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  • Arnarsson, Arsaell, et al. (författare)
  • Cyberbullying and traditional bullying among Nordic adolescents and their impact on life satisfaction
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. - 1403-4948.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of cybervictimization in the six Nordic countries and to assess its overlap with traditional bullying. A further aim was to examine potential associations between life satisfaction, on the one hand, and traditional bullying and cyberbullying on the other.METHODS: Analyses were based on data from the 2013⁄2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. It included 32,210 boys and girls, aged 11, 13, and 15, living in the six Nordic countries.RESULTS: The prevalence of cyberbullying by both pictures and by messages was around 2% in all the Nordic countries except Greenland. There it was considerably higher. The prevalence of being bullied in a traditional manner varied widely by country. For boys, this type of bullying was most frequent in the youngest age group and then decreased steadily in the older age groups. Girls were on average more likely to be cyberbullied. Cyberbullying was more common among 13- and 15-year-olds than 11-year-olds. Higher family affluence was unrelated to the risk of cyberbullying. However, it was related to traditional bullying and combined forms of bullying. Compared with intact families, cybervictimization was commoner among single-parent families and stepfamilies. Adjusting for age, gender, family affluence, and family structure, those subjected to cyberbullying had lower life satisfaction than those who were not bullied.CONCLUSIONS: We found relatively little overlap between cyberbullying and traditional bullying, indicating that the two may be separate phenomena stemming from different mechanisms, at least in the Nordic context.
  • Sepp, Hanna (författare)
  • Måltidspedagogik : mat- och måltidskunskap i förskolan
  • 2013
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Maten och måltidens roll på förskolan har skiftat genom åren och har alltid haft en central del i förskolans verksamhet. Förskollärare förväntas ha kunskaper i allt från betydelsen av god hygien, till sin egen roll som förebild vid måltiderna. De förväntas dessutom ha kunskaper kring bra mat för barn och får ofta frågor från föräldrarna kring mat och måltider. Boken är tänkt att fungera som bakgrund, inspiration och stöd till alla förskollärare i arbetet med mat och måltider i förskolan. Utgångspunkten är lärande om och med mat och måltider med grund i såväl mat- och måltids­kunskap och pedagogik som läroplanen för förskolan och de nationella folkhälsomålen.Boken omfattar två delar. Första delen vilar på disciplinerna i mat- och måltidskunskap i förskolan, medan den andra delen presenterar praktiska tillämpningar, övningar och exempel på hur personalen kan arbeta med mat och måltider. Innehållet i boken är mat- och måltidskunskap som omfattar matkultur och kommunikation, livsmedelsvetenskap samt näring och hälsa där kreativitet, hantverk och vetenskap går hand i hand kopplat till barn och verksamheten i förskolan.Syftet med boken är att lyfta maten och måltidens roll i den pedagogiska verksamheten på förskolan samt att öka kunskapen kring mat och hälsa.Boken vänder sig särskilt till lärare och barnskötare i förskolan, föräldrar och alla andra som är intresserade av barn och mat.
  • Carlsson, M, et al. (författare)
  • The oldest old : patterns of adjustment and dependence
  • 1991
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - 0283-9318. ; 5:2, s. 93-100
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the present study was to investigate how dependence was experienced by 129 non-institutionalized 85-year-old persons, who previously had been categorized into seven different patterns of adjustment. The participants' subjective experiences of dependence were expressed in in-depth interviews and additionally, mobility, self-maintenance and need of help in daily living was conventionally assessed. When the results from these two methods were compared, it was found that subjectively experienced dependence did not generally correspond with the scorings on dependence. The in-depth interviews revealed that subjects with poorer adjustment could be most affected by minor impairments, while physical impairments were of a subordinate importance to those who were better adjusted. For appropriate caring interventions, it is therefore suggested that conventionally assessed dependence needs to be supplemented with documented subjective experiences of dependence.
  • Carlsson, Margareta, et al. (författare)
  • The oldest old : patterns of adjustment and life experiences
  • 1991
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - 0283-9318. ; 5:4, s. 203-210
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A qualitative method was used to study the life experiences and the adjustment to very old age of a non-institutionalized population of 129 85-year-olds living in Gothenburg, Sweden. In-depth interviews were analyzed and categorized and seven patterns of adjustment emerged: Self-Realizing, Mature Aging, Adapting, Dependent, Resignedly Accepting, Despairing and Withdrawing. Additionally, a coping strategy—ritualization of time and occupations—was revealed in the interviews. These results reflect the heterogeneity among this age group and indicate that the subjective reality should be seriously considered both in further research and in the care of the elderly.
  • Ahonen, Aila, et al. (författare)
  • Social entrepreneurship and corporate social responsibility in team sport clubs : two cases from Sweden and Finland
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Sport entrepreneurship and public policy : building a new approach to policy-making for sport. - Cham : Springer. - 9783030294588 ; s. 7-21
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Small and large sport clubs, in big cities or in the countryside, need to respond to external pressures created by social, financial and environmental factors. These pressures may come from the commercial environment, communities, national governing bodies, or political stakeholders. This chapter introduces the reader to the current pressures faced by Nordic sport clubs and the entrepreneurs’ role in the clubs’ development through the lens of entrepreneurship, and especially social entrepreneurship. This chapter addresses the role of the entrepreneur in relation to the triple bottom line of corporate social responsibility (CSR)—economy, environment, and society—in the context of Finnish and Swedish team sport clubs by using two football clubs as examples.
  • Behm, Lina, et al. (författare)
  • Multi-professional and multi-dimensional group education- a key to action in elderly persons
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation. - 1464-5165. ; 35:5, s. 427-435
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: This study was intended to evaluate a multi-professional health-promoting and disease-preventive intervention organized as multi-professional senior group meetings, which addressed home-dwelling, independently living, cognitively intact elderly persons (80 +/-), by exploring the participants' experiences of the intervention. Method: The focus group methodology was used to interview a total of 20 participants. The informants had participated in four multi-professional senior group meetings at which information about the ageing process and preventive strategies for enhancing health were discussed. Results: The overall finding was that the elderly persons involved in the intervention lived in the present, but that the supportive environment together with learning a preventive approach contributed to the participants' experiencing the senior meetings as a key to action. Conclusions: Elderly persons who are independent may have difficulty accepting information about preventing risks to health. However, group education with a multi-professional approach may be a successful model for achieving an exchange of knowledge, which may possibly empower the participants, give them role models, the opportunity to learn from each other and a sense of sharing problems with people in similar circumstances.
  • Borglin, Gunilla, et al. (författare)
  • The experience of quality of life among older people
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Journal of Aging Studies. - Elsevier. - 0890-4065. ; 19:2, s. 201-220
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Although quality of life has been in the focus of attention for over a decade there are few studies available investigating, how the old and the oldest old experience their quality of life or what quality of life actually means for them? To illuminate this, eleven in-depth interviews were conducted with six women and five men (80+) living in their home. An interpretative hermeneutic phenomenological analysis revealed that quality of life in old age meant a preserved self and meaning in existence. Maintained self-image meant that the older people experienced a coherent life with an intact meaning. How quality of life was valued depended on the meaning the old people attached to the areas of importance as well as how they were evaluated. Additionally, areas not generally included when measuring quality of life became discernible. The meaning of home, how life was viewed, thoughts about death and dying, and telling ones story proved to be areas of importance for their perception of quality of life. Thus, indicating that older people's view of quality of life is more complex than some of today's most commonly used quality of life instruments capture and that quality of life assessment tools needs to measure beyond pure health indices. For nursing care the use of life review in everyday care, and an open way towards existential topics as well as a family oriented care along with preventive work helping people to remain in their own homes may enhance their experience of quality of life.
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