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  • Abdo, A.A, et al. (författare)
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: The Astrophysical Journal Letters. - 2041-8205. ; 709:2, s. l152-L157
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report the detection of high-energy gamma-ray emission from two starburst galaxies using data obtained with the Large Area Telescope on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. Steady point-like emission above 200 MeV has been detected at significance levels of 6.8 sigma and 4.8 sigma, respectively, from sources positionally coincident with locations of the starburst galaxies M82 and NGC 253. The total fluxes of the sources are consistent with gamma-ray emission originating from the interaction of cosmic rays with local interstellar gas and radiation fields and constitute evidence for a link between massive star formation and gamma-ray emission in star-forming galaxies.
  • Abdo, A.A, et al. (författare)
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X. ; 710:2, s. 1271-1285
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The gamma-ray energy spectra of bright blazars of the LAT Bright AGN Sample LBAS) are investigated using Fermi-LAT data. Spectral properties hardness, curvature, and variability) established using a data set accumulated over 6 months of operation are presented and discussed for different blazar classes and subclasses: flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs), low-synchrotron peaked BLLacs (LSP-BLLacs), intermediate-synchrotron peaked BLLacs (ISP-BLLacs), and high-synchrotron peaked BLLacs (HSP-BLLacs). The distribution of photon index G, obtained from a power-law fit above 100 MeV) is found to correlate strongly with blazar subclass. The change in spectral index from that averaged over the 6 months observing period is < 0.2-0.3 when the flux varies by about an order of magnitude, with a tendency toward harder spectra when the flux is brighter for FSRQs and LSP-BLLacs. A strong departure from a single power-law spectrum appears to be a common feature for FSRQs. This feature is also present for some high-luminosity LSP-BLLacs, and a small number of ISP-BLLacs. It is absent in all LBAS HSP-BLLacs. For 3C 454.3 and AO 0235+164, the two brightest FSRQ source and LSP-BLLac source, respectively, a broken power law (BPL) gives the most acceptable of power law, BPL, and curved forms. The consequences of these findings are discussed.
  • Abdo, A. A., et al. (författare)
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X. ; 730:2, s. 101
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on observations of BL Lacertae during the first 18 months of Fermi LAT science operations and present results from a 48 day multifrequency coordinated campaign from 2008 August 19 to 2008 October 7. The radio to gamma-ray behavior of BL Lac is unveiled during a low-activity state thanks to the coordinated observations of radio-band (Metsahovi and VLBA), near-IR/optical (Tuorla, Steward, OAGH, and MDM), and X-ray (RXTE and Swift) observatories. No variability was resolved in gamma rays during the campaign, and the brightness level was 15 times lower than the level of the 1997 EGRET outburst. Moderate and uncorrelated variability has been detected in UV and X-rays. The X-ray spectrum is found to be concave, indicating the transition region between the low- and high-energy components of the spectral energy distribution (SED). VLBA observation detected a synchrotron spectrum self-absorption turnover in the innermost part of the radio jet appearing to be elongated and inhomogeneous, and constrained the average magnetic field there to be less than 3 G. Over the following months, BL Lac appeared variable in gamma rays, showing flares (in 2009 April and 2010 January). There is no evidence for the correlation of gamma rays with the optical flux monitored from the ground in 18 months. The SED may be described by a single-zone or a two-zone synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model, but a hybrid SSC plus external radiation Compton model seems to be preferred based on the observed variability and the fact that it provides a fit closest to equipartition.
  • Eidelman, S., et al. (författare)
  • Review of Particle Physics
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - Elsevier. - 0370-2693. ; 592:1-4, s. 1-1109
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)
  • Garavini, Gabriele, et al. (författare)
  • Spectroscopic Observations and Analysis of the Peculiar SN 1999aa
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Astronomical Journal. - The American Astronomical Society.. - 0004-6256. ; 128, s. 387-404
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present an extensive new time series of spectroscopic data of the peculiar SN 1999aa in NGC 2595. Ourdata set includes 25 optical spectra between 11 and +58 days with respect to B-band maximum light, providingan unusually complete time history. The early spectra resemble those of an SN 1991T–like object but with arelatively strong Ca H and K absorption feature. The first clear sign of Si ii k6355, characteristic of Type Iasupernovae, is found at day 7, and its velocity remains constant up to at least the first month after B-bandmaximum light. The transition to normal-looking spectra is found to occur earlier than in SN 1991T, suggestingSN 1999aa as a possible link between SN 1991T–like and Branch-normal supernovae. Comparing the observationswith synthetic spectra, doubly ionized Fe, Si, and Ni are identified at early epochs. These are characteristicof SN 1991T–like objects. Furthermore, in the day 11 spectrum, evidence is found for an absorptionfeature that could be identified as high velocity C ii k6580 or H. At the same epoch C iii k4648.8 at photosphericvelocity is probably responsible for the absorption feature at 4500 8. High-velocity Ca is found aroundmaximum light together with Si ii and Fe ii confined in a narrow velocity window. Implied constraints onsupernovae progenitor systems and explosion hydrodynamic models are briefly discussed.
  • Jungclaus, A., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of Isomeric Decays in the r-Process Waiting-Point Nucleus 130Cd
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - Americal Physical Society. - 0031-9007. ; 99:13, s. 132501
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The gamma decay of excited states in the waiting-point nucleus 130Cd82 has been observed for the first time. An 8+ two-quasiparticle isomer has been populated both in the fragmentation of a 136Xe beam as well as in projectile fission of 238U, making 130Cd the most neutron-rich N=82 isotone for which information about excited states is available. The results, interpreted using state-of-the-art nuclear shell-model calculations, show no evidence of an N=82 shell quenching at Z=48. They allow us to follow nuclear isomerism throughout a full major neutron shell from 98Cd50 to 130Cd82 and reveal, in comparison with 76Ni48 one major proton shell below, an apparently abnormal scaling of nuclear two-body interactions.
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