- Birgisson, Hakon, et al.
Two new thermostable alpha-L-rhamnosidases from a novel thermophilic bacterium
Ingår i: Enzyme and Microbial Technology. - Elsevier. - 0141-0229. ; 34:6, s. 561-571
- Two new thermostable alpha-L-rhamnosidases with novel substrate hydrolysis pattern were cloned and expressed from a new thermophilic bacterium. Fragments of the two alpha-L-rhamnosidase genes, rhmA and rhmB were identified in a partially sequenced genome of the bacterium. Whole genes were recovered by amplifying flanking sequences with single specific primers and nonspecific walking primers. The recovered Genes were then cloned into Escherichia coli and their enzymes produced and purified. Both enzymes were dimers and the MW of the monomers. were 104 and 107 kDa for RhmA and RhmB, respectively. Both rhamnosidases had a temperature optimum at 70degreesC. RhmA had pH optimum at 7.9 and RhmB had a broad pH optimum of 5.0 to 6.9 and RhmA had over 50% activity in the pH interval 5.0 to 8.7 and RhmB in the pH interval 4.0 to 7.9. Both enzymes had over 20% residual activity after 24-h incubation at 60degreesC. RhmA and RhmB had K values of 0.46 and 0.66 mM and V-max values of 134 and 352 U mg(-1) respectively, on p-nitrophenyl-alpha-L-rhamnopyrano side. Both rhamnosidases were active on both alpha-1,2- and alpha-1,6-linkages to beta-D-glucoside. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.