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  • Ali, Lilas, 1981-, et al. (författare)
  • Caring Situation, Health, Self-efficacy, and Stress in Young Informal Carers of Family and Friends with Mental Illness in Sweden
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Issues in Mental Health Nursing. - 0161-2840. ; 36:6, s. 407-415
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study compared the caring situation, health, self-efficacy, and stress of young (16–25) informal carers (YICs) supporting a family member with mental illness with that of YICs supporting a friend. A sample of 225 carers, assigned to a family group (n = 97) or a friend group (n = 128) completed the questionnaire. It was found that the family group experiences a lower level of support and friends experienced a lower positive value of caring. No other differences in health, general self-efficacy and stress were found. YICs endure different social situations, which is why further study of the needs of YICs, especially those supporting friends, is urgently needed.
  • Ali, Lilas, et al. (författare)
  • Effectiveness of web-based versus folder support interventions for young informal carers of persons with mental illness: A randomized controlled trial
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Patient Education and Counseling. - 0738-3991. ; 94:3, s. 362-371
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Compare the impact of two interventions, a web-based support and a folder support, for young persons who care for people who suffer from mental illness. Methods: This study was a randomized control trial, following the CONSORT statements, which compared the impact of two interventions. Primary outcome variable was stress, and secondary outcome variables were caring situation, general self-efficacy, well-being, health, and quality of life of young informal carers (N = 241). Data were collected in June 2010 to April 2011, with self-assessment questionnaires, comparing the two interventions and also to detect changes. Results: The stress levels were high in both groups at baseline, but decreased in the folder group. The folder group had improvement in their caring situation (also different from the web group), general self-efficacy, well-being, and quality of life. The web group showed increase in well-being. Conclusion: Young informal carers who take on the responsibility for people close to them; suffer consequences on their own health. They live in a life-situation characterized by high stress and low wellbeing. This signals a need for support. Practice implications: The non-significant differences show that each intervention can be effective, and that it depends upon the individuals preferences. This highlights the importance of adopting person-centered approach, in which young persons can themselves choose support strategy.
  • Alinaitwe, Henry Mwanaki, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Innovation Barriers and Enablers that Affect Productivity in Uganda Building Industry
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Construction in Developing Countries. ; 12:1, s. 59-75
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract: The construction industry has of recent been blamed for lack of innovation. Lack of innovation in the industry is believed to be responsible for the decreasing or stagnant levels of productivity in comparison with other industries. This paper reviews the major barriers and enables to innovation in general. Propositions were made about the factors that affect innovation in the construction industry which were then formulated into a questionnaire. A survey was made on building contractors in Uganda, a developing country, targeting those with financial strength, large in size, and with high capacity to carry out big projects. The identified factors were then ranked and correlated. The level of training in science, engineering and technical education, and the level of research and development at the industry level are looked at as the greatest innovation enablers in building that will drive forward labour productivity. The size of the domestic market and the level of security are the worst innovation barriers that lead to low productivity in the building industry in Uganda. Contractors, policy makers and the government should address the identified factors in order to improve productivity.
  • AlNasseri, Hammad Abdullah, et al. (författare)
  • Towards a Taxonomy of Planning and Scheduling Methods in the Context of Construction Management.
  • 2013
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Planning and scheduling are considered as one of the most difficult but most important processes from perspectives of project management. These processes involve implementation of a widerange of planning methods used by different organizations with various levels of planning knowledge. The planning methods for scheduling can be classified as traditional methods (e.g. line of balance, Gantt chart and critical path) and modern methods (e.g. last planner and critical chain). Over time these methods had advanced from paper based to computer based. However, some project planners still prefer using the traditional methods despite other new alternatives. Users of those methods have different perspectives about the efficiency and effectiveness of the different planning methods used to manage different projects. Evidences from the secondary data found from extensive literatures have been used to assess the planning and scheduling methods mentioned above. A taxonomy describing each of the method in terms of their theories, key features, application areas, benefits and limitations is presented. The preliminary outcome of this paper may provide a tool to aid organizations in selecting and prioritizing the most appropriate methods to be developed and implemented in planning and scheduling of their projects. It also initializes a theoretical base for more rapid taxonomy studies on the use of different planning and scheduling approaches. As an overall, the present paper reminds practitioners of common ground about its important insights on how such taxonomy studies have potential to make scope of those methods and tools clearer, especially when they compare among them within the same application contexts.
  • Andersson, Maria L. E., et al. (författare)
  • The Effect of Snuff (Smokeless Tobacco) on Disease Activity and Function in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Experiences From the Better Anti-Rheumatic FarmacOTherapy, a Longitudinal Multicenter Study on Early Rheumatoid Arthritis.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1536-7355. ; 19:1, s. 14-18
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: It is not known whether snuff (moist smokeless tobacco) affects disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). OBJECTIVE: This study aims to study the effect of snuff on disease activity and function in Swedish patients with early RA. METHODS: Between 1992 and 2005, 2800 adult patients were included in the Better Anti-Rheumatic FarmacOTherapy (BARFOT) early RA study in Sweden. Disease Activity Score 28 joints (DAS28), Health Assessment Questionnaire, visual analog scale for general health, and drug treatment were registered at inclusion and at follow-up after 1, 2, and 5 years. European League Against Rheumatism response and remission criteria were applied at 1 year. In 2010, a self-completed postal questionnaire was sent to 2102 patients in the BARFOT study enquiring about lifestyle factors such as smoking and use of snuff. Three controls for each patient using snuff were identified. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients who used snuff were identified, together with 145 controls. When we adjusted for socioeconomic class, disease duration, and previous antirheumatic medication, the snuff users had lower DAS28 values at up to 6 months of follow-up than patients who had never smoked, and they had lower DAS28 values than previous smokers at up to 2 years of follow-up. No effect of snuff use on European League Against Rheumatism response was seen at up to 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: Snuff users initially had lower DAS28 levels than never smokers and previous smokers.
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