SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Neurologi) "

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Neurologi)

Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Lundin, Anna-Carin (författare)
  • Tendinosis in Trigger Finger
  • 2017
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Trigger finger is one of the most common hand conditions, with a prevalence of almost 3%. The aetiology remains unclear even though many causes have been suggested. The prevailing paradigm is that the pathogenesis of trigger finger is ascribed to primary changes in the first fibrous condensation of the tendon sheath (A1-pulley). Several studies have investigated pathology in the pulley, but few have investigated the tendon. The general aim of this thesis was to find out if there is pathology in the trigger finger tendon and to define it.We first looked at trigger finger tendon biopsies in a light microscope, and found that they were histologically different from healthy tendons. They showed signs of micro-ruptures, collagen degradation, increased amounts of ground substance, both hyper- and hypo-cellular areas, round active cell nuclei and absence of inflammatory cells, all similar to tendinosis. The histological picture was further assessed by using a scoring system for Achilles tendinosis. The trigger finger tendons scored high, suggesting a similar histopathology.Next, we performed a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) on trigger finger tendons. We assessed the mRNA expression of 10 genes, which have been described to be differently expressed in Achilles tendinosis (collagen 1 and 3, versican, decorin, biglycan, aggrecan, MMP-2, MMP-3, ADAMTS-5, and TIMP-3). The overall expression pattern agreed with previous studies on Achilles tendinosis, suggesting that the cellular function in trigger finger tendons is disturbed in a similar way as in Achilles tendinosis.Recent experimental and observational research has suggested potential side effects of statin treatment on tendons, but firm evidence was lacking. We performed an epidemiological study on two large population-based cohorts. Statin use was found to increase the risk of both trigger finger and tendinosis in the shoulder and Achilles tendons, especially among men. This suggests a similar pathology in trigger finger and tendinosis.We have also studied the time to treatment effect after a single injection of glucocorticoid in trigger finger. Our results suggest that 60-80% of patients can expect resolution of the triggering within 14 days, and half of them within seven days. This result allows correct information to be given to the patient and proper planning of follow-ups.In conclusion, the pathology in trigger finger tendons is similar to tendinosis in other tendons.
  •  
2.
  • Nord, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Levodopa Pharmacokinetics in Brain after Both Oral and Intravenous Levodopa in One Patient with Advanced Parkinson’s Disease
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Advances in Parkinsons Disease. - : Scientific Research Publishing Inc. - 2169-9712 .- 2169-9720. ; 6:2, s. 52-66
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: One patient received oral levodopa during a study aiming for better understanding of the basal ganglia and of the mechanisms of deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN DBS) with and without intravenous (IV) levodopa infusion in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). The results from oral and IV levodopa treatment are presented.Methods: Five patients with advanced PD were included in the original study. During planned STN DBS surgery microdialysis probes were implanted in the right putamen and in the right and left globus pallidus interna (Gpi). During the study, microdialysis was performed continuously and STN DBS, with and without IV levodopa infusion, was performed according to a specific protocol. After DBS surgery, but before STN DBS was started, one patient received oral levodopa/ benserazide and entacapone tablets out of protocol due to distressing parkinsonism.Results: The levodopa levels increased prompt in the central nervous system after the first PD medication intakes but declined after the last. Immediately the levodopa seemed to be metabolized to dopamine (DA) since the levels of DA correlated well with levodopa concentrations. Left STN DBS seemed to further increase DA levels in left Gpi while right STN DBS seemed to increase DA levels in the right putamen and right Gpi. There was no obvious effect on levodopa levels.Conclusions: The results indicate that PD patients still have capacity to metabolize levodopa to DA despite advanced disease with on-off symptoms and probably pronounced nigral degeneration. STN DBS seems to increase DA levels with a more pronounced effect on ipsilateral structures in striatum.
  •  
3.
  • Kramberger, Milica Gregoric, et al. (författare)
  • Association between EEG abnormalities and CSF biomarkers in a memory clinic cohort
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. - : S. Karger. - 1420-8008 .- 1421-9824. ; 36:5-6, s. 319-328
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The aim of the study was to describe distinct electroencephalogram (EEG) phenotypes defined after routine visual EEG analysis in a large memory clinic cohort and to investigate their relationship to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers. Methods: Patients with Alzheimer's disease (n = 131), mild cognitive impairment (n = 285), subjective cognitive impairment (n = 310), and mixed dementia (n = 29) were assessed clinically with neuroimaging, EEG and CSF investigations. EEG phenotypes were based on frequency of background activity (BA) and presence and degree of episodic abnormalities (EA). Results: BA and EA differed significantly (p < 0.001) between diagnostic groups. A lower CSF amyloid β42/phospho-tau ratio and higher total tau were associated with slower BA (p < 0.01) and a higher degree of EA (p < 0.04). Conclusions: Slowing of BA in combination with EA seems to be related to biological markers of neurodegeneration
  •  
4.
  • Mangialasche, Francesca, et al. (författare)
  • Serum levels of vitamin E forms and risk of cognitive impairment in a Finnish cohort of older adults
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Experimental Gerontology. - 0531-5565 .- 1873-6815. ; 48:12, s. 1428-1435
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Vitamin E includes eight natural antioxidant compounds (four tocopherols and four tocotrienols), but a-tocopherol has been the main focus of investigation in studies of cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Objective: To investigate the association between serum levels of tocopherols and tocotrienols, markers of vitamin E oxidative/nitrosative damage (alpha-tocopherylquinone, 5-nitro-gamma-tocopherol) and incidence of cognitive impairment in a population-based study. Design: A sample of 140 non-cognitively impaired elderly subjects derived from the Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging, and Dementia (CAIDE) study was followed-up for 8 years to detect cognitive impairment, defined as development of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or Alzheimer's dementia. The association between baseline serum vitamin E and cognitive impairment was analyzed with multiple logistic regression after adjusting for several confounders. Results: The risk of cognitive impairment was lower in subjects in the middle tertile of the alpha-tocopherol/cholesterol ratio than in those in the lowest tertile: the multiadjusted odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was 0.27 (0.10-0.78). Higher incidence of cognitive impairment was found in the middle [OR (95% CI): 3.41 (1.29-9.06)] and highest [OR (95% CI): 2.89 (1.05-7.97)] tertiles of the 5-NO2-gamma-tocopherol/gamma-tocopherol ratio. Analyses of absolute serum levels of vitamin E showed lower risk of cognitive impairment in subjects with higher levels of gamma-tocopherol, beta-tocotrienol, and total tocotrienols. Conclusions: Elevated levels of tocopherol and tocotrienol forms are associated with reduced risk of cognitive impairment in older adults. The association is modulated by concurrent cholesterol concentration. Various vitamin E forms might play a role in cognitive impairment, and their evaluation can provide a more accurate measure of vitamin E status in humans.
  •  
5.
  • Vuorinen, Miika, et al. (författare)
  • Changes in vascular factors 28 years from midlife and late-life cortical thickness
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Aging. - 0197-4580 .- 1558-1497. ; 34:1, s. 100-109
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We assessed midlife blood pressure (BP), body mass index, total cholesterol, and their changes over time in relation to cortical thickness on magnetic resonance imaging 28 years later in 63 elderly at risk of dementia. Participants in the population-based Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging, and Dementia study were first examined at midlife. A first follow-up was conducted after 21 years, and a second follow-up after an additional 7 years. Magnetic resonance images from the second follow-up were analyzed using algorithms developed at McGill University, Montreal, Canada. Midlife hypertension was related to thinner cortex in several brain areas, including insular, frontal, and temporal cortices. In elderly with thinner insular cortex, there was a continuous decline in systolic BP and an increase in pulse pressure after midlife, while in elderly with thicker insular cortex the decline in systolic BP started at older ages, paralleled by a decline in pulse pressure. No associations were found between body mass index, cholesterol, or apolipoprotein E ε4 allele and cortical thickness in this group of elderly at risk individuals.
  •  
6.
  • Gustafson, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • A factor analytic approach to symptom patterns in dementia.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. - : Hindawi Limited. - 2090-0252 .- 2090-8024.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous publications have shown a high diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of three short clinical rating scales for Alzheimer's disease (AD), frontotemporal dementia (FTD), and vascular dementia (VaD) validated against neuropathological (NP) diagnoses. In this study, the aim was to perform an exploratory factor analysis of the items in these clinical rating scales. The study included 190 patients with postmortem diagnoses of AD (n = 74), VaD (n = 33), mixed AD/VaD (n = 31), or FTD (n = 52). The factor analysis produced three strong factors. Factor 1 contained items describing cerebrovascular disease, similar to the Hachinski Ischemic Score. Factor 2 enclosed major clinical characteristics of FTD, and factor 3 showed a striking similarity to the AD scale. A fourth symptom cluster was described by perception and expression of emotions. The factor analyses strongly support the construct validity of the diagnostic rating scales.
  •  
7.
  • Nord, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Is Levodopa Pharmacokinetics in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease Depending on Gastric Emptying?
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Advances in Parkinsons Disease. - : Scientific Research Publishing. - 2169-9712. ; 06:01
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Levodopa uptake from the gastrointestinal tract in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) can be affected by delayed gastric emptying (GE). This might lead to fluctuating levodopa levels resulting in increased motor fluctuations. Continuous dopaminergic stimulation (CDS) improves motor fluctuations and could be a result of smoothening in levodopa uptake. In this study we wanted to study the levodopa pharmacokinetics peripherally in PD patients with motor fluctuations and investigate the relation between levodopa uptake and GE and the effect of CDS. PD patients with wearing off (group 1) and on-off syndrome (group 2) were included. Breath tests were performed to evaluate the half time (T1/2) of GE. Concomitantly 1 tablet of Madopark® was given and the levodopa concentrations in blood and subcutaneous (SC) tissue were analyzed for both groups. Group 2 was then given a 10-d continuous intravenous levodopa treatment and the tests were repeated. Higher levels of levodopa in group 1 compared to group 2 in blood (p = 0.014) were seen. The GE was delayed in both group 1 (p < 0.001) and group 2 (p < 0.05) compared to a reference group with healthy volunteers with T1/2 median values 105 and 78 min vs. 72 min. There was no difference in GE between the two PD groups (p = 0.220) or in group 2 before and after infusion period (p = 0.861). CDS resulted in lower levodopa levels in blood (p < 0.001) and SC tissue (p < 0.01). In conclusion, PD patients in early complication phase have a more favourable levodopa uptake than patients later in disease. We found delayed GE in PD patients with motor fluctuations but no obvious relation between GE and levodopa uptake or GE and PD stage. The effect of CDS indicates no effect of CDS on the mechanisms of GE but on the mechanisms of levodopa uptake.
  •  
8.
  • Peny-Dahlstrand, M., et al. (författare)
  • Patterns of participation in school-related activities and settings in children with spina bifida
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0963-8288 .- 1464-5165. ; 35:21, s. 1821-1827
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: To evaluate how children with spina bifida (SB) participate in school-related activities and to explore if their motor and process skills in task performance were related to their level of active participation in school. Method: Fifty children from a geographical cohort of children with SB (aged 6-14 years) and their teachers rated the children's frequency of participation in school-related activities using a Swedish adaptation of the Availability and Participation Scale. The teachers also rated each child's level of active participation with the School Function Assessment, part one. Each child's motor and process skills were evaluated with the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills. The relation between levels of active participation and motor and process skills was subjected to binary logistic regression analysis. Results: The children participated very frequently in school activities, but their level of active participation was restricted, particularly in the recess/playground setting. There was a highly significant relation between full active participation in most school settings and the children's motor and process skills. Conclusion: Children with SB need support to become more actively involved, particularly in unstructured peer activities. The school staff need to be informed that not only the motor skills but also the process skills have an impact on the children's active participation.
  •  
9.
  • Taneja, Pankaj, et al. (författare)
  • Reliability of orofacial quantitative sensory testing for pleasantness and unpleasantness
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Cephalalgia. - : Sage Publications. - 0333-1024 .- 1468-2982.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Quantitative sensory testing protocols for perceptions of pleasantness and unpleasantness based on the German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain protocol were recently introduced. However, there are no reliability studies yet published.AIM: To evaluate the intra-examiner (test-retest) and inter-examiner reliability for orofacial pleasantness and unpleasantness quantitative sensory testing protocols.METHODS: Sixteen healthy participants from Aarhus University (11 women and five men, mean age 24, range 21-26 years) contributed. Two examiners were trained in performing the entire quantitative sensory testing protocols for pleasantness and unpleasantness, which included the additional dynamic tactile stimulation test using a goat-hair brush. Each participant underwent examination of both protocols by each examiner (inter-examiner reliability) on day 1. They returned at least 8 days following the testing to be re-examined by one examiner (intra-examiner reliability). All testing was performed on the skin of the right mandibular mental region. The intraclass correlation (ICC) was used to determine reliability.RESULTS: For the protocol investigating pleasantness, the majority of parameters had good to excellent intra-examiner (11/14: Intraclass correlation 0.67-0.87) and inter-examiner (13/14: Intraclass correlation 0.62-0.96) reliabilities. Similarly, the protocol investigating unpleasantness had good to excellent intra-examiner (intraclass correlation 0.63-0.99) and inter-examiner (intraclass correlation 0.65-0.98) reliabilities for most (13/15) of the parameters.CONCLUSION:Intra and inter-examiner reliabilities in the majority of quantitative sensory testing parameters (apart from the summation ratio) investigating pleasantness and unpleasantness are acceptable when assessing somatosensory function of the orofacial region.Trial registration: NA.
  •  
10.
  • Wirestam, Lina, 1986-, et al. (författare)
  • Osteopontin is associated with disease severity and antiphospholipid syndrome in well characterised Swedish cases of SLE
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Lupus Science and Medicine. - : BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. - 2053-8790 .- 1625-9823. ; 4:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective The variety of disease phenotypes among patients with SLE challenges the identification of new biomarkers reflecting disease activity and/or organ damage. Osteopontin (OPN) is an extracellular matrix protein with immunomodulating properties. Although raised levels have been reported, the pathogenic implications and clinical utility of OPN as a biomarker in SLE are far from clear. Thus, the aim of this study was to characterise OPN in SLE.Methods Sera from 240 well-characterised adult SLE cases classified according to the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and/or the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) criteria, and 240 population-based controls were immunoassayed for OPN. The SLE Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) was used to evaluate disease activity and the SLICC/ACR Damage Index (SDI) to detect damage accrual.Results Serum OPN levels were in average raised fourfold in SLE cases compared with the controls (p<0.0001). OPN correlated with SLEDAI-2K, especially in patients with a disease duration of <12 months (r=0.666, p=0.028). OPN was highly associated with SDI (p<0.0001), especially in the renal (p<0.0001), cardiovascular (p<0.0001) and malignancy (p=0.012) domains. Finally, OPN associated with coherent antiphospholipid syndrome (APS; p=0.009), and both clinical and laboratory criteria of APS had significant positive impact on OPN levels.Conclusions In this cross-sectional study, circulating OPN correlates with disease activity in recent-onset SLE, reflects global organ damage and associates with APS. Longitudinal studies to dissect whether serum OPN also precedes and predicts future organ damage are most warranted.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (4895)
forskningsöversikt (321)
konferensbidrag (261)
doktorsavhandling (242)
bokkapitel (115)
annan publikation (33)
visa fler...
bok (6)
samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (3)
licentiatavhandling (3)
konstnärligt arbete (1)
rapport (1)
visa färre...
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (5021)
övrigt vetenskapligt (830)
populärvet., debatt m.m. (29)
Författare/redaktör
Hansson, Oskar (234)
Norrving, Bo (222)
Minthon, Lennart (197)
Blennow, Kaj, 1958 (109)
Zetterberg, Henrik, ... (107)
Londos, Elisabet (100)
visa fler...
Lindgren, Arne (98)
Hagell, Peter (96)
Olsson, T. (94)
Lindvall, Olle (93)
Blennow, K (92)
Blennow, Kaj (90)
Piehl, F. (86)
Landtblom, Anne-Mari ... (85)
Nyholm, Dag (84)
Zetterberg, Henrik (80)
Hillert, J (76)
Svenningsson, A (74)
Rosén, Ingmar (71)
Odin, Per (71)
Zetterberg, H (70)
Winblad, B (69)
Lexell, Jan (69)
Englund, Elisabet (67)
Blomstedt, Patric (66)
Widner, Håkan (66)
Minthon, L (64)
Johansson, Barbro (62)
Svenningsson, Anders (60)
Edvinsson, Lars (59)
Hansson, O. (59)
Lycke, J. (58)
Björklund, Anders (57)
Brundin, Patrik (57)
Andersen, Peter M. (56)
Kokaia, Zaal (56)
Kokaia, Merab (55)
Hariz, Marwan (55)
Soininen, Hilkka (55)
Forsgren, Lars (53)
Puschmann, Andreas (53)
Palmqvist, Sebastian (53)
Soininen, H (52)
Larsson, Elna-Marie (52)
Scheltens, Philip (52)
Marklund, Niklas (51)
Eliasson, Ann-Christ ... (50)
Winblad, Bengt (49)
van Westen, Danielle (49)
Cronberg, Tobias (49)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Lunds universitet (2747)
Uppsala universitet (1210)
Umeå universitet (958)
Karolinska Institutet (796)
Örebro universitet (426)
Göteborgs universitet (366)
visa fler...
Linköpings universitet (325)
Stockholms universitet (246)
Jönköping University (139)
Högskolan Kristianstad (91)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (84)
Högskolan i Skövde (43)
Linnéuniversitetet (41)
Luleå tekniska universitet (37)
Högskolan Dalarna (29)
Mittuniversitetet (15)
Mälardalens högskola (13)
Malmö universitet (10)
Karlstads universitet (10)
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola (8)
Högskolan Väst (7)
VTI - Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut (7)
Röda Korsets Högskola (7)
Chalmers tekniska högskola (6)
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (6)
Högskolan i Gävle (6)
Högskolan i Borås (5)
RISE (5)
Södertörns högskola (4)
Högskolan i Halmstad (4)
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola (3)
Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet (2)
Konstfack (1)
Sophiahemmet Högskola (1)
visa färre...
Språk
Engelska (5708)
Svenska (157)
Tyska (9)
Spanska (2)
Danska (1)
Italienska (1)
visa fler...
Finska (1)
Turkiska (1)
visa färre...
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (5759)
Samhällsvetenskap (163)
Naturvetenskap (96)
Teknik (51)
Humaniora (25)
Lantbruksvetenskap (5)

År

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy