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  • Magnusdottir, Gunnhildur, et al. (författare)
  • The double democratic deficit in climate policy-making by the EU Commission
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Femina Politica. - Femina Politica e.V.. - 1433-6359. ; 25:2, s. 64-64
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abels and Mushaben (2012) argue that there is a double democratic deficit in the EU regarding gender: women are underrepresented within the EU institutions and gender awareness is lacking in EU policymaking. This article contributes to that scholarship with its specific focus on the climate domain. EU is an important constructor of the international climate regime and the Union is committed to gender mainstream all its policies and processes. Furthermore there are documented gender differences in Europe regarding behavior and views on climate change. (Räty and Carlsson-Kanyama 2010, Goldsmith et al. 2013). This article investigates the relevancy of the double democratic deficit for EU´s climate policymaking. We map the representation of female and male experts at the Commission´s climate units and search for gender recognition in EU´s climate documents. There we discover silence regarding gender, confirmed through interviews with policy-makers. Using feminist institutionalism we conclude that existing gender power relations within the Commission affect the explored climate units, which reproduce masculine institutional practices.
  • Arias-Schreiber, Milena, et al. (författare)
  • Addressing social sustainability for small-scale fisheries in Sweden: Institutional barriers for implementing the small-scale fisheries guidelines.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: The Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines. Global Implementation.. - Springer. - 978-3-319-55074-9 ; s. 717-736
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Swedish coastal fisheries are not sustainable in terms of the status of their main fish stocks, their economic profitability, and as source of regular employment. Social sustainability commitments in fisheries governance advocated by the SSF Guidelines have been so far mostly neglected. In this chapter, we bring attention to two institutional settings at different governance levels relevant for the implementation of the SSF Guidelines in the Swedish context. First, we look at the introduction of social goals under the perspective of the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). Second, we consider national tensions between forces advocating or opposing a further application of market-based economic instruments, often portrayed as an effective cure for all ills, in fisheries governance. Taking into account the logic on which the SSF Guidelines rest, we evaluate in both cases current processes for stakeholder participation in the formulation of fishing policies and strategies in Sweden. We conclude that the inclusion of a social dimension and stakeholder involvement at the EU level face procedural and institutional limitations that prevent the SSF sector from exploiting opportunities for change. Further challenges to the implementation of the SSF Guidelines arise when central national authorities’ interpretation of societal benefits opposes other interpretations, and consequently economic calculations take precedence over a participatory process-based, knowledge-accumulating approach to resource management. The SSF Guidelines, therefore, provide important material and intellectual resources to make the most of new chances that can lead to an increased likelihood of change in the direction of sustainable coastal fisheries in Sweden.
  • Kadefors, Roland, 1939-, et al. (författare)
  • Occupation, gender and work-life exits : : a Swedish population study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Ageing and Society. - Cambridge University Press. - 0144-686X. ; 38:7, s. 1332-1349
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The present study was undertaken in order to examine the differences between occupations in the Swedish labour market with respect to the risk for men and women of leaving working life prematurely. The project was carried out as a population study employing methodology used in demographics to predict life length at birth. Here, calculations of expected remaining work-life length were based on the exits from working life. The study was based on the Swedish national labour statistics, covering all employees who had an occupational definition in 2006 and who were in the age range 35–64 years during the study period 2007–2010. There was a clear socio-economic divide in exit patterns, comparing blue- and white-collar jobs. The differences between the highest and the lowest risk jobs exceeded 4.5 years among both men and women. In the blue-collar occupational groups there were 50 per cent or less ‘survivors’ still working at age 65; in many white-collar occupations there were more than 60 per cent. Men and women exited working life at the same age. Compared to a similar study carried out in 2006, the same socio-economic pattern prevails, but people now work longer in almost all occupations. Women exited working life 0.8 years earlier than men in 2006; this difference is now gone.
  • Kronsell, Annica, et al. (författare)
  • Achieving Climate Objectives in Transport Policy by Including Women and Challenging Gender Norms – the Swedish case
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Sustainable Transportation. - Taylor & Francis. - 1556-8334. ; 10:8, s. 703-711
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper explores whether women can become the change agents for a sustainable transport sector and how such a change can be accomplished through transport policy. Based on the Swedish case, women still on average have transportation behaviour with lower environmental impact than men have; women also tend to have stronger preferences for improving sustainability in the sector. The results imply that there are interesting behaviour and attitude characteristics expressed by women that ought to be recognised and applied e.g. through contesting prevailing norms and methods, in order to achieve sustainability goals for the sector. Altogether this suggests that women, beyond democracy reasons, should become more active as change agents to challenge the dominant male norms. Policy implications of these findings include measures to improve gender equal participation would e.g. make it possible to take advantage of these differences. Putting more emphasis on the relationships between travel patterns, sustainability and gendering on all levels in transportation planning as a measure for improved sustainability. Implementing new ways of framing the problems to be solved, challenging existing norms working against gender equity and raising consciousness of sustainability issues. Using gender mainstreaming to monitor policy impacts on different groups of men and women. However, today there is a lack of incentives to apply these tools. Since there is a tremendous complexity in the relationships on all levels, more research is needed together with improved dissemination of knowledge for the competence to increase within the transport sector.
  • Klinthäll, Martin, 1967- (författare)
  • Retirement Return Migration from Sweden
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: International migration (Geneva. Print). - Oxford : Blackwell Publishing. - 0020-7985. ; 44:2, s. 153-180
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract in Spanish Este estudio aborda el movimiento de retorno entre los inmigrantes establecidos en Suecia y que tienen entre 51 y 80 años de edad. Una cuestión importante se refiere a la repercusión de la jubilación en la migración de retorno. Algunas circunstancias vinculadas con el abandono del mercado laboral sugieren una mayor tendencia al retorno, por ejemplo la transición del cobro de un salario al de una pensión, que debilita el vínculo entre el lugar de residencia y los ingresos. Además, los patrones de la migración de retorno al final de la vida laboral pueden indicar si la migración temporal es o no una estrategia planificada. Se observa que, al alcanzar los 65 años, la edad de jubilación que marca la ley en Suecia, la probabilidad de una migración de retorno aumenta, en especial entre los hombres. El efecto de la jubilación es inmediato; la probabilidad de una migración de retorno declina de nuevo más allá de los 65 años, lo que indica un plan consciente de regresar al país de origen cuando finaliza la carrera en el Mercado laboral. Además, los inmigrantes que reciben una indemnización por jubilación anticipada tienen una probabilidad muy superior de regresar en comparación con los que no están jubilados. Estos claros "efectos de la jubilación" muestran que la migración de retorno puede ser un ingrediente importante en las estrategias de optimización del bienestar de los migrantes. Cuando se trata de una selección basada en la renta, el análisis muestra que la selección es positiva, algo esperable cuando los migrantes son ahorradores con un propósito concreto y una estrategia de migración temporal. Abstract in French Cette étude porte sur la migration de retour des immigrés âgés de 51 à 80 ans en Suède. L'incidence de la retraite sur la migration de retour constitue une question importante. Certaines circonstances liées au retrait du marché du travail indiquent une tendance à rentrer, notamment le passage d'un revenu salarial à une pension de retraite, qui affaiblit le lien entre lieu de résidence et revenu. Par ailleurs, la structure de la migration de retour à la fin de la vie active pourrait indiquer si la migration temporaire est oui on non une stratégie planifiée. Nous constatons qu'à l'âge de 65 ans, âge légal de la retraite en Suède, la probabilité d'une migration de retour s'accroît, en particulier chez les hommes. L'effet de la retraite est immédiat. La probabilité d'une migration de retour diminue de nouveau audelà de 65 ans, ce qui montre qu'il y a un véritable projet de rentrer dans le pays d'origine une fois terminée la vie professionnelle. En outre, la probabilité d'une migration de retour est beaucoup plus élevée chez les immigrés qui reçoivent une allocation de retraite anticipée que chez ceux qui ne sont pas retraités. Ces effets évidents de la retraite montrent que la migration de retour peut être un élément important dans les stratégies d'optimisation de la sécurité sociale des migrants. Pour ce qui est de la sélectivité par le revenu, l'analyse montre l'existence d'une sélection positive, ce à quoi l'on peut s'attendre quand les migrants épargnent en fonction d'un objectif et ont une stratégie de migration temporaire.
  • Gender issues in learning and working with information technology: social constructs and cultural contexts
  • 2010
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Gender Differences in Learning and Working with Technology: Social Constructs and Cultural Contexts discusses the social studies of information technology, specifically how IT skills are learned and how such skills are gendered. This book draws upon the disciplines of sociology, education, cultural and media studies, and gender studies, using a variety of research methods and theoretical perspectives to approach gender and IT in different contexts: education settings, work settings and everyday life. This unique reference source brings to light gender relations and IT, examining them in a multidimensional way. Gender, equity, learning, and information technology can intersect to form a theoretical and abstract field of knowledge emanating from very real, concrete, lived experiences.
  • Bergmark, Magnus, 1975-, et al. (författare)
  • Policy Changes in Community Mental Health : Interventions and Strategies Used in Sweden over 20 Years
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Social Policy & Administration. - John Wiley & Sons. - 0144-5596. ; 51:1, s. 95-113
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The deinstitutionalization of mental health care has changed the responsibilities of involved authoritiesand has led to a continuous need for new treatment forms and interventions. This articledescribes this development in Europe, and in particular how these new conditions have been handledin Sweden over the past 20 years at the level of governmental policy-making. Three major policydocuments from 1994, 2009 and 2012 were included in this study. To increase our understandingof the policies’ contents, we have used theoretical concepts concerning governance,implementation and political risk management. Although our main interest was to find out howthe government handles interventions for users of the mental health care system, we found that thepolicy work is progressing stepwise. The first document, from the deinstitutionalization era, did notdiscuss interventions clearly. Instead, it was mainly concerned with both practical and economicalareas of responsibility. The second document, from the post-deinstitutionalization era, was morefocused on what services should be delivered to the users, while the most recently published documentto a greater extent addressed the question of how the support is supposed to be designed. The trendin European community mental health policy has been to advocate services in open forms that areintegrated into the society’s other care systems. This is also the case in Sweden, and continuous workis being done by the government to find strategies to support the development, and to meet the needs atboth political and local levels.
  • Ellegård, Kajsa, et al. (författare)
  • Who is behaving? Consequences for energy policy of concept confusion
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Energies. - MDPI AG. - 1996-1073. ; 8:8, s. 7618-7637
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Policies to reduce household energy use usually target the individual customer. This is probably one explanation for the limited effect of many information policies, because two concepts with different meanings are confused: individual and household. In most contexts, an individual stands for what s/he does, but in the policy context, an individual is taken to represent the entire household. This is not problematic for a single-person household, but, in a multi-person household, activities performed by different household members influence the whole household's energy use. This paper illuminates problems arising from confusing the concepts of household and individual when developing policies to reduce household energy use. Examples relate to indoor space heating and energy-intensive home-based activities. The results indicate that it is analytically simple to consider individuals at home, as well as their activities using electrical appliances contributing to heating, but much more complicated to take the whole household into consideration. Our model provides a basis for better-targeted information actions to reduce energy use. Also, empirically based models capturing variations between households with different activity patterns are important for developing policies resulting in reduced energy use for space heating in multi-person households.
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