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  • Kurujyibwami, Celestin (författare)
  • Admissible transformations and the group classification of Schrödinger equations
  • 2017
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We study admissible transformations and solve group classification problems for various classes of linear and nonlinear Schrödinger equations with an arbitrary number n of space variables.The aim of the thesis is twofold. The first is the construction of the new theory of uniform seminormalized classes of differential equations and its application to solving group classification problems for these classes. Point transformations connecting two equations (source and target) from the class under study may have special properties of semi-normalization. This makes the group classification of that class using the algebraic method more involved. To extend this method we introduce the new notion of uniformly semi-normalized classes. Various types of uniform semi-normalization are studied: with respect to the corresponding equivalence group, with respect to a proper subgroup of the equivalence group as well as the corresponding types of weak uniform semi-normalization. An important kind of uniform semi-normalization is given by classes of homogeneous linear differential equations, which we call uniform semi-normalization with respect to linear superposition of solutions.The class of linear Schrödinger equations with complex potentials is of this type and its group classification can be effectively carried out within the framework of the uniform semi-normalization. Computing the equivalence groupoid and the equivalence group of this class, we show that it is uniformly seminormalized with respect to linear superposition of solutions. This allow us to apply the version of the algebraic method for uniformly semi-normalized classes and to reduce the group classification of this class to the classification of appropriate subalgebras of its equivalence algebra. To single out the classification cases, integers that are invariant under equivalence transformations are introduced. The complete group classification of linear Schrödinger equations is carried out for the cases n = 1 and n = 2.The second aim is to study group classification problem for classes of generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equations which are not uniformly semi-normalized. We find their equivalence groupoids and their equivalence groups and then conclude whether these classes are normalized or not. The most appealing classes are the class of nonlinear Schrödinger equations with potentials and modular nonlinearities and the class of generalized Schrödinger equations with complex-valued and, in general, coefficients of Laplacian term. Both these classes are not normalized. The first is partitioned into an infinite number of disjoint normalized subclasses of three kinds: logarithmic nonlinearity, power nonlinearity and general modular nonlinearity. The properties of the Lie invariance algebras of equations from each subclass are studied for arbitrary space dimension n, and the complete group classification is carried out for each subclass in dimension (1+2). The second class is successively reduced into subclasses until we reach the subclass of (1+1)-dimensional linear Schrödinger equations with variable mass, which also turns out to be non-normalized. We prove that this class is mapped by a family of point transformations to the class of (1+1)-dimensional linear Schrödinger equations with unique constant mass.
  • Nyagahakwa, Venuste, et al. (författare)
  • Sets with the Baire property in topologies formed from a given topology and ideals of sets
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Questions and answers in General Topology. - Osaka : Symposium of General Topology / Iso Shinpojumu. - 0918-4732. ; 35:1, s. 59-76
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Let X be a set, τ1, τ2 topologies on X and Bp(X, τi) the family of all subsets of X possessing the Baire property in (X, τi), i = 1, 2. In this paper we study conditions on τ1 and τ2 that imply a relationship (for example, inclusion or equality) between the families Bp(X, τ1) and Bp(X, τ2). We are mostly interested in the case where the topology τ2 is formed with the help of a local function defined by the topology τ1 and an ideal of sets I on X. We also consider several applications of the local function defined by the usual topology on the reals and the ideal of all meager sets there, for proving some known facts.
  • Emamizadeh, B., et al. (författare)
  • Optimal harvesting strategy based on rearrangements of functions
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Applied Mathematics and Computation. - Amsterdam : Elsevier. - 0096-3003 .- 1873-5649. ; 320, s. 677-690
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We study the problem of optimal harvesting of a marine species in a bounded domain, with the aim of minimizing harm to the species, under the general assumption that the fishing boats have different capacities. This is a generalization of a result of Kurata and Shi, in which the boats were assumed to have the same maximum harvesting capacity. For this generalization, we need a completely different approach. As such, we use the theory of rearrangements of functions. We prove existence of solutions, and obtain an optimality condition which indicates that the more aggressive harvesting must be pushed toward the boundary of the domain. Furthermore, we prove that radial and Steiner symmetries of the domain are preserved by the solutions. We will also devise an algorithm for numerical solution of the problem, and present the results of some numerical experiments. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
  • Lundengård, Karl, 1987- (författare)
  • Generalized Vandermonde matrices and determinants in electromagnetic compatibility
  • 2017
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Matrices whose rows (or columns) consists of monomials of sequential powers are called Vandermonde matrices and can be used to describe several useful concepts and have properties that can be helpful for solving many kinds of problems. In this thesis we will discuss this matrix and some of its properties as well as a generalization of it and how it can be applied to curve fitting discharge current for the purpose of ensuring electromagnetic compatibility.In the first chapter the basic theory for later chapters is introduced. This includes the Vandermonde matrix and some of its properties, history, applications and generalizations, interpolation and regression problems, optimal experiment design and modelling of electrostatic discharge currents with the purpose to ensure electromagnetic compatibility.The second chapter focuses on finding the extreme points for the determinant for the Vandermonde matrix on various surfaces including spheres, ellipsoids, cylinders and tori. The extreme points are analysed in three dimensions or more.The third chapter discusses fitting a particular model called the p-peaked Analytically Extended Function (AEF) to data taken either from a standard for electromagnetic compatibility or experimental measurements. More specifically the AEF will be fitted to discharge currents from the IEC 62305-1 and IEC 61000-4-2 standards for lightning protection and electrostatic discharge immunity as well as some experimentally measured data of similar phenomena.
  • Backlund, Ulf, et al. (författare)
  • Semi-Bloch Functions in Several Complex Variables
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Geometric Analysis. - 1050-6926 .- 1559-002X. ; 26:1, s. 463-473
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Let M be an n-dimensional complex manifold. A holomorphic function f : M -> C is said to be semi-Bloch if for every lambda is an element of C the function g(lambda) = exp(lambda f(z)) is normal on M. We characterize semi-Bloch functions on infinitesimally Kobayashi non-degenerate M in geometric as well as analytic terms. Moreover, we show that on such manifolds, semi-Bloch functions are normal.
  • Bernhoff, Niclas, 1971- (författare)
  • Discrete Velocity Models for Polyatomic Molecules Without Nonphysical Collision Invariants
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of statistical physics. - New York : Springer. - 0022-4715 .- 1572-9613. ; 172:3, s. 742-761
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An important aspect of constructing discrete velocity models (DVMs) for the Boltzmann equation is to obtain the right number of collision invariants. Unlike for the Boltzmann equation, for DVMs there can appear extra collision invariants, so called spurious collision invariants, in plus to the physical ones. A DVM with only physical collision invariants, and hence, without spurious ones, is called normal. The construction of such normal DVMs has been studied a lot in the literature for single species, but also for binary mixtures and recently extensively for multicomponent mixtures. In this paper, we address ways of constructing normal DVMs for polyatomic molecules (here represented by that each molecule has an internal energy, to account for non-translational energies, which can change during collisions), under the assumption that the set of allowed internal energies are finite. We present general algorithms for constructing such models, but we also give concrete examples of such constructions. This approach can also be combined with similar constructions of multicomponent mixtures to obtain multicomponent mixtures with polyatomic molecules, which is also briefly outlined. Then also, chemical reactions can be added.
  • Lundström, Patrik, 1971- (författare)
  • Self-dual Normal Integral Bases for Infinite Unramified Extensions
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Journal of Number Theory. - 0022-314X .- 1096-1658. ; 97:2, s. 350-367
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We prove a generalization to infinite Galois extensions of local fields, of a classical result by Noether on the existence of normal integral bases for finite tamely ramified Galois extensions. We also prove a self-dual normal integral basis theorem for infinite unramified Galois field extensions of local fields with finite residue fields of characteristic different from 2. This generalizes a result by Fainsilber for the finite case. To do this, we obtain an injectivity result concerning pointed cohomology sets, defined by inverse limits of norm-one groups of free finite-dimensional algebras with involution over complete discrete valuation rings.
  • Muhumuza, Asaph Keikara, 1975- (författare)
  • Extreme points of the Vandermonde determinant in numerical approximation, random matrix theory and financial mathematics
  • 2020
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis discusses the extreme points of the Vandermonde determinant on various surfaces, their applications in numerical approximation, random matrix theory and financial mathematics. Some mathematical models that employ these extreme points such as curve fitting, data smoothing, experimental design, electrostatics, risk control in finance and method for finding the extreme points on certain surfaces are demonstrated.The first chapter introduces the theoretical background necessary for later chapters. We review the historical background of the Vandermonde matrix and its determinant, some of its properties that make it more applicable to symmetric polynomials, classical orthogonal polynomials and random matrices.The second chapter discusses the construction of the generalized Vandermonde interpolation polynomial based on divided differences. We explore further, the concept of weighted Fekete points and their connection to zeros of the classical orthogonal polynomials as stable interpolation points.The third chapter discusses some extended results on optimizing the Vandermonde determinant on a few different surfaces defined by univariate polynomials. The coordinates of the extreme points are shown to be given as roots of univariate polynomials.The fourth chapter describes the symmetric group properties of the extreme points of Vandermonde and Schur polynomials as well as application of these extreme points in curve fitting.The fifth chapter discusses the extreme points of Vandermonde determinant to number of mathematical models in random matrix theory where the joint eigenvalue probability density distribution of a Wishart matrix when optimized over surfaces implicitly defined by univariate polynomials.The sixth chapter examines some properties of the extreme points of the joint eigenvalue probability density distribution of the Wishart matrix and application of such in computation of the condition numbers of the Vandermonde and Wishart matrices. The seventh chapter establishes a connection between the extreme points of Vandermonde determinants and minimizing risk measures in financial mathematics. We illustrate this with an application to optimal portfolio selection.The eighth chapter discusses the extension of the Wishart probability distributions in higher dimension based on the symmetric cones in Jordan algebras. The symmetric cones form a basis for the construction of the degenerate and non-degenerate Wishart distributions.The ninth chapter demonstrates the connection between the extreme points of the Vandermonde determinant and Wishart joint eigenvalue probability distributions in higher dimension based on the boundary points of the symmetric cones in Jordan algebras that occur in both the discrete and continuous part of the Gindikin set.
  • Arkin, Esther M, et al. (författare)
  • Convex transversals
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Computational Geometry. - 0925-7721. ; 47:2, s. 224-239
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We answer the question initially posed by Arik Tamir at the Fourth NYU Computational Geometry Day (March, 1987): “Given a collection of compact sets, can one decide in polynomial time whether there exists a convex body whose boundary intersects every set in the collection?”We prove that when the sets are segments in the plane, deciding existence of the convex stabber is NP-hard. The problem remains NP-hard if the sets are regular polygons. We also show that in 3D the stabbing problem is hard when the sets are balls. On the positive side, we give a polynomial-time algorithm to find a convex transversal of a maximum number of pairwise-disjoint segments in 2D if the vertices of the transversal are restricted to a given set of points. Our algorithm also finds a convex stabber of the maximum number of a set of convex pseudodisks in the plane.The stabbing problem is related to “convexity” of point sets measured as the minimum distance by which the points must be shifted in order to arrive in convex position; we give a PTAS to find the minimum shift in 2D, and a 2-approximation in any dimension. We also consider stabbing with vertices of a regular polygon – a problem closely related to approximate symmetry detection.
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