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Sökning: elisabeth mangrio

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1.
  • Mangrio, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • The Association Between Self-perceived Health and Sleep-Quality and Anxiety Among Newly Arrived Refugees in Sweden : A Quantitative Study.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. - Springer. - 1557-1920.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous research findings suggest that insomnia could be related to decreased health status and that it could also be affected by traumatic life experiences, such as war. Good health is important for newly arrived refugees for an effective integration process. The aim of the present study is, therefore, to investigate the association between self-perceived health and sleep quality among newly arrived refugees in Sweden. The results are based on 681 migrants who participated in a survey between 2015 and 2016. There was a significant odds ratio (OR) after adjustment for confounders for newly arrived refugees that were experiencing bad self-perceived health to also experience bad sleep: OR 8.07 (4.34-15.00). Furthermore, the OR remained significant but lower after adjustments for confounders for newly arrived refugees that had bad self-perceived health to be suffering from anxiety during sleep, with OR 3.83 (2.11-6.94).
2.
  • Athley, Hanna, et al. (författare)
  • Nurses’ Experiences of Working with HIV Prevention : A Qualitative Study in Tanzania
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of the association of nurses in aids care. - Elsevier. - 1055-3290. ; 29:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Despite the high rates of HIV infections in Tanzania, significant gaps in the depth and comprehensiveness of HIV knowledge persist among the population in Tanzania. The aim of our study was to explore nurses’ experiences of providing information about HIV prevention in Tanzania. Semi-structured interviews with open-ended questions were conducted with eight nurses in health care centers. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using qualitative content analysis as described by Burnard. The results showed that the nurses carried out the preventive HIV work by giving information, offering counselling, and teaching precautions. The nurses faced many challenges: for example, misconceptions about condom use, people’s lack of information about HIV, dealing with the stigma attached to HIV, and the lack of resources in the country. The preventive work affected the nurses emotionally, as they felt a sense of social responsibility to help prevent HIV. Key words: experiences, HIV prevention, information, nursing, qualitative study, Tanzania.
3.
  • Forss, Katarina Sjögren, et al. (författare)
  • A scoping review of refugees' experiences of healthcare
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health. - Oxford University Press. - 1101-1262. ; 28:Suppl 1
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background: During recent years, Europe has faced increased immigration. The growing number of refugees presents huge challenges to the healthcare systems of host countries. However, healthcare professionals are generally unprepared to understand and address the health and care needs of refugees. More information about refugees’ experiences of the healthcare system is urgently needed to improve the quality of healthcare delivered and provide opportunities for better access. The aim of this study was to learn more about refugees’ experience of the healthcare system in their host country. Methods: The study was conducted as a scoping review. A systematic search of articles was done in Medline, Cinahl and Psychinfo. 619 articles were found in the searches. Twenty-six articles were included in the study. Results: The results showed that the communication between the health professionals and the refugees was important but poor language skills were perceived as a barrier for good communication. There was a need for both increased oral and written information about the health care system and the right to health care in the host countries. Supportive health professionals were of great importance for a good interaction between the refugee and the health care system. In some of the studies included, some refugees had felt discrimination due to their low proficiency in the national language, or because of race or accent. There was a perceived need for more culturally appropriate health care for the refugees. Conclusions: Since refugees may be at greater risk of poor mental and physical health compared to the rest of the population, there is an urgent need for improvement in communication, interpretation, support and delivery of a culturally appropriate care.
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4.
  • Mangrio, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • A qualitative study of refugee families’ experiences of the escape and travel from Syria to Sweden
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: BMC Research Notes. - BioMed Central. - 1756-0500. ; 11:594
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Research shows that, depending on the route of travel during the escape, the journey presents the refugees with different health risks. Traumatic events during flight may have long-lasting physical and psychological effects on the refugee children. Therefore, it is important to illuminate the experiences that refugee families arriving in Sweden have endured during their flight. A qualitative study was conducted through interviews with fifteen recently arrived Syrian refugee families. Results: The parents described different reasons as to why they as families had to escape the war. Some families had lost jobs and loved ones in the war and did not want their children to die as well. They mentioned that the journeys varied between 10 and 40 days and were usually filled with struggles and threats. The escape to Sweden was expressed as an emotionally trying journey. Many parents talked about the fear and terror the children felt. Traumatic events during the escape, such as separation from family, death of family members, sexual violence, kidnapping or extortion may have long-lasting physical and psychological effects on the refugee children and their families. Therefore, health care workers meeting and caring for these families after arrival must pay close attention to that.
5.
  • Mangrio, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Crowded living and its association with mental ill-health among recently-arrived migrants in Sweden: a quantitative study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: BMC Research Notes. - BioMed Central. - 1756-0500. ; 11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective Housing and neighbourhood conditions are widely acknowledged important social determinants of health and health inequalities that persist in developed countries despite general improvements in health outcomes across populations. Previous research has investigated what effect crowded living conditions have on mental health and concluded that women living in crowded conditions were more likely to suffer from depression. In contrast, men living in the same conditions responded with withdrawal or aggression. To the best of our knowledge, only a few studies have examined the association between recently-arrived migrants living in crowded conditions and poor mental health. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between crowded living conditions among recently-arrived migrants in Sweden and mental ill-health. The result is based on 681 migrants who completed and returned questionnaires in 2015-2016. Results The analyses, independent of gender, resulted in a significant unadjusted odds ratio of 1.46 (95% CI 1.05-2.03); even after adjustments were made, the association remained significant OR 1.47 (1.05-2.07). When adding stability in housing into the adjustment-model, the OR did not remain significant OR 1.40 (0.99-1.99), p-value 0.061.
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8.
  • Mangrio, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Sociodemographic, physical, mental and social factors in the cessation of breastfeeding before 6 months : a systematic review
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - Nordic College of Caring Science. - 1471-6712. ; 32:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bakgrund: WHO rekommenderar exklusiv amning som enda näring under spädbarnets första sex månader. Trots denna rekommendation, ammar inte alla kvinnor, varken helt eller delvis under denna period. Syfte: Syftet med denna systematiska litteraturstudie var att sammanställa evidens gällande sociodemografiska, fysiska, psykiska och sociala faktorers påverkan på att ammande mammor slutar att amma innan barnet är 6 månader. Sökmetod: En systematisk sökning utfördes i fyra olika databaser. Inkluderingskriterier: Studier med kvantitativ forskning inkluderades. Data kollektion och analys: Totalt lästes 186 abstrakt och utav dessa ansågs 83 vara relevanta och 18 var dubbletter. Slutligen inkluderades 27 artiklar eftersom de svarade mot syftet. Kvalitetsgranskning utfördes med hjälp av en granskningsmall från SBU och evidensgradering utfördes med hjälp utav GRADE. Resultat: Det visade sig finnas ett samband mellan avslut av amning och unga mammor, låg utbildningsnivå, återgång till arbetet inom 12 veckor efter barnets födsel, kejsarsnitt och otillräcklig mjölkproduktion och detta samband hade låg evidens. Sambandet mellan depression hos mamman och avslut av amning hade mycket låg evidens. Slutsats: Sociodemografiska faktorer verkade ha samband med avslut av amning i flertalet av dem inkluderade artiklarna. Det preventiva arbetet borde fokusera på hur kunskapen hos hälso-sjukvårdspersonal kan förbättras och hur riktade interventioner kan fokusera på mammor som riskerar att avsluta sin amning innan 6 månader Nyckelord: amning, litteraturstudie, riskfaktorer, avslut av amning
9.
  • Mangrio, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Understanding experiences of the Swedish health care system from the perspective of newly arrived refugees
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: BMC Research Notes. - 1756-0500. ; :11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective Refugees seek medical advice for a variety of reasons. Previous research suggests that understanding the refugees´ experiences of and access to healthcare are important factors for improving their health as access to healthcare has been found to be a leading health indicator. Therefore, the aim of this study was to illuminate experiences of the Swedish health care system from the perspective of newly arrived refugees. Results More than 70 % of newly arrived refugees in the county of Scania were in need of health care during the last 3 months of 2015-2016. They did not seek care to the same extent as the general population. The main reasons were explained as too high costs, long waiting times and language difficulties. Some disclosed being denied access to health care for reasons, such as being denied care when seeking emergency room for stomach problems and being denied follow-up care for diabetes.
10.
  • Stenberg, Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Formative peer assessment in healthcare education programmes : protocol for a scoping review.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: BMJ open. - BMJ. - 2044-6055. ; 8:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: In formative peer assessment, the students give and receive feedback from each other and expand their knowledge in a social context of interaction and collaboration. The ability to collaborate and communicate are essential parts of the healthcare professionals’ competence and delivery of safe patient care. Thereby, it is of utmost importance to support students with activities fostering these competences during their healthcare education. The aim of the scoping review is to compile research on peer assessment presented in healthcare education programmes, focusing formative assessment. The result of the scoping review will form the basis for developing and conducting an intervention focusing collaborative learning and peer assessment in a healthcare education programme. Methods and analysis: The scoping review will be conducted by using the framework presented by Arksey & O’Malley and Levac et al. The primary research question is: How are formative peer assessment interventions delivered in healthcare education? The literature search will be conducted in the peer-reviewed databases PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Education Research Complete and Education Research Centre between September and December 2018. Additional search will be performed in Google Scholar, hand-searching of reference lists of included studies and Libsearch for identification of grey literature. Two researchers will independently screen title and abstract. Full-text articles will be screened by three researchers using a charting form. Studies meeting the inclusion criteria will be critically evaluated using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme. A flow diagram will present the included and excluded studies. A narrative synthesis will be conducted by using thematic analysis as presented by Braun and Clarke. The findings will be presented under thematic headings using a summary table. To enhance validity, stakeholders from healthcare education programmes and healthcare institutions will be provided with an overview of the preliminary results. Ethics and dissemination: Research ethics approval is not required for the scoping review.
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