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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(NATURVETENSKAP) hsv:(Fysik) hsv:(Acceleratorfysik och instrumentering) "

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  • Abat, E., et al. (författare)
  • Photon reconstruction in the ATLAS Inner Detector and Liquid Argon Barrel Calorimeter at the 2004 Combined Test Beam
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Instrumentation. - : IOP Publishing. - 1748-0221. ; 6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The reconstruction of photons in the ATLAS detector is studied with data taken during the 2004 Combined Test Beam, where a full slice of the ATLAS detector was exposed to beams of particles of known energy at the CERN SPS. The results presented show significant differences in the longitudinal development of the electromagnetic shower between converted and unconverted photons as well as in the total measured energy. The potential to use the reconstructed converted photons as a means to precisely map the material of the tracker in front of the electromagnetic calorimeter is also considered. All results obtained are compared with a detailed Monte-Carlo simulation of the test-beam setup which is based on the same simulation and reconstruction tools as those used for the ATLAS detector itself.
  • Aaboud, M, et al. (författare)
  • Study of the material of the ATLAS inner detector for Run 2 of the LHC
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Instrumentation. - : IOP Publishing. - 1748-0221. ; 12:12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The ATLAS inner detector comprises three different sub-detectors: the pixel detector, the silicon strip tracker, and the transition-radiation drift-tube tracker. The Insertable B-Layer, a new innermost pixel layer, was installed during the shutdown period in 2014, together with modifications to the layout of the cables and support structures of the existing pixel detector. The material in the inner detector is studied with several methods, using a low-luminosity s=13 TeV pp collision sample corresponding to around 2.0 nb-1 collected in 2015 with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. In this paper, the material within the innermost barrel region is studied using reconstructed hadronic interaction and photon conversion vertices. For the forward rapidity region, the material is probed by a measurement of the efficiency with which single tracks reconstructed from pixel detector hits alone can be extended with hits on the track in the strip layers. The results of these studies have been taken into account in an improved description of the material in the ATLAS inner detector simulation, resulting in a reduction in the uncertainties associated with the charged-particle reconstruction efficiency determined from simulation. © 2017 CERN.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Aartsen, M. G., et al. (författare)
  • Computational techniques for the analysis of small signals in high-statistics neutrino oscillation experiments
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: ; 977
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The current and upcoming generation of Very Large Volume Neutrino Telescopes - collecting unprecedented quantities of neutrino events - can be used to explore subtle effects in oscillation physics, such as (but not restricted to) the neutrino mass ordering. The sensitivity of an experiment to these effects can be estimated from Monte Carlo simulations. With the high number of events that will be collected, there is a trade-off between the computational expense of running such simulations and the inherent statistical uncertainty in the determined values. In such a scenario, it becomes impractical to produce and use adequately-sized sets of simulated events with traditional methods, such as Monte Carlo weighting. In this work we present a staged approach to the generation of expected distributions of observables in order to overcome these challenges. By combining multiple integration and smoothing techniques which address limited statistics from simulation it arrives at reliable analysis results using modest computational resources.
  • Arnadottir, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Universums mörka hemlighet
  • Konstnärligt arbete (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Here we follow the exciting exploration of dark matter, from the Big Bang to its anticipated discovery at the Large Hadron Collider. The first hints of dark matter were wound by Fritz Zwicky, the scientist who coined the term. We get to see the astral choreography witnessed by Vera Rubin in the Andromeda galaxy and then plummet deep underground to see the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth, housed in a former gold mine.From there, we journey across space and time to the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, speeding alongside particles before they collide in visually stunning explosions of light and sound, while learning how scientists around the world are collaborating to track down the constituents of dark matter.
  • Boltruczyk, G., et al. (författare)
  • Development of MPPC-based detectors for high count rate DT campaigns at JET
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Fusion engineering and design. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA. - 0920-3796 .- 1873-7196. ; 123, s. 940-944
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The products of fusion reactions at JET are measured using different diagnostic techniques. One of the methods is based on measurements of gamma-rays, originating from reactions between fast ions and plasma impurities. During the forthcoming deuterium-tritium (DT) campaign a particular attention will be paid to 4.44 MeV gamma-rays emitted in the Be-9(alpha,n gamma)C-12 reaction. Gamma-ray detectors foreseen for measurements in DT campaigns have to be able to register spectra at high count rates, up to approximately 500 kHz. For the Gamma-ray Camera at JET a new setup will be based on scintillators with a short decay time, e.g., CeBr3, and a multi-pixel photon counter (MPPC). We present two methods of output signal shortening in modules based on MPPC. A short detector output signal is necessary in order to minimize the number of pile up events at high count rates. One method uses a passive RC circuit with a pole zero cancellation, whereas an active transimpedance amplifier is used in the other one. Due to the strong dependence of MPPC properties on temperature variation, a special device MTCD@NCBJ was designed and produced to stabilize the gain in MPPC-based scintillation detectors. We show that this device guarantees stable working conditions.
  • Curuia, Marian, et al. (författare)
  • Upgrade of the tangential gamma-ray spectrometer beam-line for JET DT experiments
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Fusion engineering and design. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA. - 0920-3796 .- 1873-7196. ; 123, s. 749-753
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The JET tangential gamma-ray spectrometer is undergoing an extensive upgrade in order to make it compatible with the forthcoming deuterium-tritium (DT) experiments. The paper presents the results of the design for the main components for the upgrade of the spectrometer beam-line: tandem collimators, gamma-ray shields, and neutron attenuators. The existing tandem collimators will be upgraded by installing two additional collimator modules. Two gamma-ray shields will define the gamma-ray field of-view at the detector end of the spectrometer line-of-sight. A set of three lithium hydride neutron attenuators will be used to control the level of the fast neutron flux on the gamma-ray detector. The design of the upgraded spectrometer beam-line has been supported by extensive radiation (neutron and photon) transport calculations using both large volume and point radiation sources.
  • Kwiatkowski, R., et al. (författare)
  • CeBr3-based detector for gamma-ray spectrometer upgrade at JET
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Fusion engineering and design. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA. - 0920-3796 .- 1873-7196. ; 123, s. 986-989
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • One of the important techniques used at JET for studying fast ions is based on measurements of gamma rays which are produced as a result of nuclear reactions between ions and plasma impurities. The intense neutron and gamma-ray fluxes expected during a DT campaign impose dew requirements on detector characteristics used in such experiments. In addition to good energy resolution, detectors must also be characterized by a high signal-to-noise ratio and allow to perform measurements at high counting rate about 1 Mcps. The scintillators which fulfill these requirements are, among others, LaBr3:Ce, already tested at JET, and CeBr3 with a scintillation decay time of similar to 20 ns. We report on measurements which were performed with a detector module equipped with a 3" x 3" CeBr3 scintillator and with an active voltage divider AVD@NCBJ, designed and constructed at NCBJ. Standard gamma -ray sources, as well as a PuBe source, were used for measurements. The comparison of measured and Monte Carlo simulated spectra is also presented. 
  • Nemtsev, G., et al. (författare)
  • Study of the triton-burnup process in different JET scenarios using neutron monitor based on CVD diamond
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Review of Scientific Instruments. - : AMER INST PHYSICS. - 0034-6748 .- 1089-7623. ; 87:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present the results of analysis of triton burn-up process using the data from diamond detector. Neutron monitor based on CVD diamond was installed in JET torus hall close to the plasma center. We measure the part of 14 MeV neutrons in scenarios where plasma current varies in a range of 1-3 MA. In this experiment diamond neutron monitor was also able to detect strong gamma bursts produced by runaway electrons arising during the disruptions. We can conclude that CVD diamond detector will contribute to the study of fast particles confinement and help predict the disruption events in future tokamaks. 
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