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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Reproduktionsmedicin och gynekologi) "

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  • Decker, Ralph, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Case report of a girl with secondary amenorrhea associated with aurantiasis cutis
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Hormone Research in Paediatrics. - 1663-2818 .- 1663-2826.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Introduction: --- Aurantiasis cutis is a condition of yellowish or golden skin discoloration that can result from eating excessive amounts of foods containing carotene leading to hypercarotenemia(1), described causing secondary amenorrhea(2). Objective & hypothesis: --- Hypercarotenemia can cause secondary amenorrhea without overconsumption of excessive quantities of carotene. Results: --- Laboratory tests showed a ß-Carotene level more than the 2-fold above the upper reference level. Hyperbilirubinemia could be excluded. Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism was not present. There was no evidence for adrenal dysfunction. Liver function tests were normal. Material/ Methods: --- A 16-year-old girl presented to our endocrine outpatient clinic with a 2-year history of varying yellow discoloration of her skin and secondary amenorrhea. The findings of the general physical examination were normal, but there was a marked yellow discoloration of the palms, soles, and nasolabial folds. A dietary history revealed a low carotene diet, but also a low carbohydrate diet. BMI was 19.9 kg/m² (-0.2 SDS) without signs of anorexia. Discussion: --- In this girl we observed hypercarotenemia associated with secondary nonhypothalamic amenorrhea in absence of excess external intake of carotenes. This suggests an intrinsic reason due to a polymorphism(3) in ß-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase (BCO)(4), an enzyme breaking down carotenes to vitamin A(5). Phenotype-genotype association studies are needed to confirm this hypothesis. Conclusion: --- Secondary non-hypothalamic amenorrhea can be associated with hypercarotenemia. References: --- 1. Tanikawa K, Seta K, Machii A, Itoh S 1961 [Aurantiasis cutis due to overeating of dried laver (nori): a case report]. Jpn J Med Sci Biol 50:414-419 2. Kemmann E, Pasquale SA, Skaf R 1983 Amenorrhea associated with carotenemia. JAMA 249:926-929 3. Leung WC, Hessel S, Meplan C, Flint J, Oberhauser V, Tourniaire F, Hesketh JE, von Lintig J, Lietz G 2009 Two common single nucleotide polymorphisms in the gene encoding beta-carotene 15,15'-monoxygenase alter beta-carotene metabolism in female volunteers. FASEB j 23:1041-1053 4. Frumar AM, Meldrum DR, Judd HL 1979 Hypercarotenemia in hypothalamic amenorrhea. Fertil Steril 32:261-264 5. Lindqvist A, Andersson S 2002 Biochemical properties of purified recombinant human beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase. J Biol Chem 277:23942-23948
  • Karlsson, Caroline, et al. (författare)
  • 5-Hydroxytryptamine contracts human uterine artery smooth muscle predominantly via 5-HT2 receptors
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Human Reproduction. - Oxford University Press. - 0268-1161. ; 12:2, s. 361-367
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Serotonergic receptors were classified in the isolated human uterine artery with intact endothelium, using agonists and antagonists for 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptors. The efficacy for different agonists rated: alpha-methyl-5-HT (5-HT2) = 5-HT (non-selective) = 2-methyl-5-HT (5-HT3) >> sumatriptan (5-HT1), and the potency as: sumatriptan = 5-HT > 5-HT > alpha-methyl-5-HT > 2-methyl-5-HT. The contractile effects of 5-HT and alpha-methyl-5-HT were antagonized by the 5-HT2 receptor antagonist ketanserin and the non-selective antagonist methiothepin. The efficacy of sumatriptan was comparatively low. No interaction was encountered between 2-methyl-5-HT and MDL72222, suggesting an absence of 5-HT3 receptors. The results indicate that the contractile serotonergic receptor population in the human uterine artery mainly comprises 5-HT2 receptors, although a minor contribution of contractile 5-HT1 receptors cannot be excluded.
  • Karlsson, Caroline, et al. (författare)
  • Characterization of 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors mediating circular smooth muscle contraction in the human umbilical artery
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation. - Karger. - 1423-002X. ; 47:2, s. 102-107
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The study was performed to characterize pharmacologically the contractile 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptors in the circular smooth muscle of the isolated human umbilical artery. Effects of agonists and antagonists for different 5-HT receptor subtypes were studied in intact endothelium vessel segments. All agonists induced concentration-dependent circular smooth muscle contractions. The potency was in declining order 5-HT > alpha-methyl-5-HT > sumatriptan >/= 2-methyl-5-HT. The effects of 5-HT and alpha-methyl-5-HT were antagonized by ketanserin, as well as methiothepin. The contractile effect of sumatriptan was antagonized by methiothepin but not by ketanserin. The 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, MDL 72222, did not affect the contraction by any of the agonists, including 2-methyl-5-HT. It is concluded that the 5-HT-induced contraction in the circular smooth muscle of the human umbilical artery seems to be mediated by a mixed population of 5-HT1-like receptors and 5-HT2 receptors.
  • Olsson, Lars-Eric, 1951-, et al. (författare)
  • Höftfraktur
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Prehospital akutsjukvård Redaktörer Leif Svensson Björn-Ove Suserud. - Stockholm : Liber. - 978-91-47-08448-7 ; s. 428-434
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Granath, Aina, et al. (författare)
  • Lactose intolerance and long-standing pelvic pain after pregnancy: a case control study
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica.. - 0001-6349. ; 86, s. 1273-1276
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Long-standing pelvic pain during pregnancy and after delivery (PPP) is common. Its causes are not fully understood. A scientifically, undocumented, clinical observation is PPP patients often reporting unspecific abdominal pain and adverse reactions to milk. The main objective in this pilot study was to investigate if lactose intolerance, celiac disease or allergic propensity are risk factors for developing pelvic pain after delivery. Methods. A matched, case control study, where consecutive patients consulting a registered physiotherapist specialised in treating women with postpartum pelvic pain were compared to matched controls. Results. Lactose intolerance was found in 10 of 15 patients, and in 3 of 15 matched, healthy controls (p=0.05). No difference was seen between groups in the prevalence of celiac disease or allergic propensity. Conclusion. This study suggests that lactose intolerance might be a possible risk factor for pelvic pain after delivery.
  • Pivodic, Aldina, et al. (författare)
  • Individual Risk Prediction for Sight-Threatening Retinopathy of Prematurity Using Birth Characteristics
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: JAMA Ophthalmology. - 2168-6165. ; 138:1, s. 21-29
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Importance: To prevent blindness, repeated infant eye examinations are performed to detect severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), yet only a small fraction of those screened need treatment. Early individual risk stratification would improve screening timing and efficiency and potentially reduce the risk of blindness. Objectives: To create and validate an easy-to-use prediction model using only birth characteristics and to describe a continuous hazard function for ROP treatment. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective cohort study, Swedish National Patient Registry data from infants screened for ROP (born between January 1, 2007, and August 7, 2018) were analyzed with Poisson regression for time-varying data (postnatal age, gestational age [GA], sex, birth weight, and important interactions) to develop an individualized predictive model for ROP treatment (called DIGIROP-Birth [Digital ROP]). The model was validated internally and externally (in US and European cohorts) and compared with 4 published prediction models. Main Outcomes and Measures: The study outcome was ROP treatment. The measures were estimated momentary and cumulative risks, hazard ratios with 95% CIs, area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (hereinafter referred to as AUC), sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV). Results: Among 7609 infants (54.6% boys; mean [SD] GA, 28.1 [2.1] weeks; mean [SD] birth weight, 1119 [353] g), 442 (5.8%) were treated for ROP, including 142 (40.1%) treated of 354 born at less than 24 gestational weeks. Irrespective of GA, the risk for receiving ROP treatment increased during postnatal weeks 8 through 12 and decreased thereafter. Validations of DIGIROP-Birth for 24 to 30 weeks' GA showed high predictive ability for the model overall (AUC, 0.90 [95% CI, 0.89-0.92] for internal validation, 0.94 [95% CI, 0.90-0.98] for temporal validation, 0.87 [95% CI, 0.84-0.89] for US external validation, and 0.90 [95% CI, 0.85-0.95] for European external validation) by calendar periods and by race/ethnicity. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were numerically at least as high as those obtained from CHOP-ROP (Children's Hospital of Philadelphia-ROP), OMA-ROP (Omaha-ROP), WINROP (weight, insulinlike growth factor 1, neonatal, ROP), and CO-ROP (Colorado-ROP), models requiring more complex postnatal data. Conclusions and Relevance: This study validated an individualized prediction model for infants born at 24 to 30 weeks' GA, enabling early risk prediction of ROP treatment based on birth characteristics data. Postnatal age rather than postmenstrual age was a better predictive variable for the temporal risk of ROP treatment. The model is an accessible online application that appears to be generalizable and to have at least as good test statistics as other models requiring longitudinal neonatal data not always readily available to ophthalmologists.
  • Petridou, Eleni Th., et al. (författare)
  • In vitro fertilization and risk of childhood leukemia in Greece and Sweden
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Pediatric Blood & Cancer. - 1545-5009 .- 1545-5017. ; 58:6, s. 930-936
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background Cancer risk in children born after in vitro fertilization (IVF) remains largely unknown. We aimed to investigate risk of leukemia and lymphoma following IVF using two nationwide datasets. Methods. The hospital-based case-control study in Greece derived from the National Registry for Childhood Hematological Malignancies (1996-2008, 814 leukemia and 277 lymphoma incident cases with their 1: 1 matched controls). The Swedish casecontrol study was nested in the Swedish Medical Birth Register (MBR) (1995-2007, 520 leukemia and 71 lymphoma cases with their 5,200 and 710 matched controls) with ascertainment of incident cancer cases in the National Cancer Register. Study-specific and combined odds ratios (OR) were estimated using conditional logistic regression, with adjustment for possible risk factors. Results. Nationwide studies pointed to similar size excess risk of leukemia following IVF, but to a null association between IVF and lymphoma. The proportion of leukemia cases conceived through IVF was 3% in Greece and 2.7% in Sweden; prevalence of IVF in matched controls was 1.8% and 1.6%, respectively. In combined multivariable analyses, the increased risk of leukemia was confined to age below 3.8 years (OR 2.21; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.27-3.85) and to acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (OR 1.77; 95% CI: 1.062.95) with no sufficient evidence of excess risk for other leukemias (OR 1.34; 95% CI: 0.38-4.69). Following IVF, OR for ALL was 2.58 (95% CI: 1.37-4.84) before age 3.8 and 4.29 (95% CI: 1.4912.37) before age 2 years. Conclusions. IVF seems to be associated with increased risk of early onset ALL in the offspring. </p>
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