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  • Baggioli, Matteo, et al. (författare)
  • Holographic plasmon relaxation with and without broken translations
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of High Energy Physics. - 1029-8479 .- 1126-6708. ; 2019:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We study the dynamics and the relaxation of bulk plasmons in strongly coupled and quantum critical systems using the holographic framework. We analyze the dispersion relation of the plasmonic modes in detail for an illustrative class of holographic bottom-up models. Comparing to a simple hydrodynamic formula, we entangle the complicated interplay between the three least damped modes and shed light on the underlying physical processes. Such as the dependence of the plasma frequency and the effective relaxation time in terms of the electromagnetic coupling, the charge and the temperature of the system. Introducing momentum dissipation, we then identify its additional contribution to the damping. Finally, we consider the spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) of translational invariance. Upon dialing the strength of the SSB, we observe an increase of the longitudinal sound speed controlled by the elastic moduli and a decrease in the plasma frequency of the gapped plasmon. We comment on the condensed matter interpretation of this mechanism.
  • Lestinsky, M., et al. (författare)
  • Physics book: CRYRING@ESR
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal: Special Topics. - 1951-6401 .- 1951-6355. ; 225:5, s. 797-882
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The exploration of the unique properties of stored and cooled beams of highly-charged ions as provided by heavy-ion storage rings has opened novel and fascinating research opportunities in the realm of atomic and nuclear physics research. Since the late 1980s, pioneering work has been performed at the CRYRING at Stockholm (Abrahamsson et al. 1993) and at the Test Storage Ring (TSR) at Heidelberg (Baumann et al. 1988). For the heaviest ions in the highest charge-states, a real quantum jump was achieved in the early 1990s by the commissioning of the Experimental Storage Ring (ESR) at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt (Franzke 1987) where challenging experiments on the electron dynamics in the strong field regime as well as nuclear physics studies on exotic nuclei and at the borderline to atomic physics were performed. Meanwhile also at Lanzhou a heavy-ion storage ring has been taken in operation, exploiting the unique research opportunities in particular for medium-heavy ions and exotic nuclei (Xia et al. 2002).
  • Thiele, I., et al. (författare)
  • Electron Beam Driven Generation of Frequency-Tunable Isolated Relativistic Subcycle Pulses
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 122
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2019 American Physical Society. We propose a novel scheme for frequency-tunable subcycle electromagnetic pulse generation. To this end a pump electron beam is injected into an electromagnetic seed pulse as the latter is reflected by a mirror. The electron beam is shown to be able to amplify the field of the seed pulse while upshifting its central frequency and reducing its number of cycles. We demonstrate the amplification by means of 1D and 2D particle-in-cell simulations. In order to explain and optimize the process, a model based on fluid theory is proposed. We estimate that using currently available electron beams and terahertz pulse sources, our scheme is able to produce millijoule-strong midinfrared subcycle pulses.
  • Erhart, Paul, 1978- (författare)
  • A first-principles study of helium storage in oxides and at oxide-iron interfaces
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Applied Physics. - 0021-8979 .- 1089-7550. ; 111:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Density-functional theory calculations based on conventional as well as hybrid exchange-correlation functionals have been carried out to study the properties of helium in various oxides (Al2O3, TiO2, Y2O3, YAP, YAG, YAM, MgO, CaO, BaO, SrO) as well as at oxide-iron interfaces. Helium interstitials in bulk oxides are shown to be energetically more favorable than substitutional helium, yet helium binds to existing vacancies. The solubility of He in oxides is systematically higher than in iron and scales with the free volume at the interstitial site nearly independently of the chemical composition of the oxide. In most oxides, He migration is significantly slower and He-He binding is much weaker than in iron. To quantify the solubility of helium at oxide-iron interfaces two prototypical systems are considered (Fe-MgO, Fe-FeO-MgO). In both cases, the He solubility is markedly enhanced in the interface compared to either of the bulk phases. The results of the calculations allow to construct a schematic energy landscape for He interstitials in iron. The implications of these results are discussed in the context of helium sequestration in oxide dispersion strengthened steels, including the effects of interfaces and lattice strain.
  • Gran, U., et al. (författare)
  • Holographic response of electron clouds
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Tillämpad strängteori - holografiska metoder för starkt kopplade system.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In order to make progress towards more realistic models of holographic fermion physics, we use gauge/gravity duality to compute the dispersion relations for quasinormal modes and collective modes for the electron cloud background, i.e. the non-zero temperature version of the electron star. The results are compared to the corresponding results for the Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstrom black hole backgrounds, and the qualitative differences are highlighted and discussed.
  • Alegret, Joan, 1977- (författare)
  • Numerical Simulations of Plasmonic Nanostructures
  • 2008
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis focuses on the study of metallic nanostructures that support plasmons. Special emphasis is devoted to two specific numerical methods that allow us to predict plasmon characteristics: the discrete dipole approximation (DDA) and the Green's tensor (GT) method.DDA is an approximate method that produces fast and accurate results, but it can only be applied to systems in which the nanostructure is situated in a homogeneous background. In this thesis, DDA has been applied to predict the field enhancement and field decay around nano-rings, showing that the structure is well suited for biosensing; to obtain the spectral characteristics of silver trimers, showing that the actual plasmon modes are closely related to symmetry-adapted coordinates derived from group-theory; and to calculate the optical forces between two spherical particles illuminated by a plane wave, showing that the illumination wavelength determines the separation between the particles.The GT method, on the other hand, is an exact method, in the sense that the system can be solved to arbitrary precision depending on the size of the discretization elements. Its major drawback is the long time it takes to perform the calculations. To tis end, this thesis introduces a novel algorithm, called the top-down extended meshing algorithm (TEMA), that speeds up GT calculations by reducing the number of elements in the discretization process. This decreases the total time needed to perform the calculations, while keeping the precision of the result essentially unaltered. The GT method with TEMA meshes has successfully been used to study single holes of different sizes and shapes (circular and ellipsoidal) in the near- and far-field regime, as well as hole pairs as a function of their separation distance. The results compare very well with experiments, demonstration that the GT method is well suited for predicting the behavior of nano-holes.
  • Forssen, C., et al. (författare)
  • The Ab Initio No-core Shell Model
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Few-body Systems. - Springer. - 0177-7963. ; 45:2-4, s. 111-114
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This contribution reviews a number of applications of the ab initio no-core shell model (NCSM) within nuclear physics and beyond. We will highlight a nuclear-structure study of the A = 12 isobar using a chiral NN + 3NF interaction. In the spirit of this workshop we will also mention the new development of the NCSM formalism to describe open channels and to approach the problem of nuclear reactions. Finally, we will illustrate the universality of the many-body problem by presenting the recent adaptation of the NCSM effective-interaction approach to study the many-boson problem in an external trapping potential with short-range interactions.
  • Sjöqvist, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Conceptual aspects of geometric quantum computation
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Quantum Information Processing. - 1570-0755 .- 1573-1332. ; 15:10, s. 3995-4011
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Geometric quantum computation is the idea that geometric phases can be used to implement quantum gates, i.e., the basic elements of the Boolean network that forms a quantum computer. Although originally thought to be limited to adiabatic evolution, controlled by slowly changing parameters, this form of quantum computation can as well be realized at high speed by using nonadiabatic schemes. Recent advances in quantum gate technology have allowed for experimental demonstrations of different types of geometric gates in adiabatic and nonadiabatic evolution. Here, we address some conceptual issues that arise in the realizations of geometric gates. We examine the appearance of dynamical phases in quantum evolution and point out that not all dynamical phases need to be compensated for in geometric quantum computation. We delineate the relation between Abelian and non-Abelian geometric gates, and find an explicit physical example where the two types of gates coincide. We identify differencies and similarities between adiabatic and nonadiabatic realizations of quantum computation based on non-Abelian geometric phases. 
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