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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(NATURVETENSKAP) hsv:(Fysik) hsv:(Acceleratorfysik och instrumentering) "

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  • Lestinsky, M., et al. (författare)
  • Physics book: CRYRING@ESR
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal: Special Topics. - 1951-6401 .- 1951-6355. ; 225:5, s. 797-882
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The exploration of the unique properties of stored and cooled beams of highly-charged ions as provided by heavy-ion storage rings has opened novel and fascinating research opportunities in the realm of atomic and nuclear physics research. Since the late 1980s, pioneering work has been performed at the CRYRING at Stockholm (Abrahamsson et al. 1993) and at the Test Storage Ring (TSR) at Heidelberg (Baumann et al. 1988). For the heaviest ions in the highest charge-states, a real quantum jump was achieved in the early 1990s by the commissioning of the Experimental Storage Ring (ESR) at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt (Franzke 1987) where challenging experiments on the electron dynamics in the strong field regime as well as nuclear physics studies on exotic nuclei and at the borderline to atomic physics were performed. Meanwhile also at Lanzhou a heavy-ion storage ring has been taken in operation, exploiting the unique research opportunities in particular for medium-heavy ions and exotic nuclei (Xia et al. 2002).
  • Thiele, I., et al. (författare)
  • Electron Beam Driven Generation of Frequency-Tunable Isolated Relativistic Subcycle Pulses
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 122
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2019 American Physical Society. We propose a novel scheme for frequency-tunable subcycle electromagnetic pulse generation. To this end a pump electron beam is injected into an electromagnetic seed pulse as the latter is reflected by a mirror. The electron beam is shown to be able to amplify the field of the seed pulse while upshifting its central frequency and reducing its number of cycles. We demonstrate the amplification by means of 1D and 2D particle-in-cell simulations. In order to explain and optimize the process, a model based on fluid theory is proposed. We estimate that using currently available electron beams and terahertz pulse sources, our scheme is able to produce millijoule-strong midinfrared subcycle pulses.
  • Ferri, J., et al. (författare)
  • Enhanced target normal sheath acceleration using colliding laser pulses
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: COMMUNICATIONS PHYSICS. - 2399-3650. ; 2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Laser-solid interaction can lead to the acceleration of protons to tens of MeV. Here, we show that a strong enhancement of this acceleration can be achieved by splitting the laser pulse to two parts of equal energy and opposite incidence angles. Through the use of two- and three-dimensional Particle-In-Cell simulations, we find that the multi-pulse interaction leads to a standing wave pattern at the front side of the target, with an enhanced electric field and a substantial modification of the hot electron generation process. This in turn leads to significant improvement of the proton spectra, with an almost doubling of the accelerated proton energy and five-fold enhancement of the number of protons. The proposed scheme is robust with respect to incidence angles for the laser pulses, providing flexibility to the scheme, which should facilitate its experimental implementation.
  • Isaksson, Oscar, et al. (författare)
  • An optical levitation system for a physics teaching laboratory
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Physics. - 0002-9505. ; 86:2, s. 135-142
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We describe an experimental system based on optical levitation of an oil droplet. When combined with an applied electric field and a source of ionizing radiation, the setup permits the investigation of physical phenomena such as radiation pressure, light diffraction, the motion of a charged particle in an oscillating electric field, and the interaction of ionizing radiation with matter. The trapping occurs by creating an equilibrium between a radiation pressure force and the force of gravity. We have found that an oil droplet can be trapped for at least nine hours. The system can be used to measure the size and total electric charge on the trapped droplet. The intensity of the light from the trapping laser that is scattered by the droplet is sufficient to allow the droplet to be easily seen with the naked eye, covered by laser alignment goggles. When oscillating under the influence of an ac electric field, the motion of the droplet can be described as that of a driven, damped harmonic oscillator. The magnitude and polarity of the charge can be altered by exposing the droplet to ionizing radiation from a low-activity radioactive source. Our goal was to design a hands-on setup that allows undergraduate and graduate students to observe and better understand fundamental physical processes.
  • Litvinov, Yu.A., et al. (författare)
  • Nuclear physics experiments with ion storage rings
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. - 0168-583X. ; 317, Part B, s. 603--616
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the last two decades a number of nuclear structure and astrophysics experiments were performed at heavy-ion storage rings employing unique experimental conditions offered by such machines. Furthermore, building on the experience gained at the two facilities presently in operation, several new storage ring projects were launched worldwide. This contribution is intended to provide a brief review of the fast growing field of nuclear structure and astrophysics research at storage rings. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Warbinek, Jessica, et al. (författare)
  • A graphene-based neutral particle detector
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics Letters. - 0003-6951. ; 114:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A neutral particle detector is presented, in which the traditionally used target material, indium tin oxide (ITO), is replaced by graphene. The graphene-based detector enables collinear photodetachment measurements at a significantly shorter wavelength of light down to 230nm compared to ITO-based detectors, which are limited at 335 nm. Moreover, the background signal from the photoelectric effect is drastically reduced when using graphene. The graphene based detector, reaching 1.7 eV further into the UV energy range, allows increased possibilities for photodetachment studies of negatively charged atoms, molecules, and clusters. Published under license by AIP Publishing.
  • Cacciapaglia, Giacomo, et al. (författare)
  • Revealing timid pseudo-scalars with taus at the LHC
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Solving the Higgs Fine-Tuning Problem with Top Partners.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A light pseudo-scalar that is copiously produced at the LHC may still be allowed by present searches. While masses above 65 GeV are effectively covered by di-photon searches, the lower mass window can be tested by a new search for boosted di-tau resonances. We test this strategy on a set of composite Higgs models with top partial compositeness, where most models can be probed with an integrated luminosity below 300 fb−1
  • Catena, Riccardo, 1978-, et al. (författare)
  • Direct detection of fermionic and vector dark matter with polarised targets
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. - 1475-7516. ; 2018:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We study the scattering of Milky Way dark matter (DM) particles by spin-polarised target nuclei within a set of simplified models for fermionic and vector DM where DM interacts with spin 1/2 point-like nuclei through the exchange of a vector or pseudo-vector mediator particle. This study is motivated by the possibility of using polarised targets to gain novel insights into the nature of DM. For fermionic DM, we provide an explicit expression for the polarised DM-nucleus scattering cross section refining previous results found in the literature. For vector DM, we calculate the polarised cross section for DM-nucleus scattering for the first time. We find that polarised targets can in principle be used to discriminate fermionic from vector DM.
  • Chatillon, A., et al. (författare)
  • Evidence for a New Compact Symmetric Fission Mode in Light Thorium Isotopes
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 1079-7114 .- 0031-9007. ; 124:20
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Taking benefit of the R3B/SOFIA setup to measure the mass and the nuclear charge of both fission fragments in coincidence with the total prompt-neutron multiplicity, the scission configurations are inferred along the thorium chain, from the asymmetric fission in the heavier isotopes to the symmetric fission in the neutron-deficient thorium. Against all expectations, the symmetric scission in the light thorium isotopes shows a compact configuration, which is in total contrast to what is known in the fission of the heavier thorium isotopes and heavier actinides. This new main symmetric scission mode is characterized by a significant drop in deformation energy of the fission fragments of about 19 MeV, compared to the well-known symmetric scission in the uranium-plutonium region.
  • Ferretti, Gabriele, 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • Beyond the Standard Model Physics at the HL-LHC and HE-LHC
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Solving the Higgs Fine-Tuning Problem with Top Partners. - Geneve : Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire (CERN).
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This is the third out of five chapters of the final report [1] of the Workshop on Physics at HL-LHC, and perspectives on HE-LHC [2]. It is devoted to the study of the potential, in the search for Beyond the Standard Model (BSM) physics, of the High Luminosity (HL) phase of the LHC, defined as 3 ab−1 of data taken at a centre-of-mass energy of 14 TeV, and of a possible future upgrade, the High Energy (HE) LHC, defined as 15 ab−1 of data at a centre-of-mass energy of 27 TeV. We consider a large variety of new physics models, both in a simplified model fashion and in a more model-dependent one. A long list of contributions from the theory and experimental (ATLAS, CMS, LHCb) communities have been collected and merged together to give a complete, wide, and consistent view of future prospects for BSM physics at the considered colliders. On top of the usual standard candles, such as supersymmetric simplified models and resonances, considered for the evaluation of future collider potentials, this report contains results on dark matter and dark sectors, long lived particles, leptoquarks, sterile neutrinos, axion-like particles, heavy scalars, vector-like quarks, and more. Particular attention is placed, especially in the study of the HL-LHC prospects, to the detector upgrades, the assessment of the future systematic uncertainties, and new experimental techniques. The general conclusion is that the HL-LHC, on top of allowing to extend the present LHC mass and coupling reach by 20−50% on most new physics scenarios, will also be able to constrain, and potentially discover, new physics that is presently unconstrained. Moreover, compared to the HL-LHC, the reach in most observables will generally more than double at the HE-LHC, which may represent a good candidate future facility for a final test of TeV-scale new physics.
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