Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Hälsovetenskaper) hsv:(Miljömedicin och yrkesmedicin) "

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Hälsovetenskaper) hsv:(Miljömedicin och yrkesmedicin)

Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Gyllensten, Kristina, et al. (författare)
  • Older assistant nurses’ motivation for a full or extended working life
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Ageing and Society. - Cambridge University Press. - 0144-686X. ; 39:12, s. 2699-2713
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to explore older workers’ motivation for a full or extended working life. With particular focus on assistant nurses aged 55–64 years, working in the elderly care sector. Focus group interviews were conducted with five different groups of assistant nurses. Inductive thematic analysis was used to analyse the interviews and five main themes were developed from the data: ‘Organisational issues’, ‘Health-related problems’, ‘Private issues’, ‘Meaningfulness and appreciation’ and ‘Social support’. Several of the main themes concerned problems with too high work demands of the assistant nurses. These findings suggest that it is important to improve the working conditions of assistant nurses in order to create a more sustainable working life. Increasing the number of staff and improving recovery opportunities and work–life balance could be important steps to improving the working conditions for this group. Finally, upgrading the competency and professionalism of assistant nurses could help to increase the motivation for a full or extended working life.
  • Johansson Capusan, Andrea, et al. (författare)
  • Childhood maltreatment and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in adults : a large twin study
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Psychological Medicine. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. - 0033-2917 .- 1469-8978. ; 46:12, s. 2637-2646
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>Background</strong></p><p>Childhood maltreatment (CM) has been associated with increased risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults. It is, however, unclear whether this association is causal or due to familial confounding.</p><p><strong>Method</strong></p><p>Data from 18 168 adult twins, aged 20–46 years, were drawn from the population-based Swedish twin registry. Retrospective self-ratings of CM (emotional and physical neglect, physical and sexual abuse and witnessing family violence), and self-ratings for DSM-IV ADHD symptoms in adulthood were analysed. Possible familial confounding was investigated using a within twin-pair design based on monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins.</p><p><strong>esults</strong></p><p>CM was significantly associated with increased levels of ADHD symptom scores in adults [regression coefficient: 0.40 standard deviations, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.37–0.43]. Within twin-pair analyses showed attenuated but significant estimates within DZ (0.29, 95% CI 0.21–0.36) and MZ (0.18, 95% CI 0.10–0.25) twin pairs. Similar results emerged for hyperactive/impulsive and inattentive ADHD symptom scores separately in association with CM. We conducted sensitivity analyses for early maltreatment, before age 7, and for abuse and neglect separately, and found similarly reduced estimates in DZ and MZ pairs. Re-traumatization after age 7 did not significantly influence results.</p><p><strong>Conclusions</strong></p><p>CM was significantly associated with increased ADHD symptoms in adults. Associations were partly due to familial confounding, but also consistent with a causal interpretation. Our findings support cognitive neuroscience studies investigating neural pathways through which exposure to CM may influence ADHD. Clinicians treating adults with ADHD should be aware of the association with maltreatment.</p>
  • Lydell, Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Thoughts and feelings of future working life as a predictor of return to work: a combined qualitative and quantitative study of sick-listed persons with musculoskeletal disorders
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION. - 0963-8288. ; 33:13-14, s. 1262-1271
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose. The main aim of this study was to describe the thoughts and feelings of future working life related to return to work (RTW) in sick-listed persons due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). Further aim was to compare these descriptions with the person's actual working situation 1, 5 and 10 years after a rehabilitation period. Methods. This study consisted of two parts. The first part had an explorative design, and qualitative content analysis was chosen in order to analyse the response to an open question regarding future working life answered before, persons sick-listed due to MSD (n = 320), took part in a rehabilitation programme 10 years ago. The second part had a prospective design and quantitative analysis was used to compare the results of the qualitative analysis with RTW and the working situation 1, 5 and 10 years after baseline. Results. Three categories emerged from the data with a total of nine subcategories. In the categories Motivation and optimism and Limitations to overcome, there were significantly more persons who had RTW 1 year after baseline when compared with the category Hindrance and hesitation. There were also some significant differences between the subcategories. Conclusions. The question, regarding thoughts and feelings of future working life, may be a simple screening method to predict RTW in persons sick-listed with MSD. This will guide the rehabilitation team to adjust the rehabilitation to each person's needs and facilitating RTW.
  • Rhen, IM, et al. (författare)
  • Inter- and intra-rater reliability of the OCRA checklist method in video-recorded manual work tasks
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Applied Ergonomics. - 0003-6870. ; 84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Observation-based risk assessments are often used for evaluation of biomechanical workload and the condition of the workplace ergonomics. However, the inter- and intra-rater reliability of the methods used for the assessments are insufficiently studied. The OCRA checklist method, included as a reference method in the ISO and CEN standards regarding upper limb repetitive risk assessment, was in this study investigated regarding its reliability. Eleven ergonomists were educated within the method. Each ergonomist risk-assessed ten video-recorded manual work tasks, on two occasions. The average inter-rater agreement of the five overall risk levels was 39% and the linearly weighted kappa was 0.43, the intra-rater dittos were 45% and 0.52. Both indicating a moderate reliability, but lower than what could be expected. The levels might be sufficient for coarse surveys. However, for risk assessments before and after an intervention, complementing technical methods should be considered.
  • Bergdahl, Ingvar A., et al. (författare)
  • Mercury in serum predicts low risk of death and myocardial infarction in Gothenburg women.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International archives of occupational and environmental health. - 1432-1246. ; 86:1, s. 71-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Markers of mercury (Hg) exposure have shown both positive and negative associations with cardiovascular disease (CVD). We assessed the association between serum Hg (S-Hg) and risk of cardiovascular disease in a prospective population-based cohort, with attention to the roles of dental health and fish consumption. Total mortality, as well as morbidity and mortality from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stroke, was followed up for 32 years in 1,391 women (initially age 38-60), in relation to S-Hg at baseline, using Cox regression models. Potential confounders (age, socioeconomic status, serum lipids, alcohol consumption, dental health, smoking, hypertension, waist-hip ratio, and diabetes) and other covariates (e.g., fish consumption) were also considered. Hazard ratios (HR) adjusted only for age showed strong inverse associations between baseline S-Hg and total mortality [highest quartile: hazard ratio (HR) 0.76; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.59-0.97], incident AMI (HR 0.56; CI 0.34-0.93), and fatal AMI (HR 0.31; CI 0.15-0.66). Adjustment for potential confounding factors, especially dental health, had a strong impact on the risk estimates, and after adjustment, only the reduced risk of fatal AMI remained statistically significant. There was a strong inverse association between Hg exposure and CVD. Likely, reasons are confounding with good dental health (also correlated with the number of amalgam fillings in these age groups) and/or fish consumption. The results suggest potential effects of dental health and/or fish consumption on CVD that deserve attention in preventive medicine.
  • Kamp, Irene van, et al. (författare)
  • The Effects of Noise Disturbed Sleep in Children on Cognitive Development and Long Term Health
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Child Adolescent Behavior. - 2375-4494. ; 3:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Undisturbed sleep is essential for physiological and psychological health. Children have a special need for uninterrupted sleep for growth and cognitive development. Noise is an environmental factor that affects most children, but the knowledge of how children's health, wellbeing and cognitive development are affected by noise disturbed sleep due to road traffic is very incomplete. It has been shown that although children are less likely to wake up or react with sleep cycle shifts due to nighttime exposure, they might be more likely to react with physiological effects such as blood pressure reactions and related motility during sleep. The aim of this paper is to formulate a set of hypotheses as a base for future studies into the short and long term effects of noise induced sleep deprivation on health and child development and how this effects health and wellbeing later on in life. Because the literature is still trying to understand the nature of sleep disturbance among children in general a scoping review was used to achieve this, combining conceptual issues with a description of the scarce literature on noise and sleep disturbance in children as example. Based on this a set of hypotheses was formulated. It is concluded that future studies into the health effect of environmental noise exposure in early life should address these potential hypotheses and mechanisms and pay specific attention to the mediating role of sleep related aspects, including noise in conjunction with other environmental exposures such as indoor climate and exposure to sounds and light from electronic devices.
  • Grahn, Patrik, et al. (författare)
  • Longer Nature-Based Rehabilitation May Contribute to a Faster Return to Work in Patients with Reactions to Severe Stress and/or Depression
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: International journal of environmental research and public health. - MDPI. - 1661-7827 .- 1660-4601. ; 14
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The global burden of depression and stress-related mental disorders is substantial, and constitutes a major need for effective rehabilitation. Can nature-based rehabilitation help people return to work? Objective: To study if the length of a nature-based rehabilitation program affects the outcome with regard to return to work one year after the onset of the program, in a group of patients with long-term reactions to severe stress and/or depression. Methods: A prospective, quasi-experimental study comparing results from 8-, 12-, and 24-week periods of rehabilitation. The rehabilitation of 106 participants was carried out by a multimodal rehabilitation team in a specially designed rehabilitation garden. Return to work data were collected before the intervention and one year after the start of rehabilitation. In addition, data were collected regarding self-assessed occupational competence, personal control, and sense of coherence. As many as 68% of the participants returned to work or participated in job training or work-oriented measures, full- or part-time, after one year. Participants with a longer period of rehabilitation reported better results on occupational competence, and were more likely to participate in paid work, full-time or part-time, one year after rehabilitation. Study outcomes indicate that a longer rehabilitation period in a rehabilitation garden increases the possibility of a return to paid work.
  • Marsh, Gary M., et al. (författare)
  • Mortality Among Hardmetal Production Workers : Pooled Analysis of Cohort Data From an International Investigation
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. - Philadelphia, PA, USA : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1076-2752 .- 1536-5948. ; 59:12, s. e342-e364
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>OBJECTIVES:</strong> Based on a pooled analysis of data from an international study, evaluate total and cause-specific mortality among hardmetal production workers with emphasis on lung cancer.</p><p><strong>METHODS:</strong> Study members were 32,354 workers from three companies and 17 manufacturing sites in five countries. We computed standardized mortality ratios and evaluated exposure-response via relative risk regression analysis.</p><p><strong>RESULTS:</strong> Among long-term workers, we observed overall deficits or slight excesses in deaths for total mortality, all cancers, and lung cancer and found no evidence of any exposure-response relationships for lung cancer.</p><p><strong>CONCLUSIONS:</strong> We found no evidence that duration, average intensity, or cumulative exposure to tungsten, cobalt, or nickel, at levels experienced by the workers examined, increases lung cancer mortality risks. We also found no evidence that work in these facilities increased mortality risks from any other causes of death.</p>
  • Svartengren, Magnus, et al. (författare)
  • Cancer Incidence Among Hardmetal Production Workers : The Swedish Cohort
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. - Philadelphia, USA : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1076-2752 .- 1536-5948. ; 59:12, s. e365-e373
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The cancer incidence was determined for 3713 workers from three plants from 1958 to 2011. The exposure measures were ever/never exposed, duration, cumulative, and mean cobalt concentrations.The incidence of all malignant neoplasms was increased at one plant, but standardized incidence ratio (SIR) was 0.96 for all workers. Lung cancer incidence was increased for all workers, SIR 1.38 (1.01 to 1.85). The lung cancer incidence was associated with shorter employment time and showed no exposure-response. There was decreased incidence for skin cancer. Increased lip cancer incidence found at one of the production plants might be related to diagnostic intensity.Lung cancer incidence showed no correlation to cobalt exposure based on internal comparison. The increased SIR for all workers might be associated with other factors.</p>
  • Svensson, Sven, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • The association between subordinate perception of task and relation oriented leadership behaviors and sense of coherence among a sample of Swedish white-collar workers
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Arbetsmiljö, ledarskap, inhyrning och hälsa. - Taylor & Francis.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Evidence suggests that leadership behaviours and sense of coherence influences subordinate health. The influence of leadership behaviours on subordinate sense of coherence has not been investigated in any detail. This cross-sectional quantitative study of managers and subordinates in a large governmental organisation focus on this potential association. The study used two common and empirically tested leadership styles: task oriented leadership and relations oriented leadership. In a logistic regression analysis, the association between types of leadership behaviour and SOC were analysed while controlling for age, gender, income, type of employment and organisational tenure. It was hypothesized that both task and relation oriented leadership behaviours would be positively associated with SOC, whereas a laissez faire leadership would be negatively associated with SOC. The hypotheses were not supported. Several implications for further research are discussed including capturing data about both subordinates’ preferred and perceived leadership behaviours.</p>
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
fritt online (1403)
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (3547)
konferensbidrag (667)
rapport (260)
doktorsavhandling (152)
bokkapitel (128)
forskningsöversikt (120)
visa fler...
annan publikation (62)
bok (20)
samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (8)
konstnärligt arbete (7)
licentiatavhandling (5)
recension (3)
proceedings (redaktörskap) (2)
visa färre...
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (4152)
övrigt vetenskapligt (1332)
populärvet., debatt m.m. (85)
Forsberg, Bertil, (201)
Mathiassen, Svend Er ... (191)
Jönsson, Bo A (159)
Skerfving, Staffan, (127)
Persson Waye, Kersti ... (121)
Persson, Roger, (117)
visa fler...
Albin, Maria, (117)
Lindh, Christian, (115)
Jakobsson, Kristina, (106)
Rylander, Lars, (88)
Tinnerberg, Håkan, (86)
Nilsson, Kerstin, (76)
Hansson, Gert-Åke, (72)
Lundh, Thomas (70)
Westerlund, Hugo, (70)
Karlson, Björn, (70)
Broberg Palmgren, Ka ... (69)
Api, A M (69)
Belsito, D (69)
Dagli, M L (69)
Dekant, W (69)
Fryer, A D (69)
Liebler, D C (69)
Ritacco, G (69)
Salvito, D (69)
Schultz, T W (69)
Sipes, I G (69)
Lapczynski, A., (69)
Axmon, Anna, (66)
Barregård, Lars, 194 ... (65)
Björk, Jonas, (65)
Österberg, Kai, (65)
Oudin, Anna, (64)
La Cava, S., (64)
Holtermann, Andreas (61)
Nordander, Catarina, (61)
Knutsson, Anders (59)
Forsman, Mikael (58)
Broberg, K, (58)
Strömberg, Ulf (57)
Järvholm, Bengt, (55)
Bruze, M (54)
Nordin, Maria, (52)
Örbaek, Palle, (52)
Wahlström, Jens, (51)
Östergren, Per Olof, (51)
Botelho, D., (50)
Patel, A., (50)
Penning, T. M., (50)
Romine, J., (50)
visa färre...
Lunds universitet (1828)
Umeå universitet (829)
Göteborgs universitet (751)
Högskolan i Gävle (425)
Stockholms universitet (277)
Karolinska Institutet (274)
visa fler...
Uppsala universitet (267)
Örebro universitet (145)
Chalmers tekniska högskola (142)
Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet (142)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (115)
Linköpings universitet (82)
Högskolan i Jönköping (32)
Linnéuniversitetet (17)
VTI - Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut (13)
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (12)
Mittuniversitetet (10)
Högskolan i Halmstad (9)
Högskolan i Skövde (8)
Karlstads universitet (8)
Högskolan Väst (3)
Södertörns högskola (3)
Sophiahemmet Högskola (3)
Mälardalens högskola (2)
Högskolan Dalarna (2)
Naturvårdsverket (1)
Högskolan i Borås (1)
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola (1)
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola (1)
Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (1)
Röda Korsets Högskola (1)
visa färre...
Engelska (4422)
Svenska (453)
Danska (11)
Franska (3)
Tyska (2)
Ryska (2)
visa fler...
Spanska (2)
Norska (1)
Estniska (1)
Kinesiska (1)
Annat språk (1)
visa färre...
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (4972)
Samhällsvetenskap (400)
Teknik (193)
Naturvetenskap (188)
Lantbruksvetenskap (76)
Humaniora (17)


pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy