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  • Berg, Karin, 1985-, et al. (författare)
  • Exploring industrial PhD students and perceptions of their impact on firm innovation
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Bernhard, I. Gråsjö, U. & Karlsson, C. Diversity, Innovation and Clusters. Spatial Perspectives. - Cheltenham, UK : Edward Elgar Publishers. - 9781789902570
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • this chapter explores industrial PhD students, including their activities and their perceptions of the impact of their studies and of their role in university–firm interaction on firm innovation. The limited number of previous studies of industrial PhD students mainly focus on broader issues related to these students’ educational experience and learning outcomes (Thune 2009), whereas studies of PhD students moving to industry generally focus not on their activities during education but rather on what happens after graduation (e.g., Cruz-Castro & Sanz-Menéndez 2005; Garcia-Quevedo et al. 2011; Roach & Sauermann 2010). Here, we consider a specific empirical phenomenon, namely, industrial PhD students during their education, when they are simultaneously involved in both the university and the firm. Because little research considers our phenomenon, we address two questions through detailed qualitative research, within the empirical context of collaborative research in the field of engineering in Sweden. Given the lack of previous research on this topic, our first question is, How to define an industrial PhD student? To answer this, we consider the conditions for education and employment, their specific activities, and the frequency of activities bridging the university and firm. Then we seek to explore their perceived contribution to firm innovation during their education as PhD students, so our second question is What is the perception of how their activities impact upon firm innovation? To conceptualize this, we first present an existing conceptual framework for academic engagement with industry, and further elaborating on underlying concepts in order to develop a detailed analysis of the the micro-level activities of these PhD students. Our results identify several activities of these industrial PhD students that merit analysis in future research, and specifically in relation to the development of firm capabilities for innovation.
  • Gifford, Ethan, et al. (författare)
  • Tapping into Western Technologies by Chinese Multinational Enterprises: Geely purchase of Volvo Cars and Huawei hiring of Ericsson employees in Sweden
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Innovation spaces in Asia entrepreneurs, multinational enterprises and policy edited by Maureen McKelvey, Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen. - Cheltenham, U.K. : Edward Elgar Publishers. - 9781783475674 ; s. 231-255
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This chapter focuses on how firms from emerging markets can access, and tap into, relevant external knowledge for innovation in Western countries, and thereby stimulate flows within new innovation spaces across countries.. This chapter focuses on China and Sweden, and more specifically on companies in the automobile and telecommunication industries. Chinese companies are increasingly moving abroad to access both advanced technologies and new markets. The chapter presents two case studies of Chinese firms moving into Sweden, including Geely’s purchase of Volvo Car Corporation in the automotive industry and Huawei’s hiring of Ericsson’s previous employees in the telecommunication industry. The cases represent two mechanisms for accessing scientific and technological resource, namely foreign acquisition and employment of key individuals from competitors through the establishment of R&D labs.
  • Jin, Jun, et al. (författare)
  • Fostering the Development of Emerging Knowledge Intensive Industry in China: The role of local governmnet
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Globelics conference 2015. ; 2015:404, s. 1-30
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • How does the local government stimulate knowledge intensive industry, within a regional innovation system? That is the research question for this paper. We analyze the development of the nanotechnology industry in Suzhou and the electrical vehicle industry in Hangzhou. They are used as cases to analyze the role of local government, and we do so from four aspects, namely technology, human capital, market and finance.In these cases, the local government helped the emerging industry not only in stimulating technological collaboration but also in creating market demand. While the local governments stimulated all four aspects listed above, the incentive to create demand has been particularly crucial.
  • Laage-Hellman, Jens, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • How Networks and Sectoral Conditions Affect Commercialization in a Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurial Venture in the Medical Technology Industry: A case study of Aerocrine
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Dynamics of Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship : Business Strategy and Public Policy/Edited by Franco Malerba, Yannis Caloghirou, Maureen McKelvey, Slavo Radoševic. - United Kingdom : Routledge. - 978-1-13-802528-8 ; s. 265-288
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This chapter focuses upon the development of a KIE venture in the medical technology sector in Sweden. The case study described and analyzed in this chapter is very specific, but it also provides insights into the more general processes about developing and managing a KIE venture. So although the KIE venture is located in Sweden, the dimensions related to market, and indeed increasingly those related to finance and production, are global. In the context of this book, this chapters show how networks and specific conditions in the sectoral systems of innovation influence the development and performance of a knowledge intensive entrepreneurial (KIE) venture.
  • Lassen, Astrid Heidemann, 1975-, et al. (författare)
  • Cultural and Creative Entrepreneurship: A new research agenda?
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Book of abstracts of the 6th CIM Community Workshop.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Cultural and creative entrepreneurship are topics which during the past decade has increased significantly in relevance. This can be detected in numerous ways; e.g. increasing research attention, increasing publication outlets, increasing number of academic programs offering education tailored specifically to this context.One reason why cultural activities and creative industries have come into focus is the recognition that value realization takes place in different manners in and across different spheres. Where economists tend to focus on the spheres of the private company – implying that market and government are the central mechanisms for value realization – activities in the cultural and creative spheres have also proven to be important domains of significant value realization. For example, DiMaggio in his seminal 1982 paper demonstrated that founders of institutions for high culture would combine their interest in the arts with a willingness to assume responsibility, and thereby converting cultural institutions into significant business opportunities. Such insights clearly parallel what we find in, for example, Schumpeter’s definition of the entrepreneur, characterized as a risk- taker who stimulates change and captures business opportunities. Focus on entrepreneurship in these contexts, may in fact involve entirely new types of expression of value creation. For example, consider the British street artist Banksy, who in spite of (or maybe even due to) his controversial political messages and explicit rejection of normal market mechanisms (supplier-customer relations) has become a highly esteemed (and highly priced) artist and entrepreneur.Entrepreneurship and value creation in these spheres is argued to be activated through different mechanisms than purely financial market mechanisms. Often times we see aspect of social values being at the center of the value realization; like community, a sense of identity, solidarity, neighborhood, security, conviviality, friendship, and so on. It is this informal sphere, more generally denoted as civil society, that is critical for the realization of the cultural values (see e.g. Bendixen, 2000; Jeffcut and Pratt, 2002; Konrad, 2013).
  • Ljungberg, Daniel, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • Collaboration between universities in Sweden
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Mergers and Alliances in Higher Education: International Practice and Emerging Opportunities. - London : Springer. - 978-3-319-13134-4 ; s. 57-79
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Malerba, Franco, et al. (författare)
  • Conceptualizing Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship: Definition and Model
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Dynamics of knowledge intensive entrepreneurship business strategy & public policy edited by Franco Malerba, Yannis Caloghirou, Maureen McKelvey, Slavo Radosevic.. - United Kingdom : Routledge. - 978-1-13-802528-8 ; s. 19-47
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Knowledge intensive entrepreneurship (KIE) helps renew the economy, giving rise to new industries but also to entrepreneurial-driven renewal within existing industries. This chapter proposes a conceptualize KIE as a broad concept, including a definition and a model. This chapter examines specific aspects of knowledge intensive entrepreneurship, presenting a conceptualization. The chapter also discusses framework how to operationalize the dimensions of the definition through various research strategies, and explains how the AEGIS project did so. Knowledge-intensive entrepreneurship is considered a key socio-economic phenomenon that drives innovation, and economic growth, and is at the base of the competitiveness of countries.
  • Malerba, Franco, et al. (författare)
  • Introduction to the Dynamics of Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Dynamics of knowledge intensive entrepreneurship business strategy & public policy edited by Franco Malerba, Yannis Caloghirou, Maureen McKelvey, Slavo Radosevic.. - United Kingdom : Routledge. - 9781138025288
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This chapter introduces the concept of Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship. Moreover, the chapter positions this concept, by providing an overview of previous research, as well as chapters in this book.
  • Malerba, Franco, et al. (författare)
  • Knowledge-intensive Innovative Entrepreneurship integrating Schumpeter, evolutionary economics and innovation systems
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Small Business Economics. - 0921-898X. ; 54, s. 503-522
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article proposes a novel conceptualization of knowledge-intensive innovative entrepreneurship, which can capture the main characteristics of a vital phenomenon in the modern economy. Our conceptualization is based upon the integration of Schumpeterian entrepreneurship, evolutionary economics, and innovation systems approach. It consists of a theoretical definition and a stylized process model. According to this view, knowledge-intensive innovative entrepreneurs are involved in the creation, diffusion, and use of knowledge; introduce new products and technologies; draw resources and ideas from their innovation system; and introduce change and dynamism into the economy. In the article, we also offer an empirical definition of knowledge-intensive innovative entrepreneurship, which we then use to identify its key characteristics and relevance. We conclude with recommendations for a future research agenda.
  • Malerba, Franco, et al. (författare)
  • Public Policy Implications of Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Malerba, F.; Caloghirou, Y.; McKelvey, M. and Radosevic, S. (2015). The Dynamics of Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship: Business strategy and public policy. - United Kingdom : Routledge. - 978-1-13-802528-8 ; s. 427-439
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This chapter addresses the public policy implications of knowledge intensive entrepreneurship. Given the difficulties of promoting growth in Europe, the sphere of public policy instruments and goals is particularly important to explain and develop, relative to the findings of this major research project AEGIS, which was financed under Framework programme 7.
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