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  • Antonson, Sivert, et al. (författare)
  • Importance of social support for hard-of-hearing students in pursuing their "educational careers"
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research. - 1501-7419. ; 8:4, s. 298-316
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim was to describe different processes in what is termed the “educational career” of hard-of-hearing students. The data comprises narratives from 30 hard-of-hearing former students representing four groups: students from a special school who continued to university education or to employment; students from ordinary schools who continued to university education or to employment. The results indicate that support within the educational experience is of great importance and the social support provided by parents is of crucial importance for a student's educational trajectory or career. This support, in combination with an adjusted school environment, seems to greatly diminish the importance of the hearing impairment. The conclusion is that hard-of-hearing students should not necessarily choose a special school just because of the impairment itself. When the needs of these students are met, there seem to be more accentuated mechanisms in ordinary educational settings than in special schools that promote post-secondary education.
  • Bhaskar, Roy, et al. (författare)
  • Metatheory, interdisciplinarity and disability research : a critical realist perspective
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research. - 1501-7419. ; 8:4, s. 278-297
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Different methodological tendencies within the field of disability research are described, and the reductionism implicit in the historically dominant models is critiqued. The advantages of critical realism over rival metatheoretical positions, including empiricism, social constructionism, neo-Kantianism and hermeneutics, is shown, demonstrating in particular what is called the “double-inclusiveness” of critical realism. A non-reductionist schema for explanation in disability research is established, and the article argues that the phenomenon of disability has the character of a “necessarily laminated system”. The fruitfulness of this approach is then illustrated with an example drawn from the field, and the case for critical realism as an ex ante explicit metatheory and methodology for disability research is further developed. The conclusion reconsiders the nature of metatheory and its role in research.
  • Borg, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Behavioural awareness, interaction and counselling education in audiological rehabilitation : development of methods and application in a pilot study
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Audiology. - 1499-2027. ; 41:5, s. 308-320
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In conventional audiological rehabilitation, the hearing therapist interacts with the hearing-impaired person and with significant others. In order to strengthen the personality and self-confidence of the hearing-impaired individual, a different strategy was designed and implemented whereby the pedagogic interaction was directed only towards the hearing-impaired individual, who in turn worked as a tutor/aid/counsellor to the communication partner. On the basis of an interactive communication model, new methods for rehabilitation of subjects with moderate hearing impairment were developed and evaluated in a pilot study on 13 men with noise-induced hearing loss. A course programme was developed with three main active components: (1) increased insight and knowledge; (2) education as counsellors with the ability to focus on the problems of the communication partner; and (3) motivation to change through group discussion and reflexive conversation. Increased insight and knowledge were obtained through test and training experiences in a sound environmental chamber, tutorials and discussions. The pedagogic training focused on helping the hearing-impaired subjects to become able communication counsellors in relation to their interlocutors. An act-react, offensive-defensive paradigm was used in conjunction with transactional analysis. Results of the pilot study were evaluated using questionnaires, interviews and a method of dialogue analysis. The results were evaluated for the hearing-impaired and the partner and in recordings of conversations in the home environment. There were clearly positive cognitive and emotional effects seen in the inquiries and interviews. The observations from the dialogue analysis indicated only small effects, with the exception of the two individuals with the most pronounced functional impairment, for whom dialogue was improved after the course. It was concluded that these new methods could contribute new possibilities in rehabilitation programmes, emphasizing the shared responsibility for communication and the unique competence and abilities of the hearing-impaired person.
  • Carlsson, Per-Inge, et al. (författare)
  • Quality of life, psychosocial consequences, and audiological rehabilitation after sudden sensorineural hearing loss
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AUDIOLOGY. - Informa Healthcare. - 1499-2027. ; 50:2, s. 139-U84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) is characterized by a rapid loss of hearing, most often of cochlear origin. Very little attention has been paid in the literature to quality of life (QoL), psychosocial consequences and audiological rehabilitation after SSHL. Design: We studied how level of hearing loss, hearing recovery, tinnitus and vertigo affect QoL after SSHL and the psychosocial consequences of SSHL in terms of sick leave. Furthermore, the audiological rehabilitation given to patients in connection with SSHL and the benefit of the rehabilitation were studied. Study Sample: Three hundred and sixty-nine (369) patients with SSHL were analysed in the present study. Results: Annoying tinnitus and remaining vertigo after SSHL were the strongest predictors of negative effects on QoL. Conclusions: The study indicates that patients with SSHL require extended audiological rehabilitation including a multi-disciplinary rehabilitation approach (medical, social and psychological) to cope with the complex issues that can arise after SSHL.
  • Coniavitis Gellerstedt, Lotta, et al. (författare)
  • Hearing impairment, working life conditions, and gender
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research. - 1501-7419. ; 6:3, s. 225-245
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this article is to examine differences and similarities in working conditions and health status between men and women with hearing impairments. This article is based on a material collected with a comprehensive questionnaire, looking at psycho‐social work environments and health status and answered by a total of 406 patients at two audiological clinics in Sweden. Examination of the data reveals a pattern of unfavourable conditions for hearing‐impaired persons/employees when compared to a reference group without auditory impairments. Hearing‐impaired women frequently find themselves in extremely trying situations. Health status is worse for those who are hearing impaired as compared to the reference group, especially for hearing impaired women The concept “double workload”; is discussed as a possible notion for further theoretical development of the issues discussed in this article.
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