Disease Activity and Function in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Experiences From the Better Anti-Rheumatic FarmacOTherapy, a Longitudinal Multicenter Study on Early Rheumatoid Arthritis.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1536-7355. ; 19:1, s. 14-18
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: It is not known whether snuff (moist smokeless tobacco) affects disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). OBJECTIVE: This study aims to study the effect of snuff on disease activity and function in Swedish patients with early RA. METHODS: Between 1992 and 2005, 2800 adult patients were included in the Better Anti-Rheumatic FarmacOTherapy (BARFOT) early RA study in Sweden. Disease Activity Score 28 joints (DAS28), Health Assessment Questionnaire, visual analog scale for general health, and drug treatment were registered at inclusion and at follow-up after 1, 2, and 5 years. European League Against Rheumatism response and remission criteria were applied at 1 year. In 2010, a self-completed postal questionnaire was sent to 2102 patients in the BARFOT study enquiring about lifestyle factors such as smoking and use of snuff. Three controls for each patient using snuff were identified. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients who used snuff were identified, together with 145 controls. When we adjusted for socioeconomic class, disease duration, and previous antirheumatic medication, the snuff users had lower DAS28 values at up to 6 months of follow-up than patients who had never smoked, and they had lower DAS28 values than previous smokers at up to 2 years of follow-up. No effect of snuff use on European League Against Rheumatism response was seen at up to 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: Snuff users initially had lower DAS28 levels than never smokers and previous smokers.
  • Andersson, Niclas, et al. (författare)
  • Construction Innovation Systems - A Sector Approach
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Understanding the Construction Business and Companies in the New Millennium. - Helsinki : VTT – Technical Research Centre of Finland & RIL – Association of Finnish Civil Engineers. - 952-5004-62-7 ; s. 203-213
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent studies depict the general need to increase and improve innovation in the construction industry. Innovation processes are traditionally described and analysed either on a macro level or a micro level. Production in construction is basically project oriented, as opposed to manufacturing industries for which most of these theories are developed. It is not fully sufficient to study innovation from a micro or a macro level due to the effects of the project orientation and the large number of actors in the construction industry. The objective of this paper is to present a model of the construction innovation systems from a sector systems approach. The study rests upon findings in the area of innovation systems in general and construction innovation systems in particular on one hand and construction sector systems analysis on the other. This paper presents arguments for the development of activity based innovation systems at a construction sector level.
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