SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) ;pers:(Heshmati Almas)"

Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) > Heshmati Almas

Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Heshmati, Almas, et al. (författare)
  • Measurement and Analysis of Multidimensional Well-Being in Rwanda
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Efficiency, equity and well-being in selected African countries. - Cham : Springer. - 9783030114190 ; , s. 37-68
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The well-being of families and their children is given high priority in development goals. Children’s well-being in Africa is important since the growing number of children is the greatest resource of this continent. Rwanda was one of the first countries that ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The country, despite its very low GDP per capita, also has one of the best child well-being indicators in Africa. In the recent past the country has also had two important achievements: protection of children by establishing the National Commission for Children and launching a Strategy for National Child Care Reform. The measures aim to protect children’s rights and integrate children into families that are supported to provide needed care to them. These achievements are largely the result of strong laws and policies many of which have been developed with support from UNICEF. Investments in children’s well-being will help in addressing many persistent difficulties that society may have to face in the future. What happens during the early years is of crucial importance for every child’s development. This period offers great opportunities, but children are also vulnerable to negative influences. The objective of this research is to estimate multidimensional well-being of children and their families in Rwanda. The aim is to compute an overall well-being index decomposed into its underlying main components. The households are ranked by the level of well-being and by various household and community characteristics. The results shed light on the state and changes in the well-being of children and their families in Rwanda indicating which provinces and districts offer relatively better conditions for them. This can serve as a model for public policies aimed at improving general well-being in the country. 
  •  
2.
  • Heshmati, Almas, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of Landmine Fatalities and Injuries in the Kurdistan Region
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Interpersonal Violence. - 0886-2605 .- 1552-6518. ; 30:15, s. 2591-2615
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study analyzes landmine victim data in the Kurdistan Region during the period 1960 to 2005. A regression analysis is used to identify the determinants and impact of the probability of getting killed by mines and unexploded ordnances. The rates of killed/injured victims are explained using a set of socioeconomic variables. As the data are a repeated cross-section in which the individuals are observed when they are subjected to landmine incidents, and to account for the dynamic aspect of the process and heterogeneity by location as well as to control for unobserved location and time effects, a pseudo panel data are created where districts are observed over the entire time period forming a panel data. The results show that (a) males, children, and the elderly are more susceptible to a higher level of landmine risks; (b) landmine training and awareness programs do not reduce the rate of landmine mortality; and (c) the rate of incidents are declining over time. This result can be used in the planning, monitoring, and resource allocation for mine action, as well as labor market programs and rehabilitation activities.
  •  
3.
  • Abolhosseini, Shahrouz, et al. (författare)
  • Energy security and competition over energy resources in Iran and Caucasus region
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: AIMS Energy. - : AIMS Press. - 2333-8326 .- 2333-8334. ; 5:2, s. 224-238
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Energy security as a dominant factor in international stability is of great importance for major economies. The global energy market with its current level of supply and demand relies on energy sources in the Middle East, Caucasus, Central Asia and Russia. After the Fukushima disaster nuclear powers in Europe view renewable energy sources as a serious alternative. Europe’s energy vulnerability has deteriorated due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict. However, renewable energy sources are not large enough to replace nuclear power completely. This trend will continue with climbing demand especially in the natural gas sector as clean energy. In this research, Caucasus and Iran are considered the main sources and routes for energy transmission to the global market, including Europe. Caucasus plays a key role in bridging Europe and Asia. Also, Iran is an alternative for energy transmission to Europe after lifted sanctions. As part of the European active supply diversification policy Iran has capacity to reduce Europe’s energy dependency on Russia. However, changes in US new administration America First Policy is harmful for the EUs energy security. Caucasus aims to catch a large share of the European energy market since the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline has started operations and Iran is also trying to expand its market to become a sustainable source of energy for major consumers. Therefore, Iran and Caucasus are considered reliable energy suppliers for Europe. In this regard, we analyze the best motivation for changing the direction new suppliers’ energy policies towards Europe and suggest alternative solutions to compete with rival countries in order to enhance energy security.
  •  
4.
  • Abolhosseini, Shahrouz, et al. (författare)
  • The Main Support Mechanisms to Finance Renewable Energy Development
  • 2014
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Considering that the major part of greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide, there is a global concern aimed at reducing carbon emissions. Additionally, major consumer countries are looking for alternative sources of energy to avoid the impact of higher fossil fuel prices and political instability in the major energy supplying countries. In this regard, different policies could be applied to reduce carbon emissions, such as enhancing renewable energy deployment and encouraging technological innovation and creation of green jobs. There are three main support mechanisms employed by governments to finance renewable energy development programs: feed-in-tariffs, tax incentives, and tradable green certificates. Considering that many of the promising technologies to deploy renewable energy require investment in small-scale energy production systems, these mechanisms could be used to enhance renewable energy development at the desired scale. Employing a carbon emission tax or emission trading mechanism could be considered ideal policies to mitigate emissions at the lowest cost. The comparison of feed-in-tariffs and renewable portfolio standard policies showed that the former is good when a policy to develop renewable energy sources with a low level of risk for investors is considered. However, the latter is an appropriate policy when a marketview policy is applied by the government.
  •  
5.
  • Abolhosseini, Shahrouz, et al. (författare)
  • The main support mechanisms to finance renewable energy development
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews. - 1364-0321 .- 1879-0690. ; 40, s. 876-885
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Considering that the major part of greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide, there is a global concern aimed at reducing carbon emissions. In addition, major consumer countries are looking for alternative sources of energy to avoid the impact of higher fossil fuel prices and political instability in the major energy supplying countries. In this regard, different policies could be applied to reduce carbon emissions, such as enhancing renewable energy deployment and encouraging technological innovation and the creation of green jobs. This study compares three main support mechanisms employed by governments to finance renewable energy development programs: feed-in-tariffs, tax incentives, and tradable green certificates. Considering that many of the promising technologies to deploy renewable energy require investment in small-scale energy production systems, these mechanisms could be used to enhance renewable energy development at the desired scale. Employing a carbon emission tax or emission trading mechanism could be considered ideal policies to mitigate emissions at the lowest cost. The comparison of feed-in-tariffs and renewable portfolio standard policies showed that the former is good when a policy to develop renewable energy sources with a low level of risk for investors is considered. However, the latter is an appropriate policy when a market view policy is applied by the government. Finally, considering technological progress and the cost reduction for power generation by renewable energy sources, we suggest that support mechanism policies should be reconsidered from the financial point of view. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  •  
6.
  • Al-Hammadany, Firas H., et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of the Purpose of Using Internet in Iraq: A Multinomial Logit Model
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology. - 2069-5934. ; 1:6, s. 1-39
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Internet accessibility is positively correlated with infrastructure development and nature of government policies. Though Iraq has shown considerable increase in Internet connectivity, it constitutes only 10 % of its population. In this study, the significant factors determining the use and non-use of Internet have been identified and analyzed. The results revealed that human development, human capital, institutional and legal environment, existing technologies, government policy making and income levels affect the Internet accessibility. The non-Internet users mainly comprised from 12-25 years age group. Similarly, high school and diploma students constituted significant proportion ofnon-Internet users. Lack of awareness and poor access to Internet facility were quoted as the most significant factors that resulted in the poor Internet accessibility which were supported by the used multinomial logit model. Low income level of the people resulted in non-use of Internet. The use of Internet was found to be highest among those with high level of education. Hence, the measures like provision of ICT based training programs, effective government policy for prioritizing Internet in education sector and allowing most advanced Internet technologies in e-governance and increased efforts for enhancing human development and human capital would enhance the rate of Internet accessibility in Iraq.
  •  
7.
  • Al-Hammadany, F. H., et al. (författare)
  • Determinants of internet use in Iraq
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Communication. - 1932-8036 .- 1932-8036. ; 5:1, s. 1967-1989
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Internet is considered to be today’s most advanced technology and a key to progress in communications and in the exchange of information, goods, services, and technologies. Since its introduction during the late 1960s, the Internet has been instrumental in creating opportunities and conditions for progress in developed and developing nations alike. Not all nations, though, welcome this particular tool of global interconnectivity. One such nation is Iraq, which faces huge challenges in increasing Internet penetration, capacity building, and changing the traditional methods of communications. This study of Iraq’s efforts during this difficult undertaking explores the many factors that define this transition process. It concludes by explaining the determinants of Internet use in Iraq. The results of the study indicate that while Iraqis are eager to adopt this technology in order to reach out to the world, a number of factors are not allowing it to become a public domain. Factors include lack of adequate resources, insufficient incentives and encouragement from the government, and social inhibitions. ©2011 (Firas H. al-Hammadany, Almas Heshmati).
  •  
8.
  • Al-mutawkkil, A., et al. (författare)
  • Development of telecommunication and broadcasting infrastructure indices at the global level
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Telecommunications Policy. - 0308-5961 .- 1879-3258. ; 33:3-4, s. 176-199
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The importance of information and communication technology (ICT) in economic development has been increasing rapidly along with the Internet and mobile telecommunication networks. ICT development is becoming a main growth factor of many countries. As they realize the importance of the ICT industry, developing nations work to catch up with established economies. Therefore, many nations are formulating an ICT-enhanced policy. This paper introduces a number of telecommunication and broadcasting sub-indices, which include the fixed telephone network, the Internet, and mobile networks, which are aggregated into a composite Telecommunication Index (TI). The indices are computed using principal component analysis and human development type index methods. The country rankings, by different ICT-related indices, help identify the strengths and weaknesses of infrastructure development such that each country can foster economic growth. The performance of TI is compared with several other indices, such as the digital access, human development, and ArCo technology indices. The type of indices affects the country ratings. Results suggest that the parametric index approach may be preferred over those methods in which the subjective weighted summation of normalized variables used (non-parametric indices). Crown Copyright © 2009.
  •  
9.
  • Altmann, Jörn, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of e-infrastructure deployment in OECD and MENA countries
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Catalyzing development through ICT adoption. - Cham : Springer. - 9783319565231 - 9783319565224 ; , s. 113-148
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper introduces new indices quantifying country's level of e-infrastructure deployment. These indices comprise six components, which include several indicators, and are based on parametric or nonparametric methods. They improve existing indices. Based on index calculations, variations between countries, regions, and over time are analyzed. The data used covers MENA and OECD countries, 2000-2007. Analysis results identified areas, in which countries need improvements, and showed that some MENA countries outperformed some OECD countries. The rankings based on the indices differ only slightly. Additionally, the parametric method-based index produces equally distributed value ranges and shows an overall e-infrastructure improvement over time. 
  •  
10.
  • Aoun, D., et al. (författare)
  • International diversification, capital structure and cost of capital : Evidence from ICT firms listed at NASDAQ
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Applied Financial Economics. - 0960-3107 .- 1466-4305. ; 18:12, s. 1021-1032
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this study, we intend to examine the information and communication technology (ICT) firms from a financial perspective. The relationship between capital structure and cost of capital (COC) is investigated in a simultaneous equation framework. On the one hand, we relate international diversification to the firm’s capital structure, and on the other, we test their individual and collective inferences on the combined debt and equity COC. We expect a negative correlation between international diversification and higher total and long-term debt ratios, and a reduction in the overall COC.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (142)
bokkapitel (48)
samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (15)
rapport (12)
bok (9)
konferensbidrag (6)
visa fler...
doktorsavhandling (3)
forskningsöversikt (1)
visa färre...
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (189)
övrigt vetenskapligt (46)
populärvet., debatt m.m. (1)
Författare/redaktör
Tausch, Arno (12)
Kumbhakar, S. C. (10)
Rashidghalam, Masoom ... (8)
Lööf, Hans (8)
Heshmati, Almas, 195 ... (8)
visa fler...
Maasoumi, Esfandiar (7)
Abolhosseini, Shahro ... (6)
Lööf, H (6)
Hjalmarsson, L. (6)
Lee, J. D. (6)
Hjalmarsson, Lennart ... (5)
Nilsson, Pia, 1980- (5)
Haouas, Ilham (5)
Kim, Jungsuk (5)
Oh, Donghyun (5)
Wan, Guanghua (5)
Lööf, Hans, 1956- (4)
Kumbhakar, Subal C. (4)
Su, Biwei (4)
Khayyat, Nabaz T. (4)
Lee, Jeong-Dong (4)
Oh, Dong-hyun (4)
Al-Hammadany, Firas ... (3)
Yoon, Haeyeon (3)
Han, Junghee (3)
Bajalan, Chemen S.J. (3)
Dilani, A. (3)
Baban, S. M. J. (3)
Kim, H. (2)
Altmann, Jörn (2)
Hayes, K (2)
Aoun, D. (2)
Bhandari, A. K. (2)
Kang, J.W. (2)
Box, Marcus, 1972- (2)
Karlson, Nils, 1958- (2)
Peng, S. (2)
Shahbaz, Muhammad (2)
Färe, R. (2)
Grosskopf, S. (2)
Kim, Yunhee (2)
Haouas, I. (2)
Park, Donghyun (2)
Lee, Sangchoon (2)
Oh, D (2)
Choi, G. -G (2)
Lenz-Cesar, F. (2)
Ndagijimana, Joseph (2)
Nzasingizimana, Thar ... (2)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Jönköping University (223)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (12)
Göteborgs universitet (6)
Umeå universitet (1)
Mälardalens högskola (1)
visa fler...
Örebro universitet (1)
Linnéuniversitetet (1)
visa färre...
Språk
Engelska (233)
Svenska (2)
Franska (1)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Samhällsvetenskap (236)
Teknik (4)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (1)
Lantbruksvetenskap (1)

År

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy